Locks on the Canal du Midi

Last updated
Lock sign on the Canal du Midi Lock sign at Pechlaurier Lock.JPG
Lock sign on the Canal du Midi

There are 91 working locks on the Canal du Midi along its 240-kilometre (150 mi) course from the Bassin du Thau on the Mediterranean coast to the junction with the Canal lateral a la Garonne in Toulouse. There are a further 13 locks on the 37-kilometre (23 mi) La Nouvelle branch which runs through Narbonne to the Mediterranean at Port-la-Nouvelle. [1] The locks are all under the management of the French navigation authority, Voies navigables de France.



Typical lock keeper's house on the Canal du Midi Lock keepers house - Pechlaurier Lock on the Canal du Midi.JPG
Typical lock keeper's house on the Canal du Midi

The Canal du Midi was built between 1666 and 1681 by Pierre-Paul Riquet to provide an inland water route through Southern France between the Atlantic at Bordeaux and the Mediterranean at Sète via the Garonne. The first design for the locks on the canal was a rectangular shape however due to a collapse of a side-wall early in the building program (exactly which lock is not recorded), Riquet modified his plans and rebuilt both existing and new locks with an ovoid chamber. They were typically 11m wide at the midpoint and 6m at the gates with an overall length of 30.5m. [1] Riquet also restricted the maximum rise to 2.9m so whereas previously he would have built one deep lock he instead used intermediate gates creating double, triple and sometimes quadruple chambers. During the Canal du Midi modernisation program of the 1970s several of these multiple chambers were converted into single "deep" locks with concrete side walls.

The lock gates were originally made of oak in the traditional mitre pattern with balance beams and each gate had a single large wooden sluice drawn up by a vertical screw. [1] The introduction of electric and hydraulic systems for both the lifting of the sluices and the opening of the gates has seen the removal of the balance beams and modern gates are of metal construction.

At each lock there is a double-fronted two-storey lock keeper's house upon which is fixed either a cast iron or a masonry sign showing the name of the lock and the name and distance to the adjacent locks in each direction. The locks are still operated by lock keepers and passage is only possible when they are in attendance however on La Nouvelle branch operation by boaters is allowed. The locks are open every day except 1 January, 11 November and 25 December, from 08:00 until 17:30 out of season and 08:00 until 19:00 in the summer peak; all locks are closed 12:30 – 13:30 for lunch. [2]


At its western end, Toulouse, the canal is at an altitude of 132 metres (433 ft) and climbs to 193 metres (633 ft) at its summit level between Ocean Lock and Mediterranee Lock west of Castelnaudary before dropping down to sea level at Sète. [3]

Profile of the Canal du Midi (distances in metres from Toulouse and height in metres above sea-level) Profil canal du midi.png
Profile of the Canal du Midi (distances in metres from Toulouse and height in metres above sea-level)

The graph shows the profile of the Canal du Midi from Toulouse (1), through the summit of the canal at Seuil de Naurouze (2), Castelnaudary (3), then Carcassonne (4) and Trèbes (5). The channel continues to Béziers just after Fonsérannes Lock (6), and then on to Agde (7) before flowing in to the Bassin de Thau at Sète (8).

At 193 metres (633 ft), Naurouze is the highest point of the canal with a drop of 57.18 metres (187.6 ft) between the summit and Toulouse and 189.43 metres (621.5 ft) between the summit and Sète. The longest pound is 53.49 kilometres (33.24 mi) between Argens Lock (Aude) and the Fonsérannes Lock (Hérault) while the shortest reach is 250 metres (820 ft) between two locks at Fresquel. [4]


Map all coordinates using: OpenStreetMap  
Download coordinates as: KML  ·  GPX

The following list numbers the locks from the Canal lateral a la Garonne in the west to the Bassin du Thau in the east. Staircase locks are listed as a single entity but the number of individual chambers in the flight is noted. Travelling west to east from Toulouse to Sète the locks numbered 1–18 are ascending and 19–86 are descending. [B] Castanet lock is the first lock with an elliptical chamber, as Riquet realised it was the best fit solution due to mechanical stress from surrounding areas. [5]

Locks in the Canal du Midi
number [A]
Lock name Coordinates
(links to maps
and satellite images)
Number of
from Toulouse
(metres) [3]
1Béarnais Lock 43°36′44″N1°25′32″E / 43.612142°N 1.425618°E / 43.612142; 1.425618 (Béarnais Lock) 11.1 CanalDuMidiEcluseDuBearnaisToulouseRueDuBearn.JPG 135m
2Minimes Lock 43°36′57″N1°26′10″E / 43.615829°N 1.435984°E / 43.615829; 1.435984 (Minimes Lock) 12 Canal-midi-ecluse2.JPG 139m
3Bayard Lock 43°36′39″N1°27′11″E / 43.610786°N 1.453021°E / 43.610786; 1.453021 (Bayard Lock) 13.6145m
4Castanet Lock 43°31′25″N1°31′07″E / 43.523582°N 1.518711°E / 43.523582; 1.518711 (Castanet Lock) 115.7 Ecluse de Castanet.jpg 148m
5Vic Lock 43°30′39″N1°31′02″E / 43.51095°N 1.517295°E / 43.51095; 1.517295 (Vic Lock) 117.4 Vic Lock on the Canal du Midi.jpg 151m
6Montgiscard Lock 43°27′47″N1°34′14″E / 43.463105°N 1.570518°E / 43.463105; 1.570518 (Montgiscard Lock) 124.9 Montgiscard (Haute-Garonne, Fr) Canal du Midi, ecluse avec bateau (2).JPG 155m
7Aygues-Vives Lock 43°26′48″N1°35′57″E / 43.446677°N 1.599266°E / 43.446677; 1.599266 (Aygues-Vives Lock) 128.1 Ecluse d'Ayguesvives sas.JPG 159m
8 - 9Sanglier Lock 43°26′23″N1°36′45″E / 43.43961°N 1.61242°E / 43.43961; 1.61242 (Sanglier Lock) 229.6 Ecluse double du sanglier - partie amont.jpg 163m
10 Négra Lock 43°25′07″N1°38′28″E / 43.418499°N 1.641028°E / 43.418499; 1.641028 (Négra Lock) 133.3 France Canal du Midi ecluse de Negra.jpg 166m
11 - 12 Laval Lock 43°23′55″N1°40′46″E / 43.39853°N 1.679504°E / 43.39853; 1.679504 (Laval Lock) 237.5 Laval Lock - Canal du Midi.jpg 170m
13 Gardouch Lock 43°23′30″N1°41′30″E / 43.391631°N 1.691761°E / 43.391631; 1.691761 (Gardouch Lock) 138.9 Le port de Gardouch sur le canal du midi.jpg 173m
14 Renneville Lock 43°22′59″N1°43′39″E / 43.383070°N 1.727608°E / 43.383070; 1.727608 (Renneville Lock) 143.0176m
15 - 16 Encassan Lock 43°22′08″N1°45′22″E / 43.368891°N 1.756014°E / 43.368891; 1.756014 (Encassan Lock) 245.9 Encassan Lock - Canal du Midi.jpg 185m
17 Emborrel Lock 43°21′47″N1°46′23″E / 43.363113°N 1.773073°E / 43.363113; 1.773073 (Emborrel Lock) 147.5 Emborrel Lock on the Canal du Midi.jpg 189m
18 Océan Lock 43°21′19″N1°49′05″E / 43.355309°N 1.818083°E / 43.355309; 1.818083 (Océan Lock) 151.6 France Canal du Midi ecluse de l'ocean.jpg 193m
51.5Summit (Seuil de Naurouze) 43°21′19″N1°49′05″E / 43.355309°N 1.818083°E / 43.355309; 1.818083 (Summit) 52193m
19 Méditerranée Lock 43°19′49″N1°51′42″E / 43.330160°N 1.861777°E / 43.330160; 1.861777 (Méditerranée Lock) 156.6 Lock house at Mediterranee Lock on the Canal du Midi.jpg 193m
20-21 Roc Lock 43°19′43″N1°52′14″E / 43.328685°N 1.870472°E / 43.328685; 1.870472 (Roc Lock) 257.5189m
22 -24 Laurens Lock 43°19′31″N1°53′06″E / 43.325246°N 1.884968°E / 43.325246; 1.884968 (Laurens Lock) 358.7180m
25 Domergue Lock 43°19′23″N1°53′56″E / 43.323029°N 1.898843°E / 43.323029; 1.898843 (Domergue Lock) 159.7175m
26 Laplanque Lock 43°19′15″N1°54′49″E / 43.320900°N 1.913678°E / 43.320900; 1.913678 (Laplanque Lock) 160.9173m
27 - 30 Saint-Roch Lock 43°18′43″N1°57′40″E / 43.311834°N 1.961133°E / 43.311834; 1.961133 (Saint-Roch Lock) 465.4 Canal du Midi Schleussen bei Castelnaudary.jpg 170m
31 - 32 Gay Lock 43°18′19″N1°58′39″E / 43.305225°N 1.977624°E / 43.305225; 1.977624 (Gay Lock) 267.1159m
33 - 35 Vivier Lock 43°17′51″N1°59′39″E / 43.297457°N 1.994101°E / 43.297457; 1.994101 (Vivier Lock) 368.7 Ecluse du Vivier.jpeg 154m
36 Guilhermin Lock 43°17′46″N1°59′58″E / 43.296145°N 1.999405°E / 43.296145; 1.999405 (Guilhermin Lock) 169.1 Ecluse de Guillermin.jpeg 147m
37 Saint-Sernin Lock 43°17′36″N2°00′18″E / 43.29320°N 2.00505°E / 43.29320; 2.00505 (Saint-Sernin Lock) 169.7 Ecluse de Saint-Sernin.jpeg 145m
38 Guerre Lock 43°17′24″N2°00′57″E / 43.290083°N 2.015755°E / 43.290083; 2.015755 (Guerre Lock) 170.6 Ecluse de la Guerre.jpeg 141m
39 Peyruque Lock 43°17′12″N2°01′42″E / 43.286689°N 2.028383°E / 43.286689; 2.028383 (Peyruque Lock) 171.7 Ecluse de la Peyruque.jpeg 139m
40 Criminelle Lock 43°17′07″N2°02′03″E / 43.28532°N 2.03417°E / 43.28532; 2.03417 (Criminelle Lock) 172.2 Ecluse de la Criminelle.jpeg 137m
41 Tréboul Lock 43°16′49″N2°02′59″E / 43.280219°N 2.049757°E / 43.280219; 2.049757 (Tréboul Lock) 173.6 Ecluse de Treboul.jpeg 134m
42 Villepinte Lock 43°16′26″N2°05′39″E / 43.274°N 2.09412°E / 43.274; 2.09412 (Villepinte Lock) 177.4 Ecluse de Villepinte.jpeg 130m
43 Sauzens Lock 43°15′56″N2°06′35″E / 43.26544°N 2.10980°E / 43.26544; 2.10980 (Sauzens Lock) 179 Ecluse de Sauzens.jpeg 127m
44 Bram Lock 43°15′30″N2°07′12″E / 43.25830°N 2.12011°E / 43.25830; 2.12011 (Bram Lock) 180.3 Ecluse de Bram.jpeg 126m
45 Béteille Lock 43°14′08″N2°10′48″E / 43.235532°N 2.180042°E / 43.235532; 2.180042 (Béteille Lock) 185.9 Ecluse de Beteille.jpg 123m
46 Villeséquelande Lock 43°14′05″N2°14′45″E / 43.234812°N 2.245796°E / 43.234812; 2.245796 (Villeséquelande Lock) 193.4 Ecluse de Villeseque.jpg 122m
47 - 48 Lalande Lock 43°14′21″N2°17′09″E / 43.239241°N 2.285786°E / 43.239241; 2.285786 (Lalande Lock) 298.2 Ecluse de Lalande.jpg 116m
49 Herminis Lock 43°14′14″N2°17′18″E / 43.237300°N 2.288296°E / 43.237300; 2.288296 (Herminis Lock) 198.5 Ecluse d'Herminis.jpg 114m
50 Ladouce Lock 43°13′46″N2°18′04″E / 43.229506°N 2.301099°E / 43.229506; 2.301099 (Ladouce Lock) 199.9 Ecluse de Ladouce.jpg 109m
51 Carcassonne Lock 43°13′03″N2°21′06″E / 43.217409°N 2.351585°E / 43.217409; 2.351585 (Carcassonne Lock) 1105.5 Port de Carcassonne.jpg 106m
52 Saint-Jean Lock 43°13′56″N2°22′30″E / 43.232295°N 2.375039°E / 43.232295; 2.375039 (Saint-Jean Lock) 1108.0 Ecluse de Saint Jean.jpg 102m
53 - 54 Fresquel Double Lock 43°14′18″N2°22′29″E / 43.238394°N 2.374646°E / 43.238394; 2.374646 (Fresquel Double Lock) 2108.8 Ecluse double de Fresquel.jpg 97m
55 Fresquel Single Lock 43°14′27″N2°22′47″E / 43.240847°N 2.379621°E / 43.240847; 2.379621 (Fresquel Single Lock) 1109.0 Ecluse simple de Fresquel.jpg 92m
56 Evêque Lock 43°14′08″N2°24′48″E / 43.235572°N 2.413292°E / 43.235572; 2.413292 (Evêque Lock) 1112.6 Ecluse de l'Eveque - Canal du Midi.JPG 91m
57 Villedubert Lock 43°13′47″N2°24′48″E / 43.229698°N 2.413303°E / 43.229698; 2.413303 (Villedubert Lock) 1113.4 Ecluse de Villedubert - Canal du Midi - 03.JPG 86m
58 - 60 Trèbes Lock 43°12′25″N2°26′57″E / 43.206848°N 2.449276°E / 43.206848; 2.449276 (Trèbes Lock) 3118 Trebes Lock on the Canal du Midi.jpg 84m
61 Marseillette Lock 43°12′20″N2°32′59″E / 43.205563°N 2.549688°E / 43.205563; 2.549688 (Marseillette Lock) 1127.2 Marseillette Lock.jpg 79m
62 - 64 Fonfile Lock 43°12′39″N2°35′06″E / 43.210825°N 2.584946°E / 43.210825; 2.584946 (Fonfile Lock) 3130.4 Canal du Midi - Ecluse triple de Fontfile a Blomac005.JPG 76m
65 - 66 Saint-Martin Lock 43°13′02″N2°35′49″E / 43.217296°N 2.596895°E / 43.217296; 2.596895 (Saint-Martin Lock) 2131.6 St Martin lock - Canal du Midi (Nancy).JPG 67m
67 - 68 Aiguille Lock 43°13′47″N2°36′21″E / 43.229629°N 2.605914°E / 43.229629; 2.605914 (Aiguille Lock) 2133.4 Peniche Le Tourville ecluse de l Aiguille Canal-du-Midi.JPG 59m
69 - 70 Puichéric Lock 43°13′51″N2°38′18″E / 43.230855°N 2.638368°E / 43.230855; 2.638368 (Puichéric Lock) 2136.4 Puicheric Lock - Canal du Midi (Nancy).JPG 57m
71 Jouarres Lock 43°15′43″N2°41′11″E / 43.261912°N 2.686302°E / 43.261912; 2.686302 (Jouarres Lock) 1142.7 Jouarres Lock - Canal du Midi (Nancy).JPG 49m
72 Homps Lock 43°16′12″N2°43′47″E / 43.269874°N 2.729844°E / 43.269874; 2.729844 (Homps Lock) 1146.4 Homps Lock on the Canal du Midi.JPG 46m
73 - 74 Ognon Lock 43°16′11″N2°44′19″E / 43.269768°N 2.738583°E / 43.269768; 2.738583 (Ognon Lock) 2147.1 Ognon Lock on the Canal du Midi.JPG 41m
75 - 76 Pechlaurier Lock 43°15′01″N2°45′25″E / 43.25023°N 2.757046°E / 43.25023; 2.757046 (Pechlaurier Lock) 2149.8 Pechlaurier Lock on the Canal du Midi.JPG 38m
77 Argens Lock 43°14′23″N2°46′45″E / 43.239757°N 2.779187°E / 43.239757; 2.779187 (Argens Lock) 1152.3 Argens Lock on the Canal du Midi.JPG 32m
78 [B] Fonserannes Lock 43°19′50″N3°11′59″E / 43.330556°N 3.199722°E / 43.330556; 3.199722 (Fonserannes Locks) 6 (+2 unused)206.6 Beziers Fonseranes P1100874.jpg 32m
79 Orb Lock 43°20′07″N3°12′56″E / 43.335256°N 3.215434°E / 43.335256; 3.215434 (Orb Lock) 1208.0 Orb Lock on the Canal du Midi (Nancy).JPG 12m
80 Béziers Lock 43°20′00″N3°13′17″E / 43.333429°N 3.221367°E / 43.333429; 3.221367 (Béziers Lock) 1208.4 Beziers Lock.JPG
81 Ariège Lock 43°19′21″N3°15′56″E / 43.322535°N 3.265474°E / 43.322535; 3.265474 (Ariège Lock) 1212.5 Ariege Lock.JPG 9m
82 Villeneuve Lock 43°19′04″N3°16′50″E / 43.317681°N 3.280495°E / 43.317681; 3.280495 (Villeneuve Lock) 1213.8 Villeneuve lock.JPG 6m
83 Portiragnes Lock 43°18′17″N3°19′45″E / 43.304761°N 3.329285°E / 43.304761; 3.329285 (Portiragnes Lock) 1218.3 Portiragnes Lock 1.JPG 5m
84 Agde Round Lock [C] 43°19′13″N3°28′03″E / 43.320253°N 3.467624°E / 43.320253; 3.467624 (Agde Round Lock) 1231.4 Agde bassin rond 3 portes.JPG 4m
85 Prades Lock 43°19′33″N3°28′40″E / 43.325967°N 3.477808°E / 43.325967; 3.477808 (Prades Lock) 1232.9 Prades lock 2.JPG 3m
86 Bagnas Lock 43°18′52″N3°29′56″E / 43.314319°N 3.498874°E / 43.314319; 3.498874 (Bagnas Lock) 1235.3 Bagnas lock 2.JPG 2m

See also


A Lock numbers are as given in the appendix of the 1994 edition From Sea to Sea by L.T.C. Rolt
B The flight at Fonserannes was "replaced" by a water slope in 1984 hence the single "lock number". However, the slope has never worked and the 6 flight staircase remains the only way to pass through meaning that there are 91 locks but only 86 numbers.
C Chamber has three sets of gates, the third being the junction with the branch descente dans l'Hérault

Related Research Articles

Canal du Midi

The Canal du Midi is a 240 km (150 mi) long canal in Southern France. Originally named the Canal royal en Languedoc and renamed by French revolutionaries to Canal du Midi in 1789, the canal was at the time considered one of the greatest construction works of the 17th century.

Pierre-Paul Riquet

Pierre-Paul Riquet, Baron de Bonrepos was the engineer and canal-builder responsible for the construction of the Canal du Midi.

Étang de Thau

Étang de Thau or Bassin de Thau is the largest of a string of lagoons (étangs) that stretch along the French coast from the Rhône River to the foothills of the Pyrenees and the border to Spain in the Languedoc-Roussillon. Although it has a high salinity, it is considered the second largest lake in France.

Montech water slope

The Montech water slope is a type of canal inclined plane built on the Canal de Garonne, in the commune of Montech, Tarn-et-Garonne, Southwest France. It is managed by the publicly owned Voies navigables de France and by-passes a series of five locks. The slope is used for larger vessels up to 40 metres in length, while smaller boats continue to use the locks.

Fonserannes Locks

Fonserannes Locks are a flight of staircase locks on the Canal du Midi near Béziers.

Canal Latéral de la Garonne Canal in France

The Canal de Garonne, formerly known as Canal latéral à la Garonne, is a French canal dating from the mid-19th century which connects Toulouse to Castets-en-Dorthe. The remainder of the route to Bordeaux uses the river Garonne. It is the continuation of the Canal du Midi which connects the Mediterranean with Toulouse.

Canal de Brienne

The Canal de Brienne is a French canal connecting the Garonne River with the Canal du Midi and the Canal de Garonne. It has two locks. The lock opening to the Garonne is known as Ecluse Saint-Pierre. The lock nearer to the Canal du Midi usually stands open.

Summit-level canal

A summit-level canal is an artificial waterway connecting two separate river valleys. The term refers to a canal that rises then falls, as opposed to a lateral canal, which has a continuous fall only. Summit-level canals were an essential step in developing transport systems connecting different parts of a country before the railways or modern road transport.

Grand Bassin Body of open water along the Canal du Midi

The Grand Bassin is the largest body of open water along the Canal du Midi. It is in Castelnaudary, France and covers some 7 hectares. Once a scene of intense economic activity, it is now a major pleasure port used by tourist craft. It holds the water reserve for the four locks of Saint-Roche.

La Nouvelle branch

The La Nouvelle branch is a 37.3-kilometre (23.2 mi) branch of the Canal du Midi in Aude, southern France which runs from the Canal du Midi through Narbonne and on to the Mediterranean. It is made up of three waterways: the first 5.1 kilometres (3.2 mi) is the Canal de Jonction from the Canal du Midi to the Aude, the second section is 800 metres (2,625 ft) of the Aude itself and the third is the 31.6 kilometres (19.6 mi) Canal de la Robine which enters the Mediterranean at Port-la-Nouvelle. The La Nouvelle branch is designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site as part of the Canal du Midi and is managed by the French navigation authority, Voies navigables de France.

Orb Aqueduct

The Orb Aqueduct is a bridge which carries the Canal du Midi over the Orb in the city of Béziers in Languedoc, France. The aqueduct is 28 metres (92 ft) wide, 12 metres (39 ft) tall and at 240 metres (790 ft) is the longest on the Canal du Midi.

Bassin de Saint-Ferréol

The Bassin de Saint-Ferréol was created as the result of a large earth dam across the mouth of the valley of Laudot stream at St. Ferréol in the Montagne Noire. It was originally proposed by Chevalier de Clerville and accepted by Pierre Paul Riquet as an integral part of the Canal du Midi. Riquet needed to provide a sufficient water reservoir to allow the locks to function year round, even in the dry summer season. The dam was begun on 15 April 1667 and was completed in four years. It was the first dam built specifically to supply water to a navigable canal and was by far the greatest single work of civil engineering undertaken during the building of the Canal du Midi.

Agde Round Lock

The Agde Round Lock is a canal lock on the Canal du Midi that connects to the Hérault River in Agde France. It is almost unique because it is round, which allows a boat to turn around, and the fact that it has three sets of lock gates, each with a different water level. It was built in 1676 of volcanic stone and was originally 29.20 m in diameter, 5.20 m deep.

Seuil de Naurouze

The Seuil de Naurouze, or Col de Naurouze, is the highest point of the Canal du Midi in southern France. It is the watershed point identified by Pierre-Paul Riquet when he designed and built the canal. Water falling on the western side of this point flows to the Atlantic Ocean and on the eastern side to the Mediterranean Sea. It is on the border of the department of Haute-Garonne and the department of the Aude.

Bassin de Naurouze

The Bassin de Naurouze is an octagonal holding tank, created during the building of the Canal du Midi as designed and built by Pierre-Paul Riquet. It was abandoned a few years after construction of the canal because of its recurrent silting problems. The flow of water from the Bassin de Saint-Ferréol joins the Canal du Midi at this point near the Seuil de Naurouze. Riquet hoped to build a city around the basin and also considered building a port. However, it easily filled with silt and its use discontinued. A lawn replaced the empty pool, and it is crossed by a straight path lined with plane trees.

Rigole de la montagne

The rigole de la montagne was an important facet of the Canal du Midi, engineered by Pierre-Paul Riquet in southern France. The canal itself was built during 1666-1681. A critical aspect of the Canal du Midi was the supply of sufficient water to feed the canal. Each boat traversing its length would require a large quantity of water in the locks in order to climb or descend.

Rigole de la plaine

The critical feature of the Canal du Midi was to provide sufficient water to ensure that the lock system continued to function, even through the summer months. The first part of this endeavor was the rigole de la plaine. It carried water from the Sor River, at Pontcrouzet, to the Bassin de Naurouze, where the water was to enter the canal. This was done in 1667.

The balancing of incoming and outgoing water allows the Canal du Midi to operate as it does. Each time a lock operates, large quantities of water are either required to fill it or dump from it into the lower level pound. There must be a constant source of water in order to fill and the excess water dumped must have a place to exit the canal without it overflowing. Being able to provide this water source was one of the most important problems to be solved by Pierre Paul Riquet, its creator.

Mediterranee Lock

The Mediterranee Lock is a single chamber lock on the Canal du Midi. It was built around 1670, and it is 46.6km from Toulouse. The adjacent locks are the Roc Lock to the east and the Océan Lock to the west. The Mediterranee Lock marks the start of the descending section of the canal going east to west towards the Mediterranean Sea.


  1. 1 2 3 Rolt, L. T. C. (1973). From Sea to Sea: An Illustrated History of the Canal du Midi. Allen Lane. ISBN   0713904712.
  2. "Les horaires de navigation". Voies navigables de France website. Retrieved 2008-10-25.
  3. 1 2 "Toutes les Écluses du Canal du Midi". canaldumidi.com. Retrieved 2008-10-25.
  4. René Gast, Le canal du Midi et les voies navigables de l'Atlantique à la Méditerranée, éditions Ouest-France, 2000, ISBN   2-7373-2475-0, p. 22
  5. "Une écluse à Castanet-Tolosan". canaldumidi.com (in French). Retrieved 2017-03-28.