Louis-Charles-Élie-Amanien Decazes de Glücksbierg, 2nd Duke Decazes and 2nd Duke of Glücksbierg (29 May 1819 – 16 September 1886), was a French diplomat and statesman.
Duke of Decazes, also called Duke Decazes, is a title of French nobility that was granted in 1820 to Élie Decazes, a French statesman who served as Prime Minister of France from November 19, 1819 to February 20, 1820. He had already been made a French count in 1816. Separately, he was given the hereditary Danish title of Duke of Glücksbierg upon his second marriage in 1818, which title was recognized in France in 1822.
A diplomat is a person appointed by a state to conduct diplomacy with one or more other states or international organizations. The main functions of diplomats are: representation and protection of the interests and nationals of the sending state; initiation and facilitation of strategic agreements; treaties and conventions; promotion of information; trade and commerce; technology; and friendly relations. Seasoned diplomats of international repute are used in international organizations as well as multinational companies for their experience in management and negotiating skills. Diplomats are members of foreign services and diplomatic corps of various nations of the world.
Louis Decazes was born in Paris, the son of Élie, duc Decazes and his second wife, Wilhelmine de Beaupoil de Saint-Aulaire.
Élie-Louis, 1st Duke of Decazes and Glücksburg was a French statesman, leader of the liberal Doctrinaires party during the Bourbon Restoration.
He married, on 3 August 1863, Séverine-Rosalie von Löwenthal (8 January 1845, Vienna - 25 September 1911, La Grave), daughter of Jean, baron von Löwenthal.They had two children, Jean-Élie-Octave-Louis-Sévère-Amanien and Wilhelmine-Egidia-Octavie Decazes.
Vienna is the federal capital and largest city of Austria, and one of the nine states of Austria. Vienna is Austria's primate city, with a population of about 1.9 million, and its cultural, economic, and political centre. It is the 7th-largest city by population within city limits in the European Union. Until the beginning of the 20th century, it was the largest German-speaking city in the world, and before the splitting of the Austro-Hungarian Empire in World War I, the city had 2 million inhabitants. Today, it has the second largest number of German speakers after Berlin. Vienna is host to many major international organizations, including the United Nations and OPEC. The city is located in the eastern part of Austria and is close to the borders of the Czech Republic, Slovakia, and Hungary. These regions work together in a European Centrope border region. Along with nearby Bratislava, Vienna forms a metropolitan region with 3 million inhabitants. In 2001, the city centre was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site. In July 2017 it was moved to the list of World Heritage in Danger.
La Grave is a commune in the Hautes-Alpes department in southeastern France.
Jean-Élie-Octave-Louis-Sévère-Amanien Decazes de Glücksbierg, 3rd Duc Decazes and 3rd Hertig af Glücksbierg, was a French aristocrat and sportsman.
Between 29 November 1873 and 23 November 1877, Duke Decazes served as Minister of Foreign Affairs in several monarchist governments of the Third Republic in the 1870s. In this role, he was responsible for conducting French foreign policy during the "War in Sight" crisis of 1875, when he managed to secure the support of all the other powers in protecting France from a potential German pre-emptive strike, and during the early stages of the Great Eastern Crisis.
The Great Eastern Crisis of 1875–78 began in the Ottoman Empire's territories on the Balkan peninsula in 1875, with the outbreak of several uprisings and wars that resulted in the meddling of international powers, and was ended with the Treaty of Berlin in July 1878.
The 2nd Duke Decazes died at Château La Grave.
Duc de Broglie
| Minister of Foreign Affairs |
Marquis de Banneville
Élie, duc Decazes
| Duke of Decazes |
Jean-Élie-Octave, duc Decazes
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Achille Léonce Victor Charles, 3rd Duke of Broglie, fully Victor de Broglie, was a French peer, statesman, and diplomat. He was the third duke of Broglie and served as president of the Council during the July Monarchy, from August 1830 to November 1830 and from March 1835 to February 1836. Victor de Broglie was close to the liberal Doctrinaires who opposed the ultra-royalists and were absorbed, under Louis-Philippe's rule, by the Orléanists.
Louis Jean Marie de Bourbon was the son of Louis Alexandre de Bourbon and his wife Marie Victoire de Noailles. He was also a grandson of Louis XIV of France and his mistress, Madame de Montespan. From birth he was known as the Duke of Penthièvre. He also possessed the following titles: Prince of Lamballe ; Prince of Carignano; Duke of Rambouillet; Duke of Aumale (1775); Duke of Gisors; Duke of Châteauvillain; Duke of Arc-en-Barrois; Duke of Amboise; Count of Eu; Count of Guingamp. He was the father in law of Philippe Égalité.
Decazeville is a commune in the Aveyron department in the Occitanie region in southern France.
August Ludwig, Baron von Senarclens de Grancy was born Auguste Louis de Senarclens de Grancy at the château d'Etoy in the canton of Vaud, Switzerland, the firstborn son of three sons and four daughters of César Auguste, Baron von Senarclens de Grancy, and wife Élizabeth Claudine Marie-Rose de Loriol. He is reputed to have been the long-time lover of Wilhelmine of Baden, the Grand Duchess consort of Hesse, and the actual father by her of the Empress consort Maria Alexandrovna of Russia and Prince Alexander of Hesse, ancestors of modern royalty in Bulgaria, Germany, Romania, Serbia, Spain, Sweden and the United Kingdom.
Louis Jean Victor Sévère Decazes de Glücksbierg, 4th Duc Decazes and 4th Hertig af Glücksbierg, was a French businessman and Thoroughbred racehorse owner and breeder.
Jean-Carl Pierre Marie d’Orléans, who uses the title Jean, Count of Paris, is the current head of the House of Orléans. The senior male descendant by primogeniture in the male-line of Louis-Philippe I, King of the French, he is, according to the Orléanists, the legitimate claimant to the throne of France as Jean IV. Of France's three monarchist movements, Orléanism, Legitimism and Bonapartism, most royalists are Orléanists. Prince Jean is the second son of Prince Henri, Count of Paris (1933–2019), the late head of the House of Orléans and his former wife Duchess Marie Therese of Württemberg.
Dorothea von Biron, Princess of Courland, Duchess of Dino, Talleyrand, and Sagan, known as Dorothée de Courlande or Dorothée de Dino, was a Baltic German noblewoman. Her mother was Dorothea von Medem, Duchess of Courland, and although her mother's husband, Duke Peter von Biron, acknowledged her as his own, her true father may have been the Polish statesman Aleksander Batowski. For a long time, she accompanied the French statesman Charles Maurice de Talleyrand-Périgord; she was the separated wife of his nephew, Edmond de Talleyrand-Périgord.
Events from the year 1820 in France.
Events from the year 1819 in France.
Jacques Reclus was a French Protestant minister.
The First ministry of Armand-Emmanuel du Plessis de Richelieu was formed on 26 September 1815 after the dismissal of the Ministry of Charles-Maurice de Talleyrand-Périgord by King Louis XVIII of France. It was dissolved on 29 December 1818 and replaced by the Ministry of Jean-Joseph Dessolles.
The Ministry of Jean-Joseph Dessolles was formed on 29 December 1818 after the dismissal of the First ministry of Armand-Emmanuel du Plessis de Richelieu by King Louis XVIII of France. It was dissolved on 19 November 1819 and replaced by the Ministry of Élie Decazes.
The Ministry of Élie Decazes was formed on 19 November 1819 after the dismissal of the Ministry of Jean-Joseph Dessolles by King Louis XVIII of France. It was dissolved on 17 February 1820 and replaced on 20 February 1820 by the Second ministry of Armand-Emmanuel du Plessis de Richelieu.
The Second ministry of Armand-Emmanuel du Plessis de Richelieu was formed on 20 February 1820 after the dismissal of the Ministry of Élie Decazes by King Louis XVIII of France. It was dissolved on 12 December 1821 and replaced on 14 December 1821 by the Ministry of Joseph de Villèle.
Pierre François Hercule de Serre was a French soldier, lawyer and politician. He was a deputy from 1815 to 1824, and was Minister of Justice in three successive cabinets from 1818 to 1821. He sat on the center-right, but had liberal views on press freedom, direct elections and the use of juries.
Jules Jean Baptiste Anglès was a French politician who was Minister of Police for a short period in 1814.