Maxwell in The Dark Past (1948)
14 February 1927
Kitchener, Ontario, Canada
|Died||29 September 2007 80) (aged|
Fremantle, Western Australia, Australia
|Other names||Lois Maxwell-Marriott (married name)|
|Education||Lawrence Park Collegiate Institute|
|Alma mater||Royal Academy of Dramatic Art|
|Known for||Portraying Miss Moneypenny in the James Bond film series (1962–85)|
|Home town||Toronto, Ontario|
|Spouse(s)||Peter Churchill Marriott (1957–1973; his death)|
|Awards||Golden Globe Award for New Star of the Year – Actress (1947)|
Lois Ruth Maxwell (born Hooker; 14 February 1927 – 29 September 2007) was a Canadian actress, best known for her portrayal of Miss Moneypenny in all the first fourteen Eon-produced James Bond films (1962–1985). She was the first actress to play the part. The films in which she played Miss Moneypenny were Dr. No (1962), From Russia with Love (1963), Goldfinger (1964), Thunderball (1965), You Only Live Twice (1967), On Her Majesty's Secret Service (1969), Diamonds Are Forever (1971), Live and Let Die (1973), The Man with the Golden Gun (1974), The Spy Who Loved Me (1977), Moonraker (1979), For Your Eyes Only (1981), Octopussy (1983), and A View to a Kill (1985). She did not appear in the 1954 and 1967 adaptations of Casino Royale , nor in the 1983 remake of Thunderball, Never Say Never Again , as the production was not Eon's, though she did, as a similar character, in the spoof O.K. Connery .
She began her film career in the late 1940s, and won the Golden Globe Award for Most Promising Newcomer for her performance in That Hagen Girl (1947). Following a number of small film roles, Maxwell became dissatisfied and travelled to Italy, where she worked in film from 1951 to 1955. After her marriage, she moved to the United Kingdom, where she appeared in several television productions.
As Maxwell's career declined, she lived in Canada, Switzerland, and the UK. In 2001, she was diagnosed with bowel cancer and moved to Western Australia, where she lived with her son until her death at age 80 in 2007.
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Born in Kitchener, Ontario, to a nurse mother and a teacher father.Her father was William Victor Hooker, her mother was Ruth Adelaide Wells. Maxwell was raised in Toronto and attended Lawrence Park Collegiate Institute. Dissatisfied with the yields of babysitting jobs, she set her sights on something more lucrative and landed her first job working as a waitress at Canada's largest and most luxurious summer resort, Bigwin Inn, on Bigwin Island in Lake of Bays, Ontario.
During World War II, she ran away from home, aged 15,to join the Canadian Women's Army Corps, a unit formed to release men for combat duties. CWAC personnel were secretaries, vehicle drivers, and mechanics, who performed every conceivable noncombat duty. Maxwell quickly became part of the Army Show in Canada. Later, as part of the Canadian Auxiliary Services Entertainment Unit, she was posted to the United Kingdom, where she performed music and dance numbers to entertain the troops, often appearing alongside Canadian comedians Wayne and Shuster.
Her true age was discovered when the group reached London. To avoid repatriation to Canada, she was discharged and subsequently enrolled at the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art,where she became friends with fellow student Roger Moore.
Moving to Hollywood at the age of 20, Maxwell won the actress Golden Globe Award for Most Promising Newcomer for her role in the Shirley Temple comedy That Hagen Girl (1947).In 1949, she participated in a Life magazine photo layout, in which she posed with another up-and-coming actress, Marilyn Monroe. It was at this time that she changed her surname from Hooker to Maxwell, a name borrowed from a ballet dancer friend. The rest of her family also took this name.
Most of Maxwell's work consisted of minor roles in B films.Tiring of Hollywood, she moved back to Europe, living in Rome for five years (1950–55). There she made a series of films, and at one point became an amateur race driver. One of her Italian films was an adaptation of the opera Aida (1953), in which Maxwell played a leading role, lip-synching to another woman's vocals and appearing in several scenes with the still unknown Sophia Loren.
While visiting Paris, she met her future husband, TV executive Peter Marriott. They married in 1957 and moved to London, where their daughter Melinda and son Christian were both born (in 1958 and 1959). Maxwell appeared with Patrick McGoohan in the British television series Danger Man as his accomplice in the 1959 episode "Position of Trust".
During the 1960s, Maxwell appeared in many TV series and in films outside the Bond series in both the UK and Canada. She also guest-starred in The Saint , in which she played the part of Helen Allardyce in the episode "Interlude in Venice", and The Persuaders, , both of which she appeared in alongside the future James Bond, Roger Moore.
She provided the voice of Atlanta for the Supermarionation science-fiction children's series Stingrayand was the star of Adventures in Rainbow Country in the 1970s.
Maxwell had a minor role as a nurse in Stanley Kubrick's Lolita (1962).In 1963 Maxwell played a machine gun-firing nurse in the series The Avengers (episode "The Little Wonders", which was first aired on 11 January 1964).
Maxwell had a guest appearance in an episode of the ITC series The Baron ("Something for a Rainy Day", 1965), as an insurance investigator.
Maxwell lobbied for a role in the James Bond film Dr. No (1962), since her husband had suffered a heart attack and they needed the money. Director Terence Young, who had once turned her down on the grounds that she "looked like she smelled of soap", offered her either Miss Moneypenny or Bond's girlfriend, Sylvia Trench, but she was uncomfortable with the idea of a revealing scene outlined in the screenplay. The role as M's secretary guaranteed just two days' work at a rate of £100 per day; Maxwell supplied her own clothes for the filming.
In 1967, Maxwell appeared in the Italian spy spoof Operation Kid Brother with Sean Connery's brother, Neil, and Bernard Lee (who played M).The same year, she portrayed Moneypenny in a made-for-TV special, Welcome to Japan, Mr. Bond , in which she co-starred with Kate O'Mara and Desmond Llewelyn.
In 1971, the role of Moneypenny was nearly recast after Maxwell demanded a pay raise for Diamonds Are Forever ; Moneypenny's undercover policewoman's cap disguises the hair Maxwell had already dyed in preparation for another part.Initially, the character of Miss Moneypenny did not feature in the movie, but it was decided to add the scene where disguised as a customs officer, she gives Bond his travel documents at the port of Dover during production. The additional scene was a rather last-minute rewrite designed to include the character, as the producers felt it important to incorporate the regular character and actress Lois Maxwell. Maxwell and Connery filmed their lines separately and were not present together for the short scene However, she stayed on as Moneypenny when her former classmate, Roger Moore, assumed the role of 007 in Live and Let Die (1973). She reprised her character, weeping for the death of Bond, in a short scene with Lee in the French comedy Bons baisers de Hong Kong (1975).
During the filming of A View to a Kill (1985), her final appearance as Moneypenny, producer Cubby Broccoli pointed out to her that they were the only cast or crew members from Dr. No who had not yet left the series. Maxwell asked that Moneypenny be killed off, but Broccoli recast the role, instead.
According to author Tom Lisanti, Maxwell's Moneypenny was seen as an "anchor", and her flirtatious relationship with Bond provided the films with dramatic realism and humanism; for Moneypenny, Bond was "unobtainable", freeing the characters to make outrageous sexual double entendres.
In 1973, Maxwell's husband died, having never fully recovered from his heart attack in the 1960s. Maxwell subsequently returned to Canada,settling in Fort Erie, Ontario, where she lived on Oakes Drive. She spent her summers at a cottage outside of Espanola, Ontario, where she wrote a weekly column for the Toronto Sun under the pseudonym "Miss Moneypenny" from 1979 until 1994, and became a businesswoman working in the textile industry. In 1994, she returned to the UK once again to be nearer to her daughter Daphne, retiring to a cottage in Frome, Somerset. A plaque has been placed on her home there by the Frome Society of Local Study.
Following surgery for bowel cancer in 2001, Maxwell moved to Perth, Australia, to live with her son Christian's family. She remained there, working on her autobiography, until her death at Fremantle Hospital on 29 September 2007.
Of his friend's death, Sir Roger Moore said to BBC Radio 5 Live, "It's rather a shock. She was always fun and she was wonderful to be with and was absolutely perfect casting [...] It was a great pity that, after I moved out of Bond, they didn't take her on to continue in the Timothy Dalton films. I think it was a great disappointment to her that she had not been promoted to play M. She would have been a wonderful M."
Desmond Wilkinson Llewelyn was a Welsh actor, best known for his role as Q in 17 of the James Bond films between 1963 and 1999.
Q is a fictional character in the James Bond films and film novelisations. Q, like M, is a job title rather than a name. He is the head of Q Branch, the fictional research and development division of the British Secret Service. The use of letters as pseudonyms for senior officers in the British Secret Intelligence Service was started by its first director Captain Sir Mansfield George Smith-Cumming (1859–1923) who signed himself with a C written in green ink.
Miss Moneypenny, later assigned the first names of Eve or Jane, is a fictional character in the James Bond novels and films. She is secretary to M, who is Bond's superior officer and head of the British Secret Intelligence Service (MI6). Although she has a small part in most of the films, it is always highlighted by the underscored romantic tension between her and Bond. On that note, she is not always considered to be a Bond girl, having never had anything more than a professional relationship with Bond.
A Bond girl is a character who is an attractive love interest or female sidekick of James Bond in a novel, film, or video game. Bond girls occasionally have names that are double entendres or puns, such as Pussy Galore, Plenty O'Toole, Xenia Onatopp, or Holly Goodhead.
Never Say Never Again is a 1983 spy film starring Sean Connery and directed by Irvin Kershner. The film is based on the James Bond novel Thunderball, which was previously adapted in a 1965 film under that name. Unlike the majority of Bond films, Never Say Never Again was not produced by Eon Productions, but by Jack Schwartzman's Taliafilm in association with Kevin McClory, one of the original writers of the Thunderball storyline with Ian Fleming and Jack Whittingham. McClory retained the filming rights of the novel following a long legal battle dating from the 1960s.
Octopussy is a 1983 spy film and the thirteenth in the James Bond series produced by Eon Productions, and the sixth to star Roger Moore as the fictional MI6 agent James Bond. It was directed by John Glen and the screenplay was written by George MacDonald Fraser, Richard Maibaum, and Michael G. Wilson.
Daniela Bianchi is an Italian actress, best known for her role of Bond girl Tatiana Romanova in the 1963 movie From Russia with Love. She played a Soviet cipher clerk sent to entrap agent 007, James Bond. Bianchi's father was an Italian Army colonel. She studied ballet for eight years, and later worked as a fashion model.
Caroline Bliss is an English actress who trained at the Bristol Old Vic Theatre School. She is best known for her appearance as M's secretary, Miss Moneypenny, in the James Bond films of the Timothy Dalton era.
Claudine Auger was a French actress best known for her role as Bond girl, Dominique "Domino" Derval, in the James Bond film Thunderball (1965). She earned the title of Miss France Monde and was also the first runner-up in the 1958 Miss World contest.
Eunice Elizabeth Sargaison, known professionally as Eunice Gayson, was an English actress best known for playing Sylvia Trench, James Bond's love interest in the first two Bond films and is therefore considered to have been the first-ever "Bond girl".
O.K. Connery, released in America as Operation Kid Brother, is a 1967 Italian Eurospy comedy film shot in Technicolor and Techniscope and directed by Alberto De Martino. The Spy-Fi plot involves the brother of the British spy James Bond, played by Neil Connery who is obliged to take the lead in foiling a world-domination plot. The film's cast included several actors from the Eon-produced James Bond film series, Thunderball's Adolfo Celi, From Russia with Love's Daniela Bianchi, Dr. No's Anthony Dawson, M and Moneypenny, as well as the producer's wife Agata Flori, Gina Lollobrigida's cousin Guido Lollobrigida and Yasuko Yama then in the publicity spotlight due to her relationship with James Mason. She appeared as a bath girl in You Only Live Twice under the name Yee-Wah Yang.
Molly Peters was an English actress best known for her role in the James Bond film Thunderball.
Luciana Paluzzi is an Italian-American actress. She is best known for playing SPECTRE assassin Fiona Volpe in the fourth James Bond film, Thunderball.
You Only Live Twice is a 1967 spy film and the fifth in the James Bond series produced by Eon Productions, starring Sean Connery as the fictional MI6 agent James Bond. You Only Live Twice is the first Bond film to be directed by Lewis Gilbert, who later directed the 1977 film The Spy Who Loved Me and the 1979 film Moonraker, both starring Roger Moore. The film's screenplay was written by Roald Dahl, and loosely based on Ian Fleming's 1964 novel of the same name. It is the first James Bond film to discard most of Fleming's plot, using only a few characters and locations from the book as the background for an entirely new story.
Dr. No is a 1962 spy film based on the 1958 novel of the same name by Ian Fleming. Starring Sean Connery, Ursula Andress, Joseph Wiseman, and Jack Lord, it is the first film in the James Bond series, and was adapted by Richard Maibaum, Johanna Harwood, and Berkely Mather, and directed by Terence Young. The film was produced by Harry Saltzman and Albert R. Broccoli, a partnership that continued until 1975.
Bond Girls Are Forever is a 2002 James Bond documentary film hosted by actress Maryam d'Abo, who had played the role of Kara Milovy in the 15th James Bond film The Living Daylights. It was accompanied by a 2003 book written by John Cork and d'Abo. The book is subtitled The Women of James Bond. Both the film and the book is a tribute to the elite club of women who have played the role of a Bond girl.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to James Bond:
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Lois Maxwell .|
| Miss Moneypenny |
(in Eon James Bond films)