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The Renaissance three-storey arcade loggia of the City Hall in Poznan served representative and communication purposes. Ratusz2007.jpg
The Renaissance three-storey arcade loggia of the City Hall in Poznań served representative and communication purposes.
Villa Godi by Palladio. The portico is the focal point in the center with loggias used at each side of the structure as a corridor. Palladio Villa Godi.jpg
Villa Godi by Palladio. The portico is the focal point in the center with loggias used at each side of the structure as a corridor.

In architecture, a loggia ( /ˈl(i)ə/ LOH-j(ee-)ə, usually UK: /ˈlɒ(i)ə/ LOJ-(ee-)ə, Italian:  [ˈlɔddʒa] ) is a covered exterior gallery or corridor, usually on an upper level, but sometimes on the ground level of a building. The outer wall is open to the elements, usually supported by a series of columns or arches. They can be on principal fronts and/or sides of a building and are not meant for entrance but as an outdoor sitting room. [1] [2] [3] An overhanging loggia may be supported by a baldresca. [4]


From the early Middle Ages, nearly every Italian comune had an open arched loggia in its main square, which served as a "symbol of communal justice and government and as a stage for civic ceremony". [5]

Definition of the Roman loggia

Loggia Valmarana by Palladio, UNESCO Giardini Salvi - Vicenza 2.jpg
Loggia Valmarana by Palladio, UNESCO

The main difference between a loggia and a portico is the role within the functional layout of the building. The portico allows entrance to the inside from the exterior and can be found on vernacular and small scale buildings. Thus, it is found mainly on noble residences and public buildings. A classic use of both is that represented in the mosaics of Basilica of Sant'Apollinare Nuovo of the Royal Palace.

Loggias differ from verandas in that they are more architectural and, in form, are part of the main edifice in which they are located, while verandas are roofed structures attached on the outside of the main building. [1] [6] A "double loggia" occurs when a loggia is located on an upper floor level above a loggia on the floor beneath.


See also

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Portico Type of porch

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Veranda Roofed, open-air gallery or porch

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Late Antique and medieval mosaics in Italy

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The architecture of Rome over the centuries has greatly developed from Ancient Roman architecture to Italian modern and contemporary architecture. Rome was once the world's main epicentres of Classical architecture, developing new forms such as the arch, the dome and the vault. The Romanesque style in the 11th, 12th and 13th centuries was also widely used in Roman architecture, and later the city became one of the main centres of Renaissance and Baroque architecture. Rome's cityscape is also widely Neoclassical and Fascist in style.

Porch Room or gallery at the front entrance of a building

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Byzantine mosaics Style of art

Byzantine mosaics are mosaics produced from the 4th to 15th centuries in and under the influence of the Byzantine Empire. Mosaics were some of the most popular and historically significant art forms produced in the empire, and they are still studied extensively by art historians. Although Byzantine mosaics evolved out of earlier Hellenistic and Roman practices and styles, craftspeople within the Byzantine Empire made important technical advances and developed mosaic art into a unique and powerful form of personal and religious expression that exerted significant influence on Islamic art produced in Umayyad and Abbasid Caliphates and the Ottoman Empire. In addition, Byzantine mosaics went on to influence artists in the Norman Kingdom of Sicily, in the Republic of Venice, and, carried by the spread of Orthodox Christianity, in Bulgaria, Serbia, Romania and Russia. In the modern era, artists across the world have drawn inspiration from their focus on simplicity and symbolism, as well as their beauty.

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The Basilica and Cathedral of Saint-Étienne in Paris, on the Île de la Cité, was an early Christian church that preceded Notre-Dame de Paris. It was built in the 4th or 5th century, directly in front of the location of the modern cathedral, and just 250 meters from the royal palace. It became one of the wealthiest and most prestigious churches in France. Nothing remains above the ground of the original cathedral. It was demolished beginning in about 1163, when construction began on Notre-Dame de Paris. Vestiges of the foundations remain beneath the pavement of the square in front of Notre-Dame and beneath the west front of the cathedral. The church was built and rebuilt over the years in the Merovingian, Carolingian and Romanesque architectural styles.


  1. 1 2 "Definition of Loggia". Lexic.us. Retrieved on 2014-10-24.
  2. "Loggia". The Free Dictionary. Retrieved on 2014-10-24.
  3. "loggia". Merriam-Webster Disctionary Online. Retrieved on 2014-10-24.
  4. Alamán, Ana Pano (2020). The Language of Art and Cultural Heritage: A Plurilingual and Digital Perspective. Cambridge Scholars Publishing. p. 27. ISBN   978-1-5275-4798-8 . Retrieved 3 August 2020.
  5. Ackerman, James S. (1966). Palladio . Harmondsworth: Penguin. p.  120. ISBN   9780140208450.
  6. "Veranda". Merriam-Webster Disctionary Online. Retrieved on 2014-10-24.
  7. Vasilakis, Antonis. Phaistos. Vasilis Kouvidis – Vasilis Manouras Editions, Iraklio, p. 118 ISBN   960-86623-6-2