A national second tier of Scottish league football was established in season 1893–94, as Division Two. Until the 1921–22 season, promotion was not automatic but decided by Scottish Football League clubs on a ballot basis, thus some champion teams were able to retain the title. In the 1946–47 season it became known as the B Division before being changed back to Division Two for season 1955–56.
The second tier became known as the First Division in season 1975–76, when the top division (Division One) became the Premier Division, although its status within the Scottish football league system league system changed in 1998–99 when clubs from the top tier (Premier Division) broke away to form the Scottish Premier League. The First Division was still the second tier in the Scottish league system, but was the top level of the Scottish Football League rather than the second. The Scottish Premier League and Scottish Football League merged in 2013 to form the Scottish Professional Football League, with the second tier becoming known as the Scottish Championship.
|1894–95||Hibernian (2)||Motherwell|| Port Glasgow Athletic and|
|1895–96||Abercorn||Leith Athletic|| Renton and|
|1896–97||Partick Thistle||Leith Athletic|| Kilmarnock and|
|1897–98||Kilmarnock||Port Glasgow Athletic||Morton|
|1898–99||Kilmarnock (2)||Leith Athletic||Port Glasgow Athletic|
|1899–00||Partick Thistle (2)||Morton||Port Glasgow Athletic|
|1901–02||Port Glasgow Athletic||Partick Thistle||Motherwell|
|1902–03||Airdrieonians||Motherwell|| Ayr and|
|1905–06||Leith Athletic||Clyde||Albion Rovers|
|1906–07||St Bernard's (2)|| Vale of Leven and|
|1907–08||Raith Rovers|| Dumbarton and|
|1908–09||Abercorn (2)|| Raith Rovers and|
Vale of Leven
|1909–10 [A]|| Leith Athletic (2) and|
Raith Rovers (2)
|1910–11||Dumbarton||Ayr United||Albion Rovers|
|1912–13||Ayr United (2)||Dunfermline Athletic||East Stirlingshire|
|1913–14||Cowdenbeath||Albion Rovers|| Dundee Hibernian and|
|1914–15||Cowdenbeath (2)||Leith Athletic||St Bernard's|
|1915–1921||Second tier suspended due to World War I|
|1922–23||Queen's Park||Clydebank||St Johnstone|
|1925–26||Dunfermline Athletic||Clyde||Ayr United|
|1927–28||Ayr United (3)||Third Lanark||King's Park|
|1928–29||Dundee United (2)||Morton||Arbroath|
|1929–30||Leith Athletic (3)||East Fife||Albion Rovers|
|1930–31||Third Lanark||Dundee United||Dunfermline Athletic|
|1931–32||East Stirlingshire||St Johnstone||Raith Rovers|
|1932–33||Hibernian (3)||Queen of the South||Dunfermline Athletic|
|1933–34||Albion Rovers||Dunfermline Athletic||Arbroath|
|1934–35||Third Lanark (2)||Arbroath||St Bernard's|
|1936–37||Ayr United (4)||Morton||St Bernard's|
|1937–38||Raith Rovers (3)||Albion Rovers||Airdrieonians|
|1938–39||Cowdenbeath (3)||Alloa Athletic||East Fife|
|1939–1946||League suspended due to World War II|
|1946–47||Dundee||Airdrieonians||East Fife||Bobby Flavell (Airdrieonians)||38|
|1947–48||East Fife||Albion Rovers||Hamilton Academical||Henry Morris (East Fife)||39|
|1948–49||Raith Rovers (4)||Stirling Albion||Airdrieonians||Willie Penman (Raith Rovers)||35|
|1949–50||Morton||Airdrieonians||Dunfermline Athletic||Neil Mochan (Morton)||24|
|1950–51||Queen of the South||Stirling Albion||Ayr United||Peter McKay (Dundee United)||31|
|1951–52||Clyde (2)||Falkirk||Ayr United||Billy McPhail (Clyde)||36|
|1952–53||Stirling Albion||Hamilton Academical||Queen's Park||James Cunningham (Alloa Athletic)||26|
|1953–54||Motherwell||Kilmarnock||Third Lanark|| Jimmy Inglis (Cowdenbeath)|
Ian Roger (St Johnstone)
|1954–55||Airdrieonians (2)||Dunfermline Athletic||Hamilton Academical||Hugh Baird (Airdrieonians)||34|
|1955–56||Queen's Park (2)||Ayr United||St Johnstone||Peter Price (Ayr United)||41|
|1956–57||Clyde (3)||Third Lanark||Cowdenbeath||Basil Keogh (Clyde)||36|
|1957–58||Stirling Albion (2)||Dunfermline Athletic||Arbroath||Peter Price (Ayr United)||45|
|1958–59||Ayr United (5)||Arbroath||Stenhousemuir||David Easson (Arbroath)||45|
|1959–60||St Johnstone (2)||Dundee United||Queen of the South||John Liddell (St Johnstone)||26|
|1960–61||Stirling Albion (3)||Falkirk||Stenhousemuir||David Campbell (Stenhousemuir)||30|
|1961–62||Clyde (4)||Queen of the South||Morton||Peter Smith (Alloa Athletic)||30|
|1962–63||St Johnstone (3)||East Stirlingshire||Morton||Allan McGraw (Morton)||29|
|1963–64||Morton (2)||Clyde||Arbroath||Allan McGraw (Morton)||51|
|1964–65||Stirling Albion (4)||Hamilton Academical||Queen of the South||William Forsyth (Hamilton Academical)||33|
|1965–66||Ayr United (6)||Airdrieonians||Queen of the South||Tommy Murray (Airdrieonians)||33|
|1966–67||Morton (3)||Raith Rovers||Arbroath||Joseph Mason (Morton)||34|
|1967–68||St Mirren||Arbroath||East Fife||Dennis Bruce (Arbroath)||32|
|1968–69||Motherwell (2)||Ayr United||East Fife||John Deans (Motherwell)||30|
|1969–70||Falkirk (2)||Cowdenbeath||Queen of the South||John Dickson (Cowdenbeath)||31|
|1970–71||Partick Thistle (3)||East Fife||Arbroath||Jimmy Jack (Arbroath)|
Kenny Wilson (Dumbarton)
|1971–72||Dumbarton (2)||Arbroath||Stirling Albion||Kenny Wilson (Dumbarton)||38|
|1972–73||Clyde (5)||Dunfermline Athletic||Stirling Albion||Brian Third (Montrose)||28|
|1973–74||Airdrieonians (3)||Kilmarnock||Hamilton Academical||Ian Fleming (Kilmarnock)||32|
|1974–75||Falkirk (3)||Queen of the South||Montrose||Ian Reid (Queen of the South)||27|
|1975–76||Partick Thistle (4)||Kilmarnock||Montrose|| John Bourke (Dumbarton)|
John Whiteford (Falkirk)
|1976–77||St Mirren (2)||Clydebank||Dundee||Billy Pirie (Dundee)||36|
|1977–78||Morton (4)||Heart of Midlothian||Dundee||Billy Pirie (Dundee)||35|
|1978–79||Dundee (2)||Kilmarnock||Clydebank||Blair Millar (Clydebank)||28|
|1979–80||Heart of Midlothian||Airdrieonians||Ayr United|| John Brogan (St Johnstone)|
Sandy Clark (Airdrieonians)
|1980–81||Hibernian (4)||Dundee||St Johnstone||Ally McCoist (St Johnstone)||22|
|1981–82||Motherwell (3)||Kilmarnock||Heart of Midlothian||Blair Millar (Clydebank)||20|
|1982–83||St Johnstone (4)||Heart of Midlothian||Clydebank||Bobby Williamson (Clydebank)||23|
|1983–84||Morton (5)||Dumbarton||Partick Thistle|| Derek Frye (Clyde)|
John McNeil (Morton)
|1984–85||Motherwell (4)||Clydebank||Falkirk||Gerry McCoy (Falkirk)||22|
|1985–86||Hamilton Academical (2)||Falkirk||Kilmarnock||Ken Eadie (Brechin City)||22|
|1986–87||Morton (6)||Dunfermline Athletic||Dumbarton||Rowan Alexander (Morton)||23|
|1987–88||Hamilton Academical (3)||Meadowbank Thistle||Clydebank||Gordon Dalziel (Raith Rovers)||25|
|1988–89||Dunfermline Athletic (2)||Falkirk||Clydebank||Kenny MacDonald (Airdrieonians)||22|
|1989–90||St Johnstone (5)||Airdrieonians||Clydebank||Ken Eadie (Clydebank)||21|
|1990–91||Falkirk (4)||Airdrieonians||Dundee||Gordon Dalziel (Raith Rovers)||25|
|1991–92||Dundee (3)||Partick Thistle||Hamilton Academical||Gordon Dalziel (Raith Rovers)||26|
|1992–93||Raith Rovers (5)||Kilmarnock||Dunfermline Athletic||Gordon Dalziel (Raith Rovers)||33|
|1993–94||Falkirk (5)||Dunfermline Athletic||Airdrieonians||Peter Duffield (Hamilton Academical)||19|
|1994–95||Raith Rovers (6)||Dunfermline Athletic||Dundee||Peter Duffield (Hamilton Academical)||20|
|1995–96||Dunfermline Athletic (3)||Dundee United||Greenock Morton||George O'Boyle (St Johnstone)||21|
|1996–97||St Johnstone (6)||Airdrieonians||Dundee||Roddy Grant (St Johnstone)||19|
|1997–98||Dundee (4)||Falkirk||Raith Rovers||James Grady (Dundee)||15|
|1998–99||Hibernian (5)||Falkirk||Ayr United||Glynn Hurst (Ayr United)||18|
|1999–00||St Mirren (3)||Dunfermline Athletic||Falkirk||Mark Yardley (St Mirren)||19|
|2000–01||Livingston||Ayr United||Falkirk||Dennis Wyness (Inverness Caledonian Thistle)||24|
|2001–02||Partick Thistle (5)||Airdrieonians||Ayr United||Owen Coyle (Airdrieonians)||23|
|2002–03||Falkirk (6)||Clyde||St Johnstone||Owen Coyle (Falkirk)||20|
|2003–04||Inverness Caledonian Thistle||Clyde||St Johnstone||Ian Harty (Clyde)||15|
|2004–05||Falkirk (7)||St Mirren||Clyde||Darryl Duffy (Falkirk)||17|
|2005–06||St Mirren (4)||St Johnstone||Hamilton Academical|| Bryan Prunty (Airdrie United)|
Jason Scotland (St Johnstone)
|2006–07||Gretna||St Johnstone||Dundee||Colin McMenamin (Gretna)||20|
|2007–08||Hamilton Academical (4)||Dundee||St Johnstone||Richard Offiong (Hamilton Academical)||19|
|2008–09||St Johnstone (7)||Partick Thistle||Dunfermline Athletic||Stephen Dobbie (Queen of the South)||24|
|2009–10||Inverness Caledonian Thistle (2)||Dundee||Dunfermline Athletic||Adam Rooney (Inverness Caledonian Thistle)||24|
|2010–11||Dunfermline Athletic (4)||Raith Rovers||Falkirk|| Mark Stewart (Falkirk)|
Kris Doolan (Partick Thistle)
|2011–12||Ross County||Dundee||Falkirk||Colin McMenamin (Ross County)||19|
|2012–13||Partick Thistle (6)||Greenock Morton||Falkirk||Stevie May (Hamilton Academical)||25|
|2013–14||Dundee (5)||Hamilton Academical||Falkirk||Rory Loy (Falkirk)||20|
|2014–15||Heart of Midlothian (2)||Hibernian||Rangers||Jason Cummings (Hibernian)||18|
|2015–16||Rangers||Falkirk||Hibernian||Martyn Waghorn (Rangers)||20|
|2016–17||Hibernian (6)||Falkirk||Dundee United|| Jason Cummings (Hibernian)|
Stephen Dobbie (Queen of the South)
|2017–18||St Mirren (5)||Livingston||Dundee United||Stephen Dobbie (Queen of the South)||18|
|2018–19||Ross County (2)||Dundee United||Inverness Caledonian Thistle||Lawrence Shankland (Ayr United)||24|
|2019–20||Dundee United (3)||Inverness Caledonian Thistle||Dundee||Lawrence Shankland (Dundee United)||24|
|2020–21||Heart of Midlothian (3)||Dundee||Raith Rovers||Liam Boyce (Heart of Midlothian)||14|
|Heart of Midlothian||3||2||1|
|Inverness Caledonian Thistle||2||1||1|
|Queen of the South||1||3||4|
|Port Glasgow Athletic||1||1||3|
|Vale of Leven||—||2||—|
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