Lorraine and Barrois

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Lorraine and Barrois
Government of Kingdom of France
1766 [1] –1790 [1]
Lorraine-et-Barrois in France (1789).svg
Capital Nancy
History 
 Established
1766 [1]
 Disestablished
1790 [1]
Preceded by
Succeeded by
BlasonLorraine.svg Duchy of Lorraine
Bar Arms.svg Duchy of Bar
Meurthe (department) Coats of arms of None.svg
Meuse (department) Blason departement fr Meuse.svg
Moselle (department) Blason departement fr Moselle.svg
Vosges (department) Blason departement fr Vosges.svg

Lorraine and Barrois (French : Lorraine et Barrois) was a government of the Kingdom of France, formed in February 1766 from the duchies of Lorraine and Bar upon the death of Stanisław Leszczyński. [2]

Contents

History

1771 Bonne Map of Alsace and Lorraine, France - Geographicus - AlsaceLorraine-bonne-1771.jpg
1771 map of Lorraine and Alsace by Rigobert Bonne
1770 Cour souveraine de Lorraine et Barrois.jpg
Armorial of the members of the Sovereign Court of Lorraine and Barrois

King Louis XV of France (r. 1715–1774) had negotiated at the preliminaries of Vienna in 1735 "an arrangement by which Francis [III, Duke of Lorraine] received the duchy of Tuscany [...] in exchange for Lorraine, and Stanislaus Leszczynski, the dethroned king of Poland and father-in-law of Louis XV., obtained Lorraine, which after his death would pass to his daughter—in other words, to France." [2] The following year (1736), "by a secret agreement," Stanisław had "abandoned the financial administration of his estates to Louis XV. for a yearly subsidy." [2] Both treaties, however, guaranteed the legislation of Lorraine and Barrois, "the privileges enjoyed by the three orders, and their common law and customs tariffs, which they retained until the French Revolution." [2]

Meanwhile, the Three Bishoprics formed a little government. [2]


Barrois mouvant (composed of the bailiwicks of Bar and Bassigny) was under the jurisdiction of the Parliament of Paris whereas Barrois non-mouvant (i.e. the Bailiwick of Saint-Mihiel) and Lorraine were subject to the Sovereign Court of Lorraine and Barrois, [3] which became the Parliament of Nancy in 1776. There was also a chambre des comptes at Bar-le-Duc. [2]

Related Research Articles

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Stanisław Leszczyński King of Poland

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Prince Charles Alexander of Lorraine 18th-century Austrian army officer and governor of the Austrian Netherlands

Prince Charles Alexander Emanuel of Lorraine was a Lorraine-born Austrian general and soldier, field marshal of the Imperial Army, and governor of the Austrian Netherlands.

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The County of Bar, later Duchy of Bar, was a principality of the Holy Roman Empire encompassing the pays de Barrois and centred on the city of Bar-le-Duc. It was held by the House of Montbéliard from the 11th century. Part of the county, the so-called Barrois mouvant, became a fief of the Kingdom of France in 1301 and was elevated to a duchy in 1354. The Barrois non-mouvant remained a part of the Empire. From 1480, it was united to the imperial Duchy of Lorraine.

Leszczyński

Leszczyński was a prominent Polish noble family. They were magnates in the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth.

Lorraine Cultural and historical region in northeastern France

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Place Stanislas

The Place Stanislas is a large pedestrianised square in the French city of Nancy, in the Lorraine region. Since 1983, the architectural ensemble comprising the Place Stanislas, the extension of its axis, the Place de la Carrière, and the Place d'Alliance, has been on the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites.

Catherine Opalińska Queen consort of Poland

Countess Catherine Opalińska, known as Catherine Opalinska in the French and English languages, was by birth member of House of Opaliński, Queen consort of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth twice and Duchess consort of Lorraine through her marriage with Stanisław I of Poland.

Jardin Dominique Alexandre Godron Botanical garden in France

The Jardin Dominique Alexandre Godron is a historic botanical garden located at 3 rue Sainte-Catherine, Nancy, Meurthe-et-Moselle, Lorraine, France. It is open daily without charge.

Palace of the Dukes of Lorraine

The Ducal Palace of Nancy is a former princely residence in Nancy, France, which was home to the Dukes of Lorraine. It houses the Musée Lorrain, one of Nancy's principal museums, dedicated to the art, history and popular traditions of Lorraine until the early 20th century. It has been listed since 1840 as a monument historique by the French Ministry of Culture.

German Lorraine

The region of German Lorraine was the German-speaking part of Lorraine, now in France, that existed for centuries until into the 20th century. The name is also used more specifically in to refer to Bezirk Lothringen, that part of Lorraine that belonged to the German Empire from 1871 to 1918.

Timeline of Nancy

The history of Nancy, France, the capital city of Lorraine, dates back to at least 800 BC with the earliest signs of human settlement in the area. Early settlers were likely attracted by easily mined iron ore and a ford in the Meurthe River. A small fortified town named Nanciacum (Nancy) was built by Gerard, Duke of Lorraine around 1050.

Jean-Baptiste Luton Durival was an 18th-century French historian, diplomat and Encyclopédiste.

Nicolas-Luton Durival was an 18th-century Lorrain civil servant, historian and geographer who became French after 1766.

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Sphinx was a two-deck 64 gun ship of the French Navy. She was built at Brest to plans by Ollivier Fils and launched in 1776. She took the name of a recently retired 64-gun ship with the same dimensions. She fought in the American War of Independence, most notably in Suffren's campaign in the Indian Ocean.

Events from the year 1633 in France.

References

  1. 1 2 3 4 L'Armée à Nancy, 1633–1966: mélanges d'histoire militaire, p. 72.
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 6 The Encyclopædia Britannica , p. 12.
  3. Dictionnaire universel de la France ancienne & moderne (in French). 1726. p. 999.

Sources