London Borough of Hammersmith and Fulham

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Hammersmith and Fulham
Hammersmith and Fulham UK locator map.svg
Hammersmith and Fulham shown within Greater London
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Constituent country England
Region London
Ceremonial county Greater London
Historic county Middlesex
Created1 April 1965
Admin HQKing Street, Hammersmith
Government
  Type London borough council
  Body Hammersmith and Fulham London Borough Council
  LeadershipLeader & Cabinet (Labour)
  MayorP.J.Murphy
  London AssemblyTony Devenish (Con) AM for West Central
   MPs Greg Hands (Con)
Andy Slaughter (Lab)
Area
  Total6.33 sq mi (16.40 km2)
Area rank313th (of 309)
Population
 (mid-2019 est.)
  Total185,143
  Rank102nd (of 309)
  Density29,000/sq mi (11,000/km2)
  Ethnicity [1]
44.9% White British
3.5% White Irish
0.1% White Gypsy or Irish Traveller
19.6% Other White
1.5% White & Black Caribbean
0.8% White & Black African
1.5% White & Asian
1.7% Other Mixed
1.9% Indian
0.9% Pakistani
0.6% Bangladeshi
1.7% Chinese
4% Other Asian
5.8% Black African
3.9% Black Caribbean
2.1% Other Black
2.9% Arab
2.7% Other
Time zone UTC (GMT)
  Summer (DST) UTC+1 (BST)
Postcodes
NW, W, SW
ONS code 00AN
GSS code E09000013
Police Metropolitan Police
Website www.lbhf.gov.uk OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg

The London Borough of Hammersmith and Fulham ( Loudspeaker.svg pronunciation  ) is a London borough in West London and which also forms part of Inner London. The borough was formed in 1965 from the merger of the former Metropolitan Boroughs of Hammersmith and Fulham. The borough borders Brent to the north, the Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea to the east, Wandsworth to the south, Richmond upon Thames to the south west, and Hounslow and Ealing to the west.

Contents

Traversed by the east–west main roads of the A4 Great West Road and the A40 Westway, many international corporations have offices in the borough. [2] The local council is Hammersmith and Fulham London Borough Council. The borough is amongst the four most expensive boroughs for residential properties in the United Kingdom, along with Kensington and Chelsea, the City of Westminster and Camden. [3]

The borough is unique in London in having three professional football clubs: Chelsea, Fulham and Queens Park Rangers.

History

'The Village' at Westfield Shopping Centre. The Village Westfield.JPG
'The Village' at Westfield Shopping Centre.

The borough origins are in the Ancient Parish of Fulham which goes back to at least the early 12th-century. Hammersmith was a chapelry within Fulham until it became an independent parish in 1631. [4] The manor (estate) of Fulham can be traced back to the seventh century when it was granted to the Bishop of London. [5]

The borough was formed in 1965 by merging the Metropolitan Borough of Hammersmith and the much more ancient Metropolitan Borough of Fulham. It was known as the "London Borough of Hammersmith" until its name was changed on 1 January 1979 by the borough council. The two had been joined together previously in the parish of Fulham until 1834 as the hamlet of Hammersmith had no church until much later. [6] They were joined together again under the Fulham District from 1855 to 1886.

Fulham saw vigorous industrialisation and urbanisation from the start of the 19th-century, with the establishment of the world's first energy utility company, at Sands End in 1824, followed by rapid road and rail transport development to the east of the borough. Vacant land by the new railway sidings on the boundary with Kensington and Chelsea London Borough Council led to the development of the internationally recognised Earls Court Exhibition Centre, visited by the reclusive Queen Victoria in 1879 when she attended Bill Cody's Wild West Show at West Brompton. There followed numerous international fairs and exhibitions for a century until the construction of Earls Court II in the borough in the 1980s. This was dismantled by developers in 2015, after the 2012 Olympics.

Meanwhile, at the other end of today's borough, in 1908, the Franco-British Exhibition and Olympic Games were hosted in Hammersmith, at White City, but the site then took many decades to be redeveloped. In 1960, the BBC opened the BBC Television Centre, and in 2008, Westfield London, a large development with new transport links and a shopping centre, finally completed the redevelopment after one hundred years.

Districts

The borough includes the areas:

see also parks and open spaces in Hammersmith and Fulham

Political control

Since 1964 political control of the council has been held by the following parties: [7] [8]

Party in controlYearsLabConOth
Labour2018–35110
Labour2014–201826200
Conservative2010–201415310
Conservative2006–201013330
Labour2002–200628180
Labour1998–200236140
Labour1994–199833152
Labour1990–199428220
Labour1986–19904091
No Overall Control1982–198625232
No Overall Control1978–198224242
Labour1974–197848102
Labour1971–19745820
Conservative1968–19716540
Labour1964–19685370

Demographics

Population census
YearPop.±%
1801 10,016    
1811 13,276+32.5%
1821 15,307+15.3%
1831 17,602+15.0%
1841 23,022+30.8%
1851 30,012+30.4%
1861 57,562+91.8%
1871 85,112+47.9%
1881 112,662+32.4%
1891 185,350+64.5%
1901 223,755+20.7%
1911 270,177+20.7%
1921 275,905+2.1%
1931 281,757+2.1%
1941 258,720−8.2%
1951 237,567−8.2%
1961 211,150−11.1%
1971 187,682−11.1%
1981 144,614−22.9%
1991 156,085+7.9%
2001 165,243+5.9%
2011 182,493+10.4%
Note: [9]

According to the 2001 census Hammersmith and Fulham has a population of 165,242. 60% of the borough's population is White British, 20% white non-British (among which are large French, Polish, Portuguese and Irish communities), 5% black Caribbean, 8% black African with various other ethnicities (including Indian, Pakistani, Bangladeshi and Chinese) making up the remaining 11 percent.

The borough has the second-highest proportion of single adults of any borough in England and Wales (55%), and a higher than average proportion for the London area of young adults aged 20–29 (24%).

Around 50% of households are owner–occupiers, and 22% of households were listed as "other" – that is, not single persons living alone or families. These are generally two or more unrelated adults living together, such as students or cohabiting couples.

The borough comprises a patchwork of extremely affluent as well as some less affluent neighbourhoods; The areas of Fulham, Parsons Green, Brackenbury Village, Brook Green, Ravenscourt Park and the Riverside compose of highly expensive Victorian and Edwardian houses, contrasting to the areas of White City and Shepherd's Bush. The unemployment rate is well below average at under 5%, although of these, 29% were listed as long-term unemployed.

See external links below for more census information from the borough.

Shepherd's Bush Road in London Borough of Hammersmith and Fulham Shepherds bush road london.jpg
Shepherd's Bush Road in London Borough of Hammersmith and Fulham

Ethnicity

Ethnic Group2001 [10] 2011 [11]
Number%Number%
White: British95,90958.0%81,98944.9%
White: Irish7,9834.8%6,3213.5%
White: Gypsy or Irish Traveller2170.1%
White: Other24,71015.0%35,69519.7%
White: Total128,60277.8%124,22268.1%
Asian or Asian British: Indian2,733 %3,4511.8%
Asian or Asian British: Pakistani1,711 %1,6120.8%
Asian or Asian British: Bangladeshi1,011 %1,0560.5%
Asian or Asian British: Chinese1,303 %3,1401.7%
Asian or Asian British: Other Asian1,878 %7,3764.0%
Asian or Asian British: Total8,6365.2%16,6359.5%
Black or Black British: African8,534 %10,5525.7%
Black or Black British: Caribbean8,072 %7,1113.8%
Black or Black British: Other Black1,791 %3,8422.1%
Black or Black British: Total18,39711.2%21,50511.8%
Mixed: White and Black Caribbean2,008 %2,7691.5%
Mixed: White and Black African1,033 %1,4950.8%
Mixed: White and Asian1,609 %2,6491.4%
Mixed: Other Mixed1,650 %3,1311.7%
Mixed: Total6,3003.8%10,0445.5%
Other: Arab5,2282.8%
Other: Any other ethnic group3,3072.0%4,8592.6%
Other: Total3,3072.0%10,3875.5%
Black, Asian, and minority ethnic: Total36,64022.2%58,27131.9%
Total165,242100.00%182,493100.00%

Economy

Sony Mobile Communications has its headquarters in the borough. [12]

Iberia operates the Iberia House in the borough. [13] All Nippon Airways operates the London Office on the fourth floor of Hythe House. [14] [15] South African Airways has its United Kingdom office in the South African Airways House. [16] CE Europe, a subsidiary of Capcom, has its head office in the George House in Hammersmith in the borough. As of May 2011 it will be relocating to the Metro Building in Hammersmith. [17] [18] Iran Air's London offices are also located in the borough. [19] The airline moved there by Wednesday 4 January 2012. [20] Coca-Cola, Disney and L'Oréal also all have UK headquarters in Hammersmith, as well as a number of other major businesses.[ citation needed ]

For a 15-year period Air France had its UK and Ireland office in Hammersmith. In 2006 the UK and Ireland office was moved to Hatton Cross, London Borough of Hounslow. [21]

Until 2013, Virgin Group Ltd. had its corporate headquarters at The School House, Brook Green. The office was moved to the Battleship Building, near the Westway in Paddington, in the City of Westminster. [22]

Also, TAP Portugal runs an administrative office in the Borough, near to Hammersmith Bus Station.

Politics

A map showing the wards of Hammersmith and Fulham since 2002 Hammersmith and Fulham London UK labelled ward map 2002.svg
A map showing the wards of Hammersmith and Fulham since 2002

Hammersmith & Fulham is administered by 46 councillors. The Labour Party won control of the borough at the 2014 council elections held on 22 May with 26 councilors to the Conservative Party's 20 councilors, following Conservative control of the council since the 2006 council election. The council leader is Stephen Cowan.

The borough is divided into 16 electoral wards, all bar two electing three councillors apiece. These are:

Former councillors for Hammersmith and Fulham who are current members of parliament include Dominic Grieve MP (Con), Greg Hands MP (Con), Lisa Nandy MP (Lab), Andrew Robotham MP (Con) and Andrew Slaughter MP (Lab).

Sport

The borough has a proud sporting heritage going back to at least the second half of the 19th-century when the fledgeling Amateur Athletic Association of England came to the Lillie Bridge Grounds, followed there by football, boxing and First-class cricket. The borough is home to the world-governing body of Polo at The Hurlingham Club in Fulham and upholds the traditions of racketts and championship tennis at the Queen's Club, also in Fulham.

The borough is home to a number of sports teams and athletes:

Football

Chelsea Football Club is based in the borough and plays Premier League football having won the English national championship on six occasions (1955, 2005, 2006, 2010, 2015 and 2017) as well as the UEFA Champions League in 2012 and 2021. London's oldest professional football club, Fulham F.C. (playing in the Premier League) and Queens Park Rangers (playing in the Championship) are also based in the borough.

Footballers

Rugby

Hammersmith & Fulham RFC have been playing in the borough at Hurlingham Park for over 30 years. They boast four senior men's sides and one Ladies XV. The men's 1st XV currently compete in London's NE2 League with the remainder of the sides participating in the Middlesex Merit Tables.

Tennis

Public and private courts are available throughout the borough.

Boxing

Rowing

Hammersmith Regatta 1869 - medal won by Thomas Luckett Thomas Luckett Medal 01.jpg
Hammersmith Regatta 1869 – medal won by Thomas Luckett

Lower Mall was home to a large number of rowing clubs at the end of the 19th century, of which there are now only a few survivors. The headquarters of the national governing body, the Amateur Rowing Association, is also on Lower Mall, in a building, The Priory, which used to be occupied by rowing clubs.

The first half of the Boat Race course is along Hammersmith and Fulham's southern border, on the River Thames.

Transport

The numerous London Overground and London Underground stations in the borough are:

The London Overground line now connects the borough with the North London Line via Willesden Junction station and direct services to Watford station to the north and services to East Croydon station to the south, via Clapham Junction railway station.

Two main road arteries, the A4 road and the A40 road cross the borough. Hammersmith bus station at Hammersmith Broadway, above the District and Piccadilly lines tube station, is an important bus hub to most parts of London.

In March 2011, the main forms of transport that residents used to travel to work were: underground, metro, light rail, tram, 26.8% of all residents aged 16–74; bus, minibus or coach, 8.8%; on foot, 8.8%; driving a car or van, 8.2%; bicycle, 5.1%; work mainly at or from home, 4.2%; train, 3.1%. [23]

Culture

Fulham Palace courtyard Fulham Palace courtyard - geograph.org.uk - 835758.jpg
Fulham Palace courtyard

The See of London has occupied the Fulham Palace riverside grounds for close on 900 years. The Palace is leased to the borough since 1977 and is now a museum.

The borough has four theatres (Riverside Studios, Bush Theatre, the Lyric Hammersmith and Curtains Up). LAMDA is based in the borough. There are several cinema complexes. Studio 106 Art Gallery holds regular exhibitions and workshops.

The Lyric Hammersmith, on Lyric Square off King Street, is considered one of the most notable theatres outside the West End in London.

The borough is also home to the Hammersmith Apollo and O2 Shepherd's Bush Empire, which play hosts to major concerts and stand-up comedy performances.

Education

The modest rear entrance to Hammersmith Town Hall is guarded by Old Father Thames, Hammersmith's tutelary deity. (September 2005) Hammersmith town hall2.jpg
The modest rear entrance to Hammersmith Town Hall is guarded by Old Father Thames, Hammersmith's tutelary deity. (September 2005)
Building of Hammersmith Library in 2013 Hammersmith Library in London, spring 2013 (1).JPG
Building of Hammersmith Library in 2013

Public libraries in the borough include Askew Road Library, Avonmore Library, Fulham Library, Hammersmith Library, Sands End Library, and Shepherds Bush Library. [24] The Borough Archives, open to the public Mondays and Tuesdays, staffed mainly by volunteers, are accessed in Hammersmith Library.

The borough is the home of an 1893 establishment, the Sacred Heart High School, Hammersmith on Hammersmith Broadway, and of Lady Margaret School (LMS) on Parsons Green, a school that welcomes girls of all academic abilities aged 11–17 years. It has been at the forefront of girls' education for over 95 years and has its origins in Whitelands College School which was founded in 1842. When that school was threatened with closure Lady Margaret was established in September 1917 by the redoubtable Miss Enid Moberly Bell. [25] The borough is also home to two prestigious independent girls' schools – St Paul's Girls' School in Brook Green (often ranked in first place in the country in league tables, with nearly 50% of each year group gaining entry to Oxbridge), and the Godolphin and Latymer School, situated a few minutes' walk from Hammersmith Broadway.[ citation needed ]

The London Oratory School is a leading Roman Catholic secondary school in East Fulham.

Latymer Upper School, an independent co-educational school, is also in the borough, on King Street in Hammersmith.

The exclusive independent girls' preparatory school Bute House is also in Brook Green. There are two notable independent French language primary schools: Ecole Jacques Prevert in Brook Green and the Ecole Marie d'Orliac in Hurlingham.

See also

Twinned towns

The London Borough of Hammersmith and Fulham has formal twinning arrangements with:

Below it is a plaque which reads:

The lamp above this plaque was formerly used
to light a street in West Berlin


It was presented by
Herr Willi Brandt, Mayor of West Berlin
to
Councillor Stanley Atkins, L. P.
The Worshipful the Mayor of Hammersmith
As a token of friendship between the two communities
On the occasion of the Jumelage held in this Borough


1st June 1963

Freedom of the Borough

The following people and military units have received the Freedom of the Borough of Hammersmith and Fulham.

Individuals

Military Units

[31]

Related Research Articles

Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea Royal borough in United Kingdom

The Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea (RBKC) is an Inner London borough with royal status. It is the smallest borough in London and the second smallest district in England; it is one of the most densely populated administrative regions in the United Kingdom. It includes affluent areas such as Notting Hill, Kensington, South Kensington, Chelsea, and Knightsbridge.

Fulham Area of west London, England

Fulham is an area of the London Borough of Hammersmith and Fulham in west London, England, 3.6 miles (5.8 km) southwest of Charing Cross. It lies on the north bank of the River Thames, bordering Hammersmith, Kensington and Chelsea. The area faces Wandsworth, Putney, Barn Elms and the London Wetland Centre in Barnes. on the far side of the river.

Shepherds Bush Human settlement in England

Shepherd's Bush is a district of West London, England, within the London Borough of Hammersmith and Fulham 4.9 miles (7.9 km) west of Charing Cross, and identified as a major metropolitan centre in the London Plan.

West Brompton station London Underground and railway station

West Brompton is a Tube and National Rail station on the District line and West London Line (WLL) in west London, on Old Brompton Road (A3218) immediately south of the demolished Earls Court Exhibition Centre and west of Brompton Cemetery in the Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea.

Imperial Wharf railway station London Overground station

Imperial Wharf is a railway station located in Fulham in south-west London on the West London Line and in common with many stations has given rise to its own sub-district name Imperial Wharf, which is to some minds synonymous with Chelsea Harbour. The station is between West Brompton and Clapham Junction stations and services are provided by London Overground and Southern.

Ravenscourt Park tube station London Underground station

Ravenscourt Park is a London Underground station located in west Hammersmith, west London. The station is served by the District line and is between Hammersmith and Stamford Brook stations.

Stamford Brook tube station London Underground station

Stamford Brook is a London Underground station on the eastern edge of Chiswick in west London. The station is served by the District line and is between Ravenscourt Park and Turnham Green stations. The main entrance is located on Goldhawk Road (A402) with a secondary entrance on Prebend Gardens. It is in Travelcard Zone 2. The station takes its name from Stamford Brook, a tributary of the River Thames that is now predominantly underground.

Hammersmith and Fulham (UK Parliament constituency)

Hammersmith and Fulham was a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It elected one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election. The constituency was abolished at the 2010 general election with its wards being split between two new constituencies of Chelsea and Fulham & Hammersmith.

Parsons Green Human settlement in England

Parsons Green is a mainly residential district in the London Borough of Hammersmith and Fulham. The Green itself, which is roughly triangular, is bounded on two of its three sides by the New King's Road section of the King's Road, A308 road and Parsons Green Lane. The wider neighbourhood is bounded by the Harwood and Wandsworth Bridge Roads, A217 road to the East and Munster Road to the West, while the Fulham Road, A3219 road may be said to define its northern boundary. Its southern boundary is less clearly defined as it merges quickly and imperceptibly with the Peterborough estate and Hurlingham.

Parks and open spaces in the London Borough of Hammersmith and Fulham

The London Borough of Hammersmith and Fulham, an Inner London borough, has 231 hectares of parks and open spaces that are accessible to the general public, 159 hectares being within parks and 52.5 hectares within cemeteries and churchyards. Wormwood Scrubs and Scrubs Wood, located in the north of the Borough account for 42 hectares and Fulham Palace and Bishop's Park grounds contain another 14 hectares of open space. Private open space includes Hurlingham, Fulham and Queen's Club in West Kensington.

West Kensington Human settlement in England

West Kensington, formerly North End, is an area in the ancient parish of Fulham, in the London Borough of Hammersmith and Fulham, England, 3.4 miles (5.5 km) west of Charing Cross. It covers most of the London postal area of W14, including the area around Barons Court tube station, and is defined as the area between Lillie Road and Hammersmith Road to the west, Fulham Palace Road to the south, Hammersmith to the north and West Brompton and Earl's Court to the east. The area is bisected by the major London artery the A4, locally known as the Talgarth Road. Its main local thoroughfare is the North End Road.

Chelsea and Fulham (UK Parliament constituency) UK Parliament constituency since 2010

Chelsea and Fulham is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since its 2010 creation. It is currently represented by Greg Hands of the Conservative Party. He was the MP for the former neighbouring constituency of Hammersmith and Fulham from 2005-2010 before it was abolished. He is currently a minister in the Department for International Trade.

Hammersmith (UK Parliament constituency)

Hammersmith is a parliamentary constituency in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament. It is currently represented by Andy Slaughter, a member of the Labour Party, who has represented the seat since its recreation in 2010.

Ravenscourt Park

Ravenscourt Park or RCP is an 8.3 hectares public park and garden located in the London Borough of Hammersmith and Fulham, England. It is one of the Borough's flagship parks, having won a Green Flag Award. Stamford Brook and Ravenscourt Park tube stations are close by.

Shepherds Bush railway station (1869–1916)

Shepherd's Bush is a closed London and South Western Railway (L&SWR) station in Shepherd's Bush, west London. The station was situated on the L&SWR's line between Richmond and the West London Joint Railway (WLJR). It was between Hammersmith station and Addison Road station.

Walham Green area located on the border of Fulham and Chelsea, south-west London

Walham Green is the historic name of a village in the parish of Fulham in the County of Middlesex. It was located between the hamlet of North End to the north, and Parsons Green to the south. To the east it was bounded by Counter's Creek, the traditional boundary with the parish of Chelsea and to the south-east is Sands End. In the 19th century, the creek became the Kensington Canal, soon to be replaced by the West London Railway, and Walham Green acquired its own parish church of St John in 1828 on the site of the village pond. With the arrival of the District Railway and urbanisation, the heart of Fulham shifted from its centuries-old, All Saints parish church on the Thames and the area of Fulham High Street to Walham Green, the centre of which was subsequently renamed Fulham Broadway. From 1880 to 1952, Fulham Broadway tube station was called Walham Green. All that remains of the village's former identity is the tree-lined street called, 'Walham Grove'.

Shepherds Bush Green

Shepherds Bush Green, is an approximately 8-acre (3.2 ha) triangular area of open grass surrounded by trees and roads with shops in Shepherd's Bush, an area of west London which takes its name from the Green. The Green is also a ward of the London Borough of Hammersmith and Fulham. The population of the ward at the 2011 Census was 12,175.

Brook Green Human settlement in England

Brook Green is an affluent London neighbourhood in the London Borough of Hammersmith and Fulham. It is located approximately 3.6 miles (5.8 km) west of Charing Cross. It is bordered by Kensington, Holland Park, Shepherd's Bush, Hammersmith and Brackenbury Village.

2018 Hammersmith and Fulham London Borough Council election

The 2018 Hammersmith and Fulham Council election took place on 3 May 2018 to elect members of Hammersmith and Fulham Council in London.

References

  1. 2011 Census: Ethnic group, local authorities in England and Wales , Office for National Statistics (2012). See Classification of ethnicity in the United Kingdom for the full descriptions used in the 2011 Census.
  2. "Hammersmith and Fulham". London City Hall. 23 November 2015.
  3. UK House Price Index England (2018). National Statistics HM Land Registry
  4. Youngs Guide to the Local Administrative Units of England, 1979
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  10. "KS006 - Ethnic group". NOMIS. Retrieved 30 January 2016.
  11. "Ethnic Group by measures". NOMIS. Retrieved 8 January 2016.
  12. "Sony Ericsson at a glanc.(Telefonaktiebolaget LM Ericsson)(Sony Corp.)(Brief Article)." Employee Benefits. 2 March 2005. Retrieved on 18 November 2009.
  13. "Iberia Airlines." Latin American Travel Association. Retrieved on 6 September 2011. "Contacto Iberia House 10 Hammersmith Broadway London W6 7AL Reino Unido"
  14. "ANA City Offices/Ticketing Offices Europe." All Nippon Airways . Retrieved on 22 December 2008. "London Office 4th floor, Hythe House 200 Shepherds Bush Road London W6 7NY"
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  16. "Legal Information – (EU) Archived 12 September 2009 at the Wayback Machine ." South African Airways. Retrieved on 20 September 2009.
  17. "Contact." Capcom. Retrieved on 12 August 2011. "UK: CE Europe Ltd 26–28 Hammersmith Grove, 9th Floor London W6 7HA" and "Germany: CEG Interactive Entertainment GmbH Barmbeker Strasse 4 b 22303 Hamburg, Germany" and "France: Capcom Entertainment France 30 bis, rue du Viel Abreuvoir FR.78100 Saint Germain En Laye"
  18. "Office Relocation for CE Europe to the Metro Building." Maris Interiors. May 2011. Retrieved on 13 August 2011. "Maris are pleased to announce the commencement of the office fit-out for CE Europe Ltd, who are relocating offices to the Metro Building, Hammersmith, London, W6." and "Maris are relocating CE Europe's London operations from their present offices in George House, 26–28 Hammersmith Grove to Hammersmith's Metro Building."
  19. "IranAir moves to new offices." (Archive) Iran Air. Retrieved on 29 February 2012. "177–179 Hammersmith Road, London, W6 8BS"
  20. "News from Iran Air." (Archive) Iran Air UK. Retrieved on 29 February 2012.
  21. "AIR FRANCE and KLM celebrate official inauguration of new office in London. Archived 27 February 2012 at the Wayback Machine " Air France . 6 July 2006. Retrieved on 13 February 2010.
  22. Idle, Tom (30 October 2015). "How Virgin HQ is fostering creativity, and helping to save the planet". Virgin Group. Retrieved 22 April 2020.
  23. "2011 Census: QS701EW Method of travel to work, local authorities in England and Wales". Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 23 November 2013. Percentages are of all residents aged 16-74 including those not in employment. Respondents could only pick one mode, specified as the journey’s longest part by distance.
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  25. "Lady Margaret School, a CofE academy for girls aged 11-18, Parsons Green, London - School History". www.ladymargaret.lbhf.sch.uk.
  26. "A Is For Anderlecht - Dinners in Brussels". wordpress.com. 14 July 2013. Retrieved 10 October 2013.
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  29. "Fulham FC legend George Cohen recalls his roots ahead of freedom of the borough". LBHF. 13 October 2016.
  30. FC, Fulham. "Fulham FC". Fulham FC.
  31. "Civic Honours granted by the London Boroughs". www.steppingforwardlondon.org.

Coordinates: 51°30′N0°15′W / 51.500°N 0.250°W / 51.500; -0.250