Louis, duc Decazes

Last updated
Louis, 2nd Duke Decazes and of Glucksbierg LouisDecazes.jpg
Louis, 2nd Duke Decazes and of Glücksbierg

Louis-Charles-Élie-Amanien Decazes de Glücksbierg, 2nd Duke Decazes and 2nd Duke of Glücksbierg (29 May 1819 16 September 1886), was a French diplomat and statesman.



Louis Decazes was born in Paris, the son of Élie, duc Decazes and his second wife, Wilhelmine de Beaupoil de Saint-Aulaire.

He married, on 3 August 1863, Séverine-Rosalie von Löwenthal (8 January 1845, Vienna - 25 September 1911, La Grave), daughter of Jean, baron von Löwenthal. [1] They had two children, Jean-Élie-Octave-Louis-Sévère-Amanien and Wilhelmine-Egidia-Octavie Decazes.

Between 29 November 1873 and 23 November 1877, Duke Decazes served as Minister of Foreign Affairs in several monarchist governments of the Third Republic in the 1870s. In this role, he was responsible for conducting French foreign policy during the "War in Sight" crisis of 1875, when he managed to secure the support of all the other powers in protecting France from a potential German pre-emptive strike, and during the early stages of the Great Eastern Crisis.

The 2nd Duke Decazes died at Château La Grave. [2] [3]


See also


Political offices
Preceded by
Duc de Broglie
Minister of Foreign Affairs
Succeeded by
Marquis de Banneville
French nobility
Preceded by
Élie, duc Decazes
Duke of Decazes
Succeeded by
Jean-Élie-Octave, duc Decazes

Related Research Articles

Victor de Broglie (1785–1870) French politician

Achille Léonce Victor Charles, 3rd Duke of Broglie, fully Victor de Broglie, was a French peer, statesman, and diplomat. He was the third duke of Broglie and served as president of the Council during the July Monarchy, from August 1830 to November 1830 and from March 1835 to February 1836. Victor de Broglie was close to the liberal Doctrinaires who opposed the ultra-royalists and were absorbed, under Louis-Philippe's rule, by the Orléanists.

Daisy Fellowes French noble

Daisy Fellowes was a prominent French socialite, acclaimed beauty, minor novelist and poet, Paris editor of American Harper's Bazaar, fashion icon, and an heiress to the Singer sewing machine fortune.

Louis Jean Marie de Bourbon, Duke of Penthièvre Duke of Penthièvre

Louis Jean Marie de Bourbon was the son of Louis Alexandre de Bourbon and his wife Marie Victoire de Noailles. He was therefore a grandson of Louis XIV of France and his mistress, Madame de Montespan. From birth he was known as the Duke of Penthièvre. He also possessed the following titles: Prince of Lamballe ; Prince of Carignano; Duke of Rambouillet; Duke of Aumale (1775); Duke of Gisors; Duke of Châteauvillain; Duke of Arc-en-Barrois; Duke of Amboise; Count of Eu; Count of Guingamp. He was the father in law of Philippe Égalité.

The Doctrinals was the name given during the Bourbon Restoration (1814–1830) and the July Monarchy (1830–1848) to the group of French royalists who hoped to reconcile the monarchy with the French Revolution and power with liberty. Headed by Royer-Collard, these liberal royalists were in favor of a constitutional monarchy, but with a heavily restricted census suffrage—Louis XVIII, who had been restored to the throne, had granted a Charter to the French with a Chamber of Peers and a Chamber of Deputies elected under tight electoral laws.

Decazeville Commune in Occitanie, France

Decazeville is a commune in the Aveyron department in the Occitanie region in southern France.

Élie, duc Decazes French judge and politician

Élie-Louis, 1st Duke of Decazes and Glücksbierg was a French statesman, leader of the liberal Doctrinaires party during the Bourbon Restoration.

August von Senarclens de Grancy German noble

August Ludwig, Baron von Senarclens de Grancy was born Auguste Louis de Senarclens de Grancy at the château d'Etoy in the canton of Vaud, Switzerland, the firstborn son of three sons and four daughters of César Auguste, Baron von Senarclens de Grancy, and wife Élizabeth Claudine Marie-Rose de Loriol. He is reputed to have been the long-time lover of Wilhelmine of Baden, the Grand Duchess consort of Hesse, and the actual father by her of the Empress consort Maria Alexandrovna of Russia and Prince Alexander of Hesse, ancestors of modern royalty in Bulgaria, Germany, Romania, Serbia, Spain, Sweden and the United Kingdom.

Duke of Decazes, also called Duke Decazes, is a title of French nobility that was granted in 1820 to Élie Decazes, a French statesman who served as Prime Minister of France from November 19, 1819 to February 20, 1820. He had already been made a French count in 1816. Separately, he was given the hereditary Danish title of Duke of Glücksbierg upon his second marriage in 1818, which title was recognized in France in 1822.

Jean Élie Octave Louis Sévère Amanien Decazes de Glücksberg, 3rd Duc Decazes and 3rd Duke of Glücksberg, was a French aristocrat and sportsman.

Louis Jean Victor Sévère Decazes de Glücksbierg, 4th Duc Decazes and 4th Hertig af Glücksbierg, was a French businessman and Thoroughbred racehorse owner and breeder.

Jean, Count of Paris Pretender to the French throne

Jean Carl Pierre Marie d'Orléans, who uses the title Jean, Count of Paris, is the current head of the House of Orléans. The senior male descendant by primogeniture in the male-line of Louis-Philippe I, King of the French, he is, according to the Orléanists, the legitimate claimant to the throne of France as Jean IV. Of France's three monarchist movements, Orléanism, Legitimism and Bonapartism, most royalists are Orléanists. Prince Jean is the second son of Prince Henri, Count of Paris (1933–2019), the late head of the House of Orléans and his former wife Duchess Marie-Thérèse of Württemberg.

Pierre Louis Jean Casimir de Blacas French noble, antiquarian and diplomat

Pierre-Louis Jean Casimir, Count of Blacas d'Aulps, later created 1st Duke of Blacas (1821), was a French antiquarian, nobleman and diplomat during the Bourbon Restoration.

Princess Dorothea of Courland Duchess of Dino, Duchess of Talleyrand, Duchess of Sagan

Dorothea von Biron, Princess of Courland, Duchess of Dino, Talleyrand, and Sagan, known as Dorothée de Courlande or Dorothée de Dino, was a Baltic German noblewoman. Her mother was Dorothea von Medem, Duchess of Courland, and although her mother's husband, Duke Peter von Biron, acknowledged her as his own, her true father may have been the Polish statesman Aleksander Batowski. For a long time, she accompanied the French statesman Charles Maurice de Talleyrand-Périgord; she was the separated wife of his nephew, Edmond de Talleyrand-Périgord.

Events from the year 1820 in France.

Pierre, Duke of Penthièvre Duke of Penthièvre

Pierre Philippe Jean Marie d'Orléans was Duke of Penthièvre and a grandson of French king Louis Philippe I and of Brazilian Emperor Pedro I. Declining a proposal to marry into the Brazilian royal family, he chose a naval career and fathered two children without marrying. Prince Pierre was an officer in the Union and French Navies and a global traveler.

First ministry of Armand-Emmanuel du Plessis de Richelieu ministry of the Restauration in France

The First ministry of Armand-Emmanuel du Plessis de Richelieu was formed on 26 September 1815 after the dismissal of the Ministry of Charles-Maurice de Talleyrand-Périgord by King Louis XVIII of France. It was dissolved on 29 December 1818 and replaced by the Ministry of Jean-Joseph Dessolles.

Ministry of Jean-Joseph Dessolles

The Ministry of Jean-Joseph Dessolles was formed on 29 December 1818 after the dismissal of the First ministry of Armand-Emmanuel du Plessis de Richelieu by King Louis XVIII of France. It was dissolved on 19 November 1819 and replaced by the Ministry of Élie Decazes.

Second ministry of Armand-Emmanuel du Plessis de Richelieu ministry of the Restauration in France

The Second ministry of Armand-Emmanuel du Plessis de Richelieu was formed on 20 February 1820 after the dismissal of the Ministry of Élie Decazes by King Louis XVIII of France. It was dissolved on 12 December 1821 and replaced on 14 December 1821 by the Ministry of Joseph de Villèle.

Jules Anglès French politician

Jules Jean Baptiste Anglès was a French politician who was Minister of Police for a short period in 1814.