London Borough of Hounslow
Hounslow shown within Greater London
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Ceremonial county||Greater London|
|Created||1 April 1965|
|• Type||London borough council|
|• Body||Hounslow London Borough Council|
|• Leadership||Leader & Cabinet (Labour)|
|• Mayor||Councillor Bishnu Gurung|
|• London Assembly||Tony Arbour AM for South West|
|• MPs|| Seema Malhotra |
|• Total||21.61 sq mi (55.98 km2)|
|Area rank||258th (of 309)|
|• Rank||56th (of 309)|
|• Density||13,000/sq mi (4,900/km2)|
|• Ethnicity||37.9% White British |
1.9% White Irish
0.1% White Gypsy or Irish Traveller
11.5% Other White
0.9% White & Black Caribbean
0.7% White & Black African
1.3% White & Asian
1.2% Other Mixed
8.2% Other Asian
4.2% Black African
1.3% Black Caribbean
1% Other Black
|Time zone||UTC (GMT)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+1 (BST)|
The London Borough of Hounslow ( pronunciation (help·info)) is a London borough in West London, England, forming part of Outer London. It was created in 1965 when three smaller Middlesex council areas amalgamated under the London Government Act 1963. It is governed by Hounslow London Borough Council.
The borough stretches from near Central London in the east (Chiswick) to the border with Surrey in the west (Feltham and Bedfont), covering five major towns: Chiswick (W4), Brentford (TW8), Isleworth (TW7), Hounslow (TW3, TW4, TW5) and Feltham (TW13, TW14); it borders the boroughs of Richmond upon Thames, Hammersmith and Fulham, Ealing and Hillingdon, in addition to the Spelthorne district of Surrey.
The Borough is home to the London Museum of Water & Steam and the attractions of Osterley Park, Gunnersbury Park, Syon House, and Chiswick House. Moreover, landmarks straddling the border of Hounslow include; Twickenham Stadium and London Heathrow Airport in the London Boroughs of Richmond-upon-Thames and Hillingdon respectively.
|Postcode||Towns, Districts and other localities|
| London W3 |
Head District ( Acton ) not in borough
|South Acton (part)||Gunnersbury Park|
|London W4 ( Chiswick )||Chiswick||Kew Bridge (part)||Turnham Green|
|London W5 |
Head District ( Ealing ) not in borough
|Gunnersbury Park (part)|
|London W6 |
Head District ( Hammersmith ) not in borough
|London W7||Osterley Park (part)|
|London W12 |
Head District ( Shepherd's Bush ) not in borough
|London W13 |
Head District ( West Ealing ) not in borough
| London SW13 |
Head District (Barnes) not in borough
|London SW14 |
Head District ( Mortlake ) not in borough
|Hounslow TW3||Hounslow Town Centre||Hounslow Central||Hounslow East||Hounslow West (part)|
|Hounslow TW4||Hounslow West||Hounslow Heath||Cranford (part)|
|Hounslow TW6||Cranford (part)|
|Isleworth TW7||Isleworth||Old Isleworth||Syon Park (approx. half)||Osterley/Osterley Park|
|Brentford TW8||Brentford/Kew Bridge||Gunnersbury Park (part)||Syon Park (approx. half)||Osterley Park|
| Richmond-upon-Thames TW9 |
Post Town not in borough
|Oliver's Island (Chiswick)||Kew Bridge|
| Hampton TW12 |
Post Town not in borough
|Hampton (Twickenham RFC)|
|Feltham TW13||Feltham (approx. half)||Hanworth|
|Feltham TW14||Feltham (approx. half)||Bedfont|
| Ashford TW15 |
Post Town not in borough
| Sunbury-on-Thames TW16 |
Post Town not in borough
| Staines-upon-Thames TW19 |
Post Town not in borough
| Southall UB2 |
Post Town not in borough
|Norwood Green (part)||North Hyde||Osterley Park|
| Hayes UB3 |
Post Town not in borough
|North Hyde/Cranford (part)|
The borough's area is approximately quarter parkland. Large areas of London's open space fall within its boundaries, including Chiswick House and Gardens, Gunnersbury Park, Syon Park, Osterley Park, Hounslow Heath, Avenue Park in Cranford; and Hanworth Park. The borough's predominant land use is mainly residential, with a large, commercial town centre of Hounslow. Other large town centres include Chiswick, Feltham and Brentford. Business is mainly focused on retail; and aviation (due to the proximity of Heathrow airport) especially in the west of the borough (Hounslow and Feltham). Parts of the Borough; including Chiswick, Turnham Green, Osterley and Old Isleworth are some of the most expensive parts of Outer London. With other areas such as Hounslow, Feltham and Heston being more affordable.
The borough is home to the headquarters of GlaxoSmithKline and Sky plc, both based in Brentford's 'Golden Mile' stretch of the A4 Great West Road, and several supermarket outlets once known across the globe for its cluster of factories and offices, and is currently going under extensive re developments in the form of new apartment blocks and offices. Fuller's Griffin Brewery is also in the borough, in Chiswick. Aston Martin were based in Feltham for several years before moving to Newport Pagnell, Buckinghamshire.
DHL Air UK has its head office in Hounslow.
Air France-KLM's head office for United Kingdom and Ireland operations, which includes facilities for Air France and KLM, is located in Plesman House in Hatton Cross in the borough.The Plesman House, outside of Terminal 4 of London Heathrow Airport, has the UK commercial team, sales team, and support team. Sega Europe has its head office in Brentford. Menzies Aviation has its head office by the airport in Feltham. JCDecaux UK has its head office in Brentford.
Before winding-up British Mediterranean Airways was headquartered at Hetherington House near London Heathrow Airport
A 2017 study by Trust for London and New Policy Institute found that pay inequality in Hounslow is the second largest of any London borough. It also found that 25% people in Hounslow live in poverty, which is slightly lower than the London-wide poverty rate of 27%.
53.3% of the borough's population is White, 34.4% is Asian, and 6.6% is Black. The most noticeable South Asian populations in the borough are in Hounslow, Heston and Cranford, all of which also have considerable Eastern European populations. The majority of Afro-Caribbean, West African, and East African populations are situated around the Brentford, Isleworth and Feltham areas. The majority of the White British population reside in the eastern and western parts of the borough (Chiswick, Brentford, Isleworth, Osterley, Hounslow East, Hanworth, Feltham and Bedfont), with this population being most prominent in the affluent areas of Chiswick and Osterley.
In terms of religion, 42% identify themselves as Christian, 14% Muslim, 10.3% Hindu, 9% Sikh, 1.4% Buddhist and 0.3% Jewish, 18% of the population are not religious.. At 9%, Hounslow has the largest proportion of Sikhs in London, and the third-highest in England after Slough and Wolverhampton.
The following table shows the ethnic group of respondents in the 2001 and 2011 census in Hounslow.
|White: Gypsy or Irish Traveller||183||0.07%|
|Asian or Asian British: Indian||36,812||17.34%||48,161||18.96%|
|Asian or Asian British: Pakistani||9,127||4.30%||13,676||5.39%|
|Asian or Asian British: Bangladeshi||1,125||0.53%||2,189||0.86%|
|Asian or Asian British: Chinese||1,842||0.87%||2,405||0.95%|
|Asian or Asian British: Other Asian||5,446||2.56%||20,826||8.20%|
|Asian or Asian British: Total||54,352||25.60%||87,257||34.36%|
|Black or Black British: African||5,723||2.70%||10,787||4.25%|
|Black or Black British: Caribbean||2,826||1.33%||3,381||1.33%|
|Black or Black British: Other Black||688||0.32%||2,645||1.04%|
|Black or Black British: Total||9,237||4.35%||16,813||6.62%|
|Mixed: White and Black Caribbean||1,382||0.65%||2,273||0.90%|
|Mixed: White and Black African||843||0.40%||1,730||0.68%|
|Mixed: White and Asian||2,407||1.13%||3,390||1.33%|
|Mixed: Other Mixed||1,815||0.85%||2,956||1.16%|
|Other: Any other ethnic group||5,395||2.12%|
|Black, Asian, and minority ethnic: Total||74,587||35.13%||123,452||48.61%|
Major parks and recreational spaces include; Chiswick Gardens, Chiswick common, Turnham Green, Gunnersbury Park, Gunnersbury Triangle Nature reserve, Carville Hall Parks, Claypond Garden, Boston Manor Park, London Playing field, Syon Park, Osterley Park, Thornbury Park, Lampton Park, Inwood Park, Heston Sports Ground, Hounslow Heath, Avenue Park, Crane Park, Letrim Park, Hanworth Park and Bedfont Lakes Country Park. Parks that are a short distance from Hounslow's border are; Ravenscourt Park (London Borough of Hammersmith and Fulham), Acton Green common, Acton Park, Ealing common, Elthorne Parkin the London Borough of Ealing, Cranford Park in the London Borough of Hillingdon, Hampton common, Fulwell Golf club, Crane Park (Whitton), Murray Park, Kew Gardens, Old Deer Park, Marble Hill Park, Richmond Park, Ham Lands, Bushy Park and Hampton Court in the London Borough of Richmond-upon-Thames.
The River Thames forms the natural boundary between Hounslow and Richmond-upon-Thames. It runs through the borough at Chiswick, Brentford and Isleworth. Various tributaries and dis tributaries of the Thames flow through the borough, including; The River Crane, River Brent/Grand Union Canal, Duke of Northumberland's River, Longford River and the Feltham Hill Brook to name a few.
Elections across the London Boroughs are currently held every four years. Since the Hounslow borough was formed it has been controlled by the Labour Party on all but two elections: in 1968 the Conservatives formed a majority until they lost control to Labour in 1971. The 2006 local elections produced a no overall control result. Although Labour was the largest party on the Council, the Conservatives formed a coalition with the six Councillors from the independent Isleworth Community Group (ICG) which administered the area until the 2010 local elections when Labour regained control.
Seat distribution as of 2018 elections:
Reflecting how votes were cast in the national elections, in separate polls held the same day, for the 2010-2014 period, the Conservatives and Labour won fifteen seats each from the Brentford and Isleworth (UK Parliament constituency). Overall, control was held by the Council's Labour administration as 20 Labour Party Councillors and 10 Conservative Party Councillors were elected for wards in the Feltham and Heston half of the borough.
Between 1998 and 2006 Independents were elected to the London Borough of Hounslow from the area. The first Independent Community Group (ICG) Councillor was elected in 1998 as Isleworth Community Group in Isleworth. In 2002 three ICG Councillors were elected in Isleworth. In 2006 six ICG Councillors were elected (Syon and Isleworth wards), and former Labour Leader of the Council John Connelly was re-elected as an Independent in Hounslow Heath ward. All seven of the Independents were defeated in the local elections held on 6 May 2010 by, in their respective wards, Labour Party candidates. Since then one Conservative councillor has become an Independent and four Conservative Councillors have defected to UKIP. Since 2019, the council has been based at Hounslow House in Bath Road.
The town of Hounslow, which has existed since the 13th century, is located at the centre of the Borough of Hounslow. The name Hounslow means 'Hund's mound'; the personal name Hund is followed by the Old English hlaew meaning mound or barrow. (The mound may have been his burial place.) It was recorded in the Domesday Book as Honeslaw.
The borough was formed in 1965, under the London Government Act 1963, by the merger of the area of the Municipal Borough of Brentford and Chiswick, The Municipal Borough of Heston and Isleworth and Feltham Urban District of Middlesex.
The Borough is an outer borough of Greater London and lies on the Middlesex bank of the River Thames. It is the site of the first stop on an important coach route to Southampton, Bath, Bristol and Exeter. The A30 Great South West Road, which runs down to Penzance in Cornwall, starts in the borough. Hounslow town developed on either side of the main Great West Road (now the A3006/A4 Bath Road ) from London to the West of England, causing a large number of inns to be built to serve the travellers. A few, such as The Bell retain their names, although the buildings have largely been replaced. The Bell marks the former junction of the coaching routes of the A314 Hanworth Road, A315 Staines Road, A3005 Lampton Road and the A3006 Bath Road. Historic milestones are preserved on the Staines Road (now re-numbered as the A315 but joining the "old" A30 again just inside the borough's western boundary)
Hounslow grew rapidly in the latter half of the 20th century due to other travel, a connection to the largest of London's airports since the 1940s, Heathrow Airport which is in the Hounslow post town. Little known is that aviation dates to the early 1900s here when one of London's earliest airfields was situated on Hounslow Heath because of the extremely flat terrain. The Great West Road, which crosses the borough from Chiswick to Heathrow, at one time served nationally and globally famous manufacturers including Firestone, Gillette and Coty. As a result, the area became known as the "Golden Mile". A few of these factory sites remain today, such as Gillette Corner, and the Great West Road is still home to many prestigious names (see "famous companies" below), providing them with easy non-motorway access between Slough, London Heathrow Airport and Central London.
Hounslow abuts the perimeter of Heathrow Airport in the London Borough of Hillingdon. Plans for the expansion of Heathrow Airport are vigorously opposed by Hounslow if such plans increase or widen noise and pollution, weighed against arguments of greater employment and spending.
River services between Westminster Pier and Hampton Court depart from Kew Gardens Pier just across the River Thames from Hounslow.
Major roads in the Borough include:
This section may be too long to read and navigate comfortably.(December 2020)
The Borough is served by South Western Railway; Mainline and Hounslow Loop Line and London Overground's North London Line. Moreover, the Borough's residents (in Cranford, North Hyde and Heston) use railway stations just outside the Borough's boundaries which are served by the Great Western Main Line, Heathrow Express and in the future Elizabeth line. In addition to this it is also served by London Underground's District and Piccadilly lines. Because of numerous rail links, the borough has fast connections to Central London, Heathrow Airport and the rest of Greater London.
The stations in or near the Borough are:
Shared with the London Borough of Hammersmith and Fulham:
Shared with the London Borough of Richmond-upon-Thames:
Shared with the London Borough of Ealing:
Solely serving the London Borough of Hounslow:
Shared with the London Borough of Hillingdon:
*Indicates station is not in the Borough
In March 2011, the main forms of transport that residents used to travel to work were (of all residents aged 16–74):
The borough of Hounslow has several Non-League football clubs:
The borough is also home to Staines Rugby Football Club who play at the "Reeves" in Hanworth.
Hounslow has a sister district agreement with Leningradsky District in Krasnodar Krai, Russia.
Ian Gillan, vocalist for Deep Purple, and formerly of Black Sabbath and Gillan, is a native of Hounslow. Alistair Overeem a UFC Champion was also born here.
The following people and military units have received the Freedom of the Borough of Hounslow.
1947 saw the dawn of the 'David Brown Era' [...] with the next few years seeing [...] the relocation of production to Hanworth Park, Feltham, Middlesex. [....] Production was moved to Newport Pagnell in 1954 [...]
Hounslow is a large suburban town in West London, 10.7 miles (17.2 km) west-southwest of Charing Cross. The majority of Hounslow is within the London Borough of Hounslow, where it is one of the borough's five major towns and the home of its administrative centre. Heathrow Airport is in the London Borough of Hillingdon, whilst the southern portion of Hounslow adjacent to the station is within the London Borough of Richmond-upon-Thames. Hounslow, covering the TW3, TW4, TW5 and TW6 postal code areas, is identified as a major metropolitan centre in the London Plan.
Feltham is a large town in West London, England, 13 miles (21 km) from Charing Cross. Historically part of Middlesex, it became part of the London Borough of Hounslow in 1965. The parliamentary constituency of Feltham and Heston has been held by Labour Party MPs since 1992. In 2011, the population of the combined census area of Feltham, Bedfont and Hanworth was 63,368.
Hanworth is a district of West London, England. Historically in Middlesex, it has been part of the London Borough of Hounslow since 1965. Hanworth adjoins Feltham to the northwest, Twickenham to the northeast and Hampton to the southeast, with Sunbury-on-Thames to the southwest.
Heston is a suburban area and part of the Hounslow district in the London Borough of Hounslow. The residential settlement covers a slightly smaller area than its predecessor farming village, 10.8 miles (17.4 km) west south-west of Charing Cross and adjoins the M4 motorway but has no junction with it; Heston also adjoins the Great West Road, a dual carriageway, mostly west of the 'Golden Mile' headquarters section of it. Heston was, historically, in Middlesex.
Isleworth is a town sited within the London Borough of Hounslow in West London, England. It lies immediately east of the town of Hounslow and west of the River Thames and its tributary the River Crane. Isleworth's original area of settlement, alongside the Thames, is known as 'Old Isleworth'. The north-west corner of the town, bordering on Osterley to the north and Lampton to the west, is known as 'Spring Grove'.
Brentford and Isleworth is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament. It forms the eastern part of the London Borough of Hounslow. Since 2015, it has been represented by Ruth Cadbury of the Labour Party.
Feltham and Heston is a constituency created in 1974 represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament. Its MP since 2011 is Seema Malhotra of the Labour Co-operative Party, which is in political union with the Labour Party.
The River Crane, a tributary of the Thames, runs 8.5 miles (13.6 km) in west London, England. In effect it is the lower course of the Yeading Brook. It adjoins or bisects three London boroughs: Hillingdon, Hounslow and Richmond upon Thames. The drainage basin is mainly urbanised but many of the Hayes to Whitton flood-meadows have been conserved to form a narrow, green vale, opening out to what remains of Hounslow Heath in the centre – a near-continuous belt of semi-natural habitat.
Hatton including Hatton Cross is a small settlement and locality in the historic County of Middlesex and the London boroughs of Hillingdon and Hounslow, on the south-eastern edge of London Heathrow Airport and straddling the A30 road.
Norwood Green is a place in the London Borough of Ealing in London, England, that forms the southern part of Southall. It is a suburban development centred 10.7 miles (17.2 km) west of Charing Cross and 4 miles (6.4 km) ENE of Heathrow Airport.
The London Borough of Hounslow is a peripheral London borough in the south-west of the conurbation; as such part of the Metropolitan Green Belt lies within its boundaries. It has one of London's largest Nature reserves as well as many smaller gardens and sports grounds. The major areas are:
Heston and Isleworth was a local government district of Middlesex, England from 1894 to 1965.
Hounslow Heath is a local nature reserve in the London Borough of Hounslow and at a point borders Richmond upon Thames. The public open space, which covers 200 acres (80 ha), is all that remains of the historic Hounslow Heath which covered more than 4,000 acres (1,600 ha). The present day area is bounded by A315 Staines Road, A3063 Wellington Road South, A314 Hanworth Road, and the River Crane.
Heston and Isleworth was a constituency between 1945 and 1974 for the House of Commons of the UK Parliament. It contained Heston, Hounslow, Isleworth and Osterley in Middlesex which became parts of outer west London in 1965.
Feltham was a constituency, between 1955 and 1974, of the House of Commons of the UK Parliament. It was used for five general elections and no by-elections and at each election returned the candidate of the Labour Party.
The Feltham and Heston by-election was a by-election for the Parliament of the United Kingdom's House of Commons constituency of Feltham and Heston in the London Borough of Hounslow. The by-election was caused by the death of its Member of Parliament Alan Keen. It took place on 15 December 2011, and was held by the Labour Party candidate, Seema Malhotra.