St Peter and St Paul parish church
|Population||821 (in 2011)|
|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Fire||Dorset and Wiltshire|
|EU Parliament||South West England|
Longbridge Deverill is a village and civil parish about 2.5 miles (4.0 km) south of Warminster in Wiltshire, England. It is on the A350 primary route which connects the M4 motorway and west Wiltshire with Poole, Dorset.
Warminster is a town and civil parish in western Wiltshire, England, by-passed by the A36 and the partly concurrent A350 between Westbury and Blandford Forum. It has a population of about 17,000. The 11th-century Minster Church of St Denys stands near the River Were, which runs through the town and can be seen running through the town park. The name Warminster first occurs in the early 10th century.
Wiltshire is a county in South West England with an area of 3,485 km2. It is landlocked and borders the counties of Dorset, Somerset, Hampshire, Gloucestershire, Oxfordshire and Berkshire. The county town was originally Wilton, after which the county is named, but Wiltshire Council is now based in the county town of Trowbridge.
The A350 is a north-south primary route in southern England, that runs from the M4 motorway in Wiltshire to Poole in Dorset.
The parish is in the Deverill valley which carries the upper waters of the River Wylye. It includes the small village of Crockerton and the hamlets of Crockerton Green, Fox Holes and Hill Deverill; these settlements are collectively known as the Lower Deverills (the Upper Deverills being the upstream villages of Brixton Deverill, Monkton Deverill and Kingston Deverill).
The River Wylye is a southern England chalk stream, with clear water flowing over gravel. It is popular with anglers for fly fishing. A half-mile stretch of the river and three lakes in Warminster are a local nature reserve.
Brixton Deverill is a small village and civil parish about 4 miles (6.4 km) south of Warminster in Wiltshire, England.
Monkton Deverill is a village and former civil parish in Wiltshire, England, about five miles south of Warminster and four miles northeast of Mere. It stands on the River Wylye and forms part of a group of villages known as the Upper Deverills.
An unnamed tributary of the Wylye rises in the northwest of the parish, forms the man-made Shearwater lake, and flows east through the valley below Crockerton to join the Wylye.
Shearwater is a man-made freshwater lake near Crockerton village, about 2 1⁄4 miles (3.6 km) southwest of the town of Warminster in Wiltshire, England. The lake is formed from a tributary of the River Wylye.
Evidence of Neolithic settlement includes a henge near Long Ivor Farm in the northeast of the parish.A Bronze Age bell barrow stands on a slope of Rook Hill in the southeast. Iron Age settlements include a site on high ground at Cow Down in the east of the parish, where there are foundations of a large circular hut.
The Neolithic British Isles refers to the period of British, Irish and Manx history that spanned from circa 4000 to circa 2,500 BCE. The final part of the Stone Age in the British Isles, it was a part of the greater Neolithic, or "New Stone Age", across Europe.
There are three related types of Neolithic earthwork that are all sometimes loosely called henges. The essential characteristic of all three is that they feature a ring-shaped bank and ditch, with the ditch inside the bank. Because the internal ditches would have served defensive purposes poorly, henges are not considered to have been defensive constructions. The three henge types are as follows, with the figure in brackets being the approximate diameter of the central flat area:
Bronze Age Britain is an era of British history that spanned from c. 2500 until c. 800 BC. Lasting for approximately 1,700 years, it was preceded by the era of Neolithic Britain and was in turn followed by the period of Iron Age Britain. Being categorised as the Bronze Age, it was marked by the use of copper and then bronze by the prehistoric Britons, who used such metals to fashion tools. Great Britain in the Bronze Age also saw the widespread adoption of agriculture.
Two Roman roads crossed at Kingston Deverill. A short length of north-south road, probably a section of the route from Bath to Poole, survives on Brimsdown Hill and became part of the boundary with Maiden Bradley parish.
Maiden Bradley is a village in southwest Wiltshire, England, about 6 miles (10 km) southwest of Warminster and bordering the county of Somerset. The B3092 road between Frome and Mere forms the village street. Bradley House, the seat of the Duke of Somerset, is adjacent to the village.
Land at Longbridge and Crockerton belonged to Glastonbury Abbey from the 10th century.Two estates were recorded in the 1086 Domesday Book at Devrel, with altogether 24 households.
Glastonbury Abbey was a monastery in Glastonbury, Somerset, England. Its ruins, a grade I listed building and scheduled ancient monument, are open as a visitor attraction.
The manor house at Hill Deverill dates from the 16th century and is Grade II* listed.The medieval village of Hill Deverill was to the west of the house. A hollow way, field boundaries and house platforms survive.
In 1655, Sir James Thynne provided a terrace of three two-storey almshouses southeast of Longbridge Deverill church, built in rubble stone with slate roofs. A wooden clock face projects from the gable facing the main road.
In the 19th century a shortage of employment led to emigration to America, Canada or Australia; 181 people left from Longbridge. Pottery was made at Crockerton from locally-dug clay, until the industry declined in the 19th century. Crockerton also had a cloth mill, later a silk mill, which closed in 1894.
The Church of England parish church of Saints Peter and Paul is partly Norman: the three-bay north arcade is from the first half of the 12th century, and the font is from the same period.The church was consecrated by Thomas Becket. The tower and south arcade were built in the 14th century. There was partial rebuilding in the mid-nineteenth century, with various restorations between 1847 and 1860.
It has memorials to the Thynne family including John Thynne (1515–1580) who built Longleat House.The tower has eight bells, the oldest dated 1614. Today the church is a Grade II* listed building and forms part of the Cley Hill benefice.
Holy Trinity Church at Crockerton was built in 1843 as a chapel of ease at the expense of the Dowager Marchioness of Bath, to designs of Wyatt and Brandon. The church was declared redundant in 1973 and is in residential use.
There was a stone church at Hill Deverill in the twelfth century, dedicated to the Blessed Virgin Mary. The church was almost entirely rebuilt in 1842, financed by public subscription. It became redundant and was in residential use by 1985.
There was a National School at Longbridge Deverill in the 1840s, and a new building of 1851 accommodated 100 pupils. Owing to falling pupil numbers, the school was closed in March 1970 and pupils transferred to the school at Sutton Veny.The building remains in use as the village hall.
A school was built at Crockerton in 1845 at the expense of the Marquess of Bath, with capacity for 95 pupils. From 1930, children aged 11 and over went to the secondary school at Warminster. The school continues as Crockerton C of E Primary School.
The parish elects a parish council. It falls within the area of the Wiltshire Council unitary authority, which is responsible for all significant local government functions.
The village falls in the Warminster Without electoral ward. This ward starts in the north at Upton Scudamore, avoids Warminster, then stretches south through Longbridge Deverell to end at Kingston Deverill. The total population of the ward taken at the 2011 census was 4,163.
Heytesbury is a village and a civil parish in Wiltshire, England. The village lies on the north bank of the Wylye, about 3 1⁄2 miles (5.6 km) southeast of the town of Warminster.
Codford is a civil parish south of Salisbury Plain in the Wylye Valley in Wiltshire, England. Its settlements are the adjacent villages of Codford St Peter and Codford St Mary, which lie some 7 miles (11 km) southeast of Warminster.
Berwick St Leonard is a small village and civil parish in Wiltshire, England, about 8 miles (13 km) southeast of Warminster and 14 miles (23 km) west of Salisbury.
Boyton is a village and civil parish in Wiltshire, England. It lies in the Wylye Valley within Salisbury Plain, about 6 miles (10 km) southeast of Warminster and 13 miles (21 km) northwest of Salisbury. The parish includes the village of Corton.
Wylye is a village and civil parish on the River Wylye in Wiltshire, England. The village is about 9.5 miles (15 km) northwest of Salisbury and a similar distance southeast of Warminster.
Upton Lovell is a village and civil parish in Wiltshire, England. It is situated on the A36, in the Wylye valley about 5 miles (8.0 km) southeast of Warminster.
Corsley is a hamlet and civil parish 3 miles (5 km) west of Warminster in Wiltshire, England. The parish is on the county border with Somerset; the Somerset town of Frome is about 3 miles (5 km) to the northwest. The largest settlement in the parish is Corsley Heath, which is on the A362 Warminster-Frome road.
Horningsham is a small village and civil parish in Wiltshire, England, on the county border with Somerset. The village lies about 4 miles (6 km) southwest of the town of Warminster and 4 1⁄2 miles (7 km) southeast of Frome, Somerset.
Norton Bavant is a small village and civil parish in Wiltshire, England, 2 miles (3.2 km) southeast of Warminster.
Stockton is a small village and civil parish in the Wylye Valley in Wiltshire, England, about 8 miles (13 km) southeast of Warminster. The parish includes the hamlet of Bapton.
Sutton Veny is a village and civil parish situated in the Wylye Valley, about 2 miles (3.2 km) southeast of the town of Warminster in Wiltshire, England. 'Sutton' means 'south farmstead' in relation to Norton Bavant, one mile (1.6 km) to the north. 'Veny' may be a French family name or may describe the village's fenny situation.
Knook is a small village and civil parish in Wiltshire, England. The village lies to the north of the River Wylye at the edge of Salisbury Plain, about 4 1⁄2 miles (7 km) southeast of Warminster, close to the A36 road to Salisbury.
Great Wishford is a village and civil parish in the Wylye Valley in Wiltshire, England, about three miles (5 km) north of Wilton and five miles (8 km) northwest of Salisbury. The village lies west of a bend in the River Wylye and has a triangular street layout comprising South Street, West Street and Station Road.
Kilmington is a village and civil parish in the extreme west of Wiltshire, England, about 8 miles (13 km) southwest of Warminster. The parish includes the hamlets of Kilmington Common and Norton Ferris.
Kingston Deverill is a village and civil parish in Wiltshire, England. Its nearest towns are Mere, about 3 1⁄2 miles (6 km) to the southwest, and Warminster, about 5 miles (8 km) to the northeast. The parish and its demographic figures include the village of Monkton Deverill.
Tytherington is a small village in Wiltshire, in the southwest of England. It lies on the south side of the Wylye valley, about 3 1⁄2 miles (6 km) southeast of the town of Warminster and 1 mile (1.6 km) southwest of the larger village of Heytesbury. Most of the village is now part of the civil parish of Heytesbury although a few houses in the west are within the parish of Sutton Veny.