Loire-Atlantique

Last updated
Loire-Atlantique
Hotel de prefecture de la Loire-Atlantique (colonnes) - Nantes.jpg
Prefecture building of the Loire-Atlantique department, in Nantes
Drapeau fr departement Loire-Atlantique.svg
Flag
Blason departement fr Loire-Atlantique.svg
Coat of arms
Loire-Atlantique-Position.svg
Location of Loire-Atlantique in France
Coordinates: 47°20′N1°40′W / 47.333°N 1.667°W / 47.333; -1.667 Coordinates: 47°20′N1°40′W / 47.333°N 1.667°W / 47.333; -1.667
Country France
Region Pays de la Loire
Prefecture Nantes
Subprefectures Châteaubriant
Saint-Nazaire
Government
   President of the General Council Patrick Mareschal (PS)
Area
1
  Total6,881 km2 (2,657 sq mi)
Population
 (2016)
  Total1,380,852
  Rank 12th
  Density200/km2 (520/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Department number 44
Arrondissements 3
Cantons 31
Communes 207
^1 French Land Register data, which exclude estuaries, and lakes, ponds, and glaciers larger than 1 km2

Loire-Atlantique (French pronunciation:  [lwaʁatlɑ̃tik] , Breton : Liger-Atlantel; formerly Loire-Inférieure) is a department in Brittany on the west coast of France, named after the Loire River and the Atlantic Ocean.

Contents

History

Historical regions of Brittany before 1790 France Pays bretons map.svg
Historical regions of Brittany before 1790

Loire-Atlantique is one of the original 83 departments created during the French Revolution on March 4, 1790. Originally, it was named Loire-Inférieure, but its name was changed in 1957 to Loire-Atlantique.

The area is part of the historical Duchy of Brittany, and contains what many people still consider to be Brittany's capital, Nantes. However, during World War Two, the Vichy Government set up a system of regional prefectures where Loire-Atlantique was excluded from the Region of Brittany and united with neighbouring French departments, under the lead of Angers.

After the war these administrative changes were reimplemented in the 1955 boundary changes intended to optimise the management of the regions. There has since been a series of campaigns reflecting a strong local mood to have the department reintegrated with Brittany.

Geography

Loire-Atlantique is part of the current region of Pays de la Loire and is surrounded by the department of Morbihan, Ille-et-Vilaine, Maine-et-Loire, and Vendée, with the Atlantic on the west.

Demographics

Population development since 1801:

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1801369,305    
1806417,124+2.47%
1821433,815+0.26%
1831457,090+0.52%
1841486,806+0.63%
1851535,664+0.96%
1861580,207+0.80%
1872602,206+0.34%
1881625,625+0.42%
1891645,263+0.31%
1901664,971+0.30%
1911669,920+0.07%
1921649,691−0.31%
1931652,079+0.04%
1936659,428+0.22%
1946665,064+0.09%
1954733,575+1.23%
1962803,372+1.14%
1968861,452+1.17%
1975934,499+1.17%
1982995,498+0.91%
19901,052,183+0.69%
19991,134,493+0.84%
20061,234,085+1.21%
20111,296,364+0.99%
20161,380,852+1.27%
source: [1]

Culture

Upper Brittany's indigenous language is Gallo, a romance language related to French. The number of Gallo language speakers has been in steady decline since the early 20th century. The language is neither official nor taught in primary or secondary education. In the south of the département (Pays de Retz), the local language was Poitevin dialect.

The Breton language, a Celtic language, native to Lower Brittany, was historically spoken in the western area of Loire-Atlantique, and up to 1920 in Batz-sur-Mer. This area (Guérande, Le Croisic, and La Baule) has a rather Breton toponymy: for instance, Guérande originates from the Breton Gwenn Rann (white or pure place).

The folklore and musical traditions of eastern or Upper Brittany are generally similar to those of western or Lower Brittany.

Politics

Current National Assembly Representatives

ConstituencyMember [2] Party
Loire-Atlantique's 1st constituency François de Rugy La République En Marche!
Loire-Atlantique's 2nd constituency Valérie Oppelt La République En Marche!
Loire-Atlantique's 3rd constituency Anne-France Brunet La République En Marche!
Loire-Atlantique's 4th constituency Aude Amadou La République En Marche!
Loire-Atlantique's 5th constituency Sarah El Haïry MoDem
Loire-Atlantique's 6th constituency Yves Daniel La République En Marche!
Loire-Atlantique's 7th constituency Sandrine Josso La République En Marche!
Loire-Atlantique's 8th constituency Audrey Dufeu-Schubert La République En Marche!
Loire-Atlantique's 9th constituency Yannick Haury MoDem
Loire-Atlantique's 10th constituency Sophie Errante La République En Marche!


Transport

TGV and Interloire trains in Le Croisic Gare du Croisic 2007.jpg
TGV and Interloire trains in Le Croisic

The département operates the Lila network of interurban buses, which link its villages, towns and cities. The urban areas of Nantes and Saint-Nazaire operate their own urban transport networks, known as Tan and Stran respectively.

By rail, the regional trains and buses of the TER Pays de la Loire link major towns and cities of the Pays de la Loire and adjoining regions, including those of the département. Nantes is on the TGV network, with high speed trains running to Paris by the LGV Atlantique in just over 2 hours.

Nantes Atlantique Airport, located 8 km to the southwest of the city of Nantes, serves the département and surrounding areas. It is the biggest airport in northwestern France, linking with several French, North African and European cities, as well as Montreal in Canada.

Tourism

See also

Related Research Articles

Brittany Historical province in France

Brittany is a cultural region in the west of France, covering the western part of what was known as Armorica during the period of Roman occupation. It became an independent kingdom and then a duchy before being united with the Kingdom of France in 1532 as a province governed as if it were a separate nation under the crown.

Brittany (administrative region) Administrative region of France

Brittany is the farthest west of the 13 regions of France. It is named after the historic and geographic region of Brittany, of which it constitutes 80%. The capital is Rennes. It is a peninsular region bordered by the English Channel to the north and the Bay of Biscay to the south, and its neighboring regions are Normandy to the northeast and Pays de la Loire to the southeast. Bro Gozh ma Zadoù is the anthem of Brittany. It is sung to the same tune as that of the national anthem of Wales, Hen Wlad Fy Nhadau, and has similar words. As a region of France, Brittany has a Regional Council, which was most recently elected in 2015.

Nantes Prefecture and commune in Pays de la Loire, France

Nantes is a city in Loire-Atlantique on the Loire, 50 km (31 mi) from the Atlantic coast. The city is the sixth-largest in France, with a population of 303,382 in Nantes and a metropolitan area of nearly 950,000 inhabitants. With Saint-Nazaire, a seaport on the Loire estuary, Nantes forms the main north-western French metropolis.

Morbihan Department of France

Morbihan is a department in Brittany, situated in the northwest of France. It is named after the Morbihan, the enclosed sea that is the principal feature of the coastline. It is noted for its Carnac stones, which predate and are more extensive than the Stonehenge monument in Wiltshire, England.

La Baule-Escoublac Commune in Pays de la Loire, France

La Baule-Escoublac, commonly referred to as La Baule, is a commune in the Loire-Atlantique department in western France.

Saint-Nazaire Subprefecture and commune in Pays de la Loire, France

Saint-Nazaire is a commune in the Loire-Atlantique department in western France, in traditional Brittany.

Châteaubriant Subprefecture and commune in Pays de la Loire, France

Châteaubriant is a town in western France, about 350 km (220 mi) southwest of Paris, and one of the three sous-préfectures of the Loire-Atlantique department. Châteaubriant is also situated in the historical and cultural region of Brittany, and it is the capital of the Pays de la Mée.

Arrondissement of Saint-Nazaire Arrondissement in Pays de la Loire, France

The arrondissement of Saint-Nazaire is an arrondissement of France in the Loire-Atlantique department in the Pays de la Loire region. It has 55 communes. Its population is 327,907 (2016), and its area is 1,758.1 km2 (678.8 sq mi).

The following is a list of the 31 cantons of the Loire-Atlantique department, in France, following the French canton reorganisation which came into effect in March 2015:

Batz-sur-Mer Commune in Pays de la Loire, France

Batz-sur-Mer is a commune in the Loire-Atlantique department in western France.

Abbaretz Commune in Pays de la Loire, France

Abbaretz is a commune in the Loire-Atlantique department in the Pays de la Loire region of western France.

Guérande Commune in Pays de la Loire, France

Guérande is a medieval town located in the département of Loire-Atlantique in Brittany in western France. The inhabitants are referred to as Guérandais, for men, and Guérandaise, for women.

Pornic Commune in Pays de la Loire, France

Pornic is a commune in the Loire-Atlantique département, in South-Eastern Brittany, in western France. In 1973 the commune of Pornic absorbed the neighbouring municipalities of Sainte-Marie-sur-Mer and Clion-sur-Mer, whose inhabitants were called respectively Sanmaritains and Clionnais. These former municipalities are now two subdivisions of Pornic.

Le Croisic Commune in Pays de la Loire, France

Le Croisic, is a commune in the Loire-Atlantique department in western France. The United States Navy established a naval air station on 27 November 1917 to operate seaplanes during World War I. The base closed shortly after the First Armistice at Compiègne. The writer and historian Auguste Lorieux (1796–1842) was born in Le Croisic.

La Presqu’île de Guérande is an Atlantic destination located in the North-West of France, between the Loire estuary and the mouth of the Vilaine. It encompasses about 20 towns split up into two departments: Morbihan and Loire-Atlantique. This area is often called Guérande Peninsula, partly because of Guérande, a scenic town that triggers off images of a medieval town and the salt marshes.

Pays de la Mée

The Pays de la Mée is a historical region of France which was part of the Duchy of Brittany before the French Revolution. It was then split between Loire-Atlantique and Ille-et-Vilaine department. Its capital is Châteaubriant, and the dialect traditionally spoken there is the Gallo language.

Côte damour

The Côte d'Amour shore designates a coastline area of western France, from "Le Traict de Pen Bé" to the mouth of the Loire in Saint-Nazaire, which are both in the department of Loire-Atlantique, in the region of Pays de la Loire but many municipalities of Côte d'Amour are also part of what it is called now Bretagne Plein Sud. The coastline includes the whole peninsula of Guérande (in French "Presqu'île de Guérande", which embraces this localities or seaside resorts, from south to north: Saint-Nazaire, Pornichet, La Baule-Escoublac, Le Pouliguen, Le Croisic, Batz-sur-Mer, Guérande, La Turballe, Piriac-sur-Mer and Mesquer. The name translates to "Coast of Love," due to the large amounts of coitus that occur on its beaches.

This is a listing of some of the works of Jean Fréour.

The canton of La Baule-Escoublac is an administrative division of the Loire-Atlantique department, western France. Its borders were modified at the French canton reorganisation which came into effect in March 2015. Its seat is in La Baule-Escoublac.

References

  1. Site sur la Population et les Limites Administratives de la France
  2. http://www.assemblee-nationale.fr/