Lorraine and Barrois

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Lorraine and Barrois
Government of Kingdom of France
1766 [1] –1790 [1]
Lorraine-et-Barrois in France (1789).svg
Capital Nancy
1766 [1]
1790 [1]
Preceded by
Succeeded by
BlasonLorraine.svg Duchy of Lorraine
Bar Arms.svg Duchy of Bar
Meurthe (department) Coats of arms of None.svg
Meuse (department) Blason departement fr Meuse.svg
Moselle (department) Blason departement fr Moselle.svg
Vosges (department) Blason departement fr Vosges.svg

Lorraine and Barrois (French : Lorraine et Barrois) was a government of the Kingdom of France, formed in February 1766 from the duchies of Lorraine and Bar upon the death of Stanisław Leszczyński. [2]



1771 Bonne Map of Alsace and Lorraine, France - Geographicus - AlsaceLorraine-bonne-1771.jpg
1771 map of Lorraine and Alsace by Rigobert Bonne
1770 Cour souveraine de Lorraine et Barrois.jpg
Armorial of the members of the Sovereign Court of Lorraine and Barrois

King Louis XV of France (r. 1715–1774) had negotiated at the preliminaries of Vienna in 1735 "an arrangement by which Francis [III, Duke of Lorraine] received the duchy of Tuscany [...] in exchange for Lorraine, and Stanislaus Leszczynski, the dethroned king of Poland and father-in-law of Louis XV., obtained Lorraine, which after his death would pass to his daughter—in other words, to France." [2] The following year (1736), "by a secret agreement," Stanisław had "abandoned the financial administration of his estates to Louis XV. for a yearly subsidy." [2] Both treaties, however, guaranteed the legislation of Lorraine and Barrois, "the privileges enjoyed by the three orders, and their common law and customs tariffs, which they retained until the French Revolution." [2]

Meanwhile, the Three Bishoprics formed a little government. [2]

Barrois mouvant (composed of the bailiwicks of Bar and Bassigny) was under the jurisdiction of the Parliament of Paris whereas Barrois non-mouvant (i.e. the Bailiwick of Saint-Mihiel) and Lorraine were subject to the Sovereign Court of Lorraine and Barrois, [3] which became the Parliament of Nancy in 1776. There was also a chambre des comptes at Bar-le-Duc. [2]

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Timeline of Nancy

The history of Nancy, France, the capital city of Lorraine, dates back to at least 800 BC with the earliest signs of human settlement in the area. Early settlers were likely attracted by easily mined iron ore and a ford in the Meurthe River. A small fortified town named Nanciacum (Nancy) was built by Gerard, Duke of Lorraine around 1050.

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Events from the year 1633 in France.


  1. 1 2 3 4 L'Armée à Nancy, 1633–1966: mélanges d'histoire militaire, p. 72.
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 6 The Encyclopædia Britannica , p. 12.
  3. Dictionnaire universel de la France ancienne & moderne (in French). 1726. p. 999.