Lonoke, Arkansas

Last updated

Lonoke, Arkansas
City of Lonoke
Lonoke, AR 021.jpg
Downtown Lonoke
Lonoke County Arkansas Incorporated and Unincorporated areas Lonoke Highlighted 0541420.svg
Location of Lonoke in Lonoke County, Arkansas.
Usa edcp location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Lonoke
Coordinates: 34°47′3″N91°54′3″W / 34.78417°N 91.90083°W / 34.78417; -91.90083 Coordinates: 34°47′3″N91°54′3″W / 34.78417°N 91.90083°W / 34.78417; -91.90083
Country Flag of the United States.svg  United States
State Flag of Arkansas.svg  Arkansas
County Lonoke
Township Lonoke
Incorporated January 22, 1872;150 years ago (1872-01-22)
Named for "Lone Oak"
Government
  Type Mayor–Council
   Mayor Trae Reed (I)
   Council Lonoke City Council
Area
[1]
   City 4.90 sq mi (12.70 km2)
  Land4.81 sq mi (12.45 km2)
  Water0.10 sq mi (0.25 km2)
Elevation
[2]
243 ft (74 m)
Population
 (2020)
   City 4,276
  Density889.54/sq mi (343.45/km2)
   Metro
610,518 (Little Rock/North Little Rock
Time zone UTC-6 (CST)
  Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
72086
Area code(s) 501
FIPS code 05-41420
GNIS feature ID0077553 [2]
Major airport LIT
Website cityoflonoke.com

Lonoke ( /ˈlnk/ ) is the second most populous city in Lonoke County, Arkansas, United States, and serves as its county seat. According to 2010 United States Census, the population of the city is 4,245. It is part of the Little Rock North Little Rock Conway Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Contents

History

Lonoke's history begins with the advance of Union troops through Central Arkansas during the American Civil War. The town of Brownsville was burned to the ground by Union forces after the retreat of Confederate forces westward to Little Rock. After the war, it was decided by the city leaders of Brownsville that a new town should be formed by the nearby railroad so that those who wished to stay could do so.

According to local legend, the town was named for a large red oak tree that was found while trees were being chopped down in order to build houses. The official name of the city was originally Lone Oak. However, due to a misprint in the Lonoke Democrat newspaper, the town's name was printed as Lonoak. Eventually, this misspelling became further misspelled as Lonoke.

The town of Lonoke was very slow to grow. Lonoke maintained a sustainable population through the support of its agricultural based economy until World War II. Because of the baby boom, Lonoke's population began to reach higher numbers. Furthermore, Lonoke became a sort of suburban area of Little Rock due to the implementation of the Interstate Highway System and the construction of Interstate 40.

In recent years, the population of Lonoke has remained in the area of about 4,000 people. As the Little Rock metropolitan area continues to grow, Lonoke's population is expected to grow as well as Lonoke is becoming more suitable as a suburban area.

Eberts Field, used by the United States Army for pilot training during World War I and World War II, was located near Lonoke.

Geography

Lonoke is in central Lonoke County, located at 34°47′3″N91°54′3″W / 34.78417°N 91.90083°W / 34.78417; -91.90083 (34.784065, -91.900705). [3]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 4.6 square miles (12 km2), of which 4.3 square miles (11 km2) is land and 0.3 square miles (0.78 km2) (6.07%) is water.

Government

Lonoke is governed by a mayor-council form of city government, in which a mayor, other city administrators, and an eight-member city council are all regularly elected. The city is divided into eight districts (analogous to wards in other cities), each represented on the council by an alderman. In addition to the mayor, the city's clerk, treasurer, attorney and district judge are also popularly elected.

Education

The city of Lonoke lacks post secondary institutions due to its small population and rural nature. However, Lonoke does feature a public school district that includes a primary, elementary, middle, and high school. According to the National Institute for Higher Education, Lonoke High School has an average ACT score of 22. However, over 89% of the graduating class of high school from 1987 to 2007 has been accepted to an institution of higher education. Of those 89%, approximately 45% have attended Arkansas State University Beebe.

In addition to its public school system, Lonoke is home to the main campus of the Lonoke Exceptional School, which offers learning opportunities for children and adults with various developmental disabilities. The school has served Lonoke and surrounding areas since 1972; its main campus in downtown Lonoke was built in 1991.

Some areas of Lonoke are served by the Des Arc School District, which leads to graduation from Des Arc High School.

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1880 659
1890 85830.2%
1900 95110.8%
1910 1,54762.7%
1920 1,71110.6%
1930 1,674−2.2%
1940 1,7152.4%
1950 1,556−9.3%
1960 2,35951.6%
1970 3,14033.1%
1980 4,12831.5%
1990 4,022−2.6%
2000 4,2876.6%
2010 4,245−1.0%
2020 4,2760.7%
U.S. Decennial Census [4]

2020 census

Lonoke racial composition [5]
RaceNumberPercentage
White (non-Hispanic)2,66462.3%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic)1,15226.94%
Native American 80.19%
Asian 310.72%
Pacific Islander 10.02%
Other/Mixed 1693.95%
Hispanic or Latino 2515.87%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 4,276 people, 1,676 households, and 1,075 families residing in the city.

2000 census

As of the 2000 census, [6] there were 4,287 people, 1,595 households, and 1,092 families residing in the city. The population density was 990.0 inhabitants per square mile (382.2/km2). There were 1,703 housing units at an average density of 393.3 per square mile (151.9/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 73.29% White, 23.40% Black or African American, 0.77% Native American, 0.33% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.98% from other races, and 1.19% from two or more races. 1.84% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 1,595 households, out of which 33.4% had children under the living with them, 50.4% were married couples living together, 14.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.5% were non-families. 28.5% of all households were made up of individuals, and 14.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 3.14.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 26.3% under the, 8.7% from 18 to 24, 25.8% from 25 to 44, 21.5% from 45 to 64, and 17.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 88.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.4 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $31,558, and the median income for a family was $44,423. Males had a median income of $34,315 versus $22,642 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,598. About 11.9% of families and 15.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.6% of those under age 18 and 19.5% of those age 65 or over.

Notable people

See also

Related Research Articles

Pulaski County, Arkansas County in Arkansas, United States

Pulaski County is located in the U.S. state of Arkansas with a population of 399,125, making it the most populous county in Arkansas. Its county seat is Little Rock, which is also Arkansas's capital and largest city. Pulaski County is Arkansas's fifth county, formed on December 15, 1818, alongside Clark and Hempstead Counties. The county is named for Casimir Pulaski, a Polish volunteer who saved George Washington's life during the American Revolutionary War. Pulaski County is included in the Little Rock–North Little Rock–Conway, AR Metropolitan Statistical Area which had 731,612 people in the 2015 census estimates. The Little Rock, North Little Rock Combined Statistical Area had 904,469 people in the 2015 census estimates.

Lonoke County, Arkansas County in Arkansas, United States

Lonoke County is located in the Central Arkansas region of the U.S. state of Arkansas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 68,356, making it the 11th-most populous of Arkansas's 75 counties. The county seat is Lonoke and largest city is Cabot. Lonoke County was formed on April 16, 1873, from Pulaski County and Prairie County, and was named as a corruption of "lone oak", after a large red oak in the area that had been used by a surveyor to lay out the Memphis and Little Rock Railroad.

Faulkner County, Arkansas County in Arkansas, United States

Faulkner County is located in the Central Arkansas region of the U.S. state of Arkansas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 113,237, making it the fifth most populous of Arkansas's 75 counties. The county seat and largest city is Conway. Faulkner County was created on April 12, 1873, one of nine counties formed during Reconstruction, and is named for Sandford C. Faulkner, better known as Sandy Faulkner, a popular figure in the state at the time.

Stuttgart, Arkansas City in Arkansas, United States

Stuttgart is a city in and the county seat of the northern district of Arkansas County, Arkansas, United States. It is located on U.S. Route 165, approximately 45 miles (72 km) southeast of Little Rock; and on U.S. Route 79 approximately 110 miles southwest of Memphis, Tennessee. Stuttgart is also on the Union Pacific Railroad between Memphis, Tennessee, and Pine Bluff, Arkansas. As of the 2010 census it had a population of 9,326.

Mayflower, Arkansas City in Arkansas, United States

Mayflower is a town in Faulkner County, Arkansas, United States. The population was 2,234 at the 2010 census, up from 1,631 at the 2000 census.

Walnut Ridge, Arkansas City in Arkansas, United States

Walnut Ridge is a city in Lawrence County, Arkansas, United States. The population was 5098 at the United States Census's 2019 estimate. The city is the county seat of Lawrence County. Walnut Ridge lies immediately north of Hoxie. The two towns form a contiguous urban area with approximately 8,000 residents. Williams Baptist University is in College City, a formerly separate community that merged into Walnut Ridge in 2017.

Allport, Arkansas Town in Arkansas, United States

Allport is a town in Lonoke County, Arkansas, United States. Although a black enclave in the largely-white Lonoke County since the 1870s, the town did not incorporate until 1967 in order to receive funding for municipal services. Located within Central Arkansas along Highway 165, the community's economy is strongly tied to agriculture. The population was 115 at the 2010 Census.

Austin, Arkansas City in Arkansas, United States

Austin is a city in Lonoke County, Arkansas, United States. The population was 2,038 as of the 2010 census and an estimated 3,693 as of 2018. It is part of the Little Rock–North Little Rock–Conway Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Cabot, Arkansas City in Arkansas

Cabot is the largest city in Lonoke County, Arkansas, United States, and a suburb of Little Rock. As of the 2010 census, the population of the city was 23,776, and in 2019 the population was an estimated 26,352, ranking it as the state's 19th largest city, behind Jacksonville. It is part of the Little Rock–North Little Rock–Conway Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Carlisle, Arkansas City in Arkansas, United States

Carlisle is a city in Lonoke County, Arkansas, United States. It is the easternmost municipality within the Little Rock–North Little Rock–Conway Metropolitan Statistical Area. Carlisle was incorporated in 1878. As of the 2010 census it had a population of 2,214.

Coy, Arkansas Town in Arkansas, United States

Coy is a town in southern Lonoke County, Arkansas, United States. The population was 96 at the 2010 census, making it the smallest incorporated community within the Little Rock–North Little Rock–Conway Metropolitan Statistical Area, as well as one of the smallest in the state.

Humnoke, Arkansas City in Arkansas, United States

Humnoke is a city in Lonoke County, Arkansas, United States. The population was 284 at the 2010 census. It is part of the Little Rock–North Little Rock–Conway Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Keo, Arkansas Town in Arkansas, United States

Keo is a town in southwest Lonoke County, Arkansas, United States. The population was 256 at the 2010 census. It is part of the Little Rock–North Little Rock–Conway Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Scott, Arkansas Census-designated place in Arkansas, United States

Scott is an unincorporated community and census-designated place (CDP) in Lonoke and Pulaski counties in the central part of the U.S. state of Arkansas. Per the 2020 census, the population was 97. It is part of the Little Rock–North Little Rock–Conway Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Ward, Arkansas City in Arkansas, United States

Ward is the third most populous city in Lonoke County, Arkansas, United States. The population was 4,067 at the 2010 census. It is part of the Little Rock–North Little Rock–Conway Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Jacksonville, Arkansas City in Arkansas, United States

Jacksonville is a city in Pulaski County, Arkansas, United States, and a suburb of Little Rock. As of the 2010 census, the population of the city was 28,364. It is part of the Little Rock–North Little Rock–Conway Metropolitan Statistical Area with 729,135 people as of 2014.

Bryant, Arkansas City in Arkansas, United States

Bryant is a city in Saline County, Arkansas, United States and a suburb of Little Rock. According to the 2010 Census, the population of the city was 16,688. It is part of the Central Arkansas region.

Shorewood, Minnesota City in Minnesota, United States

Shorewood is a city nestled in the woods along on the shores of Lake Minnetonka in Hennepin County, Minnesota, United States. The population was 7,307 at the 2010 census. The city was incorporated in 1956. Its area was originally part of the former Excelsior Township.

Stuart, Oklahoma Town in Oklahoma, United States

Stuart is a town in southeastern Hughes County, Oklahoma, United States. The population was 180 at the 2010 census, down from 220 in 2000.

England, Arkansas City in Arkansas, United States

England is a city in southwestern Lonoke County, Arkansas, United States and the county's fourth most populous city. The population was 2,825 at the 2010 census. It is part of the Little Rock–North Little Rock–Conway Metropolitan Statistical Area.

References

  1. "2020 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 29, 2021.
  2. 1 2 U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Lonoke, Arkansas
  3. "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  4. "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  5. "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved December 31, 2021.
  6. "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved January 31, 2008.