Lodewijk Bruckman

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Lodewijk Bruckman

Lodewijk Karel Bruckman.jpg

Lodewijk Bruckman in 1983
BornLodewijk Karel Bruckman
(1903-08-14)14 August 1903
The Hague, Netherlands
Died 24 April 1995(1995-04-24) (aged 91)
Leeuwarden, Netherlands
Nationality Dutch
Education Royal Academy of Art
Known for Painting
Movement Magic realism

Lodewijk Karel "Loki" Bruckman (Dutch pronunciation: [ˈloːdəˌʋɛik ˈkaːrəl ˈloːki ˈbrɵkmɑn] ; 14 August 1903 – 24 April 1995) was a Dutch magic realist painter. He lived and worked in the Netherlands, the United States, and Mexico. Museum de Oude Wolden in the village of Bellingwolde has a permanent exhibition of his paintings.

Netherlands Constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands in Europe

The Netherlands is a country located mainly in Northwestern Europe. The European portion of the Netherlands consists of twelve separate provinces that border Germany to the east, Belgium to the south, and the North Sea to the northwest, with maritime borders in the North Sea with Belgium, Germany and the United Kingdom. Together with three island territories in the Caribbean Sea—Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba— it forms a constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. The official language is Dutch, but a secondary official language in the province of Friesland is West Frisian.

Magical realism, magic realism, or marvelous realism is a style of fiction that paints a realistic view of the modern world while also adding magical elements. It is sometimes called fabulism, in reference to the conventions of fables, myths, and allegory. "Magical realism", perhaps the most common term, often refers to fiction and literature in particular, with magic or the supernatural presented in an otherwise real-world or mundane setting.

United States Federal republic in North America

The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States or America, is a country comprising 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is slightly smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U.S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D.C., and the largest city by population is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico. The State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean. The U.S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The extremely diverse geography, climate, and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.

Contents

Biography

Lodewijk Karel Bruckman was born on 14 August 1903 in The Hague in the Netherlands. [1] He was the son of house painter Karel Lodewijk Bruckman (1868–1952) and Wilhelmina Frederika Hamel (1869–1930). [2] He had two sisters and two brothers, [2] one of whom was his twin brother Karel Lodewijk Bruckman (1903–1982). [3] [4]

The Hague City and municipality in South Holland, Netherlands

The Hague is a city on the western coast of the Netherlands and the capital of the province of South Holland. It is also the seat of government of the Netherlands.

House painter and decorator tradesman responsible for the painting and decorating of buildings

A house painter and decorator is a tradesman responsible for the painting and decorating of buildings, and is also known as a decorator or house painter. The purpose of painting is to improve the appearance of a building and to protect it from damage by water, corrosion, insects and mold.

Twin One of two offspring produced in the same pregnancy. Use with P31 on items for one twin

Twins are two offspring produced by the same pregnancy. Twins can be either monozygotic ('identical'), meaning that they develop from one zygote, which splits and forms two embryos, or dizygotic ('fraternal'), meaning that each twin develops from a separate egg and each egg is fertilized by its own sperm cell.

Bruckman studied with his twin brother at the Royal Academy of Art in The Hague, where he was a student of Henk Meijer. He worked first as a set painter, later as a drawing teacher, and eventually as a fine artist. [5]

Royal Academy of Art, The Hague Dutch art academy in The Hague

The Royal Academy of Art is an leading and highly renowned art academy in The Hague. Succeeding the Haagsche Teeken-Academie, the academy was founded on 29 September 1682, making it the oldest in the Netherlands and one of the oldest in the world. It has been training ground for a number of significant artists of the Hague School and it was part of the art movement of Dutch Impressionism and was also in the immediate vicinity of the II. Golden Age of Dutch painting. However, in the 19th century the training for a long time was still strongly oriented towards the classic curriculum. At the end of the 19th century this academy had opened to Modernism, too.

Theatrical scenery space used as a setting for a theatrical production

Theatrical scenery is that which is used as a setting for a theatrical production. Scenery may be just about anything, from a single chair to an elaborately re-created street, no matter how large or how small, whether the item was custom-made or is the genuine item, appropriated for theatrical use.

In 1949, Bruckman and his life partner Evert Zeeven, who was also his manager, moved to the United States. They lived in New York City and Provincetown in the U.S. and also in Morelia in Mexico. Bruckman had several gallery exhibitions in New York. [3]

New York City Largest city in the United States

The City of New York, usually called either New York City (NYC) or simply New York (NY), is the most populous city in the United States. With an estimated 2017 population of 8,622,698 distributed over a land area of about 302.6 square miles (784 km2), New York is also the most densely populated major city in the United States. Located at the southern tip of the state of New York, the city is the center of the New York metropolitan area, the largest metropolitan area in the world by urban landmass and one of the world's most populous megacities, with an estimated 20,320,876 people in its 2017 Metropolitan Statistical Area and 23,876,155 residents in its Combined Statistical Area. A global power city, New York City has been described as the cultural, financial, and media capital of the world, and exerts a significant impact upon commerce, entertainment, research, technology, education, politics, tourism, art, fashion, and sports. The city's fast pace has inspired the term New York minute. Home to the headquarters of the United Nations, New York is an important center for international diplomacy.

Provincetown, Massachusetts Town in Massachusetts, United States

Provincetown is a New England town located at the extreme tip of Cape Cod in Barnstable County, Massachusetts, in the United States. A small coastal resort town with a year-round population of just under 3,000, Provincetown has a summer population of as high as 60,000. Often called "P-town" or "P'town", the town is known for its beaches, harbor, artists, tourist industry, and its status as a vacation destination for the LGBTQ community.

Morelia City in Michoacán, Mexico

Morelia is a city and municipality in the north central part of the state of Michoacán in central Mexico. The city is in the Guayangareo Valley and is the capital and largest city of the state. The main pre-Hispanic cultures here were the Purépecha and the Matlatzinca, but no major cities were founded in the valley during this time. The Spanish took control of the area in the 1520s. The Spanish under Viceroy Antonio de Mendoza founded a settlement here in 1541 with the name of Valladolid, which became rival to the nearby city of Pátzcuaro for dominance in Michoacán. In 1580, this rivalry ended in Valladolid's favor and it became the capital of the colonial province. After the Mexican War of Independence, the city was renamed Morelia in honor of José María Morelos, who hailed from the city. In 1991, the city was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site for its well-preserved colonial buildings and layout of the historic center.

In 1968, they returned to the Netherlands, where they lived in Wemeldinge, Haarlem, and Bellingwedde. Bruckman stopped oil painting in 1986, but continued with pencil drawing. In 1989, they moved to Leeuwarden. Zeeven died on 30 November 1993. One and a half year later, Bruckman died on 24 April 1995 in Leeuwarden, at the age of 91. [1] [3]

Wemeldinge Place in Zeeland, Netherlands

Wemeldinge is a village in the Dutch province of Zeeland. It is located in the municipality of Kapelle, about 4 km northwest of Yerseke.

Haarlem City and municipality in North Holland, Netherlands

Haarlem is a city and municipality in the Netherlands. It is the capital of the province of North Holland and is situated at the northern edge of the Randstad, one of the most populated metropolitan areas in Europe. Haarlem had a population of 159,556 in 2017. It is a 15-minute train ride from Amsterdam, and many residents commute to the country's capital for work.

Bellingwedde Municipality in Groningen, Netherlands

Bellingwedde was a municipality with a population of 8,892 in the province Groningen in the northeast of the Netherlands. Bellingwedde was established in 1968, when the municipalities of Bellingwolde and Wedde had merged. It contained the villages Bellingwolde, Blijham, Oudeschans, Veelerveen, Vriescheloo, and Wedde. After almost 50 year, Bellingwedde was disestablished in 2018, when the municipalities of Bellingwedde and Vlagtwedde had merged into Westerwolde.

Painting

Painting by Bruckman in the permanent exhibition of his work in Museum de Oude Wolden in Bellingwolde, the Netherlands Painting by Lodewijk Bruckman.jpg
Painting by Bruckman in the permanent exhibition of his work in Museum de Oude Wolden in Bellingwolde, the Netherlands

Bruckman painted figuratively, forest views, and other still lifes with fruit, flowers, shells, eggs, feathers and towels. His style can be described as realistic, surrealistic or magic realistic. [5] In 1958, Frank Crotty described Bruckman's painting with the following words:

Still life art genre

A still life is a work of art depicting mostly inanimate subject matter, typically commonplace objects which are either natural or man-made.

Realism (arts) artistic style of representing subjects realistically

Realism, sometimes called naturalism, in the arts is generally the attempt to represent subject matter truthfully, without artificiality and avoiding artistic conventions, or implausible, exotic, and supernatural elements. Realism has been prevalent in the arts at many periods, and can be in large part a matter of technique and training, and the avoidance of stylization.

Surrealism international cultural movement that began in the early 1920s

Surrealism is a cultural movement that began in the early 1920s, and is best known for its visual artworks and writings. Artists painted unnerving, illogical scenes with photographic precision, created strange creatures from everyday objects, and developed painting techniques that allowed the unconscious to express itself. Its aim was to "resolve the previously contradictory conditions of dream and reality into an absolute reality, a super-reality".

His paintings are both realistic and surrealistic. His technique is reminiscent of Salvatore Dali's. All objects are painted with exceptional exactitude and have an additional faculty which is often described as three-dimensional. His feathers, for example – and he paints many of them – are so realistic that you feel a gust of wind would blow them away. They are the trick-of-eye kind of painting called 'trompe l'oeil'. [6]

Bruckman gained popularity in the United States, while he remained relatively unknown in the Netherlands. His painting Composition With Peaches won the popular vote at the Boston Arts Festival in 1953 and he became second in 1957. [6] He won the J. Porter Brinton Prize in 1954. [5] The Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York City has a still life called Mobile (1955) by Bruckman in its collection [7] and the Cape Cod Museum of Art in Dennis a painting named Rancho Style (1960). [8]

In the 1980s, Bruckman donated fifteen paintings to the municipality of Goes and 21 paintings, with an estimated value of 363,000 euro, to the municipality of Bellingwedde. [9] Museum de Oude Wolden in Bellingwolde in the Netherlands has a permanent exhibition with his paintings from the municipal collection of Bellingwedde. [10]

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References

  1. 1 2 (in Dutch) Bruckman, Lodewijk, Netherlands Institute for Art History. Retrieved on 2013-08-08.
  2. 1 2 (in Dutch) Bruckman, K.L., Digitale Stamboom Den Haag, 2012. Retrieved on 2013-08-08.
  3. 1 2 3 (in Dutch) Fijnschilder Lodewijk Bruckman overleden, Leeuwarder Courant, 1995. Retrieved on 2013-08-08.
  4. (in Dutch) Bruckman, Karel, Rijksbureau voor Kunsthistorische Documentatie. Retrieved on 2013-08-08.
  5. 1 2 3 (in Dutch) Lodewijk Bruckman (1903 - 1995), Studio 2000. Retrieved on 2013-08-08.
  6. 1 2 Frank Crotty, Provincetown profiles and others on Cape Cod, 1958. Retrieved on 2013-08-09.
  7. Mobile, Lodewijk Karel Bruckman, Metropolitan Museum of Art. Retrieved on 2013-08-08.
  8. Bruckman, Lodewijk, Cape Cod Museum of Art. Retrieved on 2013-08-09.
  9. (in Dutch) Magisch-realist Lodewijk Bruckman, Leeuwarder Courant, 1994. Retrieved on 2013-08-08.
  10. (in Dutch) Programma, Museum de Oude Wolden. Retrieved on 2013-08-08.