The oldest institution of higher education in Nicaragua is the National Autonomous University of Nicaragua, which was founded in León in 1812, during the Spanish colonial period. In Nicaragua, there are ten core public and private non-profit universities that receive state funding, and these constitute the members of the National Council of Universities.This body is responsible for strategic planning for higher education in Nicaragua, and it is also the organization that provide accreditation to other universities.
León is the second largest city in Nicaragua, after Managua. Founded by the Spanish as Santiago de los Caballeros de León, it is the capital and largest city of León Department. As of 2016, the municipality of León had an projected population of 206,264.
Nicaragua, officially the Republic of Nicaragua, is the largest country in the Central American isthmus, bordered by Honduras to the northwest, the Caribbean to the east, Costa Rica to the south, and the Pacific Ocean to the southwest. Managua is the country's capital and largest city and is also the third-largest city in Central America, behind Tegucigalpa and Guatemala City. The multi-ethnic population of six million includes people of indigenous, European, African, and Asian heritage. The main language is Spanish. Indigenous tribes on the Mosquito Coast speak their own languages and English.
The members of the National Council of Universities are the oldest universities in Nicaragua, with the last one founded in 1992. Since the early 1990s, a large number of new private universities have been established in Nicaragua, responding to a greatly increased educational demand fueled by the increasing student enrollment in elementary and secondary schools during the 1980s. Most private universities that are not part of the National Council of Universities are members of either the Federation of Nicaraguan Private Universities (FENUP) or the Superior Council of Private Universities (COSUP).The major focus of these private universities are on business, computers and law, but together they span most areas of academic study.
The majority of higher education institutions are in Managua. Higher education has financial, organic and administrative autonomy, according to the law. Also, freedom of subjects is recognized.Nicaragua's higher education system consists of 58 universities, and 113 colleges and technical institutes in the areas of electronics, computer systems and sciences, agroforestry, construction and trade-related services. In 2005, almost 400,000 (7%) of Nicaraguans held a university degree.
Managua is the capital and largest city of Nicaragua, and the center of an eponymous department. Located on the southwestern shore of Lake Managua, it had an estimated population 1,042,641 in 2016 within the city's administrative limits and a population of 1,401,687 in the metropolitan area, which additionally includes the municipalities of Ciudad Sandino, El Crucero, Nindirí, Ticuantepe and Tipitapa.
Electronics comprises the physics, engineering, technology and applications that deal with the emission, flow and control of electrons in vacuum and matter. The identification of the electron in 1897, along with the invention of the vacuum tube, which could amplify and rectify small electrical signals, inaugurated the field of electronics and the electron age.
A computer is a machine that can be instructed to carry out sequences of arithmetic or logical operations automatically via computer programming. Modern computers have the ability to follow generalized sets of operations, called programs. These programs enable computers to perform an extremely wide range of tasks. A "complete" computer including the hardware, the operating system, and peripheral equipment required and used for "full" operation can be referred to as a computer system. This term may as well be used for a group of computers that are connected and work together, in particular a computer network or computer cluster.
Admission to higher education is on the basis of the Bachillerato, the leading secondary school qualification. Students are also subject to an entrance examination. The Licenciado (or Ingenierio in the case of engineering programs), is the main undergraduate degree and a four or five-year course of study. A professional title may also be awarded depending on the subject. Following the Licenciado, the first postgraduate degree is the Maestria, which lasts two years and culminates with the submission of a thesis.
A secondary school is both an organization that provides secondary education and the building where this takes place. Some secondary schools can provide both lower secondary education and upper secondary education, but these can also be provided in separate schools, as in the American middle and high school system.
A thesis or dissertation is a document submitted in support of candidature for an academic degree or professional qualification presenting the author's research and findings. In some contexts, the word "thesis" or a cognate is used for part of a bachelor's or master's course, while "dissertation" is normally applied to a doctorate, while in other contexts, the reverse is true. The term graduate thesis is sometimes used to refer to both master's theses and doctoral dissertations.
Institutions of higher learning also offer two or three year courses in technical and vocational education. The main qualification studied for is the Técnico Superior.
Vocational education is education that prepares people to work as a technician or in various jobs such as a trade or a craft. Vocational education is sometimes referred to as career education or technical education. A vocational school is a type of educational institution specifically designed to provide vocational education.
|Técnico Superior||Associate degree||1 to 3 years||10th grade/high school diploma|
|Licenciado||Licentiate's degree||4 to 5 years||High school diploma|
|Ingeniero||Engineer's degree||5 years||High school diploma|
|Arquitecto||Bachelor of Architecture||5 years||High school diploma|
|Doctor en Medicina||Doctor of Medicine||6 years||High school diploma|
|N/A||Specialist degree||6 to 9 months; 3 years specialized training in the form of a residency for MDs||BD, ED or MD|
|Máster||Master's degree||2 years||BD, ED or MD|
|Doctor||PhD||3 to 5 years||Master's degree|
This is a list of the 58 universities accredited by the National Council of Universities in Nicaragua.
|University||Degree programs (2012)||Locations||Students||Type||Founded / accredited||Main fields of study||Remarks|
| Adventist University of Nicaragua |
Universidad Adventista de Nicaragua (UNADENIC)
|4||Managua, Matagalpa||private||2003||Business, education, informatics, theology|
| American College (AC)|
Universidad American College
|9||Managua||private||2005||Business, informatics, law|
| American University |
Universidad Americana (UAM)
|13||Managua||2000||private||1992||Architecture, business, dentistry, informatics, international relations, law, medicine||Not to be confused with La American University (LAAU)|
|American University of Health Sciences (AUHS)||2||Managua||Dentistry, medicine|
|Bluefields Indian and Caribbean University (BICU)||25||Bluefields||7225||1992||Agriculture, business, civil engineering, education, forestry, law, marine biology, medicine, natural resources|
| Catholic University of Dry Tropic Farming and Livestock |
Universidad Católica Agropecuaria del Trópico Seco (UCATSE)
|10||Estelí, León||1392||private, Diocese of Estelí||1974||Agriculture, dentistry, law, medicine, theology, veterinary medicine|
| Catholic University Redemptoris Mater |
Universidad Católica Redemptoris Mater (UNICA)
|30||Managua||private||1991||Architecture, art, business, civil engineering, dentistry, informatics, education, law, medicine, theology||UNICA was the first private for-profit university founded in Nicaragua.|
| Center for Advanced Military Studies |
Centro Superior de Estudios Militares (CSEM)
| Central American University |
Universidad Centroamericana (UCA)
|Managua||10008||private, Jesuit||1960||Architecture, business, engineering, informatics, humanities, law, social work||Oldest university in Managua.|
| Central American University of Business Studies |
Universidad Centroamericana de Ciencias Empresariales (UCEM)
|25||Managua||private||1997||Business, law, medicine, microbiology, nursing, nutrition, pharmacology, psychology|
| Central University of Nicaragua |
Universidad Central de Nicaragua (UCN)
|10||Managua, Jinotepe, Estelí||private||1998||Business, informatics, law, medicine, pharmacology, psychology, veterinary medicine||Not to be confused with the defunct university with the same name founded in 1941.|
| Christian Autonomous University of Nicaragua |
Universidad Cristiana Autónoma de Nicaragua (UCAN)
|29||León, Juigalpa, Chinandega, Masaya, Matagalpa||4000||private||2001||Agriculture, architecture, engineering, health sciences, international relations, law|
| Ibero-American University of Science and Technology |
Universidad Iberoamericana de Ciencia y Tecnología (UNICIT)
|24||Managua||private||1997||Architecture, business, design, engineering, informatics, law, optometry, pharmacology|
| Immaculate Conception Catholic University of the Archdiocese of Managua |
Universidad Católica Inmaculada Concepción de la Arquidiócesis de Managua (UCICAM)
|2||Managua||private, Archdiocese of Managua||2011||Philosophy, theology|
| Institute of Higher Legal Studies |
Instituto de Altos Estudios Judiciales (IAEJ)
| International University of Agriculture and Livestock |
Universidad Internacional de Agricultura y Ganadería (UNIAG)
|9||Rivas, Chinandega||806||private||1951||Agriculture, veterinary medicine|
| International University for Sustainable Development |
Universidad Internacional de Desarrollo Sostenible (UNIDES)
| International University of Latin American Integration |
Universidad Internacional de la Integración de América Latina (UNIVAL)
|28||Managua, Ocotal, Juigalpa, León, Matagalpa, Estelí, Chinandega, Jalapa, Jinotega||private||1997||Business, informatics, law|
| Jean Jacques Rosseau University |
Universidad Jean Jacques Rosseau (UNIJJAR)
|9||Managua||private||2002||Business, dentistry, informatics, law, medicine, pharmacology|
| John Paul II University of Applied Social Sciences |
Universidad de Ciencias Sociales Aplicadas Juan Pablo II (UCSA)
|7||Managua||private, Nicaraguan Bishops Conference||2002||Communication, philosophy, social work, theology|
|Keiser University-Latin American Campus (KU)||9||San Marcos||500||private||1993||Business, informatics||Formerly Ave Maria University; became Keiser University in 2013.|
|La American University (LAAU)||8||Managua||2007||Architecture, business, informatics, law, pharmacology, psychology||Not to be confused with the American University (UAM).|
| La Anunciata University |
Universidad La Anunciata (UA)
|5||Rivas||private||2002||Business, informatics, pharmacology|
| La Salle Technological University |
Universidad Tecnológica La Salle (ULSA)
|4||León||private, Lasallian brothers||2009||Engineering, informatics|
| Latin American Institute of Computing |
Instituto Latinoamericano de Computación (ILCOMP)
|6||Managua, Matagalpa, Masaya||2002||Business, informatics||Founded in 1991, ILCOMP was accredited as a university in 2002.|
| Martin Luther King Nicaraguan Evangelical University |
Universidad Evangélica Nicaragüense Martin Luther King (UENIC-MLK)
|11||Masaya, Rio Blanco, Nagarote, Matagalpa, San Rafael del Sur, Bonanza, Juigalpa||4000||private||1999||Business, education, informatics, law, psychology, theology|
| Martin Luther University |
Universidad Martín Lutero (UML)
|15||Managua, Jalapa, Ocotal, Quilalí, Condega, Muelle de los Bueyes, Nueva Guinea, Rivas, Somoto||private||2002||Business, education, informatics, journalism, law, nursing, theology|
| Metropolitan University |
Universidad Metropolitana (UNIMET)
|8||Managua||private||2002||Business, civil engineering, informatics, law|
| National Agrarian University |
Universidad Nacional Agraria (UNA)
|12||Managua, Camoapa, Juigalpa||4110||public||1990||Agriculture, environmental science, forestry, rural development, veterinary medicine||Founded as the National Agricultural School in 1917. Converted to a faculty of UNAN Managua in 1980. Became the National Agrarian University in 1990.|
| National Autonomous University of Nicaragua-León |
Universidad Nacional Autónoma de Nicaragua-León (UNAN-León)
|43||León, Jinotega, Somoto, Somotillo, San Carlos||19850||public||1812||Business, dentistry, education, engineering, informatics, law, medicine, nursing, natural sciences, veterinary medicine||The oldest university in Nicaragua and the second oldest in Central America. The last university founded by Spain in its American colonies.|
| National Autonomous University of Nicaragua-Managua |
Universidad Nacional Autónoma de Nicaragua-Managua (UNAN-Managua)
|87||Managua, Estelí, Matagalpa, Jinotepe, Juigalpa||33629||public||1969||Architecture, business, dance, education, engineering, health, humanities, informatics, languages, law, science||The Managua campus of UNAN opened in 1969. Since 1982, UNAN-Managua and UNAN-León operates as separate entities.|
| National University of Engineering |
Universidad Nacional de Ingeniería (UNI)
|Managua, Estelí||12261||public||1983||Architecture, engineering|
| Nicaraguan Technological University |
Universidad Tecnológica Nicaragüense (UTN)
|21||Managua, León||private||1997||Business, engineering, informatics|
| Nicaraguan University of Science and Technology |
Universidad Nicaragüense de Ciencia y Tecnología (UCYT)
|17||Managua||private||2002||Business, informatics, law, psychology|
| Paulo Freire University |
Universidad Paulo Freire (UPF)
|13||Managua, Diriamba, Río San Juan, Matagalpa||private||2002||Business, education, health sciences, law, social studies|
| Polytechnic University of Nicaragua |
Universidad Politécnica de Nicaragua (UPOLI)
|24||Managua, Boaco, Estelí, Rivas||9463||private, non-profit||1967||Business, design, informatics, law, nursing, theology||Founded by the Nicaraguan Baptist Convention.|
| Popular University of Nicaragua |
Universidad Popular de Nicaragua (UPONIC)
|16||Managua, Matagalpa, Masaya, Granada, Juigalpa, Estelí, Chinandega||private||1992||Business, education, engineering, informatics, law|
| Ruben Dario University |
Universidad Rubén Darío (URD)
|3||Diriamba, Managua||1992||Business, informatics, law, pharmacology, psychology|
| Spanish-American University |
Universidad Hispanoamericana (UHISPAM)
|13||Managua||private||1999||Business, informatics, journalism, law, pharmacology, psychology|
| Technical University of Commerce |
Universidad Técnica de Comercio (UTC)
|12||Managua||private||2001||Business, informatics||Founded in 1966 as the Polytechnic School of Commerce.|
| Thomas More Universitas |
Universidad Thomas More (UTM)
| University of Administration, Commerce and Customs |
Universidad de Administración, Comercio y Aduana (UNACAD)
|1||Managua, Somoto, Chinandega, Rivas, Bluefields||private||2003||Business, law|
| University of Chinandega |
Universidad de Chinandega (UACH)
|10||Chinandega||private||1997||Business, engineering, law|
| University of Commercial Sciences |
Universidad de Ciencias Comerciales (UCC)
|26||Managua, León||private||1997||Architecture, business, design, informatics, veterinary medicine||Founded as the Institute of Commercial Sciences in 1964. Renamed as the Center of Commercial Sciences in 1976, and the University of Commercial Sciences in 1990. Accredited as a university in 1997.|
| University of Health and Renewable Energy |
Universidad de Ciencias de la Salud y Energía Renovables (UCSER)
|3||Somoto||Pharmacology, renewable energy|
| University of Humanistic Studies |
Universidad de Estudios Humanísticos (UNEH)
|3||Managua, Jinotepe, Masaya, Juigalpa, Mateare, Rivas||2008||Business, construction engineering, informatics, journalism, law, pharmacology, psychology|
| University of Managua |
Universidad de Managua (UdeM)
|10||Managua, León||private||1998||Business, informatics, journalism, law|
| University of Medical Sciences |
Universidad de Ciencias Médicas (UCM)
|2||Managua||2006||Dentistry, medicine, nutrition, pharmacology|
| University of Northern Nicaragua |
Universidad del Norte de Nicaragua (UNN)
|17||Jinotega, Matagalpa, Estelí, Ocotal, Somoto, Jalapa, Sébaco||1997||Agricultural engineering, business, informatics, law, psychology, sociology|
| University of Oriental Medicine Japan-Nicaragua |
Universidad de Medicina Oriental Japón-Nicaragua (UMO-JN)
|1||Managua||private, non-profit||2003||Oriental medicine||Formerly the Instituto de Estudios Superiores de Medicina Oriental Japón-Nicaragua (IESMO). The first university in Latin America dedicated to train professionals in oriental medicine.|
| University of St. Thomas |
Universidad Santo Tomas de Oriente y Mediodía (USTOM)
| University of Technology and Commerce |
Universidad de Tecnología y Comercio (UNITEC)
| University of the Americas |
Universidad de las Américas (ULAM)
| University of the Autonomous Regions of the Nicaraguan Caribbean Coast |
Universidad de las Regiones Autónomas de la Costa Caribe Nicaragüense (URACCAN)
|38||Bilwi, Siuna, Bluefields, Nueva Guinea||4438||1992||Agriculture, business, education, fisheries science, forestry|
|University of the Pacific|
Universidad del Pacífico (UNIP)
|4||Managua||Business, informatics, law|
| University of the Valley |
Universidad del Valle (UNIVALLE)
|7||Managua||private||1999||Architecture, business, design, law|
| Walter Mendoza Martínez Police Academy |
Academia de Policía Walter Mendoza Martínez (ACAPOL)
|2||Managua||public||2000||Law||Founded in 1979; received university status in 2000.|
| Western University |
Universidad de Occidente (UDO)
|20||León, Managua, Granada||1994||Business, engineering, law, nursing, pharmacology|
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Sitio Oficial UNIAG