Lot-et-Garonne

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Lot-et-Garonne
Òlt e Garona  (Occitan)
Agen - Prefecture, ancien palais episcopal -2.JPG
Castelnaud-de-Gratecambe panorama.jpg
Lauzun - Chateau -2.jpg
Bonaguil - Chateau.jpg
Top down, from left to right: prefecture building in Agen, Castelnaud-de-Gratecambe, Château de Lauzun and Château de Bonaguil
Blason departement fr Lot-et-Garonne2.svg
Lot-et-Garonne-Position.svg
Location of Lot-et-Garonne in France
Coordinates: 44°20′N0°30′E / 44.333°N 0.500°E / 44.333; 0.500 Coordinates: 44°20′N0°30′E / 44.333°N 0.500°E / 44.333; 0.500
Country France
Region Nouvelle-Aquitaine
Prefecture Agen
Subprefectures Marmande
Nérac
Villeneuve-sur-Lot
Government
   President of the Departmental Council Sophie Borderie [1] (PS)
Area
1
  Total5,361 km2 (2,070 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2019) [2]
  Total331,271
  Rank 71st
  Density62/km2 (160/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Department number 47
Arrondissements 4
Cantons 21
Communes 319
^1 French Land Register data, which exclude estuaries, and lakes, ponds, and glaciers larger than 1 km2

Lot-et-Garonne (French pronunciation:  [lɔt e ɡaʁɔn] ( Loudspeaker.svg listen ), Occitan : Òlt e Garona) is a department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region of Southwestern France. Named after the rivers Lot and Garonne, it had a population of 331,271 in 2019. [3] Its prefecture and largest city is Agen.

Contents

History

Lot-et-Garonne is one of the original 83 departments created on 4 March 1790, as a result of the French Revolution. It was created from part of the province of Guyenne and Gascony; originally the territory of the ancient county of Agenais constituted nearly the whole.

The southeastern part of the original department (the former cantons of Auvillar, Montaigu-de-Quercy and Valence) was separated from it in 1808 to become a part of the newly created department of Tarn-et-Garonne. [4]

Geography

Map of Lot-et-Garonne Carteroute47.jpg
Map of Lot-et-Garonne

Lot-et-Garonne is part of the current region of Nouvelle-Aquitaine and is surrounded by the departments of Lot, Tarn-et-Garonne, Gers, Landes, Gironde, and Dordogne. The north of the department is composed of limestone hills. Between Lot and Garonne, there is a plateau carved by many valleys. In the west of the department, the Landes forest is planted in sand. It's composed of maritime pines. Between the forest and Agen, there is the Albret, a very hilly country.

Principal towns

The most populous commune is Agen, the prefecture. As of 2019, there are 5 communes with more than 7,000 inhabitants: [3]

CommunePopulation (2019)
Agen 32,602
Villeneuve-sur-Lot 21,742
Marmande 17,421
Le Passage 9,400
Tonneins 9,130

Demographics

The inhabitants of the department are called Lot-et-Garonnais.

Population development since 1801:

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1801298,940    
1806327,444+1.84%
1821330,121+0.05%
1831346,885+0.50%
1841347,073+0.01%
1851341,345−0.17%
1861332,065−0.28%
1872319,289−0.36%
1881312,081−0.25%
1891295,360−0.55%
1901278,740−0.58%
1911268,083−0.39%
1921239,972−1.10%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1931247,500+0.31%
1936252,761+0.42%
1946265,449+0.49%
1954265,549+0.00%
1962275,028+0.44%
1968290,592+0.92%
1975292,616+0.10%
1982298,522+0.29%
1990305,989+0.31%
1999305,380−0.02%
2006322,283+0.77%
2016332,833+0.32%
Sources: [4] [5]

Politics

Departmental Council of Lot-et-Garonne

The Departmental Council of Lot-et-Garonne has 40 seats. In the 2015 departmental elections, the Socialist Party (PS) secured 25 seats while The Republicans (LR) won 15 seats. Sophie Borderie (PS) has presided over the assembly since 2019.

Members of the National Assembly

Lot-et-Garonne elected the following members of the National Assembly during the 2017 legislative election:

ConstituencyMember [6] Party
Lot-et-Garonne's 1st constituency Michel Lauzzana La République En Marche!
Lot-et-Garonne's 2nd constituency Alexandre Freschi La République En Marche!
Lot-et-Garonne's 3rd constituency Olivier Damaisin La République En Marche!

Economy

Food-processing, chemicals, and pharmaceuticals are all major industries of the department.

Tourism

See also

Related Research Articles

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References

  1. "Répertoire national des élus: les conseillers départementaux". data.gouv.fr, Plateforme ouverte des données publiques françaises (in French). 4 May 2022.
  2. "Téléchargement du fichier d'ensemble des populations légales en 2019". The National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies. 29 December 2021.
  3. 1 2 Populations légales 2019: 47 Lot-et-Garonne, INSEE
  4. 1 2 "Historique de Lot-et-Garonne". Le SPLAF.
  5. "Évolution et structure de la population en 2016". INSEE.
  6. Nationale, Assemblée. "Assemblée nationale ~ Les députés, le vote de la loi, le Parlement français". Assemblée nationale.