Manchester is a major city and metropolitan borough with a population of 545,500 (2017 est.). It is at the centre of the wider Greater Manchester Urban Area, which had a population of 2.85 million according to the United Kingdom Census 2011, and 3.28 million according to Eurostat 2017. Manchester is historically notable for being the world’s first industrialised city and for the subsequent leading role it played during the Industrial Revolution. The city centre, the location of most of Manchester's tallest buildings and structures, is a regional central business district.
Manchester is a major city and metropolitan borough in Greater Manchester, England. The Greater Manchester Built-up Area is the United Kingdom's second-most populous, with a population of 2.55 million. The city's metropolitan area is the second largest in the United Kingdom, after London, with a population of over 3.2 million. It is fringed by the Cheshire Plain to the south, the Pennines to the north and east, and an arc of towns with which it forms a continuous conurbation. The local authority is Manchester City Council. Manchester is a major international centre of tourism, commerce and industrial heritage. Manchester is frequently referred to as the United Kingdom's second city.
A metropolitan borough is a type of local government district in England, and is a subdivision of a metropolitan county. Created in 1974 by the Local Government Act 1972, metropolitan boroughs are defined in English law as metropolitan districts. However, all of them have been granted or regranted royal charters to give them borough status. Metropolitan boroughs have been effectively unitary authority areas since the abolition of the metropolitan county councils by the Local Government Act 1985. However, metropolitan boroughs pool much of their authority in joint boards and other arrangements that cover whole metropolitan counties, such as combined authorities.
Eurostat is a Directorate-General of the European Commission located in Luxembourg. Its main responsibilities are to provide statistical information to the institutions of the European Union (EU) and to promote the harmonisation of statistical methods across its member states and candidates for accession as well as EFTA countries. The organisations in the different countries that cooperate with Eurostat are summarised under the concept of the European Statistical System.
For completed buildings, this list includes the year of completion, the height in metres and feet and its current usage. The tallest completed building in the United Kingdom outside London, the city's Beetham Tower, was completed in October 2006. It is 47 storeys and 169 metres (554 ft) high and consists of residential apartments and a Hilton Hotel. The current tallest structure in Manchester is the incomplete South Tower of the Deansgate Square project which was topped out in November 2018. Once completed, it will be the only skyscraper above 200 metres (656 ft) in the United Kingdom outside London, and the tallest residential building in the UK.
London is the capital of and largest city in England and the United Kingdom, and the largest city in the European Union. Standing on the River Thames in the south-east of England, at the head of its 50-mile (80 km) estuary leading to the North Sea, London has been a major settlement for two millennia. Londinium was founded by the Romans. The City of London, London's ancient core − an area of just 1.12 square miles (2.9 km2) and colloquially known as the Square Mile − retains boundaries that follow closely its medieval limits. The City of Westminster is also an Inner London borough holding city status. Greater London is governed by the Mayor of London and the London Assembly.
Beetham Tower is a landmark 47-storey mixed use skyscraper in Manchester, England. Completed in 2006, it is named after its developers, the Beetham Organisation, and was designed by SimpsonHaugh and Partners. The development occupies a sliver of land at the top of Deansgate, hence its elongated plan, and was proposed in July 2003, with construction starting a year later.
Deansgate Square, formerly known as Owen Street, is a skyscraper cluster development currently under construction on the southern edge of Manchester City Centre, consisting of four skyscrapers, the highest will be 201 metres tall when completed. The site is just south of Deansgate railway station and north of the Mancunian Way, bounded by Old Deansgate, Pond Street, Owen Street and the River Medlock. Manchester City Council adopted a framework in the early 2000s, known as the Great Jackson Street Development Framework, which earmarked the site as an acceptable location for high-rise buildings. The framework was enacted to encourage building development as the site had been vacant for many years and was perceived to be isolated as it was bounded by major arterial roads.
On the list of tallest structures are the 19th century Manchester Town Hall and the Refuge Assurance Building (now more commonly known as the Palace Hotel) from the early 20th century. The Manchester Assize Courts, once the tallest building in the city at 85 metres, was demolished after suffering unrepairable damage during the Manchester Blitz.
Manchester Town Hall is a Victorian, Neo-gothic municipal building in Manchester, England. It is the ceremonial headquarters of Manchester City Council and houses a number of local government departments. The building faces Albert Square to the north and St Peter's Square to the south, with Manchester Cenotaph facing its southern entrance.
The Manchester Assize Courts were law courts on Great Ducie Street in the Strangeways district of Manchester, England. It was 279 ft (85 m) tall and from 1864 to 1877 the tallest building in Manchester. Widely admired, it has been referred to as one of Britain's 'lost buildings'.
The Manchester Blitz was the heavy bombing of the city of Manchester and its surrounding areas in North West England during the Second World War by the German Luftwaffe. It was one of three major raids on Manchester, an important inland port and industrial city; Trafford Park in neighbouring Stretford was a major centre of war production.
One of the first proposed skyscrapers in the city was the Quay Street Tower, projected to be completed in 1948, which would have stood at 110 metres (361 ft) and would have been the tallest tower in Europe. The proposal was rejected and said to be inconsiderate, as much of the city was still rebuilding after the Manchester Blitz of the Second World War. Most of Manchester's current towers were built during the 1960s and 1970s. This included the 118-metre (387 ft) CIS Tower, the UK's tallest building outside London for 43 years.
World War II, also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945. The vast majority of the world's countries—including all the great powers—eventually formed two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis. A state of total war emerged, directly involving more than 100 million people from over 30 countries. The major participants threw their entire economic, industrial, and scientific capabilities behind the war effort, blurring the distinction between civilian and military resources. World War II was the deadliest conflict in human history, marked by 50 to 85 million fatalities, most of whom were civilians in the Soviet Union and China. It included massacres, the genocide of the Holocaust, strategic bombing, premeditated death from starvation and disease, and the only use of nuclear weapons in war.
The CIS Tower is an office skyscraper on Miller Street in Manchester, England. It was completed in 1962 and rises to 387 feet in height. The Grade II listed building, which houses the Co-operative Banking Group, is Manchester's third-tallest building and the tallest office building in the United Kingdom outside London. The tower remained as built for over 40 years until maintenance issues on the service tower required an extensive renovation which included covering its facade in photovoltaic panels.
Unlike most major cities in the UK, there are no height restrictions and the local planning officers adopt a laissez-faire attitude towards city centre high rises in Manchester. As a result, there has been a renewed interest in building skyscrapers in Manchester and other cities in Britain since the year 2000.Several residential, hotel and office developments are under construction or have recently been built in the city centre, including the Beetham Tower.
Laissez-faire is an economic system in which transactions between private parties are free from government intervention such as regulation, privileges, tariffs and subsidies. The phrase laissez-faire is part of a larger French phrase and literally translates to "let (it/them) do", but in this context usually means "let go".
City status in the United Kingdom is granted by the monarch of the United Kingdom to a select group of communities: as of 2014, there are 69 cities in the United Kingdom – 51 in England, six in Wales, seven in Scotland and five in Northern Ireland. The holding of city status gives a settlement no special rights. This appellation carries its own prestige and competition for the status is hard-fought.
There are currently seven skyscrapers completed or topped out with a height of 100 metres (328 ft) or more, and another five under construction at a height of over 100 metres. This is the highest amount of any city in the United Kingdom outside London. Some analysts have suggested that if all current plans come to fruition, there could be 25 towers over 100m in Greater Manchester.
This list ranks structurally complete Manchester buildings and free-standing structures that stand at least 50 metres (164 ft), based on standard height measurement. This includes spires and architectural details but does not include antenna masts. An equals sign (=) following a rank indicates the same height between two or more buildings. The "Year" column indicates the year in which a building was completed. Buildings that have been demolished are not included.
|1||Deansgate Square South Tower||201 (659)||65||2018||The tallest building in the city and tallest outside London.|
|2||Beetham Tower||169 (554)||47||2006||Manchester's 2nd tallest building.|
|3||Deansgate Square West Tower||141 (463)||44||2018||Manchester's 3rd tallest building, topping out occurred June 2018|
|4||City Tower||123 (404)||30||1965||Roof height reaches 107 m (351 ft).|
|5||CIS Tower||118 (387)||25||1962||Was the country's tallest building upon completion.|
|6||17 New Wakefield Street||109 (358)||32||2012|
|7||Angel Gardens||108 (344)||36||2019||Construction commenced in January 2017.|
|8||Axis Tower||93 (305)||28||2018||. Topped out August 2018 and will be completed in 2019.|
|9||1 Spinningfields||92 (302)||20||2017||Topped out|
|10||Arndale House||90 (295)||21||1979|
|11||Manchester Town Hall Clock Tower||87 (285)||N/A||1877|
|12||Cambridge Street Block A||83 (272)||26||2016|
|13||One Regent||82 (269)||22||2016|
|14=||Manchester One (formerly Portland Tower)||80 (262)||22||1962|
|Civil Justice Centre||80 (262)||17||2007|
|16||3 Hardman Street||75 (246)||18||2009|
|17||Church of St Mary||73.5 (241)||N/A||1858|
|18||HMP Manchester Tower||73 (239)||N/A||1869|
|19||One Angel Square||72.5 (238)||15||2012|
|20||Great Northern Tower||72 (236)||25||2006|
|21=||Jefferson Place||70 (230)||21||2007|
|City of Manchester Stadium||70 (230)||N/A||2002||Currently being enlarged to increase capacity from 48,000 to 62,000.|
|23||The Light House||67 (220)||19||2008|
|24||Palace Hotel Clock Tower||66 (217)||N/A||1912|
|25=||Cypress Place||65 (213)||20||2009|
|Britton House||65 (213)||21||2009|
|Victoria Mill||65 (213)||N/A||1873|
|28=||111 Piccadilly||64 (210)||18||1965|
|Skyline Central||64 (210)||20||2007|
|Albert Bridge House||64 (210)||18||1959|
|Tempus Tower||64 (210)||20||2006|
|ISIS Wharf Tower||64 (210)||21||2008|
|33||Cambridge Street Block B||63 (207)||21||2016|
|34||Peninsula Building||62.5 (205)||12||2009|
|35||No. 1 Deansgate||62 (203)||17||2002|
|36||Owens Park Tower||61 (200)||19||1964||Planned to be demolished|
|37=||Maths and Social Sciences Building||60 (197)||17||1968|
|Chancery Place||60 (197)||15||2008|
|One St Peter's Square||60 (197)||14||2014|
|St James's Buildings||60 (197)||9||1912|
|41||Lowry House||58 (190)||15||1973|
|42=||UNITE Tower||57 (188)||19||2007|
|ATS Site Block 1||57 (188)||18||2008|
|3 Piccadilly Place||57 (188)||13||2008|
|Minshull Street Courts Clock Tower||57 (188)||N/A||1871|
|46=||Leftbank Apartments||56 (184)||16||2006|
|Ramada Renaissance Hotel||56 (184)||15||1972|
|Church of the Holy Name of Jesus||56 (184)||N/A||1928|
|49=||St James's House||55 (180)||17||1964|
|1 New York Street||55 (180)||13||2009|
|Bank Chambers||55 (180)||13||1971|
|Royal Exchange Theatre||55 (180)||8||1922|
|53||No. 1 Marsden Street||53 (174)||12||2002|
|54||82 King Street||52 (171)||13||1995|
|55||ATS Site Block 2||51 (167)||16||2008|
This lists buildings that are under construction in Manchester and are planned to rise at least 50 metres (164 ft). Under construction buildings that have already been topped out are listed above.
|1||Deansgate Square East Tower||158 (518)||50||2020||Construction commenced early 2018. Topping out scheduled for 2019 with completion 2020 (middle building in photo)|
|2||Elizabeth Tower||152 (498)||52||2021||Groundworks started on 03/07/2018 (Building Core pictured to right of photo).|
|3||River Street Tower||125 (410)||42||2021||Groundworks commenced in summer 2018 with the core beginning to rise in October 2018.|
|4||Deansgate Square North Tower||122 (400)||37||2020||Construction commenced early 2018.|
|5||The Oxygen tower||109 (357)||33||2020||Construction was due to commence in early 2016 but officially started June 2017.|
|6||2/4 Chester Road||64 (210)||21||2020||Groundworks started July 2017.|
|7||Manchester Business School Hotel||60 (196)||19||2017||Nearing completion|
|8||Landmark||59 (193)||14||2020||Groundworks started June 2017.|
This lists buildings that are approved for construction in Manchester and are planned to rise at least 50 metres (164 ft).
|1||Trinity Tower X||Residential and retail||213||699||67||Approved July 2017, Start date TBD. Will surpass Deansgate Square South as Manchester's tallest building when complete.|
|2||St. Johns Tower||Residential and Hotel||168||552||52||Apart of the Allied London master plan for the old Granada Studios. Approved October 2016.|
|3||Trinity Tower V||Residential and retail||140||460||44||Approved July 2017, Due to start late 2018|
|4||Viadux||Residential and Office||138||453||40||Approved July 2017.|
|5||Trinity Tower Y||Residential and retail||128||420||40||Approved July 2017, Due to start late 2018|
|6||10–12 Whitworth Street||Residential||117||384||36||Site clearance finished Summer 2017. Construction to commence late 2018.|
|7||Circle Square||Student Accommodation||116||380||35||On going works onsite with other approved buildings.|
|8||Nickel||Residential and retail||115||378||36||Apart of the Allied London master plan for the old Granada Studios. Approved March 2017.|
|9||Dime||Residential and retail||115||378||36||Apart of the Allied London master plan for the old Granada Studios. Approved March 2017.|
|10||Trinity Tower W||Residential and retail||97||319||31||Approved July 2017, Due to start early 2018|
|11||Trinity Tower Z||Residential and retail||94||309||29||Approved July 2017, Due to start early 2018|
|12||Deansgate – Building 2||Hotel||93||305||27||Permission to extend the time limit to develop the site was granted in February 2013.|
|13||Yotel||Hotel||72||238||20||Approved November 2013.|
|14||24 Mount Street||Office||72||236||17||Approved 17 October 2014|
|15||Viadux||Office||71||233||14||Approved July 2017.|
|18||Deansgate – Building 4||Office||50||164||12||Permission to extend the time limit to develop the site was granted in February 2013.|
This lists buildings that are proposed for construction in Manchester and are planned to rise at least 50 metres (164 ft).
|1||The Ziggurat||Mixed Use||237||778||67||Proposed in 2017|
|2||St. Michael's Tower B||Residential & Hotel||138.5||454.4||31||A planning application has been submitted in January 2017. Construction expected to commence in Autumn 2017, and complete in 2020.|
|3||Angel Meadow Park||Residential||128||420||40||Planning application summited May 2017.|
|4||St. Michael's Tower A||Office||105.2||345.1||21||A planning application has been submitted in January 2017. Construction expected to commence in Autumn 2017, and complete in 2020.|
|5||Unite Tower||Student Accommodation||95||302||30||Planning application submitted July 2017. Site cleared in 2018 and as of January 2019, crane is present.|
|6||Astley & Byrom House||Office||76||249||14||Quay Street. Public consultation ended 11 October 2013.|
|=7||Angelgate North Block||Residential||50||164||14||Planning Application submitted 19 August 2014.|
|Angelgate South Block||Residential||50||164||14||Planning Application submitted 19 August 2014|
This lists proposals for the construction of buildings in Manchester that were planned to rise at least 100 metres (328 ft), for which planning permission was rejected or which were otherwise withdrawn.
|1||Intercontinental Tower||Hotel and residential||200||656||48||2010||The tower would have featured a helipad and two decorative spires.|
|2||Piccadilly Tower||Hotel and residential||188||617||58||2010||Construction began in January 2008 but was placed on hold in September 2008 due to the state of the economy. The proposed development would provide 700 residential units, a 250-bed hotel, shops and restaurants, plus new public spaces and walkways along the Ashton Canal which neighbours the site.|
|3||Vector Arena Tower||Hotel||186||610||36||2003|
|4||Albany Crown Tower||Hotel/Offices/Residential||160||520||54||2010|
|5||1 Hardman Square||Office||140||459||36||2004||Superseded by 1 Spinningfields.|
|6||Urban Splash Development||Office||137||449||30||2006|
|7||Whitworth Street West||Residential||128||420||42||2007|
|8||Gravity Tower||Residential||116||381||36||Also known as 'Zarachie Tower', and 'Store Street Tower'. Accommodation would have consisted of one- and two-bedroom flats; the 34th floor would have had four three-bedroom duplex flats. Plans also included two floors of commercial and retail space.|
|9||Quay Street Tower||Office||110||361||36||1948||A proposed extension to Sunlight House|
|1||Manchester Assize Courts||Government||1864||1957||85||278||7||Once the tallest building in Manchester. Damaged beyond repair during the Manchester Blitz and demolished in 1957 after World War II.|
|3||B of the Bang||Monuments||2005||2009||55||180||Was the tallest sculpture in the UK. The sculpture was cut up and put in storage in 2009 due to the spikes that form it falling off on several occasions since completion, making it unsafe.|
Manchester's skyline has been built up mostly over recent years. The CIS Tower kept the title of tallest building in Manchester for 44 years until the Beetham Tower was completed in 2006. The 169m tall Beetham Tower could lose the title should South Tower at Deansgate Square be completed.
|1858–1864 (6 years)||Church of St Mary||Place of Worship||73.5||241|
|1864–1877 (13 years)||Manchester Assize Courts||Tower||85||278||7|
|1877–1962 (85 years)||Manchester Town Hall Clock Tower||Clocktower||87||285||N/A|
|1962–2006 (44 years)||CIS Tower||Office||118||387||25|
|2006–2018 (12 years)||Beetham Tower||Hotel and residential||169||554||47|
*Italics denote a building that no longer exists due to demolition.
Axis is a tower topped out and under construction in Manchester city centre, Manchester, England. The tower has had two iterations, one as a stalled construction project which was cancelled due to the Great Recession in 2008, and the other as residential which was announced in 2014. When completed, Axis Tower will become the seventh tallest building in Manchester until the completion of the Owen Street and Angel Gardens projects that are currently under construction.
Altitude 25 is an apartment building on Fairfield Road in the London Borough of Croydon, London. It is Croydon's second tallest building after Saffron Square Tower. The development was intended to regenerate a brownfield site near to East Croydon station. The building was completed in 2009, and has 26 floors of apartments up to floor 25, hence the name Altitude 25, a roof height of 82.00 and a structural height of 94 m (307 ft). It is part of the Croydon Vision 2020 regeneration project for a new generation of buildings in the town.
The Millennium Tower and Cultural Centre project is one of a number of projects in the Central District of Nigeria's capital city of Abuja. At 170 metres (560 ft), it is the tallest artificial structure in Abuja. The tower was designed by Manfredi Nicoletti and is part of the Nigeria National Complex which also includes the Nigerian Cultural Centre, an eight-storey, low rise, pyramid shaped Cultural Centre. Construction for the tower started in 2006 and was topped out in 2014 whilst the cultural centre is still under construction.
Liberty Heights is a skyscraper apartment building in Manchester, England, west of Oxford Street. 17 New Wakefield Street was designed by local architect Stephen Hodder in a clustered architectural form and was completed in September 2012. The skyscraper is situated adjacent to Oxford Road railway station, on the corner of Great Marlborough Street. The skyscraper is 37 storeys high at a height of 109 metres and is the fourth tallest building in Manchester after Deansgate Square's South Tower, the Beetham Tower and CIS Tower.
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