Lot (department)

Last updated
Lot

Òlt  (Occitan)
Figeac - Panorama - 001.jpg
Rocamadour 73.jpg
Valley of Lot River from Faycelles.jpg
Marcilhac-sur-Cele - Le Cele - 001.jpg
Cahors - Prefecture du Lot -417.jpg
Luzech Vue generale4.JPG
From top down, left to right: Figeac, Rocamadour, Faycelles, Lot River, prefecture building in Cahors and Luzech
LotFlag.gif
Flag
Blason departement fr Lot.svg
Coat of arms
Lot-Position.svg
Location of Lot in France
Coordinates: 44°35′N01°35′E / 44.583°N 1.583°E / 44.583; 1.583 Coordinates: 44°35′N01°35′E / 44.583°N 1.583°E / 44.583; 1.583
Country France
Region Occitanie
Prefecture Cahors
Subprefectures Figeac
Gourdon
Government
   President of the Departmental Council Serge Rigal (REM)
Area
1
  Total5,217 km2 (2,014 sq mi)
Population
 (2016)
  Total173,347
  Rank 92nd
  Density33/km2 (86/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Department number 46
Arrondissements 3
Cantons 17
Communes 313
^1 French Land Register data, which exclude estuaries, and lakes, ponds, and glaciers larger than 1 km2

Lot (French pronunciation:  [lɔt] ; [1] Occitan : Òlt [ɔl]) is a department in the Occitanie region of France. Named after the Lot River, it lies in the southwestern part of the country and had a population of 173,758 in 2013. Its prefecture is Cahors; its subprefectures are Figeac and Gourdon.

Contents

History

Lot is one of the original 83 departments created during the French Revolution on 4 March 1790. It was created from part of the province of Quercy. In 1808 some of the original southeastern cantons were separated from it to form the department of Tarn-et-Garonne. It originally extended much farther to the south and included the city of Montauban.

Geography

Lot River, after which the department is named Bouzies pont.jpg
Lot River, after which the department is named

Lot is part of the region of Occitanie and is surrounded by the departments of Corrèze, Cantal, Aveyron, Tarn-et-Garonne, Lot-et-Garonne and Dordogne.

Cahors is the prefecture of the department, lying in its southwestern part: a medieval cathedral town known internationally for its production of Cahors wine, it lies in a wide loop of the Lot River and is famous for its 14th-century bridge, the Pont Valentré. Figeac is a medieval town where Jean-François Champollion, the first translator of Egyptian hieroglyphics, was born, situated in the eastern part of Lot. Gourdon, a medieval hilltop town located in Lot's northwestern part, with a well preserved centre, comprises many prehistoric painted caves nearby, notably the Grottes de Cougnac.

Demographics

The inhabitants of Lot are called Lotois and Lotoises is French. Population development since 1801:

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1801261,207    
1806268,149+0.53%
1821275,296+0.18%
1831284,505+0.33%
1841287,739+0.11%
1851296,224+0.29%
1861295,542−0.02%
1872281,404−0.44%
1881280,269−0.04%
1891253,939−0.98%
1901226,720−1.13%
1911205,769−0.96%
1921176,889−1.50%
1931166,637−0.60%
1936162,572−0.49%
1946154,897−0.48%
1954147,754−0.59%
1962149,929+0.18%
1968151,198+0.14%
1975150,778−0.04%
1982154,533+0.35%
1990155,816+0.10%
1999160,197+0.31%
2006169,533+0.81%
2016173,347+0.22%
source: [2]

Politics

Departmental Council of Lot

The Departmental Council of Lot has 34 seats. Since the 2015 departmental elections, 30 are controlled by the Socialist Party (PS) and its allies; 4 are controlled by the miscellaneous right. Since 2014, the President of the Departmental Council has been Serge Rigal, currently a member of La République En Marche! (REM).

Members of the National Assembly

Lot elected the following members of the National Assembly during the 2017 legislative election:

ConstituencyMember [3] Party
Lot's 1st constituency Aurélien Pradié The Republicans
Lot's 2nd constituency Huguette Tiegna La République En Marche!

Senators

Lot is represented in the Senate by Angèle Préville (since 2017) and Jean-Claude Requier (since 2011).

Tourism

See also

Lot is mentioned in popular culture:

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The following is a list of the 17 cantons of the Lot department, in France, following the French canton reorganisation which came into effect in March 2015:

The 3 arrondissements of the Lot department are:

  1. Arrondissement of Cahors, with 98 communes. The population of the arrondissement was 71,865 in 2015.
  2. Arrondissement of Figeac, with 118 communes. The population of the arrondissement was 54,468 in 2015.
  3. Arrondissement of Gourdon, with 97 communes. The population of the arrondissement was 47,067 in 2015.

The 2 arrondissements of the Tarn-et-Garonne department of France are:

  1. Arrondissement of Castelsarrasin, with 103 communes. The population of the arrondissement was 77,423 in 2016.
  2. Arrondissement of Montauban, with 92 communes. The population of the arrondissement was 179,474 in 2016.
Arrondissement of Cahors Arrondissement in Occitanie, France

The arrondissement of Cahors is an arrondissement of France in the Lot department in the Occitanie région. It has 98 communes. Its population is 71,943 (2016), and its area is 1,860.9 km2 (718.5 sq mi).

Arrondissement of Montauban Arrondissement in Occitanie, France

The arrondissement of Montauban is an arrondissement of France in the Tarn-et-Garonne department in the Occitanie region. It has 92 communes. Its population is 179,474 (2016), and its area is 2,116.8 km2 (817.3 sq mi).

Golfech Commune in Occitanie, France

Golfech is a commune in the Tarn-et-Garonne department in the Occitanie region in southern France.

Valence, Tarn-et-Garonne Commune in Occitanie, France

Valence, also known as Valence-d'Agen, is a commune in the Tarn-et-Garonne department in the Occitanie region in southern France.

Laguépie Commune in Occitanie, France

Laguépie is a commune in the Tarn-et-Garonne department in the Occitanie region in southern France.

Gare de Montauban-Ville-Bourbon railway station in Montauban, France

Montauban or Montauban-Ville-Bourbon is a railway station serving the town of Montauban, Tarn-et-Garonne department, southwestern France.

The Brive-la-Gaillarde - Toulouse railway is a 248-kilometre long French railway line, that connects the rural areas between Brive-la-Gaillarde and the large southern city of Toulouse via Figeac and Capdenac. The railway was opened in several stages between 1858 and 1864.

References

  1. "lot - Deutsch-Übersetzung - Langenscheidt Französisch-Deutsch Wörterbuch" (in German and French). Langenscheidt . Retrieved 22 October 2018.
  2. Site sur la Population et les Limites Administratives de la France
  3. http://www.assemblee-nationale.fr/