Lothair II of Italy

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Lothair II
King of Italy
Reign948950
Predecessor Hugh
Successor Berengar II
Born926/8
Died22 November 950
Spouse Adelaide of Italy (m. 947)
Issue Emma, Queen of West Francia
Dynasty Bosonids
Father Hugh of Provence
MotherAlda (or Hilda)

Lothair II (926/8 22 November 950), often Lothair of Arles, was the King of Italy from 948 to his death. [1] He was of the noble Frankish lineage of the Bosonids, descended from Boso the Elder. His father and predecessor was Hugh of Provence, great grandson of Lothair II, King of Lotharingia, and his mother was a German princess named Alda (or Hilda).

Although he held the title of rex Italiae, he never succeeded in exercising power there. He was betrothed in 931 and married, 12 December 947, to the fifteen-year-old Adelaide, [2] the spirited and intelligent daughter of Rudolph II of Burgundy and Bertha of Swabia.

Their marriage was part of a political settlement designed to conclude a peace between her father and his. In 933, Hugh of Arles had given up his kingdom (Provence) to his inveterate enemy Rudolph II, who merged the two kingdoms into a new Kingdom of Arles, but died in 937. The couple had a daughter, Emma, born as early as 948, who was married in 966 to the Carolingian Lothair of France.

Lothair's power in Italy was nominal. From the time of the successful uprising of the nobles in 945, when Hugh was forced into exile, Berengar of Ivrea kept all real power and patronage in his hands. Lothair died at Turin, perhaps poisoned by Berengar, who attempted to cement his usurped political power in Lombardy by forcing Lothair's widow to marry his son Adalbert. Instead she entreated the protection of Otto I of Germany, whom she married.

Lothair figures briefly in the vita of Adelaide written by Hroswitha of Gandersheim.

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The March of Friuli was a Carolingian frontier march, established in 776 as the continuation of the Lombard Duchy of Friuli, established against the Slavs and Avars. It was ceded to the Duchy of Bavaria as the March of Verona in 952. Its territory comprised parts of modern-day Italy, Slovenia and Croatia.

Waldrada was the mistress, and later the wife, of Lothair II of Lotharingia.

Ermengarde of Tuscany was a medieval Italian noblewoman. She was the daughter of Bertha of Lotharingia and Adalbert II, Margrave of Tuscany. She was countess of Ivrea through marriage to Adalbert I of Ivrea. Alongside her half-brother Hugh of Italy Ermengarde was an important opponent of Rudolf II of Burgundy’s rule in Italy.

Willa of Burgundy was a member of the Elder House of Welf. By birth she was a daughter of Rudolph I of Burgundy, king of Upper Burgundy. Through marriage Boso Willa became countess of Avignon and Arles, and then margravine of Tuscany.

References

  1. He was co-king with his father from 931.
  2. Odilo of Cluny gives her age at her marriage as "in her sixteenth year."

Bibliography

Regnal titles
Preceded by
Hugh
King of Italy
948950
Succeeded by
Berengar II