List of tallest buildings and structures in Manchester

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Deansgate Square, a cluster of four skyscrapers under construction. The tallest of which topped out in Autumn 2018 at a height of 201m becoming Manchester's tallest building while also the tallest building outside London Deansgate Square (geograph 5842598).jpg
Deansgate Square, a cluster of four skyscrapers under construction. The tallest of which topped out in Autumn 2018 at a height of 201m becoming Manchester's tallest building while also the tallest building outside London
Beetham Tower. The second tallest building in Manchester at 169m. Beetham Tower from below.jpg
Beetham Tower. The second tallest building in Manchester at 169m.

Manchester is a major city and metropolitan borough with a population of 545,500 (2017 est.). [1] It is at the centre of the wider Greater Manchester Urban Area, which had a population of 2.85 million according to the United Kingdom Census 2011, and 3.28 million according to Eurostat 2017. Manchester is historically notable for being the world’s first industrialised city [2] and for the subsequent leading role it played during the Industrial Revolution. The city centre, the location of most of Manchester's tallest buildings and structures, is a regional central business district. [3]

Manchester City and metropolitan borough in England

Manchester is a major city and metropolitan borough in Greater Manchester, England. The Greater Manchester Built-up Area is the United Kingdom's second-most populous, with a population of 2.55 million. The city's metropolitan area is the second largest in the United Kingdom, after London, with a population of over 3.2 million. It is fringed by the Cheshire Plain to the south, the Pennines to the north and east, and an arc of towns with which it forms a continuous conurbation. The local authority is Manchester City Council. Manchester is a major international centre of tourism, commerce and industrial heritage. Manchester is frequently referred to as the United Kingdom's second city.

Metropolitan borough type of local government district in England

A metropolitan borough is a type of local government district in England, and is a subdivision of a metropolitan county. Created in 1974 by the Local Government Act 1972, metropolitan boroughs are defined in English law as metropolitan districts. However, all of them have been granted or regranted royal charters to give them borough status. Metropolitan boroughs have been effectively unitary authority areas since the abolition of the metropolitan county councils by the Local Government Act 1985. However, metropolitan boroughs pool much of their authority in joint boards and other arrangements that cover whole metropolitan counties, such as combined authorities.

Eurostat statistics agency of the European Union

Eurostat is a Directorate-General of the European Commission located in Luxembourg. Its main responsibilities are to provide statistical information to the institutions of the European Union (EU) and to promote the harmonisation of statistical methods across its member states and candidates for accession as well as EFTA countries. The organisations in the different countries that cooperate with Eurostat are summarised under the concept of the European Statistical System.

Contents

For completed buildings, this list includes the year of completion, the height in metres and feet and its current usage. The tallest completed building in the United Kingdom outside London, the city's Beetham Tower, was completed in October 2006. It is 47 storeys and 169 metres (554 ft) high and consists of residential apartments and a Hilton Hotel. [4] The current tallest structure in Manchester is the incomplete South Tower of the Deansgate Square project which was topped out in November 2018. Once completed, it will be the only skyscraper above 200 metres (656 ft) in the United Kingdom outside London, and the tallest residential building in the UK.

London Capital of the United Kingdom

London is the capital of and largest city in England and the United Kingdom, and the largest city in the European Union. Standing on the River Thames in the south-east of England, at the head of its 50-mile (80 km) estuary leading to the North Sea, London has been a major settlement for two millennia. Londinium was founded by the Romans. The City of London, London's ancient core − an area of just 1.12 square miles (2.9 km2) and colloquially known as the Square Mile − retains boundaries that follow closely its medieval limits. The City of Westminster is also an Inner London borough holding city status. Greater London is governed by the Mayor of London and the London Assembly.

Beetham Tower, Manchester skyscraper in Manchester, England

Beetham Tower is a landmark 47-storey mixed use skyscraper in Manchester, England. Completed in 2006, it is named after its developers, the Beetham Organisation, and was designed by SimpsonHaugh and Partners. The development occupies a sliver of land at the top of Deansgate, hence its elongated plan, and was proposed in July 2003, with construction starting a year later.

Deansgate Square

Deansgate Square, formerly known as Owen Street, is a skyscraper cluster development currently under construction on the southern edge of Manchester City Centre, consisting of four skyscrapers, the highest will be 201 metres tall when completed. The site is just south of Deansgate railway station and north of the Mancunian Way, bounded by Old Deansgate, Pond Street, Owen Street and the River Medlock. Manchester City Council adopted a framework in the early 2000s, known as the Great Jackson Street Development Framework, which earmarked the site as an acceptable location for high-rise buildings. The framework was enacted to encourage building development as the site had been vacant for many years and was perceived to be isolated as it was bounded by major arterial roads.

On the list of tallest structures are the 19th century Manchester Town Hall and the Refuge Assurance Building (now more commonly known as the Palace Hotel) from the early 20th century. The Manchester Assize Courts, once the tallest building in the city at 85 metres, was demolished after suffering unrepairable damage during the Manchester Blitz.

Manchester Town Hall municipal building in Manchester, England

Manchester Town Hall is a Victorian, Neo-gothic municipal building in Manchester, England. It is the ceremonial headquarters of Manchester City Council and houses a number of local government departments. The building faces Albert Square to the north and St Peter's Square to the south, with Manchester Cenotaph facing its southern entrance.

Manchester Assize Courts

The Manchester Assize Courts were law courts on Great Ducie Street in the Strangeways district of Manchester, England. It was 279 ft (85 m) tall and from 1864 to 1877 the tallest building in Manchester. Widely admired, it has been referred to as one of Britain's 'lost buildings'.

Manchester Blitz bombing of Manchester (UK), by German Luftwaffe in December 1940

The Manchester Blitz was the heavy bombing of the city of Manchester and its surrounding areas in North West England during the Second World War by the German Luftwaffe. It was one of three major raids on Manchester, an important inland port and industrial city; Trafford Park in neighbouring Stretford was a major centre of war production.

One of the first proposed skyscrapers in the city was the Quay Street Tower, projected to be completed in 1948, which would have stood at 110 metres (361 ft) and would have been the tallest tower in Europe. [5] The proposal was rejected and said to be inconsiderate, as much of the city was still rebuilding after the Manchester Blitz of the Second World War. [5] Most of Manchester's current towers were built during the 1960s and 1970s. This included the 118-metre (387 ft) CIS Tower, the UK's tallest building outside London for 43 years. [6]

World War II 1939–1945 global war

World War II, also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945. The vast majority of the world's countries—including all the great powers—eventually formed two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis. A state of total war emerged, directly involving more than 100 million people from over 30 countries. The major participants threw their entire economic, industrial, and scientific capabilities behind the war effort, blurring the distinction between civilian and military resources. World War II was the deadliest conflict in human history, marked by 50 to 85 million fatalities, most of whom were civilians in the Soviet Union and China. It included massacres, the genocide of the Holocaust, strategic bombing, premeditated death from starvation and disease, and the only use of nuclear weapons in war.

CIS Tower skyscraper on Miller Street in Manchester, England

The CIS Tower is an office skyscraper on Miller Street in Manchester, England. It was completed in 1962 and rises to 387 feet in height. The Grade II listed building, which houses the Co-operative Banking Group, is Manchester's third-tallest building and the tallest office building in the United Kingdom outside London. The tower remained as built for over 40 years until maintenance issues on the service tower required an extensive renovation which included covering its facade in photovoltaic panels.

Unlike most major cities in the UK, there are no height restrictions and the local planning officers adopt a laissez-faire attitude towards city centre high rises in Manchester. As a result, there has been a renewed interest in building skyscrapers in Manchester and other cities in Britain since the year 2000. [7] Several residential, hotel and office developments are under construction or have recently been built in the city centre, including the Beetham Tower. [4]

Laissez-faire is an economic system in which transactions between private parties are free from government intervention such as regulation, privileges, tariffs and subsidies. The phrase laissez-faire is part of a larger French phrase and literally translates to "let (it/them) do", but in this context usually means "let go".

City status in the United Kingdom Honorary status granted by royal charter to settlements in the United Kingdom

City status in the United Kingdom is granted by the monarch of the United Kingdom to a select group of communities: as of 2014, there are 69 cities in the United Kingdom – 51 in England, six in Wales, seven in Scotland and five in Northern Ireland. The holding of city status gives a settlement no special rights. This appellation carries its own prestige and competition for the status is hard-fought.

There are currently seven skyscrapers completed or topped out with a height of 100 metres (328 ft) or more, [8] [9] and another five under construction at a height of over 100 metres. This is the highest amount of any city in the United Kingdom outside London. Some analysts have suggested that if all current plans come to fruition, there could be 25 towers over 100m in Greater Manchester. [10]

Tallest buildings and structures

This list ranks structurally complete Manchester buildings and free-standing structures that stand at least 50 metres (164 ft), based on standard height measurement. [11] [12] This includes spires and architectural details but does not include antenna masts. An equals sign (=) following a rank indicates the same height between two or more buildings. The "Year" column indicates the year in which a building was completed. Buildings that have been demolished are not included.

RankNameImageHeight
m (ft)
FloorsYearNotes
1 Deansgate Square South Tower Deansgate square south tower.jpg 201 (659)652018The tallest building in the city and tallest outside London.
2 Beetham Tower Beetham Tower from below.jpg 169 (554)472006Manchester's 2nd tallest building.

Roof height reaches 157 m (515 ft). [13] [14]

3 Deansgate Square West Tower Deansgate Square - West Tower.jpg 141 (463)442018Manchester's 3rd tallest building, topping out occurred June 2018
4 City Tower Sunley Tower, Manchester.jpg 123 (404)301965Roof height reaches 107 m (351 ft). [15] [16] [17]
5 CIS Tower Co-operative Insurance Society Tower, Miller Street, Manchester (2) (geograph 2757249).jpg 118 (387)251962Was the country's tallest building upon completion.
6 17 New Wakefield Street 17 new wakefield 2018.jpg 109 (358)322012 [18]
7 Angel Gardens Angel Gardens 29 03 2019.jpg 108 (344)362019Construction commenced in January 2017. [19]
8 Axis Tower Axis tower completed.jpg 93 (305)282018 [20] . Topped out August 2018 and will be completed in 2019.
9 1 Spinningfields One Spinningfields, Manchester.jpg 92 (302)202017 Topped out [21]
10 Arndale House Manchester Arndale tower.jpg 90 (295)211979 [22] [23]
11 Manchester Town Hall Clock Tower Manchester Town Hall from Lloyd St.jpg 87 (285)N/A1877
12Cambridge Street Block A Cambridge Street Block A, Manchester.jpg 83 (272)262016 [24]
13One Regent82 (269)222016
14= Manchester One (formerly Portland Tower) Portland Tower, Portland St, Manchester.jpg 80 (262)221962 [25] [26]
Civil Justice Centre Manchester Civil Justice Centre from Bridge Street.jpg 80 (262)172007 [27] [28]
16 3 Hardman Street 1 Hardman Street.jpg 75 (246)182009 [29] [30]
17 Church of St Mary Church of St Mary, Hulme.jpg 73.5 (241)N/A1858 [31]
18 HMP Manchester Tower Strangeways watchtower.jpg 73 (239)N/A1869 [32]
19 One Angel Square Angel Square, front facade.jpg 72.5 (238)152012 [33]
20 Great Northern Tower Great Northern Tower Manchester.JPG 72 (236)252006 [34] [35]
21=Jefferson Place Jefferson Place, Manchester.jpg 70 (230)212007 [36] [37]
City of Manchester Stadium Joe Mercer Way - Etihad.jpg 70 (230)N/A2002 [38] [39] Currently being enlarged to increase capacity from 48,000 to 62,000. [40]
23The Light House The Light House, Manchester.jpg 67 (220)192008 [41] [42]
24 Palace Hotel Clock Tower Refuge Assurance Building, Manchester.jpg 66 (217)N/A1912 [43] [44]
25=Cypress Place65 (213)202009 [45] [46]
Britton House Britton House, Manchester.jpg 65 (213)212009 [47] [48]
Victoria Mill Victoria Mill, Miles Platting - geograph.org.uk - 185826.jpg 65 (213)N/A1873 [49]
28= 111 Piccadilly 111 Piccadilly.jpg 64 (210)181965 [50] [51]
Skyline Central Skyline Central, Manchester.jpg 64 (210)202007 [52] [53]
Albert Bridge House Albert Bridge House.JPG 64 (210)181959 [54] [55]
Tempus Tower64 (210)202006 [56] [57]
ISIS Wharf Tower Islingtonwharf2.jpg 64 (210)212008 [58] [59]
33Cambridge Street Block B63 (207)212016 [24]
34 Peninsula Building Peninsula Building, Manchester.jpg 62.5 (205)122009 [60] [61]
35 No. 1 Deansgate Number 1 Deansgate.jpg 62 (203)172002 [62] [63]
36 Owens Park Tower Tower Block, Owens Park, Manchester.jpg 61 (200)191964Planned to be demolished [64] [65] [66]
37= Maths and Social Sciences Building Maths and Social Science Building.jpg 60 (197)171968 [67]
Chancery Place Chancery Place.jpg 60 (197)152008 [68]
One St Peter's Square Office building and St Peter's Square, Manchester.jpg 60 (197)142014 [69]
St James's Buildings St James's Building.jpg 60 (197)91912 [70]
41Lowry House Lowry House, Manchester.jpg 58 (190)151973 [71] [72]
42=UNITE Tower Unite Tower, Buxton Street, Manchester (geograph 4020075).jpg 57 (188)192007 [73] [74]
ATS Site Block 157 (188)182008 [75]
3 Piccadilly Place Three Piccadilly Place.jpg 57 (188)132008 [76] [77] [78]
Minshull Street Courts Clock Tower Tower and chimney stack designed by Thomas Worthington.JPG 57 (188)N/A1871 [79] [80]
46= Leftbank Apartments Leftbank Apartments, Manchester.jpg 56 (184)162006 [81] [82]
Ramada Renaissance Hotel Ramada Renaissance Hotel Manchester.jpg 56 (184)151972 [83] [84]
Church of the Holy Name of Jesus Image-The Holy Name of Jesus, Manchester-2.jpg 56 (184)N/A1928 [85] [86]
49=St James's House St James's House, Charlotte Street, Manchester.jpg 55 (180)171964 [87] [88]
1 New York Street One New York Street.JPG 55 (180)132009 [89]
Bank Chambers Bank Chambers, Manchester.jpg 55 (180)131971 [90] [91]
Royal Exchange Theatre 2004-10-09 Royal Exchange.jpg 55 (180)81922 [92]
53No. 1 Marsden Street53 (174)122002 [93] [94]
54 82 King Street King Street Building.JPG 52 (171)131995 [95] [96]
55ATS Site Block 251 (167)162008 [97]

Tallest under construction, approved and proposed

Under construction

This lists buildings that are under construction in Manchester and are planned to rise at least 50 metres (164 ft). Under construction buildings that have already been topped out are listed above.

RankNameImageHeight
m (ft)
FloorsYear (est.)Notes
1 Deansgate Square East Tower Deansgate square October 2018.jpg 158 (518)502020Construction commenced early 2018. Topping out scheduled for 2019 with completion 2020 (middle building in photo)
2Elizabeth Tower Elizabeth Tower Manchester pano.jpg 152 (498)522021Groundworks started on 03/07/2018 (Building Core pictured to right of photo).
3 River Street Tower
River Street Tower 6-1-19.jpg
125 (410)422021Groundworks commenced in summer 2018 with the core beginning to rise in October 2018.
4 Deansgate Square North Tower Owen Street Towers 4 and 1.jpg 122 (400)372020Construction commenced early 2018.
5 The Oxygen tower 109 (357)332020Construction was due to commence in early 2016 but officially started June 2017.
62/4 Chester Road64 (210)212020Groundworks started July 2017.
7 Manchester Business School Hotel 60 (196)192017 [98] Nearing completion
8Landmark59 (193)142020Groundworks started June 2017.

Approved

This lists buildings that are approved for construction in Manchester and are planned to rise at least 50 metres (164 ft).

RankNameUseHeightFloorsNotes
metresfeet
1 Trinity Tower X Residential and retail21369967Approved July 2017, Start date TBD. Will surpass Deansgate Square South as Manchester's tallest building when complete.
2St. Johns TowerResidential and Hotel16855252Apart of the Allied London master plan for the old Granada Studios. Approved October 2016.
3 Trinity Tower V Residential and retail14046044Approved July 2017, Due to start late 2018
4ViaduxResidential and Office13845340Approved July 2017.
5 Trinity Tower Y Residential and retail12842040Approved July 2017, Due to start late 2018
610–12 Whitworth StreetResidential11738436Site clearance finished Summer 2017. Construction to commence late 2018. [99]
7Circle SquareStudent Accommodation11638035On going works onsite with other approved buildings.
8NickelResidential and retail11537836Apart of the Allied London master plan for the old Granada Studios. Approved March 2017.
9DimeResidential and retail11537836Apart of the Allied London master plan for the old Granada Studios. Approved March 2017.
10 Trinity Tower W Residential and retail9731931Approved July 2017, Due to start early 2018
11 Trinity Tower Z Residential and retail9430929Approved July 2017, Due to start early 2018
12Deansgate – Building 2Hotel9330527Permission to extend the time limit to develop the site was granted in February 2013. [100] [101]
13YotelHotel7223820Approved November 2013. [102]
1424 Mount StreetOffice7223617Approved 17 October 2014 [103] [104]
15ViaduxOffice7123314Approved July 2017.
16Pillo HotelHotel6621620 [105]
17Peterloo HouseOffice5919414 [106]
18Deansgate – Building 4Office5016412Permission to extend the time limit to develop the site was granted in February 2013. [100] [101]

Proposed

This lists buildings that are proposed for construction in Manchester and are planned to rise at least 50 metres (164 ft).

RankNameUseHeightFloorsImageNotes
metresfeet
1The ZigguratMixed Use23777867Proposed in 2017 [107] [108]
2St. Michael's Tower BResidential & Hotel138.5454.431A planning application has been submitted in January 2017. Construction expected to commence in Autumn 2017, and complete in 2020. [109]
3Angel Meadow ParkResidential12842040Planning application summited May 2017.
4St. Michael's Tower AOffice105.2345.121A planning application has been submitted in January 2017. Construction expected to commence in Autumn 2017, and complete in 2020. [110]
5 Unite Tower Student Accommodation9530230Planning application submitted July 2017. Site cleared in 2018 and as of January 2019, crane is present. [111]
6Astley & Byrom HouseOffice7624914Quay Street. Public consultation ended 11 October 2013. [112]
=7Angelgate North BlockResidential5016414Planning Application submitted 19 August 2014. [113]
Angelgate South BlockResidential5016414Planning Application submitted 19 August 2014 [113]

Unbuilt

This lists proposals for the construction of buildings in Manchester that were planned to rise at least 100 metres (328 ft), for which planning permission was rejected or which were otherwise withdrawn.

RankNameUseHeightFloorsYearImageNotes
metresfeet
1 Intercontinental Tower Hotel and residential200656482010The tower would have featured a helipad and two decorative spires.
2 Piccadilly Tower Hotel and residential188617582010Construction began in January 2008 but was placed on hold in September 2008 due to the state of the economy. [114] The proposed development would provide 700 residential units, a 250-bed hotel, shops and restaurants, plus new public spaces and walkways along the Ashton Canal which neighbours the site. [8]
3Vector Arena TowerHotel186610362003 [115]
4 Albany Crown Tower Hotel/Offices/Residential160520542010
51 Hardman SquareOffice140459362004 [116] Superseded by 1 Spinningfields.
6Urban Splash DevelopmentOffice137449302006 [117]
7Whitworth Street WestResidential128420422007 [118]
8Gravity TowerResidential11638136Also known as 'Zarachie Tower', and 'Store Street Tower'. Accommodation would have consisted of one- and two-bedroom flats; the 34th floor would have had four three-bedroom duplex flats. Plans also included two floors of commercial and retail space. [119]
9Quay Street TowerOffice110361361948A proposed extension to Sunlight House [120]

Demolished

RankNameUseCompletedDemolishedHeightFloorsImageNotes
metresfeet
1 Manchester Assize Courts Government18641957852787 Assize Courts, Manchester.jpg Once the tallest building in Manchester. Damaged beyond repair during the Manchester Blitz and demolished in 1957 after World War II. [121]
2 Mathematics Tower University196820057524618 Maths Tower, University of Manchester 2.jpg [122]
3 B of the Bang Monuments2005200955180 B of the Bang - 2005.jpg Was the tallest sculpture in the UK. The sculpture was cut up and put in storage in 2009 due to the spikes that form it falling off on several occasions since completion, making it unsafe. [123]

Timeline of tallest buildings and structures

Manchester's skyline has been built up mostly over recent years. The CIS Tower kept the title of tallest building in Manchester for 44 years until the Beetham Tower was completed in 2006. The 169m tall Beetham Tower could lose the title should South Tower at Deansgate Square be completed.

Years tallestNameUseHeightFloorsNotes
metresfeet
1858–1864 (6 years) Church of St Mary Place of Worship73.5241 [31]
1864–1877 (13 years) Manchester Assize Courts Tower852787 [32]
1877–1962 (85 years) Manchester Town Hall Clock Tower Clocktower87285N/A [124] [125]
1962–2006 (44 years) CIS Tower Office11838725 [126] [127]
2006–2018 (12 years) Beetham Tower Hotel and residential16955447 [13] [14]

*Italics denote a building that no longer exists due to demolition.

See also

Related Research Articles

Axis Tower skyscraper in Manchester, England

Axis is a tower topped out and under construction in Manchester city centre, Manchester, England. The tower has had two iterations, one as a stalled construction project which was cancelled due to the Great Recession in 2008, and the other as residential which was announced in 2014. When completed, Axis Tower will become the seventh tallest building in Manchester until the completion of the Owen Street and Angel Gardens projects that are currently under construction.

Altitude 25 apartment tower; Croydons tallest building

Altitude 25 is an apartment building on Fairfield Road in the London Borough of Croydon, London. It is Croydon's second tallest building after Saffron Square Tower. The development was intended to regenerate a brownfield site near to East Croydon station. The building was completed in 2009, and has 26 floors of apartments up to floor 25, hence the name Altitude 25, a roof height of 82.00 and a structural height of 94 m (307 ft). It is part of the Croydon Vision 2020 regeneration project for a new generation of buildings in the town.

Millennium Tower (Abuja)

The Millennium Tower and Cultural Centre project is one of a number of projects in the Central District of Nigeria's capital city of Abuja. At 170 metres (560 ft), it is the tallest artificial structure in Abuja. The tower was designed by Manfredi Nicoletti and is part of the Nigeria National Complex which also includes the Nigerian Cultural Centre, an eight-storey, low rise, pyramid shaped Cultural Centre. Construction for the tower started in 2006 and was topped out in 2014 whilst the cultural centre is still under construction.

17 New Wakefield Street skyscraper apartment building in Manchester, England

Liberty Heights is a skyscraper apartment building in Manchester, England, west of Oxford Street. 17 New Wakefield Street was designed by local architect Stephen Hodder in a clustered architectural form and was completed in September 2012. The skyscraper is situated adjacent to Oxford Road railway station, on the corner of Great Marlborough Street. The skyscraper is 37 storeys high at a height of 109 metres and is the fourth tallest building in Manchester after Deansgate Square's South Tower, the Beetham Tower and CIS Tower.

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