Loir-et-Cher

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Loir-et-Cher
Prefecture de Blois.jpg
Prefecture building of the Loir-et-Cher department, in Blois
Drapeau fr departement Loir-et-Cher.svg
Blason departement fr Loir-et-Cher.svg
Loir-et-Cher-Position.svg
Location of Loir-et-Cher in France
Coordinates: 47°16′N00°40′E / 47.267°N 0.667°E / 47.267; 0.667 Coordinates: 47°16′N00°40′E / 47.267°N 0.667°E / 47.267; 0.667
CountryFrance
Region Centre-Val de Loire
Prefecture Blois
Subprefectures Romorantin-Lanthenay
Vendôme
Government
   President of the Departmental Council Nicolas Perruchot (LR) (Nouveau Centre)
Area
1
  Total6,343 km2 (2,449 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2019) [1]
  Total329,470
  Rank 71st
  Density52/km2 (130/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Department number 41
Arrondissements 3
Cantons 15
Communes 267
^1 French Land Register data, which exclude estuaries, and lakes, ponds, and glaciers larger than 1 km2

Loir-et-Cher (French pronunciation:  [lwaʁ e ʃɛʁ] , /lwɑːrʃɛər/ ) is a department in the Centre-Val de Loire region of France. Its name is originated from two rivers which cross it, the Loir in its northern part and the Cher in its southern part. Its prefecture is Blois. The INSEE and La Poste gave it the number 41.

Contents

History

The department of Loir-et-Cher covers a territory which had a substantial population during the prehistoric period. However it was not until the Middle Ages that local inhabitants built various castles and other fortifications to enable them to withstand a series of invasions of Normans, Burgundians, the English and others.

The economy is quite flourishing: there are shops in valley, and agriculture is prominent in the region of the Beauce and the Perche to the Sologne which were prosperous until the 17th century. However, politically, the region remained quartered between the neighboring earldoms and duchies . In 1397, the House of Orleans became the possession of the Comté of Blois. In 1497, Louis d’Orleans (23rd count hereditary of Blois) was crowned with the name of Louis XII. It was the beginning of the importance of Blois and of the Blaisois in the politic life of the French, impressive especially under the last Valois. At this time, kings and important financiers competed to build castles and elegant abodes which are today an important part of the French national heritage due to their quantity, significance, and worth. (Chambord, Blois, Cheverny and so on.)

After that, there were religious wars which were extremely ferocious under Charles IX's reign. In 1576 and 1588, the General Estates convened in Blois. L’Orléanais, le Berry, la Touraine, le Perche et le Maine occupied le Loir-et-Cher and its provinces in 1970. The Loir-et-Cher's birth as a department was very difficult and laborious. On 29 September 1789, the constitution's advisory board made a report in which he wanted to attribute one of the 80 departments to Blois. However, some cities and canton capitals disagreed, such as Tours and Orleans. Inside of the department, Montrichard turns to Amboise and Tours, Saint-Aignan wants to turn to the Berry and Salbris to Vierzon.

Finally, Orleans gave Blois an important part of the Sologne except Beaugency and Tours didn't give Amboise. The department was founded 4 March 1790, in accordance with the law of 22 December 1789. It is constituted of some old provinces of the Orleanais and of the Touraine along with a Berry's plot (left bank of the Selles en Berry's Cher which becomes Selles sur Cher, to Saint-Aignan). The department's constriction in its centre and the maximum stretching out in its surface area beyond the Loir on the North and the Cher on the South is due to these tribulations. After the victory of the Coalises during the Waterloo's battle (18 June 1815), the Prussian's troops occupied the department from June 1815 to November 1818. ( to learn more about it, go on to "France’s occupation at the end of the First Empire")

The poet Pierre de Ronsard, the inventor Denis Papin, and the historian Augustin Thierry come from here. Other well-known people are also associated with this department, such as François the First, Gaston d’Orleans, the Marshall Maunoury, and the abbot Gregoire (Bishop of Blois, elected at the Constituante). In the artistic domain, there is the compositor Antoine Boesset (1587–1643), musician in the Louis XII [2] de France's court, who was the head of the Music of the King's Bedroom from 1623 to 1643.

The Loir-et-Cher's department is a part of the Centre Region. It is adjacent of these departments : the Eure-et-Loir, the Loiret, the Cher, the Indre, the Indre-et-Loire and the Sarthe. Due to its surface area of 6 343 km2, it is the 31st largest department in the nation. It has a privileged geographical situation because it is in the center of the Centre region and near the Paris basin. An axe lively and dynamic, brings Blois closer (the department's administrative center) to both the urban conglomerations near it: Orleans and Tours. Located on the boundaries of the Perche, the Beauce, the Sologne and the Touraine, it finds its territorial identity in the diversity of its geography and its landscapes. Cut in its middle by the Loire, it shows an image of balance and diversity.

In 1989, American-based animators Andreas Deja, Glen Keane, and Tom Sito, and draftsmen Jean Gillmore, Thom Enriquez, and Hans Bacher launched an expedition to the chateau to do their research for the animated adaptation of "Beauty and the Beast".

Geography

Loir-et-Cher is a part of the modern region of Centre-Val de Loire. Adjacent departments are Eure-et-Loir to the north, Loiret to the north-east, Cher to the south-east, Indre to the south, Indre-et-Loire to the south-west, and Sarthe to the west.

The department comprises 6,314 km2, which makes it the 31st largest of the French departments in terms of area. The line of the river Loire traverses the land, ensuring easy communication between its own capital, Blois, and the vibrant cultural and commercial centres of Tours to the west and the fringes of the Seine-Paris basin at Orléans to the east.

Its main rivers are the Loire, on which its prefecture (capital) Blois is situated, the Loir and the Cher.

Demographics

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1801209,957    
1806218,740+0.82%
1821227,527+0.26%
1831235,750+0.36%
1841249,462+0.57%
1851261,892+0.49%
1861269,029+0.27%
1872268,801−0.01%
1881275,713+0.28%
1891280,392+0.17%
1901275,538−0.17%
1911271,231−0.16%
1921251,528−0.75%
1931241,592−0.40%
1936240,908−0.06%
1946242,419+0.06%
1954239,824−0.13%
1962250,741+0.56%
1968267,896+1.11%
1975283,686+0.82%
1982296,220+0.62%
1990305,937+0.40%
1999314,968+0.32%
2006325,183+0.46%
2016332,769+0.23%
source: [3]

The inhabitants of the department are called the Loir-et-Chériens.

Politics

Current National Assembly Representatives

ConstituencyMember [4] Party
Loir-et-Cher's 1st constituency Stéphane Baudu MoDem
Loir-et-Cher's 2nd constituency Guillaume Peltier The Republicans
Loir-et-Cher's 3rd constituency Maurice Leroy Union of Democrats and Independents

Tourism

Châteaux

Loir-et-Cher has an important number of historic châteaux, including the following:

See also

Related Research Articles

Indre-et-Loire Department of France in Centre-Val de Loire

Indre-et-Loire is a department in west-central France named after the Indre River and Loire River. In 2016, it had a population of 606,223. Sometimes referred to as Touraine, the name of the historic region, it nowadays is part of the Centre-Val de Loire region. Its prefecture is Tours and subprefectures are Chinon and Loches. Indre-et-Loire is a touristic destination for its numerous monuments that are part of the Châteaux of the Loire Valley.

Maine-et-Loire Department of France in Pays de la Loire

Maine-et-Loire is a department in the Loire Valley in the Pays de la Loire region in Western France. It is named after the two rivers, Maine and the Loire. It borders Mayenne and Sarthe to the north, Loire-Atlantique to the west, Indre-et-Loire to the east, Vienne and Deux-Sèvres to the south, Vendée to the south-west, and Ille-et-Vilaine to the north-west. It also borders Ille-et-Vilaine in the north for just 20 yards (19 m), France's shortest department boundary. Its prefecture is Angers; its subprefectures are Cholet, Saumur and Segré-en-Anjou Bleu. Maine-et-Loire had a population of 810,934 in 2016.

Cher (department) Department of France

Cher is a department in the administrative region of Centre-Val de Loire, France. It is named after the river Cher.

Eure-et-Loir Department of France

Eure-et-Loir is a French department, named after the Eure and Loir rivers. It is located in the region of Centre-Val de Loire.

Indre Department of France

Indre is a landlocked department in central France named after the river Indre. The inhabitants of the department are known as the Indriens and Indriennes. Indre is part of the current administrative region of Centre-Val de Loire and is bordered by the departments of Indre-et-Loire to the west, Loir-et-Cher to the north, Cher to the east, Creuse, and Haute-Vienne to the south, and Vienne to the southwest. The préfecture (capital) is Châteauroux and there are three subpréfectures at Le Blanc, La Châtre and Issoudun.

Loiret Department in Centre-Val de Loire, France

Loiret is a department in the Centre-Val de Loire region of north-central France. It takes its name from the Loiret, which is located wholly within the department. In 2016, Loiret had a population of 674,330.

Sarthe Department of France

Sarthe is a department of the French region of Pays de la Loire, and the province of Maine, situated in the Grand-Ouest of the country. It is named after the River Sarthe, which flows from east of Le Mans to just north of Angers.

Communes of the Loir-et-Cher department

The following is a list of the 267 communes of the Loir-et-Cher department of France.

Centre-Val de Loire Administrative region of France

Centre-Val de Loire or Centre Region, as it was known until 2015, is one of the eighteen administrative regions of France. It straddles the middle Loire Valley in the interior of the country, with a population of 2,572,853 as of 2018. Its prefecture is Orléans.

Sologne

Sologne is a natural region in Centre-Val de Loire, France, extending over portions of the departements of Loiret, Loir-et-Cher and Cher. Its area is about 5,000 square kilometres (1,900 sq mi). To its north is the river Loire, to its south the river Cher, while the districts of Sancerre and Berry are to its east. Its inhabitants are known as the Solognots (masculine) and Solognotes (feminine).

Arrondissement of Blois Arrondissement in Centre-Val de Loire, France

The arrondissement of Blois is an arrondissement (district) of France, located in the Loir-et-Cher department, Centre-Val de Loire. It has 93 communes. Its population is 150,805 (2016), and its area is 1,950.2 km2 (753.0 sq mi).

Arrondissement of Romorantin-Lanthenay Arrondissement in Centre-Val de Loire, France

The arrondissement of Romorantin-Lanthenay is an arrondissement of France in the Loir-et-Cher department, in the Centre-Val de Loire region. It has 74 communes. Its population is 112,145 (2016), and its area is 2,670.9 km2 (1,031.2 sq mi).

The following is a list of the 15 cantons of the Loir-et-Cher department, in France, following the French canton reorganisation which came into effect in March 2015:

Cheverny Commune in Centre-Val de Loire, France

Cheverny is a commune in the French department of Loir-et-Cher, administrative region of Centre-Val de Loire.

Chambord, Loir-et-Cher Commune in Centre-Val de Loire, France

Chambord is a commune in the Loir-et-Cher department, region of Centre-Val de Loire. In 2018, it had a population of 93. It is best known for its Château de Chambord, part of the Loire Valley UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Bauzy is a commune in the Loir-et-Cher department in the Centre region of central France.

Cour-Cheverny Commune in Centre-Val de Loire, France

Cour-Cheverny is a commune in the Loir-et-Cher department, Centre-Val de Loire region, France. The commune's land extends across the Loire Valley and across the Sologne region. Its inhabitants are known as Courchois.

Saint-Denis-sur-Loire Commune in Centre-Val de Loire, France

Saint-Denis-sur-Loire is a commune in the Loir-et-Cher department in Centre-Val de Loire, France.

Bloisian

Bloisian is a natural region of France located around the city of Blois (Loir-et-Cher). This term also refers to the locals living there. Historically, Bloisian was part of the County of Blois, and from 1498 part of the Orléanais province.

References

  1. "Téléchargement du fichier d'ensemble des populations légales en 2019". The National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies. 28 December 2020.
  2. Louis XIII (27 September 1601 – 14 May 1643)
  3. "Le SPLAF". splaf.free.fr.
  4. Nationale, Assemblée. "Assemblée nationale ~ Les députés, le vote de la loi, le Parlement français". Assemblée nationale.