Los Lobos

Last updated

Los Lobos
Los Lobos at the White House.jpg
Los Lobos performing at the White House in 2009
Background information
Origin East Los Angeles, California, U.S.
Genres Chicano rock, roots rock, Latin rock, Tex-Mex, country rock, Americana, heartland rock, cowpunk
Years active1973present
Labels Slash/Warner Bros. Records, Rough Trade, London, Mammoth, 429 Records, RCA
Associated acts Latin Playboys, Los Super Seven
Website www.loslobos.org
Members David Hidalgo
Louie Pérez
Cesar Rosas
Conrad Lozano
Steve Berlin
Enrique González
Past membersFrank González
Richard Escalante
Victor Bisetti
Cougar Estrada

Los Lobos (pronounced  [los ˈloβos] , Spanish for "the Wolves") is an American rock band from East Los Angeles, California, United States. Their music is influenced by rock and roll, Tex-Mex, country, zydeco, folk, R&B, blues, brown-eyed soul, and traditional music such as cumbia, boleros and norteños. The band gained international stardom in 1987, when their cover version of Ritchie Valens' "La Bamba" topped the charts in the U.S., the UK and several other countries. In 2015, they were nominated for induction into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. [1] In 2018, they were inducted into Austin City Limits Hall of Fame.

Rock music is a broad genre of popular music that originated as "rock and roll" in the United States in the early 1950s, and developed into a range of different styles in the 1960s and later, particularly in the United States and the United Kingdom. It has its roots in 1940s and 1950s rock and roll, a style which drew heavily from the genres of blues, rhythm and blues, and from country music. Rock music also drew strongly from a number of other genres such as electric blues and folk, and incorporated influences from jazz, classical and other musical styles. Musically, rock has centered on the electric guitar, usually as part of a rock group with electric bass, drums, and one or more singers. Usually, rock is song-based music usually with a 4/4 time signature using a verse–chorus form, but the genre has become extremely diverse. Like pop music, lyrics often stress romantic love but also address a wide variety of other themes that are frequently social or political.

East Los Angeles, California Census-designated place in California, United States

East Los Angeles, or East L.A., known in the 1920s as Belvedere or Belvedere Gardens, is an unincorporated area and census-designated place (CDP) in Los Angeles County, California, United States. As of the 2010 census it had a population of 126,496. It is 96% Latino—the highest percentage of any neighborhood in Los Angeles County, and the highest of any census-designated place in the United States with a population of 100,000 or more.

Rock and roll is a genre of popular music that originated and evolved in the United States during the late 1940s and early 1950s from musical styles such as gospel, jump blues, jazz, boogie woogie, and rhythm and blues, along with country music. While elements of what was to become rock and roll can be heard in blues records from the 1920s and in country records of the 1930s, the genre did not acquire its name until 1954.

Contents

History

1973–79: Formation and early releases

Vocalist and guitarist David Hidalgo and drummer Louie Pérez met at Garfield High School in East Los Angeles, California, and bonded over their mutual affinity for obscure musical acts such as Fairport Convention, Randy Newman and Ry Cooder. [2] [3] Pérez recalls, "We’re looking at each other, 'You like this stuff? I thought I was the only weird one.' So I went over to his house one day for about a year, which we spent listening to records, playing guitars, and starting to write songs." [2] The two borrowed reel-to-reel recorders from a friend and created multitrack recordings of music spanning from parody songs to free-form jazz. [2] They later enlisted fellow students Frank Gonzalez, Cesar Rosas and Conrad Lozano to complete the group's lineup, in 1973. [3] Their first album, Los Lobos del Este de Los Angeles , was recorded at two studios in Hollywood in 1977 over a period of about four months. At that time, they all had regular jobs, and it was hard to get together for the sessions. To accommodate that situation, their producer Louis Torres would call the engineer, Mark Fleisher, who owned and operated a high-speed tape duplicating studio in Hollywood, to find a studio when he knew all the band members could get off work that night. Most of the songs were recorded at a studio on Melrose Avenue, located next to the Paramount studios at the time, and a low-priced studio on Sunset Boulevard.

David Hidalgo American musician

David Kent Hidalgo is an American singer-songwriter, best known for his work with the band Los Lobos. Hidalgo frequently plays musical instruments such as accordion, violin, 6-string banjo, cello, requinto jarocho, percussion, drums and guitar as a session musician on other artists' releases.

Louie Pérez American songwriter, percussionist and guitarist

Louis Frausto Pérez, Jr. is an American songwriter, percussionist and guitarist for Los Lobos and Latin Playboys.

Fairport Convention British folk rock group

Fairport Convention are a British folk rock band, formed in 1967 by Richard Thompson, Simon Nicol, Ashley Hutchings, and Shaun Frater, with Frater replaced by Martin Lamble after their first gig. They started out heavily influenced by American folk rock and singer-songwriter material, with a setlist dominated by covers of Bob Dylan and Joni Mitchell songs and a sound that earned them the nickname “the British Jefferson Airplane.” Vocalists Judy Dyble and Iain Matthews joined them before the recording of their self-titled debut in 1968; afterwards, Dyble was replaced by Sandy Denny, with Matthews leaving during the recording of their third album.

The band members were unsatisfied with playing only American Top 40 songs and began experimenting with the traditional Mexican music they listened to as children. [3] This style of music received a positive reaction from audiences, leading the band to switch genres, performing at hundreds of weddings and dances between 1974 and 1980. [3] However, Los Lobos took notice of the popular groups on the Hollywood music scene and added influences of rock to its sound. [3]

Originally, they called themselves Los Lobos del Este (de Los Angeles) ("The Wolves of the East [of Los Angeles)]"), which was a play on the name of the norteño band Los Tigres del Norte; also, there was another conjunto band at the time named "Los Lobos Del Norte", who had released several albums already, and in fact Los Lobos del Este were from east L.A. The name was quickly shortened to Los Lobos. [4]

Los Tigres del Norte Mexican band

Los Tigres del Norte are a Mexican norteño band from Mocorito, Sinaloa and based in San Jose, California, United States.

1980–88: How Will the Wolf Survive? and commercial success

The band's first noteworthy public appearance occurred in 1980 at the Olympic Auditorium in Los Angeles, when they were hired by David Ferguson and CD Presents to open for Public Image Ltd. In 1983, the band released an extended play entitled ...And a Time to Dance , which was well received by critics but sold only about 50,000 copies. [5] However, the sales of the EP earned the group enough money to purchase a Dodge van, enabling the band to tour throughout the United States for the first time. [5] Los Lobos returned to the studio in the summer of 1984 to record its first major-label album, How Will the Wolf Survive? , in 1984. [6] The album's title and the title song were inspired by a National Geographic article entitled "Where Can the Wolf Survive", which the band members related to their own struggle to gain success in the United States while maintaining their Mexican roots. [5]

Los Angeles City in California

Los Angeles, officially the City of Los Angeles and often known by its initials L.A., is the most populous city in California, the second most populous city in the United States, after New York City, and the third most populous city in North America. With an estimated population of nearly four million, Los Angeles is the cultural, financial, and commercial center of Southern California. The city is known for its Mediterranean climate, ethnic diversity, Hollywood, the entertainment industry, and its sprawling metropolis. Los Angeles is the largest city on the West Coast of North America.

David Ferguson (impresario) American music promoter

David Ferguson was an American international outsider-culture impresario, activist, music producer and concert promoter. Over his career, most of which has been spent on the West Coast, he worked with musical acts such as The Avengers, John Lydon, Billy Bragg, Iggy Pop, Bad Brains, Black Flag, and Butthole Surfers and visual artists Vaughn Bode, Jean-Michel Basquiat, and Barry McGee. Ferguson worked with multi-discipline artists such as avant-garde musician and spoken-word artist Lydia Lunch and the psychedelic drag queen performance group The Cockettes.

Extended play Musical recording longer than a single, but shorter than a full album

An extended play record, often referred to as an EP, is a musical recording that contains more tracks than a single, but is usually unqualified as an album or LP. Contemporary EPs generally contain a minimum of three tracks and maximum of six tracks, and are considered "less expensive and time-consuming" for an artist to produce than an album. An EP originally referred to specific types of vinyl records other than 78 rpm standard play (SP) and LP, but it is now applied to mid-length CDs and downloads as well.

The film Colors includes "One Time, One Night" in the opening credits, although the song was not included on the soundtrack album. In 1986, members of Los Lobos appeared alongside Tomata du Plenty in the punk rock musical Population: 1 . In 1987, they released a second album, By the Light of the Moon . In the same year, they recorded some Ritchie Valens covers for the soundtrack of the film La Bamba , including the title track, which became a number one single for the band. In 1988 they followed with another album, La pistola y el corazón , featuring original and traditional Mexican songs.

<i>Colors</i> (film) 1988 film directed by Dennis Hopper

Colors is a 1988 American police procedural action crime film starring Sean Penn and Robert Duvall, and directed by Dennis Hopper. The film takes place in the gang ridden neighborhoods of 1980s' South Central Los Angeles, East Los Angeles and Northwest Los Angeles, and centers on Bob Hodges (Duvall), an experienced Los Angeles Police Department CRASH officer, and his rookie partner, Danny McGavin (Penn), who try to stop the gang violence between the Bloods, the Crips, and Hispanic street gangs. Colors relaunched Hopper as a director 19 years after Easy Rider, and inspired discussion over its depiction of gang life and gang violence.

David Xavier Harrigan, aka Tomata du Plenty was an American singer of the late 1970s and early 1980s Los Angeles electropunk band The Screamers. He was also the founder of Seattle's counterculture troupe Ze Whiz Kidz. During the later part of his life he focused on painting.

<i>Population: 1</i> 1986 film by Rene Daalder

Population: 1 is a 1986 punk rock musical film written and directed by Rene Daalder.

1988–94: The Neighborhood and Kiko

In the late 1980s and early 1990s the band toured extensively throughout the world, opening for such acts as Bob Dylan, U2 and the Grateful Dead.

Los Lobos returned with The Neighborhood in 1990, and the more experimental Kiko (produced by Mitchell Froom) in 1992. In 1991, the band contributed a lively cover of "Bertha", a song which they often performed live, to the Grateful Dead tribute–rain forest benefit album Deadicated. In 1994 they also contributed a track, "Down Where the Drunkards Roll", to the Richard Thompson tribute album Beat the Retreat.

On the band's twentieth anniversary they released a two-CD collection of singles, outtakes, live recordings and hits, entitled Just Another Band from East L.A.

1995–98: Papa's Dream and Colossal Head

In 1995, Los Lobos released the prestigious and bestselling record Papa's Dream on Music for Little People Records along with veteran guitarist and singer Lalo Guerrero. The band also scored the film Desperado . The album track "Mariachi Suite" won a Grammy Award for Best Pop Instrumental Performance and stands as their last Grammy Award to date (the other two Grammy Awards were in the category of Best Mexican-American Performance in 1983 and 1989 for the song "Anselma" and the album La Pistola y el Corazón).

In 1996, they released Colossal Head. In spite of the fact that the album was critically acclaimed, Warner Brothers decided to drop the band from their roster. Los Lobos spent the next few years on side projects. The band contributed along with Money Mark to the AIDS benefit album Silencio=Muerte: Red Hot + Latin , produced by the Red Hot Organization, on which they performed "Pepe and Irene."

1999–2006: Mammoth Records, subsequent releases

Los Lobos 2005, LosLobos.jpg
Los Lobos 2005,

Los Lobos signed to Mammoth Records and released This Time in 1999. Mammoth also reissued 1977's Del Este de Los Angeles. In 2000, Rhino/Warner Archives released the boxed set Cancionero: Mas y Mas.

In 2001, Los Lobos was awarded the El Premio Billboard Award. [7]

The band released their Mammoth Records debut, Good Morning Aztlan in 2002. They released The Ride in 2004. The Ride featured Tom Waits, Mavis Staples, Bobby Womack, Elvis Costello and others covering Los Lobos music along with the band.

Los Lobos released its first full-length live-show DVD Live at the Fillmore in 2004. The DVD captures the band's act over a two-day period in July at the famed San Francisco venue.

In September 2006, Los Lobos released The Town and the City (Mammoth Records) to much critical acclaim. [8] [9] The album's lyrics deal with Louis Perez's childhood in East Los Angeles, while the music provides complex and original soundscapes reminiscent of their previous release Kiko. Cartoonist Jaime Hernandez did the artwork for the album. [10] The album is told in the first person, with each song serving as an episodic step. [11]

2007–present: Tin Can Trust

2017-06-11 Los Lobos, Cesar, Conrad & Enrique. 2017-06-11-0581 Los Lobos, Cesar, Conrad & Enrique.jpg
2017-06-11 Los Lobos, Cesar, Conrad & Enrique.

In 2007, the group performed a cover of Bob Dylan's "Billy 1" (from Pat Garrett & Billy the Kid ) for the soundtrack to Todd Haynes's film I'm Not There . Also in 2007, they participated in Goin' Home: A Tribute to Fats Domino (Vanguard), contributing their version of Domino's "The Fat Man".

In 2009, the group under contractual obligation to Disney Music released an album of Disney covers, Los Lobos Goes Disney (Disney Sound/Walt Disney Records) [12] and more enthusiastically participated in a tribute album to the late Doug Sahm, Keep Your Soul: A Tribute to Doug Sahm (Vanguard).

In 2010, Cesar Rosas and David Hidalgo were featured artists in the Experience Hendrix Tour. On August 3, 2010, the group released their first album of new material in 4 years, entitled Tin Can Trust , through Shout! Factory, which features two Spanish-language tracks. [13]

In 2011, the group was awarded the Latin Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award. [14] [15]

In 2013, the group toured Europe supporting Neil Young and Crazy Horse.

On October 9, 2015, Los Lobos was nominated for induction into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame for the first time. [1]

In 2017, Los Lobos appeared in the multi award-winning documentary film The American Epic Sessions directed by Bernard MacMahon, where they recorded, “El Cascabel”, [16] live direct-to-disc on the first electrical sound recording system from the 1920s. [17] During their session, the belt holding the 100Ib weight that powered the 1924 cutting lathe broke and Jack White had to rush to an upholstery shop to repair it. [18] [19]

Los Lobos was inducted into the Austin City Limits Hall of Fame in 2018. [20]

Members

Former members

Touring musicians

Discography

Albums

Live albums

Compilations

Extended plays

Soundtrack, compilation, and guest appearances

DVD

Singles

YearSinglePeak chart positions Certifications
(sales threshold)
Album
BEL
[21]
CAN
[22]
ESP
[23]
FRA
[24]
IRE
[25]
NED
[26]
NZ
[27]
SUI
[28]
UK
[29]
US
[30]
1981"Under the Boardwalk"Non-album songs
"Farmer John"
1983"Ay Te Dejo en San Antonio"...and a Time to Dance
1984"Let's Say Goodnight"
"Don't Worry Baby"57How Will the Wolf Survive?
"Will the Wolf Survive"3878
1987"Shakin' Shakin' Shakes"By the Light of the Moon
"Set Me Free (Rosa Lee)"4599
"Come On, Let's Go"1325992414221821La Bamba(soundtrack)
"La Bamba"2111121111
1988"Donna"2729322683
"One Time, One Night"By the Light of the Moon
1990"Down on the Riverbed"The Neighborhood
1991"Bertha"Deadicated: A Tribute to the Grateful Dead
1992"Bella Marie de Mi Alma"Just Another Band from East LA: A Collection
"Reva's House"Kiko
"Kiko and the Lavender Moon"
2000"Cumbia Raza" This Time
"—" denotes releases that did not chart
YearSingleArtistAlbum
2010"Wasted Days and Wasted Nights" Rick Trevino Non-album song

See also

Related Research Articles

Peter Case is an American singer-songwriter and guitarist. His career is wide-ranging, from rock n' roll and blues, to folk rock and solo acoustic performance.

<i>La Bamba</i> (film) 1987 biographical film by Luis Valdez

La Bamba is a 1987 American biographical film written and directed by Luis Valdez that follows the life and career of Chicano rock 'n' roll star Ritchie Valens. The film stars Lou Diamond Phillips as Valens, Esai Morales, Rosanna DeSoto, Elizabeth Peña, Danielle von Zerneck, and Joe Pantoliano. The film depicts the impact Valens' career had on the lives of his half-brother Bob Morales, his girlfriend Donna Ludwig and the rest of his family.

Café Tacuba latin rock band from Ciudad Satélite, Mexico

Café Tacuba is a band from Ciudad Satélite, Mexico. The group gained popularity in the early 1990s. They were founded in 1989, before they had the current lineup of Rubén Isaac Albarrán Ortega, Emmanuel del Real Díaz, José Alfredo "Joselo" Rangel Arroyo, and Enrique "Quique" Rangel Arroyo:, their friend Roberto Silva played the keyboards for a short period of time. Mexican folk music player Alejandro Flores was for a time considered the 5th tacubo, as he played the violin in almost every Café Tacvba concert for many years. Since the Cuatro Caminos World Tour, Luis "El Children" Ledezma has played the drums in every concert but is not considered an official member of the band.

Tatiana (singer) Mexican-American singer, actress, producer

Tatiana Palacios Chapa, better known as simply Tatiana, is a Mexican American singer and actress based in Monterrey, Mexico. She has been nominated for five Latin Grammy Awards for Best Children's Album and has sold over 9 million records.

Ana Gabriel Mexican singer

María Guadalupe Araujo, better known as Ana Gabriel, is a Mexican singer and songwriter from Guamúchil, Sinaloa, Mexico. She first sang on the stage at age six, singing "Regalo A Dios" by José Alfredo Jiménez. She moved to Tijuana, Baja California and studied accounting. At age 21, in 1977, she recorded her first song, titled "Compréndeme". During her long career, she has hits in three different genres of music: Latin pop, Latin rock, and Mariachi.

Mitchell Froom is an American musician and record producer.

"La Bamba" is a Mexican folk song, originally from the state of Veracruz, best known from a 1958 adaptation by Ritchie Valens, a top 40 hit in the U.S. charts and one of early rock and roll's best-known songs. Valens' version of "La Bamba" is included in Robert Christgau's "Basic Record Library" of 1950s and 1960s recordings—published in Christgau's Record Guide: Rock Albums of the Seventies (1981)—and ranked number 345 on Rolling Stone magazine′s list of the 500 Greatest Songs of All Time. It is the only song on the list sung in a language other than English.

José José Mexican recording artist; singer and actor

José Rómulo Sosa Ortiz, known by his stage name José José, is a Mexican singer, musician and occasional actor. Born into a family of musicians and raised in Mexico City, José began his musical career in his early teens playing guitar and singing in serenades. He later joined a jazz and bossa nova trio where he sang and played bass and double bass. José found success as a solo artist in the early 1970s. Demonstrating his tenor vocal ability with a stunning performance of the song "El Triste" at a Latin music festival held in Mexico City in 1970, he climbed the Latin charts during that decade. Having achieved recognition as a balladeer, his singing garnered universal critical acclaim from musical peers and media.

Jorge Drexler Uruguayan musician and actor

Jorge Abner Drexler Prada is a Uruguayan musician, actor and doctor specializing in otolaryngology.

Natalia Lafourcade Mexican singer

María Natalia Lafourcade Silva is a Mexican pop-rock singer and songwriter who since her debut in 2003 has been one of the most successful singers in the pop rock scene in Latin America. Lafourcade's voice has been categorized to have the potential of becoming a lyric soprano if she would have pursued a career in opera.

Tanghetto band

Tanghetto is an Argentinian neo tango and electronic tango group created by musician and producer Max Masri. It's based in Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Julieta Venegas US-born Mexican singer-songwriter, recording artist

Julieta Venegas Percevault is an American-born Mexican singer, songwriter, instrumentalist and producer who sings pop-rock in Spanish. She speaks English, Portuguese, and Spanish fluently. She has a twin sister, Yvonne, who is a photographer. Venegas grew up in Tijuana and began studying music at age eight. She went on to join several bands including Mexican ska band Tijuana No!.

Ely Guerra Mexican singer

Ely Guerra is a Mexican singer-songwriter who was raised in Monterrey, Nuevo León, Mexico. The daughter of Alberto Guerra and Gloria Vázquez, Guerra lived the first years of her life in Monterrey, where she was born, before moving to San Luis Potosí and then to Guadalajara, due to her father's work. It was in Guadalajara where she first discovered her passion for music. She has a mezzo-soprano voice.

Los Amigos Invisibles band

Los Amigos Invisibles is a Venezuelan band that plays a blend of disco, acid jazz and funk mixed with Latin rhythms. In addition to releasing eleven critically acclaimed albums, the band is lauded internationally for their explosive, live shows, spanning nearly 60 countries.

Gustavo Santaolalla Argentine musician, film composer and film producer

Gustavo Alfredo Santaolalla is an Argentine musician, film composer and producer. He has won Academy Awards for Best Original Score in two consecutive years, for Brokeback Mountain in 2005, and Babel in 2006. More recently, he composed the original score for the video game The Last of Us (2013), and the theme music for The CW series Jane the Virgin (2014–present) and the Netflix series Making a Murderer (2015–present).

Illya Kuryaki and the Valderramas band that plays rapping

Illya Kuryaki and the Valderramas (IKV) is a musical duo formed in 1991 consisting of Dante Spinetta and Emmanuel Horvilleur, from Buenos Aires, Argentina. The duo split in 2001 to follow solo careers, but later performed together several times, and officially reunited in 2011. The duo took their name from a fictional character, the Soviet spy Illya Kuryakin in the hit 1960s TV show The Man from U.N.C.L.E., and the Colombian football player Carlos Valderrama. Their musical style is extremely wide-ranging, including hip-hop, rock, funk, and salsa.

Los Rabanes musical ensemble

Los Rabanes is a Latin Grammy winning Ska-Rock-fusion band from Chitré, Herrera, Republic of Panama. With a career spanning two decades and eight albums, they are considered pioneers in the region, and are the first band from Central America to win a Latin Grammy in the Best Rock Album Category.

<i>El Cancionero Mas y Mas</i> 2000 box set by Los Lobos

El Cancionero: Mas y Mas is a four-CD box set by the American rock band Los Lobos, released in 2000. It contains album tracks, live recordings, rarities, and alternate versions, as well as tracks from solo and side projects, soundtracks, and tribute albums. Of the eighty-six tracks on the box set, eleven are previously unissued.

Mario Alberto Domínguez Zarzar, Aka Mario Domm, is a Mexican singer, songwriter and record producer. A founding member of the pop rock band Camila, he has won four Latin Grammy Awards; four Billboard Awards; 11 Premios Lo Nuestro; 14 SACM awards; five Juventud Awards, five Telehit awards, four MTV Awards, eight ASCAP Awards, three Gaviotas de Plata Awards and three Gaviotas de Oro Awards, seven Monitor Latino Awards, two Los 40 Principales Awards, one Orgullosamente Latino Award, and a recognition as a musical genius by Telehit.

<i>El Ejemplo</i> 1995 studio album by Los Tigres del Norte

El Ejemplo is a studio album by Mexican recording artists Los Tigres del Norte. It was released by Fonovisa Records on May 2, 1995 and includes fourteen tracks written by Teodoro Bello and Enrique Valencia, which span musical genres such as ballad, bolero, corrido, cumbia and ranchera.

References

  1. 1 2 France, Lisa Respers (October 8, 2015). "Janet Jackson, N.W.A, Los Lobos among Rock and Roll Hall of Fame nominees". CNN . Retrieved October 11, 2015.
  2. 1 2 3 Kot, Greg (November 15, 2011). "Los Lobos interview; Louis Perez on songwriting". The Chicago Tribune. Tribune Company. Retrieved April 1, 2012.
  3. 1 2 3 4 5 Hilburn, Robert (October 11, 1990). "Los Lobos Returns to Old Haunts on New LP". The Los Angeles Times. Tribune Company. Retrieved April 1, 2012.
  4. El Cancionero: Mas y Mas liner notes of CD box set.
  5. 1 2 3 "100 Best Albums of the Eighties - Los Lobos: How Will the Wolf Survive?". Rolling Stone. Jann Wenner. Retrieved April 1, 2012.
  6. Erlewine, Stephen Thomas. "Los Lobos - Biography". AllMusic . Rovi Corporation. Retrieved April 1, 2012.
  7. Cobo, Leila (April 28, 2001). "El Premio Billboard Award: Los Lobos". Billboard. Nielsen Business Media. 113 (17): LM-10. ISSN   0006-2510 . Retrieved April 11, 2014.
  8. Gilstrap, Andrew (September 28, 2006). "Los Lobos: The Town and the City". PopMatters. Retrieved September 11, 2010.
  9. "The Town And The City - Los Lobos". metacritic. Retrieved September 11, 2010.
  10. Gale, Dan (2005). Los Lobos LP/DVD Discography. Retrieved February 24, 2006.
  11. "Band". Los Lobos. Retrieved July 31, 2010.
  12. Chris Morris Los Lobos: Dream in Blue 2015 -029274823X - Page 142 "They countered that by saying, 'If you want to do another children's record, you can do Disney songs. ... Alas, the band's collective heart was clearly not in the making of the awkwardly titled Los Lobos Goes Disney,"
  13. "Retrieval June-18-2011". Shoutfactorystore.com. Archived from the original on March 23, 2012. Retrieved July 17, 2011.
  14. "Latin Grammy Academy Honoring Willy Chirino, Los Lobos and Others". Billboard . Prometheus Global Media. July 1, 2014. Retrieved December 29, 2015.
  15. "2014 Latin Recording Academy Special Awards". Latin Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences. July 1, 2014. Retrieved May 31, 2016.
  16. "Music from The American Epic Sessions". American Epic | The Official Movie Website. Retrieved February 27, 2018.
  17. "The Long-Lost, Rebuilt Recording Equipment That First Captured the Sound of America". WIRED. Retrieved February 27, 2018.
  18. Lewis, Randy. "Reinventing the machine that let America hear itself on the PBS-BBC doc 'American Epic'". latimes.com. Retrieved February 27, 2018.
  19. "'American Epic': Inside Jack White and Friends' New Roots-Music Doc". Rolling Stone. Retrieved February 27, 2018.
  20. "Los Lobos". Austin City Limits Hall of Fame. Austin City Limits. Retrieved December 31, 2018.
  21. Flanders peaks
  22. "Results - RPM - Library and Archives Canada - Top Singles". RPM. Retrieved July 30, 2011.
  23. Salaverri, Fernando (September 2005). Sólo éxitos: año a año, 1959–2002 (1st ed.). Spain: Fundación Autor-SGAE. ISBN   84-8048-639-2.
  24. French peaks Les Charts
  25. Search for Irish peaks. Irish Charts
  26. Dutch peaks
  27. New Zealand peaks
  28. Swiss peaks. Hit Parade
  29. Roberts, David (2006). British Hit Singles & Albums (19th ed.). London: Guinness World Records Limited. ISBN   1-904994-10-5.
  30. "Los Lobos Album & Song Chart History - Hot 100". Billboard. Retrieved July 30, 2011.
  31. "Gold & Platinum Search - Music Canada - Los Lobos". Music Canada . Retrieved July 30, 2011.