Sir Louis Mallet CB PC (14 March 1823 – 16 February 1890) was a British civil servant who was an advocate of free trade and served on the Council of India.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain, is a sovereign country located off the northwestern coast of the European mainland. The United Kingdom includes the island of Great Britain, the northeastern part of the island of Ireland, and many smaller islands. Northern Ireland is the only part of the United Kingdom that shares a land border with another sovereign state, the Republic of Ireland. Apart from this land border, the United Kingdom is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean, with the North Sea to the east, the English Channel to the south and the Celtic Sea to the south-west, giving it the 12th-longest coastline in the world. The Irish Sea separates Great Britain and Ireland. The United Kingdom's 242,500 square kilometres (93,600 sq mi) were home to an estimated 66.0 million inhabitants in 2017.
Free trade is a trade policy that does not restrict imports or exports; it can also be understood as the free market idea applied to international trade. In government, free trade is predominantly advocated by political parties that hold liberal economic positions while economically left-wing and nationalist political parties generally support protectionism, the opposite of free trade.
The Council of India was the name given at different times to two separate bodies associated with British rule in India.
Louis Mallet was born in Hampstead, grandson of Jacques Mallet du Pan and son of John Lewis Mallet who had been Secretary to the Commissioners for Auditing the Public Accounts (predecessor of the National Audit Office) since 1806. He was educated privately and at the age of 16 his father found him a place as a clerk in his own office. He spent eight years in the Audit Office and in 1847 transferred to the Board of Trade where he soon became private secretary to the President of the Board, serving Henry Labouchere 1848–52 and Lord Stanley 1855–57.
Hampstead is an area in north London, England. Lying 4 miles (6.4 km) northwest of Charing Cross, it extends from the A5 road to Hampstead Heath, a large, hilly expanse of parkland. The area forms the north-west part of the London Borough of Camden.
Jacques Mallet du Pan was a Genevan-French journalist, who took up the Royalist cause during the French Revolution.
The National Audit Office (NAO) is an independent Parliamentary body in the United Kingdom which is responsible for auditing central government departments, government agencies and non-departmental public bodies. The NAO also carries out value for money (VFM) audits into the administration of public policy.
In 1860 Mallet was appointed an assistant commissioner under Richard Cobden for drawing up detailed tariffs under the Anglo-French Treaty of Commerce (the Cobden–Chevalier Treaty) which had been signed in January 1860. Cobden was much impressed by Mallet and he by Cobden, and Mallet became a strong advocate of free trade, and a founder member of the Cobden Club after Cobden's death. In 1865 Mallet was sent to Vienna to take a leading part in organising an Anglo-Austrian commercial treaty, which was signed in December 1865, though Mallet remained in Vienna until 1867 for follow-up negotiations.
Richard Cobden was an English manufacturer, Radical and Liberal statesman, associated with two major free trade campaigns, the Anti-Corn Law League and the Cobden–Chevalier Treaty.
The Cobden–Chevalier Treaty was an Anglo-French free trade agreement signed between the United Kingdom and France on 23 January 1860. It is named after the main British and French originators of the treaty, Richard Cobden MP and Michel Chevalier. It has been described as the first modern trade agreement.
The Cobden Club was a society and publishing imprint, based in London, run along the lines of a gentlemen's club of the Victorian era, but without permanent club premises of its own. Founded in 1866 for believers in Free Trade doctrine, it was named in honour of Richard Cobden, who had died the year before.
In 1872 the Duke of Argyll, then Secretary of State for India, nominated Mallet to the Council of India.In 1874 he was appointed Permanent Under-Secretary of State for India, a position left vacant by the death of his first cousin Herman Merivale. He remained in that post until his retirement in 1883, touring India in 1875–76, which was facilitated by the opening of the Suez Canal in 1869. Mallet served on a royal commission on the laws relating to copyright in 1876, and was a commissioner for the British representation at the Paris exhibition of 1878. In the same year he and Lord Reay represented India at a Monetary Conference in Paris, convened as a result of a fall in the price of silver relative to gold. Mallet retired in 1883 but was recalled in 1887 to serve for a short period on a Royal Commission on Precious Metals.
George John Douglas Campbell, 8th Duke of Argyll,, styled Marquess of Lorne until 1847, was a Scottish peer and Liberal politician. He was also a popularizer of ornithology who became one of the first to give a detailed account of the principles of bird flight in the hopes of advancing artificial aerial navigation, as well as being a writer on science, religion, and the politics of the 19th century.
His Majesty's Principal Secretary of State for India, known for short as the India Secretary or the Indian Secretary, was the British Cabinet minister and the political head of the India Office responsible for the governance of the British Indian Empire, Aden, and Burma. The post was created in 1858 when the East India Company's rule in Bengal ended and India, except for the Princely States, was brought under the direct administration of the government in Whitehall in London, beginning the official colonial period under the British Empire.
Herman Merivale CB was an English civil servant and historian. He was the elder brother of Charles Merivale, and father of the poet Herman Charles Merivale.
In 1858 Mallet married Frances Helen Pellew (daughter of Rev. Edward William Pellew and Marianne Winthrop, and granddaughter of Admiral Sir Edward Pellew, 1st Viscount Exmouth) and they had four sons, including Bernard Mallet, Louis du Pan Mallet and Eugene Hugo Mallett.
Admiral Edward Pellew, 1st Viscount Exmouth, GCB was a British naval officer. He fought during the American War of Independence, the French Revolutionary Wars, and the Napoleonic Wars. His younger brother Israel Pellew also pursued a naval career.
Sir Bernard Mallet, was a British civil servant. He served in three departments: the Treasury 1886-1897, Inland Revenue 1897-1907 and General Registrary Office from 1907.
Sir Louis du Pan Mallet was a British diplomat who was Ambassador to Turkey at the outbreak of World War I.
He is buried in Brookwood Cemetery.
Louis Mallet was appointed CB in 1866and knighted in 1868. He was made a Privy Counsellor in 1883.
The dignity of Knight Bachelor is the basic and lowest rank of a man who has been knighted by the monarch but not as a member of one of the organised orders of chivalry; it is a part of the British honours system. Knights Bachelor are the most ancient sort of British knight, but Knights Bachelor rank below knights of chivalric orders.
Stafford Henry Northcote, 1st Earl of Iddesleigh,, known as Sir Stafford Northcote from 1851 to 1885, was a British Conservative politician. He served as Chancellor of the Exchequer between 1874 and 1880 and as Foreign Secretary between 1885 and 1886, and was one of only two people to hold the office of First Lord of the Treasury without ever being Prime Minister.
Henry Stafford Northcote, 1st Baron Northcote was a British Conservative politician who served as the third Governor-General of Australia, in office from 1904 to 1908. He was previously Governor of Bombay from 1900 to 1903, as well as a government minister under Lord Salisbury.
Sir Edward Thomas Troubridge, 2nd Baronet, was an officer of the British Royal Navy who served in the French Revolutionary, Napoleonic and War of 1812. He later served for fifteen years as the member of parliament for Sandwich, Kent.
Thomas Henry Farrer, 1st Baron Farrer was an English civil servant and statistician.
Sir John Strachey was an English civil servant in British India.
Sir Henry Babington Smith was a senior British civil servant, who served in a wide range of posts overseas, mostly financial, before becoming a director of the Bank of England. He was related to the Babington family through his maternal grandmother Mary, a daughter of Thomas Babington, and his children took the double surname Babington Smith.
Sir Walter Francis Hely-Hutchinson was an Anglo-Irish diplomat and colonial administrator.
Sir Gerald Herbert Portal was a British diplomat who was the Consul General for British East Africa and British Special Commissioner to Uganda, and a main figure in the establishment of the Uganda Protectorate.
The Second Anglo-Burmese War or the Second Burma War was the second of the three wars fought between the Burmese and British forces during the 19th century, with the outcome of the gradual extinction of Burmese sovereignty and independence.
Sir James Brown Dougherty, was an Irish clergyman, academic, civil servant and politician.
Sir Thomas Douglas Forsyth was an Anglo-Indian administrator and diplomat.
Sir (William) Ivo Mallet was a British diplomat who was ambassador to Yugoslavia and Spain.
The 1902 Birthday Honours were announced on 10 November 1902, to celebrate the birthday of Edward VII the previous day. The list included appointments to various orders and honours of the United Kingdom and the British Empire.
Sir Martin le Marchant Hadsley Gosselin, was a British diplomat who held the office of Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to Portugal.
The 1890 Birthday Honours were appointments by Queen Victoria to various orders and honours to reward and highlight good works by citizens of the British Empire. The appointments were made to celebrate the official birthday of The Queen, and were published in the London Gazette on 20 May 1890 and in The Times on 21 May 1890.
The 1892 Birthday Honours were appointments by Queen Victoria to various orders and honours to reward and highlight good works by citizens of the British Empire. The appointments were made to celebrate the official birthday of The Queen, and were published in the London Gazette on 24 May 1892 and in The Times on 25 May 1892.
The 1884 Birthday Honours were appointments by Queen Victoria to various orders and honours to reward and highlight good works by citizens of the British Empire. The appointments were made to celebrate the official birthday of The Queen, and were published in the London Gazette on 25 May 1894. and in The Times on 26 May 1894.
The 1896 Birthday Honours were appointments by Queen Victoria to various orders and honours to reward and highlight good works by citizens of the British Empire. The appointments were made to celebrate the official birthday of The Queen, and were published in The London Gazette on 20 May and 26 May and in The Times on 20 May 1896.
| Permanent Under-Secretary of State for India |
Sir Arthur Godley