Ljubljana Marshes

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The western rim of the Ljubljana Marshes, viewed from St. Anne Hill above Podpec Ljubljana marsh - W.jpg
The western rim of the Ljubljana Marshes, viewed from St. Anne Hill above Podpeč

The Ljubljana Marshes (Slovene : Ljubljansko barje), located south of Ljubljana, the capital of Slovenia, is the largest marsh in the country. It covers 163 square kilometres (63 sq mi) or 0.8% of the Slovene territory. It is administered by the municipalities of Borovnica, Brezovica, Ljubljana, Ig, Log-Dragomer, Škofljica and Vrhnika. [1]

Contents

Biodiversity

The Ljubljana Marshes is a place of great biodiversity. Since 2008, the major part of the Ljubljana Marshes, covering an area of 135 km2 (52 sq mi), has been protected as a landscape park. The most preserved parts had been already before protected as nature reserves and as natural monuments. [2]

History

Ilovica Ljubljana Slovenia - monument.JPG
Monument on the Iščica River
Ilovica Ljubljana Slovenia - plaque.JPG
German-language plaque
Monument to the first road through the marsh

The Ljubljana Marsh was inhabited in prehistoric times, when it was a shallow lake. Prehistoric pile dwellings and the oldest wooden wheel in the world [3] are among the most notable archeological findings from the marshland. Since 2011, the area of pile dwellings near Ig has been protected as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. [4]

The first road through the marsh, connecting Ljubljana to Studenec (now Ig), was begun in 1825 and completed in 1827. The work was carried out under Mayor Johann Nepomuk Hradeczky (1775–1846) and the provincial governor, Baron Joseph Camillo von Schmidburg (1779–1846). Emperor Francis I of Austria and Empress Caroline Augusta of Bavaria inspected the road in 1830, and a monument was erected to the achievement in 1833. [5]

The marshland includes a number of hamlets that belong to the city of Ljubljana: Ilovica, Volar, Pri Strahu, Pri Maranzu, Kožuh, and Havptmance (from north to south). Ilovica was settled relatively late, starting in 1838, and had only six farms by 1860. Volar lies between the Iščica and Ljubljanica rivers and was settled after 1830, when it was also officially designated Karolinska zemlja (German : Karolinengrund), literally 'Caroline's land', in honor of Caroline Augusta of Bavaria. Kožuh lies further south, and Havptmance east of Kožuh. Havptmance was already mentioned as a place in the 18th century and was settled in the 1870s, when peat extraction was a major economic activity. The name Havptmance probably refers to the fact that the provincial governor (German : Landeshauptmann ) had his hunting grounds in the area. [6]

Recreational and tourist site

A balloon landing in the marsh Balon-LjBarje.jpg
A balloon landing in the marsh

The Ljubljana Marshes is very popular among balloonists.

Accident

On 23 August 2012, a pilot without a valid pilot certificate caused the 2012 balloon crash which occurred on the Ljubljana Marshes, with several people dead and a number of passengers severely burned and injured. New, stricter protocol for pilots was introduced by the authorities to make balloon trips safe. [7]

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Ljubljana Marshes Wheel

The Ljubljana Marshes Wheel is a wooden wheel that was found in the Ljubljana Marshes some 20 kilometres (12 mi) south of Ljubljana, the capital of Slovenia, in 2002. Radiocarbon dating, performed in the VERA laboratory in Vienna, showed that it is approximately 5,150 years old, which makes it the oldest wooden wheel yet discovered. It was discovered by a team of Slovene archeologists from the Ljubljana Institute of Archaeology, a part of the Research Center at the Slovene Academy of Arts and Sciences, under the guidance of Anton Velušček.

References

  1. Home
  2. Ljubljansko barje je območje Natura 2000
  3. Najstarejše kolo z osjo na svetu - 5150 let
  4. Prehistoric Pile dwellings around the Alps - UNESCO World Heritage Centre
  5. Inscription on roadside monument in Ilovica.
  6. Savnik, Roman, ed. 1971. Krajevni leksikon Slovenije, vol. 2. Ljubljana: Državna založba Slovenije, p. 317.
  7. "Množična nesreča zaradi strmoglavljenja balona (23.8.2012)" [Massive Accident due to a Balloon Crash (23 August 2012)]. Administration for Civil Protection and Disaster Relief of the Republic of Slovenia.

Coordinates: 45°59′14.71″N14°27′14″E / 45.9874194°N 14.45389°E / 45.9874194; 14.45389