Los Mochis

Last updated
Los Mochis
Municipal seat
Escudoahome.jpg
Seal
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Los Mochis
Location in Mexico
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Los Mochis
Los Mochis (Mexico)
Coordinates: 25°47′0.59″N108°59′37.47″W / 25.7834972°N 108.9937417°W / 25.7834972; -108.9937417 Coordinates: 25°47′0.59″N108°59′37.47″W / 25.7834972°N 108.9937417°W / 25.7834972; -108.9937417
Country Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico
State Sinaloa
Municipality Escudoahome.jpg Ahome
Founded in1893
Government
   Mayor Alvaro Ruelas Echaverría (PRI)
Elevation
10 m (30 ft)
Population
(2010)
  Total256,613 (124,228 males, 132,385 females)
Time zone UTC-7 (Mountain Standard Time)
  Summer (DST) UTC-6 (Mountain Daylight Time)

Los Mochis (Spanish pronunciation:  [los ˈmotʃis] ) is a coastal city in northern Sinaloa, Mexico. It serves as the municipal seat of the municipality of Ahome. As of the 2010 census, the population was 362,613, which was 61 percent of the municipality's population.

Sinaloa State of Mexico

Sinaloa, officially the Free and Sovereign State of Sinaloa, is one of the 31 states which, with the Federal District, compose the 32 Federal Entities of Mexico. It is divided into 18 municipalities and its capital city is Culiacán Rosales.

Mexico Country in the southern portion of North America

Mexico, officially the United Mexican States, is a country in the southern portion of North America. It is bordered to the north by the United States; to the south and west by the Pacific Ocean; to the southeast by Guatemala, Belize, and the Caribbean Sea; and to the east by the Gulf of Mexico. Covering almost 2,000,000 square kilometres (770,000 sq mi), the nation is the fifth largest country in the Americas by total area and the 13th largest independent state in the world. With an estimated population of over 120 million people, the country is the eleventh most populous state and the most populous Spanish-speaking state in the world, while being the second most populous nation in Latin America after Brazil. Mexico is a federation comprising 31 states and Mexico City, a special federal entity that is also the capital city and its most populous city. Other metropolises in the state include Guadalajara, Monterrey, Puebla, Toluca, Tijuana and León.

Ahome Municipality in Sinaloa, Mexico

Ahome is a municipality on the coast of the Gulf of California in the northwestern part of the Mexican state of Sinaloa; it is adjacent to the southern border of Sonora state. It reported 388,344 inhabitants in the 2005 census. Ahome is also the name of the second-largest community in the municipality. The municipal seat is the port city of Los Mochis, its largest community. It is the third most important municipality in the state of Sinaloa, and is a commercial corridor to the northwest of the country. It is situated on the Pacific coastal plain, at the entrance of the Gulf of California and lies in the heart of a rich agricultural region, Fort Valley. It stands at 25°33′50″N108°46′00″W.

Contents

Los Mochis is the western terminus of the Chihuahua-Pacific Railroad (El Chepe), which passes through the scenic Copper Canyon. This railway was originally conceived by Albert K. Owen and approved by President Porfirio Díaz as a trade route linking the cattle markets in Kansas City with the nearest port on the Pacific Ocean, Topolobampo.

Ferrocarril Chihuahua al Pacífico company

The Ferrocarril Chihuahua al Pacífico, also known as El Chepe from its reporting mark CHP, or Ferrocarril Chihuahua-Pacífico, is a major rail line in northwest Mexico, linking the Chihuahua City, to the Los Mochis and its port, Topolobampo. It runs 673 km (418 mi), traversing the Copper Canyon, a rugged series of canyons that have led some to call this the most scenic railroad trip on the continent. It is both an important transportation system for locals and a draw for tourists.

Copper Canyon mountain range

Copper Canyon is a group of six distinct canyons in the Sierra Madre Occidental in the southwestern part of the state of Chihuahua in northwestern Mexico. The canyons were formed by six rivers that drain the western side of the Sierra Tarahumara. All six rivers merge into the Rio Fuerte and empty into the Gulf of California. The walls of the canyon are a copper/green color, which is the origin of the name.

Porfirio Díaz President of Mexico

José de la Cruz Porfirio Díaz Mori was a Mexican general and politician who served seven terms as President of Mexico, a total of 31 years, from February 17, 1877 to December 1, 1880 and from December 1, 1884 to May 25, 1911. A veteran of the War of the Reform (1858–60) and the French intervention in Mexico (1862–67), Díaz rose to the rank of General, leading republican troops against the French-imposed rule of Emperor Maximilian. Seizing power in a coup in 1876, Díaz and his allies, a group of technocrats known as "Científicos", ruled Mexico for the next thirty-five years, a period known as the Porfiriato.

Today the North Pacific irrigation region (Sinaloa-Sonora) in which the Fort Valley is the largest district and is the principal agricultural area of Sinaloa, containing over 70% of all irrigated land and producing sugar cane, cotton, rice, flowers, and many types of vegetables. The valley is one of the largest producers of mangoes in Mexico. Air transportation is provided by Los Mochis International Airport. Nearby Topolobampo is the second largest natural deepwater port in the world, and is known for its commercial fishing and increasingly important role in shipping.

Rice cereal grain and seed of Oryza sativa

Rice is the seed of the grass species Oryza sativa or Oryza glaberrima. As a cereal grain, it is the most widely consumed staple food for a large part of the world's human population, especially in Asia. It is the agricultural commodity with the third-highest worldwide production, after sugarcane and maize.

Flower structure found in some plants (division Magnoliophyta / angiosperms) to support reproduction

A flower, sometimes known as a bloom or blossom, is the reproductive structure found in flowering plants. The biological function of a flower is to effect reproduction, usually by providing a mechanism for the union of sperm with eggs. Flowers may facilitate outcrossing or allow selfing. Some flowers produce diaspores without fertilization (parthenocarpy). Flowers contain sporangia and are the site where gametophytes develop. Many flowers have evolved to be attractive to animals, so as to cause them to be vectors for the transfer of pollen. After fertilization, the ovary of the flower develops into fruit containing seeds.

Mango fruit, use Q3919027 for the species; Q161807 for the genus

Mangoes are juicy stone fruit (drupe) from numerous species of tropical trees belonging to the flowering plant genus Mangifera, cultivated mostly for their edible fruit.

History

Mochi ( Boerhavia coccinea ) plant for which Los Mochis was named Boerhavia coccinea flowers.jpg
Mochi ( Boerhavia coccinea ) plant for which Los Mochis was named

Los Mochis (from mochim, plural of mochic, Cahitan for "earth turtle" and used to refer to the flowers of Boerhavia coccinea ) was founded in 1893 by a group of American utopian socialists who were adherents of Albert Kimsey Owen, an American civil engineer who built the first irrigation ditches in the valley. The colony, organized under the principles of utopian socialism, survived for 31 years. Albert K. Owen, the American civil engineer who came to do studies for the construction of a railway, was enchanted by Ohuira Bay and imagined the city of the future, where railways and shipping lines converged to ship throughout the world. Today, the port city of Topolobampo continues to be developed and may one day reach Owen's dream.

Cahitan languages

The Cahitan languages is a branch of the Uto-Aztecan language family that comprises the Yaqui and the Mayo languages, both of Northern Mexico. The branch has been considered to be part of the Taracahitic languages, but this is no longer considered a valid genetic unit.

<i>Boerhavia coccinea</i> species of plant

Boerhavia coccinea is a species of flowering plant in the four o'clock family which is known by many common names, including scarlet spiderling, red boerhavia, hogweed, and in Spanish, hierba del cancer and hierba de la hormiga.

Utopian socialism is a label used to define the first currents of modern socialist thought as exemplified by the work of Henri de Saint-Simon, Charles Fourier, Étienne Cabet and Robert Owen.

The city was founded by a businessman named Benjamin F. Johnston, who came to make a fortune in the cultivation of sugarcane. Benjamin F. Johnston arrived at Topolobampo attracted by Owen's city project. Johnston saw an opportunity to exploit resources such as sugar cane and with Edward Lycan, who had been linked to Zacarías Ochoa, owner of a Trapiche (raw sugar mill) named "El Águila", initiated the construction of a sugar mill. Ochoa died suddenly, and Johnston seized businesses that Lycan and Ochoa founded. "El Águila Sugar Refining Company" later became "United Sugar Company."

Sugarcane group of cultivated plants

Sugarcane, or sugar cane, are several species of tall perennial true grasses of the genus Saccharum, tribe Andropogoneae, native to the warm temperate to tropical regions of South, Southeast Asia, and New Guinea, and used for sugar production. It has stout, jointed, fibrous stalks that are rich in the sugar sucrose, which accumulates in the stalk internodes. The plant is two to six metres tall. All sugar cane species can interbreed and the major commercial cultivars are complex hybrids. Sugarcane belongs to the grass family Poaceae, an economically important seed plant family that includes maize, wheat, rice, and sorghum, and many forage crops.

In 1898, Johnston laid the first stone of the sugar mill and drove the rapid growth of the city around it. The first harvest was welcomed in the year 1903.

Sacred Heart Church Iglesia del Sagrado Corazon Los Mochis.jpg
Sacred Heart Church

Johnston was a very powerful and influential businessman, so powerful that he drew the street plans for Los Mochis — a modern city with wide and straight streets. It was not recognized as a city until 1903 along with Topolobampo. On 20 April 1903 a decree was founded by the mayor of Los Mochis, during the state government of Francisco Cañedo. In 1916, establishing the town of Ahome and since 1935 the municipal seat of the latter is in the city of Los Mochis. It is currently the commercial center of Valle del Fuerte and its radius of influence extends from the southern part of the neighboring state of Sonora and to the municipalities of El Fuerte, Sinaloa, Choix and Guasave in Sinaloa.

The economic development of the city began with the sugar industry, but in recent decades, its progress rests on the high-tech agriculture is practiced throughout the northwestern region of Mexico.

A group of enthusiastic people in la Villa de Ahome, under the name of "separatist," fought to create a municipality outside the hegemony of El Fuerte. It achieved its objectives until 5 January 1917 when the mayor came to El Fuerte to install a new city hall in which he presided Ramon C. López who had been appointed by the state governor Francisco Cañedo.

El Fuerte, Sinaloa Place in Sinaloa, Mexico

El Fuerte is a city and El Fuerte Municipality its surrounding municipality in the northwestern Mexican state of Sinaloa. The city population reported in the 2010 census were 12,566 people.

The municipality of Ahome was created by decree of the Local Legislature dated 20 December 1917, being governor of the state Gral. Ángel Flores, and was appointed head of the municipality of La Villa de Ahome.

In 1918 Florencio A. Valdés, was the first elected mayor.

The City Council Ahome preceded by Modesto G. Castro decided to make the move to the town of Los Mochis, justifying that this population had grown so much that already exceeded several times to La Villa de Ahome.

The City Council Ahome, in a decision dated 1 April 1935, allowed the change to the header, and the State Legislature passed it through another decree issued on May 10 next, which was published in the Official Journal of State the 30th day of the month.

The transfer took place without major problems right away and offices were installed in the house owned by Don Fco. Beltran, at the corner of Hidalgo and Zaragoza next to the local occupied by the former Sindicatura.

The old town of Ahome, to remain laggard in the process of the region, had been relegated to second place. Since then the city of Los Mochis, as the town of Ahome whole have had major changes in both economic and social policy have remained constant progress to the municipality.

Climate

Climate in Los Mochis is semi-arid wet and dry ( BSh ), bordering on arid (BWh). Summers are extremely hot, reaching 40 °C (104 °F) and overnight lows of 26 °C (79 °F) with very high humidity making the night extremely hot and heat indices may reach 45 °C (113 °F) in the day. Winters are very warm, reaching 30 °C (86 °F) in the day, even though the lowest temperature recorded was 2.5 °C (36 °F) during January 1971. Rainfall concentrates in the summer: it is common to see thunderstorms and even occasionally hurricanes in August and September, but winters are dry with almost no rainfall, though on 29 December 1978 133.4 millimetres (5.25 in) fell. The highest daily rainfall, however, was from a hurricane on 8 October 1985 and totalled 211 millimetres (8.31 in).

Climate data for Los Mochis (1951–2010)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)36.0
(96.8)
38.5
(101.3)
40.0
(104.0)
40.0
(104.0)
43.0
(109.4)
44.0
(111.2)
45.0
(113.0)
47.5
(117.5)
48.0
(118.4)
43.0
(109.4)
40.0
(104.0)
36.0
(96.8)
48.0
(118.4)
Average high °C (°F)26.1
(79.0)
27.7
(81.9)
29.7
(85.5)
32.5
(90.5)
35.2
(95.4)
37.1
(98.8)
37.6
(99.7)
37.5
(99.5)
36.7
(98.1)
35.2
(95.4)
30.7
(87.3)
26.5
(79.7)
32.7
(90.9)
Daily mean °C (°F)18.9
(66.0)
19.9
(67.8)
21.5
(70.7)
24.0
(75.2)
26.8
(80.2)
30.1
(86.2)
31.5
(88.7)
31.3
(88.3)
30.7
(87.3)
28.4
(83.1)
23.4
(74.1)
19.5
(67.1)
25.5
(77.9)
Average low °C (°F)11.7
(53.1)
12.1
(53.8)
13.3
(55.9)
15.5
(59.9)
18.4
(65.1)
23.1
(73.6)
25.4
(77.7)
25.2
(77.4)
24.7
(76.5)
21.6
(70.9)
16.1
(61.0)
12.6
(54.7)
18.3
(64.9)
Record low °C (°F)2.5
(36.5)
4.5
(40.1)
6.0
(42.8)
9.0
(48.2)
11.0
(51.8)
13.0
(55.4)
20.0
(68.0)
19.5
(67.1)
13.0
(55.4)
12.0
(53.6)
7.0
(44.6)
4.0
(39.2)
2.5
(36.5)
Average rainfall mm (inches)14.7
(0.58)
8.0
(0.31)
3.1
(0.12)
0.5
(0.02)
0.8
(0.03)
6.3
(0.25)
48.2
(1.90)
87.5
(3.44)
92.4
(3.64)
33.4
(1.31)
17.8
(0.70)
18.8
(0.74)
331.5
(13.05)
Average rainy days (≥ 0.1 mm)2.01.40.50.30.20.86.48.65.82.51.42.031.9
Source: Servicio Meteorológico Nacional [1]

Sports

Los Mochis is known for its sports culture and large, high-quality sporting facilities (Ciudades Deportivas) intended to promote participation in sports. It has two large sporting facilities that have running tracks, pools, tennis courts, baseball fields and a football stadium with a capacity of 11,000.

The city is home to the Mexican Pacific League's Cañeros de Los Mochis baseball club. The city's football team is called the Murciélagos de Los Mochis, and its basketball team is known as the Pioneros.

Professional boxing

With many World Champions and undefeated boxers, Los Mochis is considered one of Mexico's best boxing's cities. [2]

Transport

Fort Valley Federal International Airport LMM International 4.JPG
Fort Valley Federal International Airport

The Copper Canyon Railway provides daily passenger service to Chihuahua, Chihuahua in north-central Mexico. Freight service on this route is provided by the interstate rail conglomerate Ferromex, or Ferrocarril de Mexicano, which also links to the port city of Topolobampo. [3]

The city is on Mexican Federal Highway 15, the main north-south route from Nogales to Mexico City.

The city's airport is served by seven commercial airlines, including Volaris with Airbus jet aircraft flights.

Notable people

Sister cities

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References

  1. "NORMALES CLIMATOLÓGICAS 1951–2010". Servicio Meteorológico Nacional. 2012. Retrieved 6 March 2017.
  2. "Jorge Arce Will Push To Make First Defense in Los Mochis - Boxing News". Boxingscene.com. Retrieved 2013-03-15.
  3. "Passenger Info". Mexlist.com. Retrieved 2015-10-13.
  4. "Teodoro Higuera Statistics". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2008-04-17.