London Borough of Bexley

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London Borough of Bexley
Lb bexley logo.svg
Boldly and Rightly
Bexley UK locator map.svg
Bexley shown within Greater London
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Constituent country England
Region London
Ceremonial county Greater London
Created1 April 1965
Admin HQ Bexleyheath
  Type London borough council
  Body Bexley London Borough Council
  LeadershipLeader & Cabinet (Conservative)
  MayorCouncillor Nick O'Hare
  London Assembly Peter Fortune AM for Bexley and Bromley
   MPs Abena Oppong-Asare (Labour)
David Evennett (Conservative)
Louie French (Conservative)
  Total23.38 sq mi (60.56 km2)
  Rank255th (of 309)
  Rank71st (of 309)
  Density11,000/sq mi (4,100/km2)
Time zone UTC (GMT)
  Summer (DST) UTC+1 (BST)
Area code(s) 020, 01322
ONS code 00AD
GSS code E09000004
Police Metropolitan Police

The London Borough of Bexley ( /ˈbɛksli/ ( Loudspeaker.svg listen )) is a London borough in south-east London, forming part of Outer London. It has a population of 248,287. The main settlements are Sidcup, Erith, Bexleyheath, Crayford, Welling and Old Bexley. The London Borough of Bexley is within the Thames Gateway, an area designated as a national priority for urban regeneration. The local authority is Bexley London Borough Council.



Prior to the 19th century the area now forming the borough was sparsely populated: very few of the present settlements were mentioned in the Domesday Book, although the village of Bexley has a charter dated 814 AD. [1] Erith was a port on the River Thames until the 17th century; the opening of the sewage works at nearby Crossness in the late 19th century turned it into an industrial town.

Today's settlement pattern is the result of the gradual extension of the London influence. Until the 19th century it was an area with a few isolated buildings such as the Georgian Danson House. With the coming of the railways building began apace, although the area is still composed of many disconnected settlements, interspersed with area of open ground and parks.

The London Borough of Bexley was formed in 1965, under the London Government Act 1963, from the Municipal Boroughs of Bexley and Erith; Crayford Urban District; and part of Chislehurst and Sidcup Urban District. All of these were entirely within the boundaries of the historic county of Kent. The council initially held meetings at Erith Town Hall before building new purpose-built Civic Offices on the south side of the Broadway, Bexleyheath in 1980. [2] It established new Civic Offices at the former headquarters of The Woolwich in 2014. [3]

The council now styles itself the "London Borough of Bexley" in line with its formal name, although it previously styled itself "Bexley London Borough" until 1999 (possibly to maintain the link with its predecessor, Bexley Municipal Borough), and "Bexley Council" from 1999 to October 2007, when it reverted to its full formal name in conjunction with the adoption of a new Council logo bearing this name alongside the 1965 Coat of Arms. [4]

Coat of arms

The coat of arms of the borough depicts symbols for the main rivers in the area, the Bexley Charter Oak, the industry and the Kent boundary.


The 17 wards of the London Borough of Bexley (green) and surrounding London boroughs (light grey) and other districts (dark grey) Wards of Bexley.PNG
The 17 wards of the London Borough of Bexley (green) and surrounding London boroughs (light grey) and other districts (dark grey)

The administrative headquarters of the borough is at Bexleyheath.

There are 17 wards represented on Bexley Council; each ward elects two or three councillors, 45 in all. [5] The wards are shown on the accompanying map.

In the 2018 election, 34 Conservative and 11 Labour councillors were elected, resulting in the former holding the council. Since the 2018 election one Labour councillor has become an Independent.


Location map for Bexley Bexley London UK location map.svg
Location map for Bexley

Bexley, lying as it does on the outer fringe of London, has many relatively large areas of open space. The ridge of higher ground in South London crosses the Borough from its high point of Shooters Hill, on the boundary with the Royal Borough of Greenwich, to end above the River Thames at Belvedere, where the land drops down to the old port of Erith. This high land, whose geology is the sand and pebbles of the Blackheath beds, [6] and which results in heathland, provided a natural course for the old Roman road of Watling Street, which ran between Crayford and Welling. The land falls away to the north of the high ground, across the Erith Marshes to the River Thames, which here makes a loop to the north at Crossness. There is a further ridge of less higher ground from the west terminating at Sidcup. [1]

Apart from the River Thames the other rivers within the Borough are the River Darent, which, with its tributary the River Cray and the smaller Stanham River, all form part of its north-eastern boundary; and the River Shuttle, a tributary of the Cray.

The major centres of settlement can be considered in two parts: the older established erstwhile villages; and the infill areas of suburban houses and centres. [7] Among the former are Erith, in the 17th century a port on the Thames, and an industrial town in the later 19th century; Bexleyheath, created at the same time on the London to Dover road. By the earlier 20th century, both were created Urban District Councils (UDC), as was Foots Cray (an ancient village site). Thamesmead, the "new town" built on what was the Erith Marshes, extends into the Borough: both Thamesmead North and South are located here. Crayford was mentioned in the Domesday Book, and its parish later included the hamlets of North End and Slade Green.

Other settlements include Welling, which has a higher population than Bexleyheath, a staging post on the Dover Road, which was at one time of less importance than the nearby East Wickham (also an ancient village), was absorbed in Bexley UDC. Barnes Cray and North Cray were two hamlets in the Cray Valley; and Belvedere was the location of a medieval monastery.

The map of Bexley [8] shows that a large proportion of its area comprises suburbia. Some named places, like Albany Park and Barnehurst, are names given to developments engendered by the building of the railways. Some came into being when large estates and farmland were broken up for the sole purpose of suburban building: these include Blackfen, Lamorbey and part of Falconwood. Others simply reflect the nature of area: Lessness Heath; Longlands (part of Sidcup); Northumberland Heath and West Heath.

The borough has boundaries with the London Borough of Bromley to the south and the Royal Borough of Greenwich to the west; across the River Thames to the north it borders the London Borough of Havering and London Borough of Barking and Dagenham; there is a short boundary with the unitary authority of Thurrock in Essex to the northeast. There are boundaries with the Borough of Dartford to the east and Sevenoaks district to the southeast, both in the ceremonial county of Kent.

Open Spaces

Despite the suburbia mentioned above, there are still open spaces among the borough's streets and avenues. The Borough owns and maintains over one hundred parks and open spaces, large and small; and there is still a part of the Erith Marshes bordering the River Thames. The Crayford Marshes lie to the east of that river, as do Foots Cray Meadows further south.

The largest of the open spaces are Foots Cray Meadows, Lesnes Abbey Woods, Danson Park and Hall Place Gardens. There are also many golf courses and sports fields, particularly to the west of Crayford.

Hall Place

Hall Place, with 16th- (left) and 17th-century wings. HallPlace.jpg
Hall Place, with 16th- (left) and 17th-century wings.

Hall Place is a former stately home, today a Grade I listed building and Scheduled Ancient Monument, beside the River Cray on the outskirts of Crayford, south-east of Bexleyheath and north-east of Old Bexley. It is situated just off the A223, Bourne Road, south of Watling Street (A207) and north of the Black Prince interchange of the A2 Rochester Way with the A220.

The house dates back to around 1540 when wealthy merchant Sir John Champneys, Lord Mayor of London in 1534, built himself a country house. In 1649, the house was sold to another wealthy City merchant, Sir Robert Austen (1587–1666), who added a second wing built of red bricks, doubling the size of the house.

Currently, the building houses a museum of local artefacts, and a history and tourist information centre. In the gardens there is a topiary lawn, herb garden, tropical garden and long herbaceous cottage garden-styled borders. The former walled gardens include a tropical house housing plants and a large vegetable garden. Model gardens have been created to show visitors how to make use of space in small urban gardens. Hall Place also has three galleries inside the house, presenting art exhibitions and museum displays.


Population pyramid of the Borough of Bexley in 2020 Bexley population pyramid.svg
Population pyramid of the Borough of Bexley in 2020
1801 4,165    
1811 5,164+24.0%
1821 6,279+21.6%
1831 7,725+23.0%
1841 9,616+24.5%
1851 10,963+14.0%
1861 16,477+50.3%
1871 21,991+33.5%
1881 27,505+25.1%
1891 35,728+29.9%
1901 46,904+31.3%
1911 61,582+31.3%
1921 77,747+26.2%
1931 98,160+26.3%
1941 139,861+42.5%
1951 199,297+42.5%
1961 208,138+4.4%
1971 217,375+4.4%
1981 214,352−1.4%
1991 219,422+2.4%
2001 218,307−0.5%
2011 231,997+6.3%
Source: A Vision of Britain through time

In 1801, the civil parishes that form the modern borough had a total population of 4,165. This rose slowly throughout the 19th century, as the district became built up; reaching 10,963 in the middle of the century. When the railways arrived the rate of population growth increased. The population peaked in the 1970s, when industry began to relocate from London.

In the 2001 census, the borough had a population of 218,307; of whom 105,148 were male, and 113,159 female. Of the population, 44.3% were in full-time employment and 11.6% in part-time employment – compared to a London average of 42.6% and 8.6%, respectively. Residents were predominantly owner-occupiers, with 31.7% owning their house outright, and a further 46.5% owning with a mortgage. Only 2.2% were in local authority housing, with a further 11.5% renting from a housing association, or other registered social landlord. [9]

The distinctive spire of the ancient parish church of St Mary the Virgin in Bexley Bexley Church.JPG
The distinctive spire of the ancient parish church of St Mary the Virgin in Bexley

The greater part of the population are nominal Anglicans, but there are a number of Roman Catholic churches and nonconformist congregations. In the 2001 Census, 22.7% of the area's population described themselves as non-religious or chose not to state their faith. [10]

Baptists, Plymouth Brethren, and Methodists are among the other congregations. In 2008 the former Crayford Methodist Church was purchased by the North West Kent Muslim Association to become a mosque serving Bexley and Dartford boroughs.

In 2011, 58.1% of Bexley's population was between 20 and 64 years old, the lowest percentage in London. 16% of the population was over 65, the third highest behind Bromley and Havering. The average household size is 2.49, up from 2.43 in 2001. The number of households increased by 3.52% to 92,600 between 2001 and 2011, one of the lowest increases in the capital. [11]

In 2011, 62.5% of the borough's population identified themselves as Christian, with 24.1% having no religion. Both figures are above London's average. [12]

The following table shows the ethnic group of respondents in the 2001 and 2011 census in Bexley.


Ethnic GroupYear
1981 estimations [13] 1991 [14] 2001 [15] 2011 [16] 2021 [17]
White: Total204,36795.8%203,11794.2%199,51091.39%189,96281.88%177,16471.8%
White: British 191,94787.93%179,25077.26%158,84264.4%
White: Irish 3,0251.39%2,5961.12%2,5281.0%
White: Gypsy or Irish Traveller 6240.27%6200.3%
White: Roma3020.1%
White: Other 4,5382.08%7,4923.23%14,8726.0%
Asian or Asian British: Total8,1333.8%8,9344.09%15,2436.57%24,4349.9%
Asian or Asian British: Indian 52315,5482.54%7,0473.04%10,9254.4%
Asian or Asian British: Pakistani 2673340.15%7300.31%1,3830.6%
Asian or Asian British: Bangladeshi 2823860.18%7770.33%1,7900.7%
Asian or Asian British: Chinese 12011,5550.71%2,5141.08%3,9901.6%
Asian or Asian British: Other Asian11521,1110.51%4,1751.80%6,3462.6%
Black or Black British: Total3,0121.4%6,2522.86%19,6248.46%30,07512.2%
Black or Black British: African 9180.4%4,0851.87%15,9526.88%23,2629.4%
Black or Black British: Caribbean 14661,7620.81%2,3811.03%3,2301.3%
Black or Black British: Other Black 6284050.19%1,2910.56%3,5831.5%
Mixed or British Mixed: Total2,8721.32%5,3952.33%8,7403.6%
Mixed: White and Black Caribbean8680.40%1,6760.72%2,4891.0%
Mixed: White and Black African3940.18%9830.42%1,7260.7%
Mixed: White and Asian9150.42%1,3690.59%2,1790.9%
Mixed: Other Mixed6950.32%1,3670.59%2,3461.0%
Other: Total13530.62%7390.34%1,7730.76%6,0622.4%
Other: Arab3030.13%5270.2%
Other: Any other ethnic group13530.62%1,4700.63%5,5352.2%
Ethnic minority: Total8,9314.2%12,4985.82%18,7978.61%42,03518.12%69,31128.2%


Roads and paths

The principal roads through the Borough include the A2 trunk road; the A20 (Sidcup By-pass) which generally marks its southern boundary; the A207, which is the route of the erstwhile Watling Street; the A206 which takes traffic from Woolwich and Dartford; and the latter's newer counterpart, the A2016 through Thamesmead.

There are also some long-distance footpaths in the Borough: among them the Thames Path and the London Outer Orbital Path. Bexley Borough has joined with three other adjoining boroughs to for the South East London Green Chain linking green spaces.


Bexley is not served by any London Underground, Tramlink, Docklands Light Railway or London Overground services. However, since 2022 Elizabeth line (Crossrail) services utilise a terminus at Abbey Wood, the entrance to which is in Bexley (due to the borough boundary passing through the site, the station's platforms sit within the Royal Borough of Greenwich). There are various proposals to extend either the DLR or London Overground to Thamesmead. There are currently no plans to extend the London Underground into the borough, with the nearest current station being in North Greenwich.

There are three suburban railway lines crossing the Borough which converge at Dartford. The most northerly is the North Kent Line, then the Bexleyheath Line which runs through the centre of the borough and then finally the Dartford Loop Line which runs furthest south. Abbey Wood and Slade Green are also served by Thameslink trains.

The stations are:

Modes of travel

In 2019, the mode share in Bexley was reported as follows [18]

Mode share in Bexley

According to a report from Transport for London, [19] Bexley has the lowest overall active, efficient and sustainable mode shares of all the London Boroughs.



Religious affiliation

The following Pie chart shows the religious affiliation of residents residing in Bexley.

Religion in Bexley (2021 census) [20]

   Christianity (50.3%)
   No religion (33.6%)
   Islam (3.9%)
   Hinduism (3.0%)
   Sikhism (2.1%)
   Judaism (0.1%)
   Buddhism (0.8%)
  Other religions (0.4%)
  Not Stated (5.7%)

Places of worship

Buildings with Grade II listings (buildings of special interest warranting preservation) are marked with an asterisk *

Public services

Bexley Civic Offices End of The Broadway, Bexleyheath (geograph 1955254).jpg
Bexley Civic Offices

The London Borough of Bexley has three fire stations controlled by the London Fire Brigade within its boundary: those at Erith, Sidcup and Bexley. Bexley fire station's ground is the largest of the three; covering 23.7 km2. [30]

Sport and leisure

The Borough has several Non-League football clubs:

Bexley RFC


Other places named Bexley

The town of Bexley, Ohio, a suburb of the state capital, Columbus, was named at the suggestion of an early resident, James Kilbourne, whose family's roots were in Bexley, England. [31] In addition, a suburb of Sydney, Australia bears the name of Bexley and a suburb of Christchurch, New Zealand is also called Bexley. These places outside England are named after the ancient village of Bexley.

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Bexleyheath</span> Human settlement in England

Bexleyheath is a town in south-east London, England, located in the London Borough of Bexley. It had a population of 31,929 as at 2011. Bexleyheath is located 12 miles (19.3 km) south-east of Charing Cross. It is identified in the London Plan as one of 35 major centres in London. Its wider definition is that of a small post town that takes in other surrounding neighbourhoods, including Barnehurst, much of West Heath and the former hamlet of Upton.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Crayford</span> Human settlement in England

Crayford is a town and electoral ward in South East London, England, within the London Borough of Bexley. It lies east of Bexleyheath and north west of Dartford. Crayford was in the historic county of Kent until 1965. The settlement developed by the river Cray, around a ford that is no longer used.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Erith</span> Town in England

Erith is an area in south-east London, England, 13.3 miles (21.4 km) east of Charing Cross. Before the creation of Greater London in 1965, it was in the historical county of Kent. Since 1965 it has formed part of the London Borough of Bexley. It lies north-east of Bexleyheath and north-west of Dartford, on the south bank of the River Thames.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Sidcup</span> Human settlement in England

Sidcup is an area of south-east London, England, primarily in the London Borough of Bexley. It is 11.3 miles (18.2 km) south-east of Charing Cross, bordering the London Boroughs of Bromley and Greenwich. Before the creation of Greater London in 1965, it was in the historical county of Kent.

Welling is a town in South East London, England, in the London Borough of Bexley, 1.5 miles (2.4 km) west of Bexleyheath, 4 miles (6.4 km) southeast of Woolwich and 10.5 miles (16.9 km) of Charing Cross. Before the creation of Greater London in 1965, it was in the historical county of Kent.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Bexley</span> Human settlement in England

Bexley is an area of south-eastern Greater London, England and part of the London Borough of Bexley. It is sometimes known as Bexley Village or Old Bexley to differentiate the area from the wider borough. It is located 13 miles (21 km) east-southeast of Charing Cross and south of Bexleyheath.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Belvedere, London</span> Town in south east London, England

Belvedere is a town in south east London, England, within the London Borough of Bexley. It lies close to the River Thames, with Erith to the east, Bexleyheath to the south, and Abbey Wood and Thamesmead to the west. Before the creation of Greater London in 1965, Belvedere was in the administrative county of Kent.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Foots Cray</span> Human settlement in England

Foots Cray is an area of South East London, England, within the London Borough of Bexley. Prior to 1965 it was in the historic county of Kent. It is located south-east of Sidcup, north of Orpington and north west of Swanley.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Barnehurst</span> Human settlement in England

Barnehurst is a town and electoral ward in South East London within the London Borough of Bexley. It lies north east of Bexleyheath, and 13.0 miles (20 km) east south-east of Charing Cross. It is separated from North Bexleyheath by the A220, Erith Road.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Barnes Cray</span> Human settlement in England

Barnes Cray is an area in south-east London within the London Borough of Bexley. It is located on the Greater London border with Kent, bordering the Dartford Borough. It is located north west of Dartford.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Bexleyheath and Crayford (UK Parliament constituency)</span> UK Parliament constituency in England since 1997

Bexleyheath and Crayford is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2005 by David Evennett, a Conservative.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Erith and Thamesmead (UK Parliament constituency)</span> UK Parliament constituency since 1997

Erith and Thamesmead is a constituency created in 1997 and represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2019 by Abena Oppong-Asare of the Labour Party.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Albany Park, Bexley</span> Human settlement in England

Albany Park is an area in south east London, England, within the London Borough of Bexley. It is located 12.0 miles (19 km) south east of Charing Cross. Located midway between Sidcup and Bexley, Albany Park is situated on high ground overlooking the valleys of the River Cray and the River Shuttle.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Slade Green</span> Human settlement in England

Slade Green is an area of South East London, England, within the London Borough of Bexley. It lies northeast of Bexleyheath, northwest of Dartford and south of Erith, and 14 miles (23 km) east-southeast of Charing Cross.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Northumberland Heath</span> Human settlement in England

Northumberland Heath is an area of South East London, England within the London Borough of Bexley. It is located south of Erith and north of Bexleyheath.

The London Borough of Bexley owns and maintains over 100 parks and open spaces within its boundaries, with a total of 638 hectares. They include small gardens, river and woodland areas, and large parks with many sporting and other facilities.

Ruxley is a rural settlement of South East London, England that straddles the boundary of the London Boroughs of Bromley and Bexley. It is located 13 miles southeast of Charing Cross, the traditional centre of London, in the Metropolitan Green Belt between Sidcup and Swanley and is also adjacent to the Greater London border with the county of Kent.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Little and Lesnes Hundred</span>

Little and Lesnes was a hundred, a historical land division, in the county of Kent, England. It occupied the northern part of the Lathe of Sutton-at-Hone, within in the west division of Kent. Little and Lesnes was the northernmost hundred in the whole county of Kent. The hundred existed since ancient times, before the Domesday Book of 1086, until it was made obsolete with the creation of new districts at the end of the nineteenth century.


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Coordinates: 51°27′N0°08′E / 51.450°N 0.133°E / 51.450; 0.133 (L. Borough of Bexley)