Loches

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Loches
Loches Marche-aux-Fleurs.jpg
St. Antoine Tower, and the Château de Loches in the background
Blason ville fr Loches (Indre-et-Loire).svg
Location of Loches
Loches
France location map-Regions and departements-2016.svg
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Loches
Centre-Val de Loire region location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Loches
Coordinates: 47°07′45″N0°59′46″E / 47.1292°N 0.9961°E / 47.1292; 0.9961 Coordinates: 47°07′45″N0°59′46″E / 47.1292°N 0.9961°E / 47.1292; 0.9961
Country France
Region Centre-Val de Loire
Department Indre-et-Loire
Arrondissement Loches
Canton Loches
Intercommunality CC Loches Sud Touraine
Government
  Mayor (20202026) Marc Angenault [1]
Area
1
27.06 km2 (10.45 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2019) [2]
6,199
  Density230/km2 (590/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+01:00 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
37132 /37600
Elevation64–147 m (210–482 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Loches (French pronunciation:  [lɔʃ] ( Loudspeaker.svg listen )) is a commune in the Indre-et-Loire department, central France.

Contents

It is situated 29 miles (47 km) southeast of Tours by railway, on the left bank of the river Indre.

History

Loches (the Roman Leucae) grew up around a monastery founded about 500 by St. Ours and belonged to the Counts of Anjou from 886 until 1205. In the latter year it was seized from King John of England by Philip Augustus, and from the middle of the 13th century until after the time of Charles IX of France the castle was a residence of the kings of France, apart for a brief interlude in 1424 when it was heritably granted to Archibald Douglas, Duke of Touraine. Antoine Guenand, Lord of La Celle-Guenand was appointed Captain-Governor of Loches in 1441.

Population

Historical population
YearPop.±%
17934,800    
18004,342−9.5%
18064,304−0.9%
18214,558+5.9%
18314,774+4.7%
18364,753−0.4%
18414,581−3.6%
18465,058+10.4%
18515,191+2.6%
18565,156−0.7%
18615,267+2.2%
18665,154−2.1%
18724,964−3.7%
18765,085+2.4%
18815,096+0.2%
18865,141+0.9%
18915,132−0.2%
18965,182+1.0%
YearPop.±%
19015,161−0.4%
19065,115−0.9%
19115,346+4.5%
19214,652−13.0%
19264,754+2.2%
19314,761+0.1%
19364,944+3.8%
19465,515+11.5%
19545,525+0.2%
19625,902+6.8%
19686,359+7.7%
19756,738+6.0%
19826,772+0.5%
19906,544−3.4%
19996,328−3.3%
20066,375+0.7%
20096,478+1.6%

Sights

The town, one of the most picturesque in central France, lies at the foot of the rocky eminence on which stands the Château de Loches, the castle of the Anjou family, surrounded by an outer wall 13 ft (4 m) thick, and consisting of the old collegiate church of St Ours, the royal lodge and the donjon or keep.

The church of St Ours from The royal lodge Chateau de Loches, 2003 (3).jpg
The church of St Ours from The royal lodge

The church of St Ours dates from the tenth century to the twelfth century; among its distinguishing features are the huge stone pyramids surmounting the nave and the beautiful carving of the west door. It contains the tomb of Agnès Sorel.

The royal lodge Chateau de Loches, 2003 (2).jpg
The royal lodge

The royal lodge, built by Charles VII of France and once used as the subprefecture, contains the oratory of Anne of Brittany. It was here on 11 May 1429 that Joan of Arc arrived, fresh from her historic victory at Orleans, to meet the king.

The donjon includes, besides the ruined keep (12th century), the Martelet, celebrated as the prison of Lodovico Sforza, Duke of Milan, who died there in 1508, and the Tour Ronde, built by Louis XI of France and containing the famous iron cages in which state prisoners, including according to a story now discredited, the inventor Cardinal Balue, were confined.

Loches has a town hall and several houses of the Renaissance period. The town hall was constructed after royal approval by Francis 1st in 1515.

On the right bank of the Indre, opposite the town, is the village of Beaulieu-lès-Loches, once the seat of a barony.

Economy

Liquor, distilling and tanning are carried on together with trade in farm produce, wine, wood and livestock.

Personalities

Loches was the birthplace of:

International relations

Loches is twinned with:

See also

Related Research Articles

The Duchy of Anjou was a French province straddling the lower river Loire. Its capital was Angers and it was roughly coextensive with the diocese of Angers. Anjou was bordered by Brittany to the west, Maine to the north, Touraine to the east and Poitou to the south. The adjectival form is Angevin, and inhabitants of Anjou are known as Angevins. In 1482, the duchy became part of the Kingdom of France, and from then remained a province of the Kingdom under the name of the Duchy of Anjou. Following the Decree dividing France into departments in 1790, the province was disestablished and split into six new départements: Deux-Sèvres, Indre-et-Loire, Loire-Atlantique, Maine-et-Loire, Sarthe, and Vienne.

Indre-et-Loire Department of France in Centre-Val de Loire

Indre-et-Loire is a department in west-central France named after the Indre River and Loire River. In 2016, it had a population of 606,223. Sometimes referred to as Touraine, the name of the historic region, it nowadays is part of the Centre-Val de Loire region. Its prefecture is Tours and subprefectures are Chinon and Loches. Indre-et-Loire is a touristic destination for its numerous monuments that are part of the Châteaux of the Loire Valley.

Château dAmboise French château

The Château d'Amboise is a château in Amboise, located in the Indre-et-Loire département of the Loire Valley in France. Confiscated by the monarchy in the 15th century, it became a favoured royal residence and was extensively rebuilt. King Charles VIII died at the château in 1498 after hitting his head on a door lintel. The château fell into decline from the second half of the 16th century and the majority of the interior buildings were later demolished, but some survived and have been restored, along with the outer defensive circuit of towers and walls. It has been recognised as a monument historique by the French Ministry of Culture since 1840.

Château de Loches

The Château de Loches is a castle located in the département of Indre-et-Loire in the Loire valley in France; it was constructed in the 9th century. Built some 500 metres (1,600 ft) away from the river Indre, the huge castle, famous mostly for its massive square keep, dominates the town of Loches. The castle was captured by King Philip II of France in 1204. In 1985 it was converted into a museum, and has one of the most extensive collections of medieval armour in France.

Château dAngers Castle in Angers, Maine-et-Loire, France

The Château d'Angers is a castle in the city of Angers in the Loire Valley, in the département of Maine-et-Loire, in France. Founded in the 9th century by the Counts of Anjou, it was expanded to its current size in the 13th century. It is located overhanging the river Maine. It is a listed historical monument since 1875. Now open to the public, the Château d'Angers is home of the Apocalypse Tapestry.

Amboise Commune in Centre-Val de Loire, France

Amboise is a commune in the Indre-et-Loire department in central France. It lies on the banks of the river Loire, 27 kilometres (17 mi) east of Tours. Today a small market town, it was once home of the French royal court. The town of Amboise is also only about 18 kilometres (11 mi) away from the historic Château de Chenonceau, situated on the river Cher near the small village of Chenonceaux.

Ham, Somme Commune in Hauts-de-France, France

Ham is a commune in the Somme department in Hauts-de-France, northern France.

Fulk III, Count of Anjou

Fulk III, the Black, was an early Count of Anjou celebrated as one of the first great builders of medieval castles. It is estimated Fulk constructed approximately 100 castles, along with abbeys throughout the Loire Valley in what is now France. He fought successive wars with neighbors in Brittany, Blois, Poitou and Aquitaine and made four pilgrimages to Jerusalem during the course of his life. He had two wives and three children.

La Flèche Subprefecture and commune in Pays de la Loire, France

La Flèche is a town and commune in the French department of Sarthe, in the Pays de la Loire region in the Loire Valley. It is the sub-prefecture of the South-Sarthe, the chief district and the chief city of a canton, and the second most populous city of the department. The city is part of the Community of communes of the Pays La Flèche. The inhabitants of the town are called Fléchois. It is classified as an area of art and history.

Langeais Commune in Centre-Val de Loire, France

Langeais is a commune in the Indre-et-Loire department in central France. On 1 January 2017, the former commune of Les Essards was merged into Langeais.

Beaulieu-lès-Loches Commune in Centre-Val de Loire, France

Beaulieu-lès-Loches is a commune in the Indre-et-Loire department in central France.

Arrondissement of Loches Arrondissement in Centre-Val de Loire, France

The arrondissement of Loches is an arrondissement of France in the Indre-et-Loire department in the Centre-Val de Loire region. It has 112 communes. Its population is 118,282 (2016), and its area is 2,742.5 km2 (1,058.9 sq mi).

Maurepas, Yvelines Commune in Île-de-France, France

Maurepas is a commune in the Yvelines department in the Île-de-France region in north-central France. It is located in the western suburbs of Paris 31.2 km (19.4 mi) from the center.

Château-Renault Commune in Centre-Val de Loire, France

Château-Renault is a commune in the Indre-et-Loire department in central France.

Sorigny Commune in Centre-Val de Loire, France

Sorigny is a French commune in the Indre-et-Loire department, Centre-Val de Loire.

Château de Chinon Castle in France

Château de Chinon is a castle located on the bank of the river Vienne in Chinon, France. It was founded by Theobald I, Count of Blois. In the 11th century the castle became the property of the counts of Anjou. In 1156 Henry II of England, a member of the House of Anjou, took the castle from his brother Geoffrey, Count of Nantes, after Geoffrey rebelled for a second time. Henry favoured the Château de Chinon as a residence. Most of the standing structure can be attributed to his reign; he died there in 1189.

Château de La Celle-Guenand

Under the Ancien Régime in France this château was the seat of the Barony of La Celle-Guenand. The estate encompassed what is today, the commune of La Celle-Guenand in the Indre-et-Loire départment in the Centre-Val de Loire Region of France. Château de La Celle-Guenand is listed as a Monument historique since 11 June 1943 by the French Ministry of Culture.

Château de Gizeux

The Château de Gizeux is an important edifice, dating from the Middle Ages and much altered over the centuries, notably during the French Renaissance and the Age of Enlightenment.

Communauté de communes Loches Sud Touraine Federation of municipalities in France

The Communauté de communes Loches Sud Touraine is a communauté de communes, an intercommunal structure, in the Indre-et-Loire department, in the Centre-Val de Loire region, central France. It was created on 1 January 2017 by the merger of the former communautés de communes of Loches Développement, Montrésor, Grand Ligueillois and Touraine du Sud. It had a population of 52,070 in 2016. Its seat is in Loches.

Château dArmaillé

Château d'Armaillé is an aristocratic château located in Loches, near Tours in France's Loire Valley. It adopted the Napoleon III style. It was constructed between 1839 and 1864, from red brick and stone

References

  1. "Répertoire national des élus: les maires". data.gouv.fr, Plateforme ouverte des données publiques françaises (in French). 2 December 2020.
  2. "Populations légales 2019". The National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies. 29 December 2021.
  3. "St Andrews twinning pact signed in saint's celebrations - Fife Today". www.fifetoday.co.uk. Archived from the original on 2015-12-08.