London Borough of Harrow

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London Borough of Harrow
Harrow arms.png
Coat of arms
Lb harrow logo.svg
Council logo
Motto(s): 
Salus populi suprema lex
(The well-being of the people is the highest law) [1]
LondonHarrow.svg
Harrow shown within Greater London
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Constituent country England
Region London
Ceremonial county Greater London
Created1 April 1965
Admin HQCivic Centre
Station Road
Harrow
Government
  Type London borough council
  Body Harrow London Borough Council
  LeadershipLeader and Cabinet (Labour)
  MayorGhazanfar Ali
  London Assembly Navin Shah AM for Brent and Harrow
   MPs Gareth Thomas
Bob Blackman
David Simmonds
Area
  Total19.49 sq mi (50.47 km2)
Area rank264th (of 309)
Population
 (mid-2019 est.)
  Total251,160
  Rank70th (of 309)
  Density13,000/sq mi (5,000/km2)
  Ethnicity [2]
30.9% White British
3.1% White Irish
0.1% White Gypsy or Irish Traveller
8.2% Other White
1% White & Black Caribbean
0.4% White & Black African
1.4% White & Asian
1.1% Other Mixed
26.4% Indian
3.3% Pakistani
0.6% Bangladeshi
1.1% Chinese
11.3% Other Asian
3.6% Black African
2.8% Black Caribbean
1.8% Other Black
1.6% Arab
1.4% Other
Time zone UTC (GMT)
  Summer (DST) UTC+1 (BST)
Postcodes
HA, NW, UB
Area code(s) 020
ONS code 00AQ
GSS code E09000015
Police Metropolitan Police
Website http://www.harrow.gov.uk/

The London Borough of Harrow /ˈhær/ [3] is a London borough in north-west London, England, and forms part of Outer London. It borders four other London boroughs Barnet to the east of ancient Watling Street (now the A5 road), Brent to the south-east, Ealing to the south and Hillingdon to the west plus the Hertfordshire districts of Three Rivers and Hertsmere to the north. The local authority is Harrow London Borough Council. The London borough was formed in 1965, based on boundaries that had been established in 1934. The borough is made up of three towns: Harrow proper, Pinner, and Stanmore, but also includes western parts of Edgware; it is of suburban character and includes some countryside in the northern outskirts.

Contents

Administrative history

The modern borough has its roots in three Ancient Parishes: Harrow on the Hill and the much smaller areas of Great Stanmore and Little Stanmore (also known as Whitchurch). These had consistent boundaries from the High Middle Ages down to the modern era. Pinner became independent of Harrow on the Hill in 1766 and the remaining area split into four daughter parishes in 1894: Harrow Weald, Harrow, Wealdstone and Wembley (the latter now part of the London Borough of Brent). [4]

Harrow within Middlesex in 1961 Harrow1961.svg
Harrow within Middlesex in 1961

Harrow Urban District was formed in 1934 as an urban district of Middlesex by the Middlesex Review Order 1934, as a merger of the former area of Harrow on the Hill Urban District, Wealdstone Urban District and most of Hendon Rural District. The local authority was Harrow Urban District Council.

The urban district gained the status of municipal borough on 4 May 1954 and the urban district council became Harrow Borough Council. The 50th anniversary of the incorporation as a borough was celebrated in April 2004, which included a visit by Queen Elizabeth II.

In 1965, the municipal borough was abolished, and its former area was transferred to Greater London from Middlesex under the London Government Act 1963 to form the London Borough of Harrow. It is the only London borough to replicate exactly the unchanged boundaries of a single former district. This was probably because its population was large enough; according to the 1961 census, it had a population of 209,080, making it the largest local government district in Middlesex.

Demographics

Location

Its site on and near the greenbelt and ease of access to central London (20 minutes by train to Marylebone and 12 minutes to Euston via West Midlands Trains) make Harrow a convenient place to live. Rising property prices in all London areas have helped to see a large increase in property redevelopment of its existing Edwardian and 1920s to 1940s housing stock.

Ethnicity

Harrow is a diverse borough, having 63.8% of its population from the BME (Black and Minority Ethnic) communities, with the largest group being of Indian ethnicity (specifically those from Gujarat and South India). The borough can also claim to have the largest concentration of Sri Lankan Tamils in the UK and Ireland as well as having the highest density of Gujarati Hindus as well as Jains in the UK. [5]

Ethnic Group2001 [6] 2011 [7]
Number%Number%
White: British103,20749.90%73,82630.8%
White: Irish9,0574.38%7,3363.0%
White: Gypsy or Irish Traveller0.00%1810.07%
White: Other9,2794.49%19,6488.2%
White: Total121,54358.77%100,99142.07%
Asian or Asian British: Indian45,31021.91%63,05126.3%
Asian or Asian British: Pakistani4,3172.09%7,7973.2%
Asian or Asian British: Bangladeshi9530.46%1,3780.5%
Asian or Asian British: Chinese2,5671.24%2,6291.0%
Asian or Asian British: Other Asian10,7345.19%26,95311.2%
Asian or Asian British: Total61,31429.65%101,80842.2%
Black or Black British: African5,6562.73%8,5263.5%
Black or Black British: Caribbean6,1162.96%6,8122.8%
Black or Black British: Other Black9310.45%4,3701.8%
Black or Black British: Total12,7036.14%19,7088.1%
Mixed: White and Black Caribbean1,3710.66%2,3440.9%
Mixed: White and Black African6330.31%1,0530.4%
Mixed: White and Asian2,0180.98%3,4171.4%
Mixed: Other Mixed1,8180.88%2,6851.1%
Mixed: Total5,8402.82%9,4993.8%
Other: Arab0.00%3,7081.5%
Other: Any other ethnic group2,8471.38%3,3421.3%
Other: Total2,8471.38%7,0502.8%
Black, Asian, and minority ethnic: Total85,27141.23%138,06557.93%
Total206,814100.00%239,056100.00%
Population
YearPop.±%
18013,240    
18113,969+22.5%
18214,383+10.4%
18315,342+21.9%
18415,829+9.1%
18515,980+2.6%
18617,424+24.1%
18718,869+19.5%
188110,313+16.3%
189112,231+18.6%
190122,683+85.5%
191142,065+85.4%
192164,431+53.2%
193198,694+53.2%
1941146,617+48.6%
1951217,811+48.6%
1961210,424−3.4%
1971203,309−3.4%
1981196,147−3.5%
1991203,769+3.9%
2001207,389+1.8%
2011239,056+15.3%
Source: A Vision of Britain through time, citing Census population

Wards with the highest white British population were:

The lowest wards meanwhile were:

Since 2005, on the last Sunday in June Harrow Council hosts Under One Sky - Harrow's largest festival, to celebrate and the joint communities of Harrow. This has a programme of dance, world music, sports activity, youth music, spoken word, free children's activity, a carnival parade, information and stalls, health promotion, a world food zone and outside radio broadcast.

Religion

Religion in Harrow as of 2011

   Christianity (37.3%)
   Hindu (25.3%)
   Islam (12.5%)
   Irreligion (9.6%)
   Jewish (4.4%)
  Not Stated (15.4%)
  Other (-4.5%)
Shri Swaminarayan Mandir, London (Harrow) Hindu Temple, Kenton, Harrow - geograph.org.uk - 98989.jpg
Shri Swaminarayan Mandir, London (Harrow)

Harrow is the most religiously diverse local authority area in the UK, with a 62% chance that two random people are from different religions, according to Office for National Statistics, October 2006. [8] According to the 2011 census, 25.3% of Harrow's population identified themselves as Hindu - the highest in the UK. A large number of Jewish people live in Stanmore and Hatch End. The Stanmore and Canons Park Synagogue boasts the largest membership of any single synagogue in the whole of Europe. [9] Harrow also has a sizable Muslim community, about 1 in 10 of its population.

As per the 2011 census, Harrow has a larger than average Jewish, Hindu and Muslim population.

ReligionHarrow
%
National
%
Christianity37.359.4
Hinduism25.31.5
Islam12.55.0
Judaism4.40.5
No religion9.624.7
Religion not stated15.47.2

Other

In a national detailed Land Use Survey by the Office for National Statistics in 2005 it was found that the London Borough of Harrow had the second highest proportion of land being domestic gardens: 34.7% of all 326 districts in England; this compared with the London Borough of Sutton's 35.1% (highest proportion nationally) and Bournemouth's 34.6%. [10]

Arts and culture

The first and only contemporary artist-led gallery in Harrow was set up in 2010 by the Usurp Art Collective. The space is called the Usurp Art Gallery & Studios and is based in West Harrow, a bohemian part of Harrow. Usurp Art provides professional support to artists and runs the only public artists studios in the borough. It is a flagship project for Arts Council England. [11] [12] [13] [14]

Economy

Major employers included Kodak, [15] the Royal National Orthopaedic Hospital and Ladbrokes, which formally has its headquarters in Harrow. [16]

Crime

Crime figures are generally lower compared to the Greater London average; the borough had 2,618 notifiable offences in April 2009, compared with an average of 2,204 across London's boroughs. [17] Between the annual year of June 2017 to June 2018, Harrow was ranked 28th out of the 32 London boroughs in terms of number of criminal offences, [18] and recording just one murder in the period. [19] The Pinner South ward was recorded as having the lowest crime rate out of all wards of Greater London in 2014/15. [20]

Sport and leisure

The London Borough of Harrow has one League 2 football club: Barnet F.C., who moved to The Hive Stadium from the neighbouring London Borough of Barnet in 2013; and three non-League clubs: Wealdstone FC who play at The Vale, Harrow Borough F.C. who play at Earlsmead Stadium and Rayners Lane F.C. who play at the Tithe Farm Social Club. Five of the 30 cricket clubs which play in the Middlesex County Cricket League are based in the London Borough of Harrow: Harrow, Harrow St Mary's, Harrow Town, Kenton and Stanmore. Hatch End Cricket Club previously played at Shaftesbury playing fields in Hatch End but following an arson attack on their clubhouse and a subsequent failure to raise enough funds to build a new one, the club moved to Elstree in 2011.

Harrow also had a professional rugby league team when London Broncos played at The Hive Stadium in 2014 and 2015. The club relocated to Ealing from 2016 onwards.

Governance

A map showing the wards of Harrow since 2002 Harrow London UK labelled ward map 2002.svg
A map showing the wards of Harrow since 2002
Harrow Civic Centre Harrow Civic Centre - geograph.org.uk - 76998.jpg
Harrow Civic Centre

Harrow is divided into 21 wards, each represented by three councillors on Harrow London Borough Council. After the most recent council elections, the borough is controlled by the Labour party. The number of councillors are as follows: Labour 35, Conservative 28. [21]

Education

The borough is often perceived as having a good educational record, and features many state-funded primary and secondary schools as well as a handful of large tertiary colleges.

For a long time the secondary schools of Harrow did not feature integrated sixth form education, with all school leavers having to join the tertiary colleges such as Harrow College and Stanmore College, or the faith-based St Dominic's Sixth Form College. The tertiary system was implemented in 1987 after years of discussions and delays, with Harrow becoming the first London borough with a complete change to tertiary; the Pinner Observer called it an education "revolution". [22] [23] There have been critics of the tertiary colleges, with many arguing the standard of education does not continue the standard set by the Borough's secondary schools. The council eventually went into another re-organisation, creating the Harrow Sixth Form Collegiate, a co-ordinated partnership between many of the borough's secondary schools, which led to the first admission of school sixth form students in September 2008. [24] Both Catholic faith-based Salvatorian College and Sacred Heart Language College were unaffected, the students of which could transfer to St Dominic's Sixth Form College.

From September 2010, the primary sector was modified to enable transfer to secondary education at age 11 in line with other London Boroughs. [25]

The Borough has a Music Service which provides instrumental tuition for 15% of all Harrow state sector pupils (the national figure is 8% of all state pupils receiving instrumental tuition) and a range of ensemble opportunities for pupils. [26]

The independent schools of the Borough are dominated by the presence of Harrow School and John Lyon School for boys and North London Collegiate School for girls which consistently rank as among the best schools in the country. Notable independent primary schools include Orley Farm School and Reddiford School, both of which are co-educational.

There are also a number of voluntary aided schools in the Borough. These include: Salvatorian College (Roman Catholic, Boys), Sacred Heart Language College (Roman Catholic, Girls) and Moriah Jewish Day School (Jewish, Co-ed).

There are two special needs high schools; Kingsley High School (Co-ed) and Shaftesbury High School (Co-ed).

Other state secondary schools in the London Borough of Harrow are: Whitefriars High School (Co-ed); Bentley Wood High School (Girls); Canons High School (Co-ed); Harrow High School (Co-ed); Hatch End High School (Co-ed); Nower Hill High School (Co-ed); Park High School (Co-ed); Rooks Heath College(Co-ed); Whitmore High School (Co-ed). Mountview High School in Wealdstone - a comprehensive school formed out of Whitefriars Secondary Modern in the early 1970s - closed in 1986 with the site being partially redeveloped into industrial units. The catchment area was dispersed between Nower Hill and Hatch End Schools.

Middle schools include Whitchurch Middle School.

GCSE examination performance
SchoolA*-C Pass Rate
2008
A*-C Pass Rate
2009
A*-C Pass Rate
2010
English Baccalaureate
Pass Rate
2010
A*-C Pass Rate
2011
English Baccalaureate
Pass Rate
2011
Bentley Wood High School59%58%61%30%69%36%
Canons High School 49%46%54%2%52%12%
Harrow High School 52%43%31%5%35%3%
Hatch End High School 51%59%55%24%49%20%
Nower Hill High School 68%57%79%27%78%16%
Park High School 66%72%66%15%71%23%
Rooks Heath College 37%42%52%11%48%12%
Sacred Heart College76%86%77%53%84%59%
Salvatorian College 67%67%74%27%73%26%
Whitmore High School 65%64%60%35%70%40%
Average for London Borough of Harrow57.7%60.8%60.7%22.6%tbatba
Average for England47.6%50.7%55.2%15.1%tbatba

All of Harrow's pupils have the chance to be elected onto the Harrow Youth Parliament. This is a group of around 50 young people in the Borough who come together to work on projects that benefit other young people. They are also the official youth voice for the council and are in constant communication with the council on all youth matters.

Notable residents

Districts and postcodes

Transport

The London Borough of Harrow was historically in the heart of an area known as "Metro-land" and therefore is very well served by the London Underground compared with other boroughs in Outer London. It is located near the northwestern extremity of the modern-day network, with 4 lines serving the area. The Bakerloo and Jubilee lines terminate in the borough, at Harrow and Stanmore respectively. Meanwhile, the Piccadilly and Metropolitan lines pass through the southern edge of the borough on shared track before both terminating at Uxbridge. The Northern line terminates just outside Harrow at Edgware tube station in the London Borough of Barnet.

The London Overground also serves the borough, sharing track with the Bakerloo line between Queens Park and Harrow & Wealdstone before it continues beyond the latter station to eventually terminate at Watford Junction.

The numerous National Rail, London Overground and London Underground stations in the borough are:

In March 2011, the main forms of transport that residents used to travel to work were: driving a car or van, 27.5% of all residents aged 16–74; underground, metro, light rail, tram, 5.9%; bus, minibus or coach, 5.9%; train, 4.5%; on foot, 4.3%; work mainly at or from home, 3.5%; passenger in a car or van, 1.6%. [28]

Town twinning

Harrow is twinned with:

Freedom of the Borough

The following people and military units have received the Freedom of the Borough of Harrow.

Individuals

Military Units

[32]

See also

Related Research Articles

Hatch End Human settlement in England

Hatch End is an area of North West London, situated within the London Borough of Harrow, in the historic county of Middlesex. It is located 12.2 miles (19.6 km) north west of Charing Cross.

Kenton, London Human settlement in England

Kenton is an area of northwest London, England, historically in Middlesex. The main road through it, Kenton Road, forms the boundary between the London boroughs of Harrow and Brent.

Pinner Area of north west London

Pinner is a suburb in Greater London, in the borough of Harrow, lying 12 miles (19 km) northwest of Charing Cross. It is within the bounds of the historic county of Middlesex and located close to the border with the borough of Hillingdon. The population of Pinner, which includes Pinner Green, Hatch End and Pinnerwood, was 31,130 as of 2011.

Stanmore Human settlement in England

Stanmore is a district in the London Borough of Harrow in Greater London. It is centred 11 miles (18 km) northwest of Charing Cross in the outskirts of the urban area and includes southern slopes of the unnamed ridge of hills rising to Stanmore Hill, one of the highest points of London, 152 metres (499 ft) high. The town is based on the ancient Middlesex parish of Great Stanmore, separate from Little Stanmore where the 1st Duke of Chandos built Cannons house.

Wealdstone Human settlement in England

Wealdstone is a district located in the centre of the London Borough of Harrow, England. It is located just north of Harrow town centre and is south of Harrow Weald, west of Belmont and Kenton, and east of Headstone. The area accommodates most of Harrow's industrial and business designated land. As the blue-collar part of the borough, Wealdstone is perhaps best known for the Kodak Harrow plant, which closed down in 2016. Wealdstone is centred on the High Street, and much traffic is bypassed from here by the George Gange Way flyover built in 1996. Its western boundary is formed by Harrow View, across which Headstone Manor lies, whereas on the east is Byron Park and the Belmont Trail. Harrow & Wealdstone station and the council offices are located at its southern end.

East Finchley Human settlement in England

East Finchley is an area in North London, immediately north of Hampstead Heath. Like neighbouring Muswell Hill it straddles the London Boroughs of Barnet and Haringey, with most of East Finchley falling into the London Borough of Barnet. It has the greenest high road in London

Harrow, London Town in Greater London, England

Harrow is a large town in Greater London, England, and serves as the principal settlement of the London Borough of Harrow. Lying about 10.5 miles (16.9 km) north-west of Charing Cross and 5.4 miles (8.7 km) south of Watford, the entire town including its localities had a population of 149,246 as of the 2011 census, whereas the wider borough had a population of 250,149.

Belmont, Harrow Human settlement in England

Belmont is a residential area of the London Borough of Harrow, located between Stanmore, Kenton, Wealdstone and Queensbury.

Harrow Weald Human settlement in England

Harrow Weald is a suburban district in Greater London, England. Located about 2 miles north of Harrow, Harrow Weald is formed from a leafy 1930s suburban development along with ancient woodland of Harrow Weald Common. It forms part of the London Borough of Harrow.

Harrow East (UK Parliament constituency)

Harrow East is a constituency created in 1945 and represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2010 by Bob Blackman, a Conservative.

Harrow on the Hill Residential area of north west London, England

Harrow on the Hill is a locality and historic village in the borough of Harrow in Greater London, England. Independent boutiques and restaurants dot the affluent area, which is rich with historic architecture; offering a village atmosphere. The name refers to Harrow Hill, 408 feet (124 m). It is located some half a mile south of the modern town of Harrow. Harrow School is located in the area.

The London Borough of Harrow is one of the northern outer London boroughs: as such much of the Metropolitan Green Belt land is within the Borough boundaries. Parks and open spaces range from the large area around Harrow-on-the-Hill to the smaller gardens and recreation grounds; there are also a number of spaces taken up with golf courses. It has been suggested that Harrow is continuously losing its green space and trees.

Headstone, London Human settlement in England

Headstone is a residential area north-west of Harrow, London, and immediately north of North Harrow. A green buffer exists between Headstone and North Harrow that consists of a moated manor site and football and rugby pitches, making the area mostly separate from North Harrow. However, there are some points of flux and overlap. To the west the area abuts the large and predominantly agricultural pasture of Pinner Park.

Harrow (UK Parliament constituency)

Harrow was a constituency of the House of Commons of the UK Parliament 1885—1945 in Middlesex, a traditional county; it covered an area forming part of the north-west of today's Greater London. It returned one Member of Parliament (MP).

Stanmore College is a small college for further education in the London Borough of Harrow. It was established in 1987 as one of the borough's three tertiary colleges, originally called Elm Park College. In 1994 it was renamed to its present name to facilitate closer representation to the local community of Stanmore.

Harrow London Borough Council

Harrow London Borough Council is the local authority for the London Borough of Harrow in Greater London, England. It is a London borough council, one of 32 in the United Kingdom capital of London. It is currently controlled by the Labour Party, with 35 seats. The Conservative Party is the sole opposition, with 28 seats.

Harrow Civic Centre

Harrow Civic Centre is a municipal building in Station Road, Harrow, London. It is the headquarters of Harrow London Borough Council.

References

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  2. 2011 Census: Ethnic group, local authorities in England and Wales , Office for National Statistics (2012). See Classification of ethnicity in the United Kingdom for the full descriptions used in the 2011 Census.
  3. Wells, John C. (2008), Longman Pronunciation Dictionary (3rd ed.), Longman, p. 368, ISBN   9781405881180
  4. Youngs, Frederic A Jr. (1979). Guide to the Local Administrative Units of England, Vol.I: Southern England. London: Royal Historical Society. ISBN   0-901050-67-9
  5. "London against gun and knife crime". Archived from the original on 30 September 2007.
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  9. "Partnership2Gether". The Jewish Agency. Archived from the original on 26 April 2011. Retrieved 19 April 2018.
  10. Physical Environment: Land Use Survey 2005 published alongside the data of the 2011 census see Physical Environment.
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  14. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 14 January 2013. Retrieved 23 October 2012.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  15. Bruce Thain (16 December 2013). "Kodak: 123 years of history in Harrow". Harrow Times. Retrieved 30 March 2014. After more than a century in the borough Kodak has announced it is set to stay.... Kodak has sold off large parts of the Harrow site for development.
  16. Draft Core Strategy Retrieved on 20 October 2013.
  17. "Police web site download in Excel format". Archived from the original on 25 April 2012.
  18. "Which London boroughs are the most dangerous? | Metro News". Metro.co.uk. 31 July 2018. Retrieved 4 May 2020.
  19. Robin De Peyer (23 June 2018). "Revealed: The boroughs with the highest (and lowest) murder rates in London | London Evening Standard". Standard.co.uk. Retrieved 4 May 2020.
  20. "Ward Profiles and Atlas" . Retrieved 4 May 2020.
  21. List of Harrow Councillors at www.harrow.gov.uk
  22. "Revolution is about to start", Pinner Observer, p. 10, 10 September 1987
  23. "Tertiary starts", Pinner Observer, p. 3, 3 September 1987
  24. "Harrow Sixth Form College: Decision Makers' Guidance" (PDF). Harrow Council.
  25. "School reorganisation to change the ages of transfer". London borough of Harrow. 2009. Archived from the original on 17 April 2009. Retrieved 24 April 2009.
  26. "Harrow Music Service". Harrow Music Service. Retrieved 19 April 2018.
  27. "Search for schools and colleges to compare - GOV.UK". Find and compare schools in England.
  28. "2011 Census: QS701EW Method of travel to work, local authorities in England and Wales". Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 23 November 2013. Percentages are of all residents aged 16-74 including those not in employment. Respondents could only pick one mode, specified as the journey’s longest part by distance.
  29. Pathé, British. "Churchill At Harrow". www.britishpathe.com.
  30. "Sir Roger recalls the run of his life". Harrow Times.
  31. "Former mayor granted freedom of Harrow". Harrow Times.
  32. "Further info – Freedoms granted by Harrow – Harrow Council". www.harrow.gov.uk. Archived from the original on 23 August 2015. Retrieved 20 August 2015.

Coordinates: 51°34′N0°20′W / 51.567°N 0.333°W / 51.567; -0.333