Studio portrait of Young, 1943
January 6, 1913
Salt Lake City, Utah, U.S.
|Died||August 12, 2000 87) (aged|
Los Angeles, California, U.S.
|Resting place||Holy Cross Cemetery|
Loretta Young (born Gretchen Young; January 6, 1913 – August 12, 2000) was an American actress. Starting as a child actress, she had a long and varied career in film from 1917 to 1953. She won the Academy Award for Best Actress for her role in the film The Farmer's Daughter (1947), and received her second Academy Award nomination for her role in Come to the Stable (1949). Young moved to the relatively new medium of television, where she had a dramatic anthology series, The Loretta Young Show , from 1953 to 1961. The series earned three Emmy Awards, and was re-run successfully on daytime TV and later in syndication. In the 1980s, Young returned to the small screen and won a Golden Globe for her role in Christmas Eve in 1986.
She was born Gretchen Young in Salt Lake City, Utah, the daughter of Gladys (née Royal) and John Earle Young.At confirmation, she took the name Michaela. When she was two years old, her parents separated, and when she was three, her mother moved the family to Hollywood. She and her sisters Polly Ann and Elizabeth Jane (better known as Sally Blane) all worked as child actresses, but of the three, Gretchen was the most successful.
Young's first role was at the age of two or three in the silent film Sweet Kitty Bellairs . During her high-school years she was educated at Ramona Convent Secondary School. She was signed to a contract by John McCormick, husband and manager of actress Colleen Moore, who saw the young girl's potential.Moore gave her the name Loretta, explaining that it was the name of her favorite doll.
Young was billed as Gretchen Young in the silent film Sirens of the Sea (1917). She was first billed as Loretta Young in 1928, in The Whip Woman . That same year, she co-starred with Lon Chaney in the MGM film Laugh, Clown, Laugh . The next year, she was named one of the WAMPAS Baby Stars.
In 1930, when she was 17, she eloped with 26-year-old actor Grant Withers; they were married in Yuma, Arizona. The marriage was annulled the next year, just as their second movie together (ironically entitled Too Young to Marry) was released. In 1934 she co-starred with Cary Grant in Born to Be Bad (1934 film) and in 1935 was billed with Clark Gable and Jack Oakie in the film version of Jack London's The Call of the Wild , directed by William Wellman.
During World War II, Young made Ladies Courageous (1944; re-issued as Fury in the Sky), the fictionalized story of the Women's Auxiliary Ferrying Squadron. It depicted a unit of female pilots who flew bomber planes from the factories to their final destinations. Young made as many as eight movies a year. In 1947, she won an Oscar for her performance in The Farmer's Daughter . That same year, she co-starred with Cary Grant and David Niven in The Bishop's Wife , a perennial favorite. In 1949, she received another Academy Award nomination for Come to the Stable . In 1953, she appeared in her last theatrical film, It Happens Every Thursday , a Universal comedy about a New York couple who move to California to take over a struggling weekly newspaper; her co-star was John Forsythe.
Young hosted and starred in the well-received half-hour anthology television series Letter to Loretta (soon retitled The Loretta Young Show), which was originally broadcast from 1953 to 1961. She earned three Emmy awards for the program. Her trademark was a dramatic entrance through a living room door in various high-fashion evening gowns. She returned at the program's conclusion to offer a brief passage from the Bible or a famous quote that reflected upon the evening's story. (Young's introductions and concluding remarks were not re-run on television because she legally stipulated that they not be, as she did not want the dresses she wore in those segments to make the program seem dated.) The program ran in prime time on NBC for eight years, the longest-running primetime network program hosted by a woman up to that time.[ citation needed ]
The program was based on the premise that each drama was in answer to a question asked in her fan mail. The title was changed to The Loretta Young Show during the first season (as of the episode of February 14, 1954), and the "letter" concept was dropped at the end of the second season. Towards the end of the second season, Young was hospitalized as a result of overwork, which required a number of guest hosts and guest stars; her first appearance in the 1955–1956 season was for the Christmas show. From then on, Young appeared in only about half of each season's shows as an actress, and served as the program's host for the remainder.
Minus Young's introductions and conclusions, the series was re-run as the Loretta Young Theatre in daytime by NBC from 1960 to 1964. It also appeared in syndication into the early 1970s before being withdrawn.
In the 1962–1963 television season, Young appeared as Christine Massey, a freelance magazine writer and the mother of seven children, in The New Loretta Young Show , on CBS. It fared poorly in the ratings on Monday evenings against ABC's Ben Casey . It was dropped after one season of 26 episodes.[ citation needed ]
In the 1990s, selected episodes from Young's personal collection, with the opening and closing segments (and original title) intact, were released on home video and frequently shown on cable television. [ citation needed ]
In 1988, Young received the Women in Film Crystal Award for outstanding women who through their endurance and the excellence of their work helped expand the role of women in the entertainment industry.
Young has two stars on the Hollywood Walk of Fame: one for her work in television, at 6135 Hollywood Boulevard, and the other for her work in motion pictures, at 6100 Hollywood Boulevard.In 2011, a Golden Palm Star on the Walk of Stars, in Palm Springs, California, was dedicated to her.
Young was married three times and had three children. Her first marriage was to actor Grant Withers in 1930. The marriage was annulled the following year.[ citation needed ] From September 1933 to June 1934, she had a well publicized affair with actor Spencer Tracy (who was married to Louise Tracy), her co-star in Man's Castle . In 1940, Young married producer Tom Lewis. They had two sons: Peter Lewis (of the San Francisco rock band Moby Grape); and Christopher Lewis, a film director. Young and Lewis divorced bitterly in the mid-1960s.[ citation needed ]
Young had an affair with actor Glenn Ford in the early 1970s.
In 1993, Young married for the third and final time, to the fashion designer Jean Louis. Their marriage lasted until his death in April 1997. Young was godmother to Marlo Thomas (daughter of TV star Danny Thomas).
A smoker since the age of eight,a then underweight Young quit the habit in the mid-1980s, successfully gaining 10 pounds.
Young and Clark Gable were the romantic leads of the 1935 Twentieth Century Pictures film The Call of the Wild . Young was then 22 years old; Gable was 34 and married to Maria “Ria” Franklin Prentiss Lucas Langham. During filming, Young became pregnant by Gable.
Young did not want to damage her career or Gable's. She knew that if Twentieth Century Pictures found out about the pregnancy, they would pressure her to have an abortion; Young, a devout Catholic, considered abortion a mortal sin.Young, her sisters, and her mother came up with a plan to hide the pregnancy and then pass off the child as adopted. When Young’s pregnancy began to advance, she went on a "vacation" to England. After returning to California, she gave an interview from her bed, covered in blankets; at that time, she stated that her long movie absence was due to a condition she had had since childhood. Young gave birth to a daughter, Judith, on November 6, 1935, in Venice, California. Young named Judith after St. Jude because he was the patron saint of (among other things) difficult situations. Weeks after her birth, Judith was placed in an orphanage. Judith would spend the next 19 months in various "hideaways and orphanages" before being re-united with her mother; Young then claimed that she had adopted Judith. After Young married Tom Lewis, Judith took Lewis's last name.
Few in Hollywood were fooled by the ruse. Judith (Judy) Lewis bore a strong resemblance to Gable,and her true parentage was widely rumored in entertainment circles. When Lewis was 31 years old, she confronted Young about her parentage; Young privately admitted that she was Lewis's birth mother, stating that Lewis was "a walking mortal sin". Young refused to confirm or comment publicly on the rumors until 1999, when Joan Wester Anderson wrote Young's authorized biography. In interviews with Anderson for the book, Young stated that Lewis was her biological child and the product of a brief affair with Gable. Young would not allow the book to be published until after her death.
In 2015, Linda Lewis, the wife of Young's son, Christopher, stated publicly that in 1998, a then-85-year-old Young had told Lewis that Gable had raped her. According to Linda Lewis, Young added that no consensual intimate contact had occurred between Gable and herself.Young had never disclosed the rape to anyone. According to Lewis, Young shared this information only after learning of the concept of date rape from watching Larry King Live ; she had previously believed it was a woman's job to fend off men's amorous advances and had perceived her inability to thwart Gable's attack as a moral failing on her part. Linda Lewis said that the family remained silent about Young's rape claim until after both Young and Judy Lewis had died.
Young was a life-long Republican.In 1952, she appeared in radio, print, and magazine ads in support of Dwight D. Eisenhower in his campaign for US president. She attended his inauguration in 1953 along with Anita Louise, Louella Parsons, Jane Russell, Dick Powell, June Allyson, and Lou Costello, among others. She was a vocal supporter of Richard Nixon and Ronald Reagan in their presidential campaigns in 1968 and 1980, respectively. Young was also an active member of the Hollywood Republican Committee, with her close friends Irene Dunne, Ginger Rogers, William Holden, George Murphy, Fred Astaire, and John Wayne.
From the time of Young's retirement in the 1960s until not long before her death, she devoted herself to volunteer work for charities and churches with her friends of many years: Jane Wyman, Irene Dunne, and Rosalind Russell.She was a member of the Church of the Good Shepherd in Beverly Hills and the Catholic Motion Picture Guild in Beverly Hills, California. Young, a devout Catholic, also worked with various Catholic charities after her acting career. Young briefly came out of retirement to star in two television films: Christmas Eve (1986) and Lady in the Corner (1989). She won a Golden Globe Award for the former and was nominated for the latter.
In 1972, a jury in Los Angeles awarded Young $550,000 in a lawsuit against NBC for breach of contract. Filed in 1966, the suit contended that NBC had allowed foreign television outlets to re-run old episodes of The Loretta Young Show without excluding, as agreed by the parties, the opening segment in which Young made her entrance. Young testified that her image had been damaged by portraying her in "outdated gowns". She had sought damages of $1.9 million.
Young died of ovarian cancer on August 12, 2000, at the home of her maternal half-sister, Georgiana Montalbán(the wife of actor Ricardo Montalban) in Santa Monica, California. She was interred in the family plot in Holy Cross Cemetery in Culver City, California. Her ashes were buried in the grave of her mother, Gladys Belzer.
|1916||Sweet Kitty Bellairs||unknown||Lost; uncredited|
|1917||The Primrose Ring||Fairy||Lost; uncredited|
|1917||Sirens of the Sea||Child||As Gretchen Young|
|1919||The Only Way||Child on operating table|
|1921||White and Unmarried||Child||Uncredited|
|1921||The Sheik||Arab child||Extant; uncredited|
|1927||Naughty But Nice||Bit part||Extant; uncredited|
|1927||Her Wild Oat||Bit by ping pong table||Extant; uncredited|
|1927||Orchids and Ermine||unknown||Extant; uncredited|
|1928||The Whip Woman||The Girl||Lost|
|1928||Laugh, Clown, Laugh||Simonetta||Extant; made at MGM|
|1928||The Magnificent Flirt||Denise Laverne||Lost; made at Paramount Pictures|
|1928||The Head Man||Carol Watts||Lost|
|1928||Scarlet Seas||Margaret Barbour||Extant (Vitaphone track of music and effects survives). Picture elements discovered at Cineteca Italiana, Milan|
|1929||Seven Footprints to Satan||One of Satan's victims||Extant; uncredited|
|1929||The Squall||Irma||Extant, in Library of Congress|
|1929||The Girl in the Glass Cage||Gladys Cosgrove||Lost|
|1929||Fast Life||Patricia Mason Stratton||Lost (Vitaphone soundtrack discs at UCLA Film and Television)|
|1929||The Careless Age||Muriel||Lost|
|1929||The Forward Pass||Patricia Carlyle||Lost|
|1929||The Show of Shows||"Meet My Sister" number||Extant, in Library of Congress|
|1930||Loose Ankles||Ann Harper Berry||Extant, in Library of Congress|
|1930||The Man from Blankley's||Margery Seaton||Lost (Vitaphone soundtrack discs at UCLA Film and Television)|
|1930||Show Girl in Hollywood||Extant, in Library of Congress; uncredited|
|1930||The Second Floor Mystery||Marion Ferguson||Extant, in Library of Congress|
|1930||Road to Paradise||Mary Brennan/Margaret Waring||Extant, in Library of Congress|
|1930||Warner Bros. Jubilee Dinner||Herself||Short subject|
|1930||Kismet||Marsinah||Lost (Vitaphone soundtrack discs at UCLA Film and Television)|
|1930||War Nurse||Nurse||Extant; made at MGM; uncredited (Young's scenes deleted)|
|1930||The Truth About Youth||Phyllis Ericson||Extant, in Library of Congress|
|1930||The Devil to Pay!||Dorothy Hope||Extant; produced by Samuel Goldwyn; released by United Artists|
|1931||How I Play Golf, by Bobby Jones No. 8: "The Brassie"||Herself||Short subject|
|1931||Beau Ideal||Isobel Brandon||Extant; made at RKO|
|1931||The Right of Way||Rosalie Evantural||Extant, in Library of Congress|
|1931||The Stolen Jools||Herself||Short subject|
|1931||Three Girls Lost||Norene McMann||Extant|
|1931||Too Young to Marry||Elaine Bumpstead||Extant, in Library of Congress|
|1931||Big Business Girl||Claie "Mac" McIntyre||Extant, in Library of Congress|
|1931||I Like Your Nerve||Diane Forsythe||Extant, in Library of Congress|
|1931||The Ruling Voice||Gloria Bannister||Extant, in Library of Congress|
|1932||Taxi!||Sue Riley Nolan||Extant, in Library of Congress|
|1932||The Hatchet Man||Sun Toya San||Extant, in Library of Congress; original title The Honorable Mr. Wong|
|1932||Play-Girl||Buster "Bus" Green Dennis||Extant, in Library of Congress|
|1932||Week-End Marriage||Lola Davis Hayes||Extant, in Library of Congress|
|1932||Life Begins||Grace Sutton||Extant, in Library of Congress|
|1932||They Call It Sin||Marion Cullen||Extant, in Library of Congress|
|1933||Employees' Entrance||Madeleine Walters West||Extant, in Library of Congress|
|1933||Grand Slam||Marcia Stanislavsky||Extant, in Library of Congress|
|1933||Zoo in Budapest||Eve||Extant|
|1933||The Life of Jimmy Dolan||Peggy||Extant, in Library of Congress|
|1933||Heroes for Sale||Ruth Loring Holmes||Extant, in Library of Congress|
|1933||Midnight Mary||Mary Martin|
|1933||She Had to Say Yes||Florence "Flo" Denny||Extant, in Library of Congress|
|1933||The Devil's in Love||Margot Lesesne||Extant|
|1934||The House of Rothschild||Julie Rothschild|
|1934||Born to Be Bad||Letty Strong|
|1934||Bulldog Drummond Strikes Back||Lola Field|
|1934||The White Parade||June Arden|
|1935||Clive of India||Margaret Maskelyne Clive|
|1935||The Call of the Wild||Claire Blake|
|1935||The Crusades||Berengaria, Princess of Navarre|
|1935||Hollywood Extra Girl||Herself||Short subject|
|1936||The Unguarded Hour||Lady Helen Dudley Dearden|
|1936||Private Number||Ellen Neal|
|1936||Ladies in Love||Susie Schmidt|
|1937||Love Is News||Toni Gateson|
|1937||Café Metropole||Laura Ridgeway|
|1937||Love Under Fire||Myra Cooper|
|1937||Wife, Doctor and Nurse||Ina Heath Lewis|
|1938||Four Men and a Prayer||Miss Lynn Cherrington|
|1938||Three Blind Mice||Pamela Charters|
|1938||Suez||Countess Eugenie de Montijo|
|1939||Wife, Husband and Friend||Doris Borland|
|1939||The Story of Alexander Graham Bell||Mrs. Mabel Hubbard Bell|
|1940||The Doctor Takes a Wife||June Cameron|
|1940||He Stayed for Breakfast||Marianna Duval|
|1941||The Lady from Cheyenne||Annie Morgan|
|1941||The Men in Her Life||Lina Varsavina|
|1941||Bedtime Story||Jane Drake|
|1942||A Night to Remember||Nancy Troy|
|1943||Show Business at War||Herself||Short subject|
|1944||Ladies Courageous||Roberta Harper||Famously "a clef" biopic of the WWII WASPs, pioneering women pilots|
|1944||And Now Tomorrow||Emily Blair|
|1945||Along Came Jones||Cherry de Longpre|
|1946||The Stranger||Mary Longstreet|
|1947||The Perfect Marriage||Maggie Williams|
|1947||The Farmer's Daughter||Katrin "Katy" Holstrum||Academy Award for Best Actress|
|1947||The Bishop's Wife||Julia Brougham|
|1948||Rachel and the Stranger||Rachel Harvey|
|1949||The Accused||Dr. Wilma Tuttle|
|1949||Mother Is a Freshman||Abigail Fortitude Abbott|
|1949||Come to the Stable||Sister Margaret||Nominated for Academy Award for Best Actress|
|1950||Key to the City||Clarissa Standish|
|1951||You Can Change the World||Herself||Short subject|
|1951||Cause for Alarm!||Ellen Jones|
|1951||Half Angel||Nora Gilpin|
|1951||Screen Snapshots: Hollywood Awards||Herself||Short subject|
|1952||Because of You||Christine Carroll Kimberly|
|1953||It Happens Every Thursday||Jane MacAvoy|
|1986||Christmas Eve||Amanda Kingsley||TV movie|
|1989||Lady in a Corner||Grace Guthrie||TV movie|
|1994||Life Along the Mississippi||Narrator (voice)||TV documentation|
|1940||The Campbell Playhouse||"Theodora Goes Wild"|
|1945||Cavalcade of America||"Children, This Is Your Father"|
|1947||Family Theater||"Flight from Home"|
|1952||Lux Radio Theatre||"Come to the Stable"|
|1952||Family Theater||"Heritage of Home"|
William Clark Gable was an American film actor, often referred to as "The King of Hollywood". He had roles in more than 60 motion pictures in multiple genres during a career that lasted 37 years, three decades of which was as a leading man. Gable died of a heart attack; his final on screen appearance was of an aging cowboy in The Misfits, released posthumously in 1961.
Janet Gaynor was an American film, stage, and television actress and painter.
Judy Garland was an American actress, singer, vaudevillian and dancer. With a career spanning 45 years, she attained international stardom as an actress in both musical and dramatic roles, as a recording artist, and on the concert stage. Renowned for her versatility, she received an Academy Juvenile Award, a Golden Globe Award, and a Special Tony Award. Garland was the first woman to win the Grammy Award for Album of the Year, which she won for her 1961 live recording entitled Judy at Carnegie Hall.
Dark Victory is a 1939 American drama film directed by Edmund Goulding, starring Bette Davis, and featuring George Brent, Humphrey Bogart, Geraldine Fitzgerald, Ronald Reagan, Henry Travers, and Cora Witherspoon. The screenplay by Casey Robinson was based on the 1934 play of the same title by George Brewer and Bertram Bloch, starring Tallulah Bankhead.
Susan Hayward was an American actress and model. She was best known for her film portrayals of women that were based on true stories.
Judy Holliday was an American actress, comedienne and singer.
Judith Davis is an Australian actress known for her work in film, television, and theatre. With a career spanning over 40 years, she is commended for her versatility and is regarded as one of the finest actresses of her generation with frequent collaborator Woody Allen describing her as "one of the most exciting actresses in the world". She is the recipient of numerous accolades, including eight Australian Film Institute Awards, three Primetime Emmy Awards, two British Academy Film Awards and two Golden Globe Awards, in addition to nominations for two Academy Awards.
Private Benjamin is a 1980 American comedy film starring Goldie Hawn. The film was one of the biggest box office hits of 1980, and also spawned a short-lived television series. The film is ranked 82 on the American Film Institute's 100 Years...100 Laughs list, and 59 on Bravo's list of "100 Funniest Movies".
Margaret O'Brien is an American film, radio, television, and stage actress. Beginning a prolific career as a child actress in feature films for Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer at the age of four, O'Brien became one of the most popular child stars in cinema history and was honored with a Juvenile Academy Award as the outstanding child actress of 1944. In her later career, she appeared on television, on stage, and in supporting film roles.
Judy Lewis was an American actress, writer, producer, and therapist. She was the secret biological daughter of actor Clark Gable and actress Loretta Young.
Anita Louise was an American film and television actress best known for her performances in A Midsummer Night's Dream (1935), The Story of Louis Pasteur (1935), Anthony Adverse (1936), Marie Antoinette (1938), and The Little Princess (1939). She was named as a WAMPAS Baby Star, and frequently described as one of the cinema's more fashionable and stylish women.
Sally Blane was an American actress. She appeared in over 100 movies.
Judith Therese Evans, known professionally as Judy Greer, is an American actress, voice actress, comedian, and director. She is primarily known as a character actress, who has appeared in a wide variety of films. She first rose to prominence in the early 2000s, appearing in the romantic comedies What Women Want (2000), 13 Going on 30 (2004), 27 Dresses (2008), and Love & Other Drugs (2010).
Jean Louis was a French-born, Hollywood costume designer and an Academy Award winner for Best Costume Design.
Claudine Margaret Castelo Barretto is a Filipino film and television actress, product endorser and entrepreneur.
Sandra Descher is an American former child actress of the 1950s.
Call of the Wild is a 1935 American adventure film, an adaptation of Jack London's 1903 novel The Call of the Wild. The film is directed by William A. Wellman, and stars Clark Gable, Loretta Young and Jack Oakie. The screenplay by Gene Fowler and Leonard Praskins omits all but one of the book's storylines.
The Loretta Young Show is an American anthology drama television series broadcast on Sunday nights from September 2, 1953, to June 4, 1961, on NBC for a total of 165 episodes. The series was hosted by actress Loretta Young, who also played the lead in various episodes.
Taylor Jane Schilling is an American actress. She is known for her role as Piper Chapman on the Netflix original comedy-drama series Orange Is the New Black (2013–2019), for which she received a nomination for the Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actress in a Comedy Series and two Golden Globe Award nominations for Best Actress – Television Series Musical or Comedy and Best Actress – Television Series Drama. She made her film debut in the 2007 drama Dark Matter. Schilling also starred as Nurse Veronica Flanagan Callahan in the short-lived NBC medical drama Mercy (2009–2010). Her other films include Atlas Shrugged: Part I (2011), the romantic drama The Lucky One (2012), the comedy Take Me (2017) and the science fiction thriller The Titan (2018).
Christopher Paul Lewis is a writer and film producer, primarily for television.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Loretta Young .|