Ljig

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Ljig

Љиг
Ljig spomenik1.jpg
Monument to the Partisans
FLAG Ljig.gif
Flag
Grb Ljiga.png
Coat of arms
Municipalities of Serbia Ljig.png
Location of the municipality of Ljig within Serbia
Coordinates: 44°13′N20°11′E / 44.217°N 20.183°E / 44.217; 20.183 Coordinates: 44°13′N20°11′E / 44.217°N 20.183°E / 44.217; 20.183
Country Flag of Serbia.svg  Serbia
Region Šumadija and Western Serbia
District Kolubara
Settlements27
Government
  MayorDragan Lazarević
Area
[1]
  Town5.42 km2 (2.09 sq mi)
  Municipality279 km2 (108 sq mi)
Elevation
150 m (490 ft)
Population
 (2011 census) [2]
  Town
5,000
  Town density920/km2 (2,400/sq mi)
  Municipality
12,730
  Municipality density46/km2 (120/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
14240
Area code +381(0)14
Car plates VA
Website www.ljig.rs

Ljig (Serbian Cyrillic : Љиг) is a town and municipality located in the Kolubara District of western Serbia. It has a population of 3,219 inhabitants , while the municipality has a total of 12,730 inhabitants.

Contents

It is surrounded by Mount Rajac and Mount Rudnik.

History

The recorded history of the Ljig settlement itself begins in 1911, when a railroad was built between Lajkovac and Gornji Milanovac. The area, however, has a long history. The Dići church was founded by Serbian nobleman Vlgdrag, who was buried here in 1327. [3] The ruins of the medieval Vavedenje Monastery include impressive sarcophagi dating from the 15th century, believed to belong to the Serbian despots Stefan Branković and Đurađ Branković. According to legend, Djuradj's wife, Jerina, was buried there as well.

An early reference to "Ljig" can be found in the 17th century records of Evliya Çelebi, which describe "LIGmehri" (the Ljig River) rising from Kara Dag in the village Baht (today's Ba) and flowing into the Kolubara River near Valjevo. No settlement in the area was known to the Austrians when they occupied Serbia from 1717 to 1739. By 1818, however, the nearby settlement Gukosi had grown to 50 homes.

A railway station was built in 1917 near the present-day center of Ljig. This lower area under the Gukoši hill includes a small settlement with a municipal court, school, inn, two stores, two textile mills, three tailors and several houses, and when still part of Gukoši had been referred to as the area "on the Ljig River."

During World War I, the Battle of Kolubara was fought nearby, making this area significant in history of Serbia and of war, and in military science. A monument memorializing the battle has been erected on Rajac Mountain.

Ljig separated from Gukoši in 1922, and by 1930 a school, health center and church were built. Prior to that time, Ljig residents had worshipped in Moravci.

Settlements

The town of Ljig is the economic and cultural center of the municipality with a primary school founded in 1907, a high school, a public library with a cinema, a health center and a post office.

Aside from the town of Ljig, the following settlements are part of municipality of Ljig:

Demographics

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
194820,190    
195320,697+0.50%
196119,662−0.64%
197118,549−0.58%
198117,620−0.51%
199115,912−1.01%
200214,629−0.76%
201112,754−1.51%
Source: [4]

According to the 2011 census results, the municipality of Ljig has 12,754 inhabitants.

Ethnic groups

The ethnic composition of the municipality: [5]

Ethnic groupPopulation%
Serbs 12,14595.23%
Roma 1601.25%
Montenegrins 170.13%
Yugoslavs 110.09%
Macedonians 80.06%
Croats 70.05%
Others4063.18%
Total12,754

Economy

The following table gives a preview of total number of registered people employed in legal entities per their core activity (as of 2018): [6]

ActivityTotal
Agriculture, forestry and fishing22
Mining and quarrying159
Manufacturing393
Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply4
Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities48
Construction95
Wholesale and retail trade, repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles359
Transportation and storage111
Accommodation and food services115
Information and communication28
Financial and insurance activities16
Real estate activities1
Professional, scientific and technical activities55
Administrative and support service activities12
Public administration and defense; compulsory social security161
Education235
Human health and social work activities82
Arts, entertainment and recreation21
Other service activities50
Individual agricultural workers271
Total2,239

Notes and references

Notes
  1. ^ "Plum brandy, the Internet and the world", European Agency for Reconstruction press release on Ljig
  2. ^ 2002 Serbian National Census
References
  1. "Municipalities of Serbia, 2006". Statistical Office of Serbia. Retrieved 2010-11-28.
  2. "2011 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia: Comparative Overview of the Number of Population in 1948, 1953, 1961, 1971, 1981, 1991, 2002 and 2011, Data by settlements" (PDF). Statistical Office of Republic Of Serbia, Belgrade. 2014. ISBN   978-86-6161-109-4 . Retrieved 2014-06-27.
  3. Stamenković, Srboljub Đ. (2002). Geografska enciklopedija: naselja Srbije. Geografski fakultet. p. 499.
  4. "2011 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia" (PDF). stat.gov.rs. Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia. Retrieved 18 August 2017.
  5. "Population by ethnicity and sex, by municipalities and cities" (PDF). stat.gov.rs. Statistical Office of Serbia. Retrieved 18 August 2017.
  6. "MUNICIPALITIES AND REGIONS OF THE REPUBLIC OF SERBIA, 2019" (PDF). stat.gov.rs. Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia. 25 December 2019. Retrieved 28 December 2019.

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