Loggia

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The Renaissance three-storey arcade loggia of the City Hall in Poznan served representative and communication purposes. Ratusz2007.jpg
The Renaissance three-storey arcade loggia of the City Hall in Poznań served representative and communication purposes.
Villa Godi by Palladio. The portico is the focal point in the center with loggias used at each side of the structure as a corridor. Palladio Villa Godi.jpg
Villa Godi by Palladio. The portico is the focal point in the center with loggias used at each side of the structure as a corridor.

In architecture, a loggia ( /ˈl(i)ə/ LOH-j(ee-)ə, usually UK: /ˈlɒ(i)ə/ LOJ-(ee-)ə, Italian:  [ˈlɔddʒa] ) is a covered exterior gallery or corridor, usually on an upper level, but sometimes on the ground level of a building. The outer wall is open to the elements, usually supported by a series of columns or arches. They can be on principal fronts and/or sides of a building and are not meant for entrance but as an outdoor sitting room. [1] [2] [3] An overhanging loggia may be supported by a baldresca. [4]

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From the early Middle Ages, nearly every Italian comune had an open arched loggia in its main square, which served as a "symbol of communal justice and government and as a stage for civic ceremony". [5]

Definition of the Roman loggia

Loggia Valmarana by Palladio, UNESCO Giardini Salvi - Vicenza 2.jpg
Loggia Valmarana by Palladio, UNESCO

The main difference between a loggia and a portico is the role within the functional layout of the building. The portico allows entrance to the inside from the exterior and can be found on vernacular and small scale buildings. Thus, it is found mainly on noble residences and public buildings. A classic use of both is that represented in the mosaics of Basilica of Sant'Apollinare Nuovo of the Royal Palace.

Loggias differ from verandas in that they are more architectural and, in form, are part of the main edifice in which they are located, while verandas are roofed structures attached on the outside of the main building. [1] [6] A "double loggia" occurs when a loggia is located on an upper floor level above a loggia on the floor beneath.

Examples

See also

Related Research Articles

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Ravenna City in Northern Italy

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Arcade (architecture) Covered walk enclosed by a line of arches on one or both sides

An arcade is a succession of contiguous arches, with each arch supported by a colonnade of columns or piers. Exterior arcades are designed to provide a sheltered walkway for pedestrians. The walkway may be lined with retail stores. An arcade may feature arches on both sides of the walkway. Alternatively, a blind arcade superimposes arcading against a solid wall. Blind arcades are a feature of Romanesque architecture that influenced Gothic architecture. In the Gothic architectural tradition, the arcade can be located in the interior, in the lowest part of the wall of the nave, supporting the triforium and the clerestory in a cathedral, or on the exterior, in which they are usually part of the walkways that surround the courtyard and cloisters.

Byzantine architecture Architectural style

Byzantine architecture is the architecture of the Byzantine Empire, or Eastern Roman Empire.

Portico Type of porch

A portico is a porch leading to the entrance of a building, or extended as a colonnade, with a roof structure over a walkway, supported by columns or enclosed by walls. This idea was widely used in ancient Greece and has influenced many cultures, including most Western cultures.

Peristyle Continuous porch formed by a row of columns surrounding the perimeter of a building or a courtyard

In Hellenistic Greek and Roman architecture, a peristyle is a continuous porch formed by a row of columns surrounding the perimeter of a building or a courtyard. Tetrastoön is a rarely used archaic term for this feature. The peristyle in a Greek temple is a peristasis (περίστασις). In the Christian ecclesiastical architecture that developed from the Roman basilica, a courtyard peristyle and its garden came to be known as a cloister.

Veranda Roofed, open-air gallery or porch

A veranda or verandah is a roofed, open-air gallery or porch, attached to the outside of a building. A veranda is often partly enclosed by a railing and frequently extends across the front and sides of the structure.

Basilica of SantApollinare Nuovo Basilica church in Ravenna, Italy, erected by king Theodoric the Great in 6th century CE

The Basilica of Sant'Apollinare Nuovo is a basilica church in Ravenna, Italy. It was erected by the Ostrogothic king Theodoric the Great as his palace chapel during the first quarter of the 6th century. This Arian church was originally dedicated in 504 AD to "Christ the Redeemer".

Basilica of SantApollinare in Classe Byzantine-style minor basilica in Ravenna, Italy

The Basilica of Sant' Apollinare in Classe is a church in Classe, Ravenna, Italy, consecrated on 9 May 549 by the bishop Maximian and dedicated to Saint Apollinaris, the first bishop of Ravenna and Classe. An important monument of Byzantine art, in 1996 it was inscribed with seven other nearby monuments in the UNESCO World Heritage List, which described it as "an outstanding example of the early Christian basilica in its purity and simplicity of its design and use of space and in the sumptuous nature of its decoration".

Arian Baptistery UNESCO World Heritage Site in Ravenna, Italy

The Arian Baptistry in Ravenna, Italy is a Christian baptismal building that was erected by the Ostrogothic King Theodoric the Great between the end of the 5th century and the beginning of the 6th century A.D., at the same time as the Basilica of Sant' Apollinare Nuovo.

Basilica of SantAmbrogio

The Basilica of Sant'Ambrogio is a church in the center of Milan, northern Italy.

Italian Gothic architecture Style of architecture

Gothic architecture appeared in the prosperous independent city-states of Italy in the 12th century, at the same time as it appeared in Northern Europe. In fact, unlike in other regions of Europe, it didn’t replace Romanesque architecture, and Italian architects weren’t very influenced by it. However, each city developed its own particular variations of the style. Italian architects preferred to keep the traditional construction methods established in the previous centuries; architectural solutions and technical innovations of French Gothic were seldom used. Soaring height was less important than in Northern Europe. Brick rather than stone was the most common building material, and marble was widely used for decoration. In the 15th century, when the Gothic style dominated northern Europe and Italy, the north of the Italian Peninsula became the birthplace of Renaissance architecture.

Late Antique and medieval mosaics in Italy

Italy has the richest concentration of Late Antique and medieval mosaics in the world. Although the art style is especially associated with Byzantine art and many Italian mosaics were probably made by imported Greek-speaking artists and craftsmen, there are surprisingly few significant mosaics remaining in the core Byzantine territories. This is especially true before the Byzantine Iconoclasm of the 8th century.

The architecture of Rome over the centuries has greatly developed from Ancient Roman architecture to Italian modern and contemporary architecture. Rome was once the world's main epicentres of Classical architecture, developing new forms such as the arch, the dome and the vault. The Romanesque style in the 11th, 12th and 13th centuries was also widely used in Roman architecture, and later the city became one of the main centres of Renaissance and Baroque architecture. Rome's cityscape is also widely Neoclassical and Fascist in style.

Porch Room or gallery at the front entrance of a building

A porch is a room or gallery located in front of an entrance of a building. A porch is placed in front of the facade of a building it commands, and forms a low front. Alternatively, it may be a vestibule, or a projecting building that houses the entrance door of a building.

Byzantine mosaics Style of art

Byzantine mosaics are mosaics produced from the 4th to 15th centuries in and under the influence of the Byzantine Empire. Mosaics were some of the most popular and historically significant art forms produced in the empire, and they are still studied extensively by art historians. Although Byzantine mosaics evolved out of earlier Hellenistic and Roman practices and styles, craftspeople within the Byzantine Empire made important technical advances and developed mosaic art into a unique and powerful form of personal and religious expression that exerted significant influence on Islamic art produced in Umayyad and Abbasid Caliphates and the Ottoman Empire. In addition, Byzantine mosaics went on to influence artists in the Norman Kingdom of Sicily, in the Republic of Venice, and, carried by the spread of Orthodox Christianity, in Bulgaria, Serbia, Romania and Russia. In the modern era, artists across the world have drawn inspiration from their focus on simplicity and symbolism, as well as their beauty.

Cathedral of Saint Étienne, Paris Church in Paris, France

The Basilica and Cathedral of Saint-Étienne in Paris, on the Île de la Cité, was an early Christian church that preceded Notre-Dame de Paris. It was built in the 4th or 5th century, directly in front of the location of the modern cathedral, and just 250 meters from the royal palace. It became one of the wealthiest and most prestigious churches in France. Nothing remains above the ground of the original cathedral. It was demolished beginning in about 1163, when construction began on Notre-Dame de Paris. Vestiges of the foundations remain beneath the pavement of the square in front of Notre-Dame and beneath the west front of the cathedral. The church was built and rebuilt over the years in the Merovingian, Carolingian and Romanesque architectural styles.

References

  1. 1 2 "Definition of Loggia". Lexic.us. Retrieved on 2014-10-24.
  2. "Loggia". The Free Dictionary. Retrieved on 2014-10-24.
  3. "loggia". Merriam-Webster Disctionary Online. Retrieved on 2014-10-24.
  4. Alamán, Ana Pano (2020). The Language of Art and Cultural Heritage: A Plurilingual and Digital Perspective. Cambridge Scholars Publishing. p. 27. ISBN   978-1-5275-4798-8 . Retrieved 3 August 2020.
  5. Ackerman, James S. (1966). Palladio . Harmondsworth: Penguin. p.  120. ISBN   9780140208450.
  6. "Veranda". Merriam-Webster Disctionary Online. Retrieved on 2014-10-24.
  7. Vasilakis, Antonis. Phaistos. Vasilis Kouvidis – Vasilis Manouras Editions, Iraklio, p. 118 ISBN   960-86623-6-2

Bibliography