Lord of Mann

Last updated

Lord of Mann
Coat of arms of the Isle of Man.svg
2019 Reuniao Bilateral com o Principe Charles - 48948389972 (cropped).jpg
Charles III
since 8 September 2022
Style His Majesty
First monarch George III

The lord of Mann (Manx : Çhiarn Vannin) is the lord proprietor [1] [2] and head of state of the Isle of Man. The current lord proprietor and head of state is Charles III. Before 1504 the head of state was known as King of Mann.


Relationship with the Crown

Since 1399, the kings and lords of Mann were vassals of the kings of England, and subsequently of Great Britain, who was the ultimate sovereign of the island. This right of 'lord proprietor' was revested into the Crown by the Isle of Man Purchase Act 1765 for £70,000 and a £2,000 annuity, and hence ceased to exist separately. King George III became the first British monarch to reign over the Isle of Man as Lord of Mann in 1765. [3] For reasons of culture and tradition, the title Lord of Mann continues to be used. For these reasons, the correct formal usage, as used in the Isle of Man for the Loyal Toast, is The King, Lord of Mann. The term The King, Lord of Man was also used when Charles III was proclaimed King on the Isle of Mann [4]

Isle of Man 1 Crown 1970 Elizabeth II(obv)-4039.jpg
Isle of Man 1 Crown 1970 Elizabeth II(rev)-4040.jpg
Queen Elizabeth II on a Manx crown coin of 1970. Manx cat is shown on the reverse.

The title "Lord" was used by Queen Elizabeth II. Queen Victoria was styled as Lady of Mann. [5]

The formal Latin style is Dominus Manniae.


Before 1504

Before 1504, the ruler of the Isle of Man was generally styled King of Mann. [6]

16th century

Succession dispute (1594–1607)

In 1598, a succession dispute between the daughters of Ferdinando and their uncle, William, Earl of Derby, was heard by the Privy Council. They decided that the right to the Isle of Man belonged solely to Queen Elizabeth I, and the letters patent of 1405 which conferred the lordship of the Isle of Man on the Stanley family were declared null and void as the previous ruler, Henry, Earl of Northumberland, had not been subject to legal attainder, despite his treason, and the 1405 and 1406 letters patent had therefore not taken effect. [7] [8]

The Queen, in consideration of the "many eminent services performed to herself and to her royal predecessors by the honourable and noble House of Stanley", withdrew her right and referred the contending claimants to the decision of the Privy Council as to the best claim of inheritance.

The Privy Council decided "the grant being by letters patent under the Great Seal of England, such right would descend according to the Common Law of England to the heirs general, and not to the heirs male", and the island was therefore awarded to Ferdinando's daughters; whereupon William agreed to purchase their several shares and interests. [9]

Interim (1607–1609)

Following the resolution of the succession dispute, it was ruled that the daughters of Ferdinando Stanley were the rightful heirs. As the oldest of them would not reach the age of majority until 1609, two temporary Lords of Mann were appointed by James I by letters patent, [10] so that the daughters could benefit from the Island's revenues.

The original letters patent having been declared void, the Parliament of England in 1609 under James I passed a Private Act of Parliament entitled "An Act for assuring and establishing the Isle of Man in the name and blood of William, Earl of Derby" [(1609) 7 Jac.1 c.4] [11] which established the title in law as Lord of Mann. The lordship was conferred by letters patent dated 7 July 1609 upon William Stanley, 6th Earl of Derby. [12] Subsequent succession was under the terms of this grant. [13]

17th and 18th centuries

In 1736, on the death of James Stanley, 10th Earl of Derby, the Duke of Atholl, a maternal grandson of James Stanley, 7th Earl of Derby, succeeded to the sovereignty of the Isle of Man, while a more distant cousin succeeded as Earl of Derby.


In 1765, Charlotte Murray, Duchess of Atholl, 8th Baroness Strange, sold the suzerainty of the island to the British government for £70,000 and an annuity of £2,000 (£5,235,000 and £150,000 respectively in modern terms). By the passage of the Isle of Man Purchase Act 1765 the title of Lord of Mann was revested into the British Crown. It has therefore since been used in the Isle of Man to refer to the reigning British monarch.

In 1828, all remaining property interests and rights of the dukes of Atholl on the island were sold to HM Treasury, a department of the British government, for the sum of £417,144, equivalent to £38,009,426in 2021. [14] [15] This was accomplished by two Private Acts of Parliament:

Lieutenant Governor

The Lord of Mann is now represented by the Lieutenant Governor of the Isle of Man.

See also

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">History of the Isle of Man</span> Historical development of the Isle of Man

The Isle of Man had become separated from Great Britain and Ireland by 6500 BC. It appears that colonisation took place by sea sometime during the Mesolithic era. The island has been visited by various raiders and trading peoples over the years. After being settled by people from Ireland in the first millennium AD, the Isle of Man was converted to Christianity and then suffered raids by Vikings from Norway. After becoming subject to Norwegian suzerainty as part of the Kingdom of Mann and the Isles, the Isle of Man later became a possession of the Scottish and then the English crowns.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Earl of Derby</span> Title in the Peerage of England

Earl of Derby is a title in the Peerage of England. The title was first adopted by Robert de Ferrers, 1st Earl of Derby, under a creation of 1139. It continued with the Ferrers family until the 6th Earl forfeited his property toward the end of the reign of Henry III and died in 1279. Most of the Ferrers property and the Derby title were then held by the family of Henry III. The title merged in the Crown upon Henry IV's accession to the throne in 1399.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Duke of Atholl</span> Title in the Peerage of Scotland held by the head of Clan Murray

Duke of Atholl, named for Atholl in Scotland, is a title in the Peerage of Scotland held by the head of Clan Murray. It was created by Queen Anne in 1703 for John Murray, 2nd Marquess of Atholl, with a special remainder to the heir male of his father, the 1st Marquess.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">St Michael's Isle</span> Island of the Isle of Man

St Michael's Isle, more commonly referred to as Fort Island, is an island in Malew parish in the Isle of Man, noted for its attractive ruins. It covers an area of 5.14 hectares, is about 400 metres long from west to east, and is connected to the Langness Peninsula, near Derbyhaven, by a narrow causeway. The island itself is made of rocky slate and the soil is very acidic. Nevertheless, it has important communities of maritime plants.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Diocese of Sodor and Man</span> Diocese of the Church of England

The Diocese of Sodor and Man is a diocese of the Church of England. Originally much larger, today it covers just the Isle of Man and its adjacent islets. Today, the bishop's office is in Douglas and the cathedral is in Peel. The diocese is not generally called either "Sodor diocese" or "Man diocese".

<span class="mw-page-title-main">William Stanley, 6th Earl of Derby</span>

William Stanley, 6th Earl of Derby, KG was an English nobleman and politician. Stanley inherited a prominent social position that was both dangerous and unstable, as his mother was heir to Queen Elizabeth I under the Third Succession Act, a position inherited in 1596 by his deceased brother's oldest daughter, Anne, two years after William had inherited the Earldom from his brother. After a period of European travel in his youth, a long legal battle eventually consolidated his social position. Nevertheless, he was careful to remain circumspect in national politics, devoting himself to administration and cultural projects, including playwriting.

The pound is the currency of the Isle of Man, at parity with sterling. The Manx pound is divided into 100 pence. Notes and coins, denominated in pounds and pence, are issued by the Isle of Man Government.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">James Stanley, 7th Earl of Derby</span>

James Stanley, 7th Earl of Derby, KG was an English nobleman, politician, and supporter of the Royalist cause in the English Civil War. Before inheriting the title in 1642 he was known as Lord Strange. He was feudal Lord of the Isle of Man, where he was known as "Yn Stanlagh Mooar".

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Illiam Dhone</span> Manx nationalist and politician (1608–1663)

Illiam Dhone or Illiam Dhôan, also known as William Christian, was a Manx politician and depending on viewpoint, patriot, rebel or traitor. He was a son of Ewan Christian, a deemster. In Manx, Illiam Dhone literally translates to Brown William—an epithet he received due to his dark hair—and in English he was called Brown-haired William. Dhone was a significant figure in the Isle of Man during the English Civil War and the Manx Rebellion of 1651. He was executed for high treason in 1663. In the centuries after his death he has become a "martyr and folk-hero, a symbol of the Island's cherished freedoms and traditional rights".

<span class="mw-page-title-main">John Murray, 3rd Duke of Atholl</span>

John Murray, 3rd Duke of Atholl KT, PC, known as John Murray until 1764, was a Scottish peer and Tory politician.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Battle of Ronaldsway</span> Battle in 1275 in the southern part of the Isle of Man between a Scottish army and the Manx

The Battle of Ronaldsway took place in 1275 at Ronaldsway in the southern part of the Isle of Man between a Scottish army and the Manx. The battle crushed the final attempt by the Manx to re-establish the Norse Sudreyar dynasty. As the battle resulted in the death of the last Norse King of Mann, Guðrøðr Magnússon, and the emigration to Norway of the remaining members of the Manx royal family, it also led to the firm establishment of Scottish rule on the Isle of Man.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Castle Rushen</span> Building in Castletown, Isle of Man

Castle Rushen is a medieval castle located in the Isle of Man's historic capital, Castletown, in the south of the island. It towers over the Market Square to the south-east and the harbour to the north-east. The castle is amongst the best examples of medieval castles in Europe and is still in use as a museum and educational centre.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Thomas Wilson (bishop)</span> Anglican bishop of Sodor and Man 1697 and 1755.

Thomas Wilson was Bishop of Sodor and Man between 1697 and 1755.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Isle of Man Purchase Act 1765</span> Great Britain Act of Parliament

The Isle of Man Purchase Act 1765, also known as the Act of Revestment, purchased the feudal rights of the Dukes of Atholl as Lords of Man over the Isle of Man, and revested them into the British Crown.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Governor of the Isle of Man</span>

The title of Governor of the Isle of Man existed until 1828. Other titles were also used, especially before 1595.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Lieutenant Governor of the Isle of Man</span>

The Lieutenant Governor of the Isle of Man is the Lord of Mann's official personal representative in the Isle of Man. He has the power to grant royal assent and is styled "His Excellency".

<span class="mw-page-title-main">King of Mann</span>

The King of Mann was the title taken between 1237 and 1504 by the various rulers, both sovereign and suzerain, over the Kingdom of Mann – the Isle of Man which is located in the Irish Sea, at the centre of the British Isles. Since 1504, the head of state has been known as the Lord of Mann.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Elizabeth Stanley, Countess of Derby</span>

Elizabeth Stanley, Countess of Derby, Lord of Mann, was an English noblewoman and the eldest daughter of the Elizabethan courtier and poet Edward de Vere, 17th Earl of Oxford.

John Wood was a military officer in the British Army and Governor of the Isle of Man from 1761 until his death in 1777.

The Manx Rebellion of 1651 was an uprising against the ruler of the Isle of Man during the English Civil War. It was led by William Christian, better known by the epithet Illiam Dhone, due to his dark hair. The Rebellion was mainly in response to agrarian and land ownership reforms enacted by Lord of Mann James Stanley, 7th Earl of Derby, and the increased burden on the Manx people during the English Civil War. It was a bloodless coup with English Parliamentary forces taking control of the island. The Rebellion temporarily ended control of the Isle of Man by the Stanley family until the Restoration when King Charles II returned from exile in Europe.


  1. "Tynwald of Today". Tynwald . Archived from the original on 3 December 2008.
  2. "A new electorate for the Isle of Man". BBC News. 19 November 2006. Retrieved 11 May 2010.
  3. "Isle of Man". The official website of The British Monarchy. Archived from the original on 29 October 2013. Retrieved 27 October 2013.
  4. "Proclamation of King Charles III, Lord of Mann". Youtube. Gef the Mongoose. Retrieved 14 October 2022.
  5. Callow, Edward (1899). "Preface". From King Orry to Queen Victoria: A Short and Concise History of the Isle of Man. London, UK: Elliot Stock. Retrieved 27 October 2013 via Isle-of-man.com.
  6. "Kings & Lords of Mann". Manx National Heritage . Archived from the original on 30 May 2007.
  7. Callow, Edward (2007). From King Orry to Queen Victoria: A Short and Concise History of the Isle of Man. Gardners Books. ISBN   1-4326-8295-4.
  8. Parr, John (1867). "Reign of Queen Elizabeth". In Gell, James (ed.). An Abstract of the Laws, Customs, and Ordinances of the Isle of Man. Douglas: The Manx Society. Retrieved 27 October 2013 via Isle-of-man.com.
  9. "William, Sixth Earl of Derby, 1610-1627". Isle-of-man.com. Retrieved 27 October 2013.
  10. Oliver, J.R., ed. (1861). "Grant of the Isle of Man to the Earl of Northampton and the Earl of Salesbury". Monumenta de Insula Manniae. Vol. III. Douglas: Manx Society. p. 88. Retrieved 27 October 2013 via Isle-of-man.com.
  11. Mills, M.A. (1821). "An Acte for the Assuringe and Establishing of the Isle of Manne". Ancient Ordinances and Statute Laws of the Isle of Man. Douglas. pp. 522–527 via Isle-of-man.com.
  12. Mills, M.A. (1821). "Grant by James I of Island to Earl of Salisbury". Ancient Ordinances and Statute Laws of the Isle of Man. Douglas. pp. 514–522 via Isle-of-man.com.
  13. Howe, David (30 November 2007). "Letter from The King of Mann". Manx Independent . Archived from the original on 14 December 2007. Retrieved 22 December 2007.
  14. "Currency converter". The National Archives. Retrieved 6 July 2012.
  15. "Act of Revestment 1765". Isle-of-man.com. Retrieved 27 October 2013.