Longpi

Last updated
Longpi
Lori, Nungbi [1]
town
India Manipur location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Longpi
Location in Manipur, India
India location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Longpi
Longpi (India)
Coordinates: 25°12′20″N94°26′52″E / 25.20556°N 94.44778°E / 25.20556; 94.44778 Coordinates: 25°12′20″N94°26′52″E / 25.20556°N 94.44778°E / 25.20556; 94.44778
CountryFlag of India.svg  India
State Manipur
District Ukhrul
Population
  Total 8,000
Languages
  Official Meiteilon (Manipuri)
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 795142
Vehicle registration MN
Nearest city Ukhrul
Literacy 75%
Lok Sabha constituency Outer Manipur
Vidhan Sabha constituency Chingai
Website manipur.gov.in

Longpi (pronounced "long-pee") is a general reference to two villages (Longpi Kajui and Longpi Khullen) in the Ukhrul District of the Indian state of Manipur. Longpi is about 37 kilometres (23 mi) north of Ukhrul, connected by National Highway 150 (Imphal-Kohima via Ukhrul and Jessami Highway). The two villages together have a population of over 8,000.

Ukhrul district district in Manipur, India

Ukhrul is a district in the north eastern state of Manipur in India. It lies about 84 kilometres (52 mi) north east of Imphal.

Manipur State in North-east India

Manipur is a state in northeastern India, with the city of Imphal as its capital. It is bounded by Nagaland to the north, Mizoram to the south, and Assam to the west; Burma (Myanmar) lies to its east. The state covers an area of 22,327 square kilometres (8,621 sq mi) and has a population of almost 3 million, including the Meitei, who are the majority group in the state, the Pangals or the Pangans, Kuki, and Naga people, who speak a variety of Sino-Tibetan languages. Manipur has been at the crossroads of Asian economic and cultural exchange for more than 2,500 years. It has long connected the Indian subcontinent to Southeast Asia, China, Siberia, Micronesia and Polynesia, enabling migration of people, cultures, and religions.

Contents

Longpi is flanked by Nungbi Khullen in the east Sihai in the southeast, Lunghar in the south, Phungcham, Paorei, Peh in the west and Kalhang in the North.

Nungbi Khullen Village in Manipur, India

Nungbi Khullen locally called as Loree is a village located north of Ukhrul in Ukhrul district, Manipur state, India. The village falls under Chingai sub division. National Highway 150 that connects Imphal-Kohima via Ukhrul and Jessami passes through the village. Nungbi Khullen is about 35 kilometers from Ukhrul; and is flanked by Loree Kaju in the west, Lunghar in the south, Khamasom in the east and Kalhang in the north. Locally, the inhabitants speak Loree dialect that belongs to the Tibeto-Burman language family.

Sihai, Manipur village in Manipur, India

Sihai is a general reference to a group of villages in the north of Ukhrul District headquarters in Manipur. Sihai Khullen, the nearest from Ukhrul is about 37 kilometers from Ukhrul, connected partially by National Highway 150.

Lunghar Village in Manipur, India

Lunghar, also incorrectly called Nunghar, is a village located north of Ukhrul in Ukhrul district, Manipur state, India. Lunghar villagers call Lunghar as Lunghir, Lunghar village is very fertile and rich in vegetation and fruits. People all around the Manipur are enchanted by the beautiful spot in the village such as Phangrei, Zorcheng, Tingloi, Phungrim which is just 25 km from Ukhrul Town. National Highway 150, Imphal-Kohima road via Jessami passes through Nunghar and the village is about 18 kilometers from Ukhrul. Lunghar is flanked by Sihai in the east, Longpi in the north, Phungcham and Halang in the west and Shirui in the south. Locally inhabitants speak Lunghir dialect which belongs to the Tibeto-Burman language family. The village is divided into five major tangs; Sosotang, Layintang, Huishunaotang(Haotang), Asaitang and Zorchengtang.

Origin

The name 'Longpi' means 'group lodge' in Tangkhul dialect. Local myths suggests that the name was coined based on the strategic location of the village. It is said that the villages serve as transit point for travelers in olden days. Before the introduction of common salt, people from all over Tangkhul villages goes to Kalhang, Marem and Maremphung to fetch salt water and baked salt. It was during these travels that people stop over at Longpi for the nights and were treated as guests by the longpian. The place thus, came to be known as 'group lodge' or Longpi. Recently, the natives indigenised their village name by referring themselves as "Loree" which means a large collection of groups or clans. Longpi is home to about 22 clans at present. This fact validates the claim of the inhabitants calling themselves as 'Loree '. Not many villages among the Tangkhul Naga have large numbers of clans like Longpi. It is believed that many clans of the Tangkhul Naga traced their migration point from these villages especially the western Tangkhuls.

The villages used to be under a single chief. [2] The village got bifurcated with almost half of the populace moving further east somewhere in the early eighteenth century. The main reason for the mass migration could be to cultivate more of the inherited land that lies further east.

Longpi Pottery

Longpi is famous for age old pottery making locally called Longpi Ham. It is believed that Longpi ham used to be the main cooking utensil among the Tangkhuls before the advent of aluminum pots. Longpi ham as of today has attained national and international popularity. Longpi pottery is one unique art where the potters do not use the potter's wheel.

Longpi Pottery Lori Ham.png
Longpi Pottery

Longpi ham is made from a mixed paste of ground black serpentinite stone and a special brown clay. As claimed by the locals, the clay is native to only Longpi village. After the pots are shaped, polished and sun dried they are heated in a bonfire and thereafter polished with a special tree leaf locally called Chiron ni. The black color of Longpi ham is a result of polishing the heated earthen pots with the tree leaf. Pottery is the secondary occupation of the populace and is the main source of income for the artisans. [3]

People

Agriculture is the primary occupation of the people. 99 percent of the population are Christians. Longpi has three high schools, Holy Spirit School, Raphei High School and Worrin School. Raphei High School is one of the oldest Government high schools in Ukhrul district. Holy Spirit High School is run by the Catholic parish and Worrin High School is run by the Baptist Mission of North Tangkhul region. Literacy rate of Longpi is 75%.

Festivals

Longpi is one among the few villages within the Tangkhul tribe that still celebrate the Seed Sowing festival (Luira/Luita Phanit) in strict adherence to indigenous and traditional rituals. The main Luira cuisine of Longpi is pork cooked in large Longpi ham in moderate temperature overnight with lots of locally produced chilli powder. Local beer and local wine are also served as part of the Luira menu. The specially cooked pork pieces of the festival are normally the size of human palm. Guests during the festival are invited to tour the village and partake in the tasting of dishes and wine placed outside every house in the village. The festival is a major tourist attraction celebrated in the month of January.

Vegetation

Longpi is home to various species of both common and rare flora and fauna. Rice is the main crop and corn, potato, cabbage, pulses are grown as cash crops.

Related Research Articles

Potters wheel device with a rotating flat disc or turntable on which clay may be shaped to create symmetrical forms

In pottery, a potter's wheel is a machine used in the shaping of round ceramic ware. The wheel may also be used during the process of trimming the excess body from dried ware, and for applying incised decoration or rings of colour. Use of the potter's wheel became widespread throughout the Old World but was unknown in the Pre-Columbian New World, where pottery was handmade by methods that included coiling and beating.

Pit fired pottery

Pit firing is the oldest known method for the firing of pottery. Examples have been dated as early as 29,000–25,000 BCE, while the earliest known kiln dates to around 6000 BCE, and was found at the Yarim Tepe site in modern Iraq. Kilns allow higher temperatures to be reached, and use fuel more efficiently, and have long replaced pit firing as the most widespread method of firing pottery, although the technique still finds limited use amongst certain studio potters and in Africa.

Tangkhul Naga

The Tangkhuls are a major Naga ethnic group living in the Indo-Burma border area occupying the Ukhrul district in Manipur, India and the Somra tract hills, Layshi township, Homalin township in Upper Burma and Tamu Township in Burma. Despite this international border, many Tangkhul have continued to regard themselves as "one nation".Tangkhuls living in Burma are also known as Hogo Naga or Eastern Tangkhul or Somra Tangkhul. Also Kokak Naga, Akyaung Ari Naga and Hogo Naga are included tribally within Tangkhul Naga tribe but their language are quite distinct. The Tangkhul (Somra/Hogo) language in Mayanmar is very different from Tangkhul (Ukhrul) spoken in India.

Rishang Keishing was a senior politician of the Indian National Congress party and a Member of the Parliament of India representing Manipur in the Rajya Sabha, the upper house of the Indian Parliament. Keishing served as Chief Minister of Manipur from 1980 to 1988 and from 1994 to 1997. He was from Bungpa village, Ukhrul District, Manipur.

Christianity was the second-largest religion in Manipur, a state of India in its Northeast region, according to 2011 census data published by the Government of India.

Khangkhui Village in Manipur, India

Khangkhui is a Tangkhul Naga village in the North-eastern part of Ukhrul district of Manipur, India. The village is about 16 kilometer from Ukhrul District headquarters. The village is flanked by Choithar in the west, Nungshong in the south, Pushing in the east and Langdang and Shirui in the north.

Oinam Hill, also Onaeme village is a Poumai Naga village situated at some 40 km from Senapati district Headquarters and 20 km from NH-39/2 at Maram Town point and roughly 80 km from Kohima, Nagaland falling under Purul Sub-division in the present Manipur state. It is located in the heart of the Leopaona area surrounded by Thingba Khullen and Thingba Khunou in the West, Purul in the East, Khongdei and Ngamju in the north and the beautiful Barak River in the south. The village has rich forest land with varied flora and fauna. Onaeme village is located on a hillock with a sloping curve from north to south and east to west.

Phalee Village in Manipur, India

Phalee also called as Phadang is a village located west of Ukhrul in Ukhrul district, Manipur state in India. As per 2011 census,.. It lies in the Indo-Burma Biodiversity Hot Spot Region of the world wherein the flora and fauna diversity are very rich. It occupies total area of about 49 sq. km. It has Red Sandy Soils and annual rainfall of 2000-2400mm. It has subtropical pine forest climate with distinct four seasons. The average temperature is in the range of 23°C. It experienced reverse monsoon in winter and four distinct seasons.The village has a total of 794 households with 3742 persons of which 1934 are male while 1808 are female. Of the total population, 11.60% are in the age group of 0–6 years. The average sex ratio of the village is 904 female per 1000 male. The literacy rate of the village is 81.35%. Phalee is flanked by Ngaimu and Tolloi in the East, Somdal and Hoomi north, Tuinem and Lamlang in the south and Champhung and Tora in the west. The village is assumed to be more than 600 years (approximate) since the first settler settled in relation to the sixteen generation back. The village has a total of 794 households with 3742 persons of which 1934 are male while 1808 are female. The average sex ratio of the village is 904 females per 1000 male. The literacy rate of the village is 81.35%.

Chingjaroi village in Manipur, India

Chingjaroi, originally known Asinei or Asewnei alternatively called Zingchui/Zingjui by the tangkhul ,Swemi by the Poumai and khatsomi by the Chakhesang tribe is a large tangkhul Naga village located north of Ukhrul in Ukhrul district, Manipur state, India and bordered mainly by villages like Peh, Phaibung ,Jessami, Laii ,Kharasom and Razai. The village is sub-divided into three parts, viz. Chingjaroi Khullen, Chingjaroi Khunou and Chingjaroi Christian Village. Chingjaroi Khullen the nearest from the National Highway 150 is approximately 84 kilometers from Ukhrul district headquarters.

Khamasom Village in Manipur, India

Khamasom is a generic reference to four villages located north of Ukhrul in Ukhrul district, Manipur state, India. The four villages are Khamasom Khayangkho, Khamasom Walely, Khamasom Phungdhar and Khamasom Phungrei. The settlement is approximately 25 kilometers from Ukhrul and partially connected by National Highway 150, Imphal-Kohima road via Jessami. Khamasom is flanked by Sihai in the south, Huishu in the north west Nungbi Khullen in the west and Myanmar in the east. The inhabitants speak Khamasom dialect which belongs to the Tibeto-Burman language family. The four villages are under one chieftain.

Kalhang Village in Manipur, India

Kalhang is a village located north of Ukhrul in Ukhrul district, Manipur state, India. The village is approximately 39 kilometers from Ukhrul. National Highway 150 Imphal-Kohima via Jessami passes through the village. Kalhang is one of the villages that used to make indigenous salt from natural salt springs and supply to other Tangkhul villages before the introduction of common salt. The village is flanked by Phungcham and Peh in the west, Khamasom in the east, Longpi in the south and Kuirei in the North. Locally inhabitants speak Kansang dialect which belongs to the Tibeto-Burman language family.

Marem Village in Manipur, India

Marem is a village located north of Ukhrul in Ukhrul district, Manipur state, India. The village is approximately 48 kilometers from Ukhrul. National Highway 150 Imphal-Kohima via Jessami passes through the village. The village is often in the news for the deplorable condition of the National Highway stretch that passes through the village land. Marem is one of the villages that used to make indigenous salt from salt springs and supply to other Tangkhul villages before the advent of common salt. The village is flanked by Peh in the west, Chingai in the east, Ngahui and Kalhang in the south and Chingjaroi and Namrei in the north. Locally inhabitants speak Marem dialect which belongs to the Tibeto-Burman language family.

Phungyar Village in Manipur, India

Phungyar is a village located south of Ukhrul in Ukhrul district, Manipur state, India. The village is about 50 kilometers from Ukhrul and is partially connected by National Highway 150 that connects Imphal and Kohima via Ukhrul and Jessami. The village is flanked by Alang and Khambi in the south, Godah in the north and Kasom in the west. Locally, the inhabitants speak Phungyar tui which belongs to the Tibeto-Burman language family.

Chatric Village in Manipur, India

Chatric also known as Siyang is a village located southeast of [Kamjong] in Kamjong district, Manipur state, India.The village is about 80 kilometers from Ukhrul and is partially connected by Ukhrul-Kamjong State highway. The village is flanked by Chamu in the north, Chahong village in the south, the Chindwin river (Myanmar) in the east and Chahong in the west. Chatric is an Indian border village with Myanmar. Locally, the inhabitants speak Chatric tui which belongs to the Tibeto-Burman language family. The village is divided into two major parts with separate settlements; Chatric Khullen and Chatric Khunou.

Kasom khullen

Kasom Khullen is a village located at the north-eastern state of Manipur in India. The village, about 64 km away from the capital Imphal, is also the headquarter of the Kasom Sub Division situated at the southern region of Ukhrul district. The village is inhabited by about 210 households.

Khamlang Village

Khamlang village is situated on the southern part of Ukhrul District, Manipur, India. It is inhabited by Khameon a Tangkhul Naga tribe. It is situated 2 km away from headquarter of Sub-Division, Kasom Khullen, 137 km away from district headquarter Ukhrul and 59 km from state capital Imphal, Manipur.

References

  1. Nungbee chaphu adds tinge to Tangkhuls' riches
  2. "Longpi in News". e-pao.net. Retrieved 26 July 2015.
  3. "On Longpi pottery". Isha Foundation. Retrieved 26 July 2015.