Louis Martin and Marie-Azélie Guérin

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Saint
Louis Joseph Aloys Stanislaus Martin
Louis Martin 1.jpg
BornLouis Joseph Aloys Stanislaus Martin
(1823-08-22)22 August 1823
Bordeaux, Gironde, France
Died29 July 1894(1894-07-29) (aged 70)
Arnières-sur-Iton, Eure, France
Venerated in Roman Catholic Church
Beatified 19 October 2008, Basilique de Sainte-Thérèse, France by Pope Benedict XVI
Canonized 18 October 2015, Saint Peter's Square, Vatican City by Pope Francis
Feast 12 July
Saint
Marie-Azélie Guérin
Zelie Martin 1.jpg
BornAzélie-Marie Guérin
(1831-12-23)23 December 1831
Saint-Denis-sur-Sarthon, Orne, France
Died28 August 1877(1877-08-28) (aged 45)
Alençon, Orne, France
Venerated in Roman Catholic Church
Beatified 19 October 2008, Basilique de Sainte-Thérèse, France by Pope Benedict XVI
Canonized 18 October 2015, Saint Peter's Square, Vatican City by Pope Francis
Feast 12 July

Louis Martin (22 August 1823 – 29 July 1894) and Marie-Azélie "Zélie" Guérin Martin (23 December 1831 – 28 August 1877) were two married Roman Catholic French laypeople and the parents of five Roman Catholic nuns, including Thérèse of Lisieux, a Carmelite nun who was canonized as a saint of the Catholic Church in 1925. On 18 October 2015, the couple were also canonized as saints, becoming the first spouses in the church's history to be canonized as a couple. [1]

Thérèse of Lisieux 19th-century French Discalced Carmelite nun and saint

Saint Thérèse of Lisieux, born Marie Françoise-Thérèse Martin, also known as Saint Thérèse of the Child Jesus and the Holy Face, O.C.D., was a French Catholic Discalced Carmelite nun who is widely venerated in modern times. She is popularly known as "The Little Flower of Jesus", or simply "The Little Flower".

Carmelites Catholic mendicant religious order

The Carmelites, formally known as the Order of the Brothers of the Blessed Virgin Mary of Mount Carmel or sometimes simply as Carmel by synecdoche, is a Roman Catholic mendicant religious order founded, probably in the 12th century, on Mount Carmel in the Crusader States, hence the name Carmelites. However, historical records about its origin remain very uncertain. Berthold of Calabria has traditionally been associated with the founding of the order, but few clear records of early Carmelite history have survived.

Nun Member of a religious community of women

A nun is a member of a religious community of women, typically living under vows of poverty, chastity, and obedience in the enclosure of a monastery. Communities of nuns exist in numerous religious traditions, including Buddhism, Christianity, Hinduism, Jainism, and Taoism.

Contents

Early life

Louis Martin

Louis Joseph Aloys Stanislaus Martin was the third of five children of Pierre-François Martin and Marie-Anne-Fanny Boureau. [2] All his siblings died before reaching age 30.

Although Louis intended to become a monk, wishing to enter the Augustinian Great St. Bernard Monastery, he was rejected because he did not succeed at learning Latin. [2] Later he decided to become a watchmaker and studied his craft in Rennes and in Strasbourg. [2] [3]

Monk religious occupation

A monk is a person who practices religious asceticism by monastic living, either alone or with any number of other monks. A monk may be a person who decides to dedicate his life to serving all other living beings, or to be an ascetic who voluntarily chooses to leave mainstream society and live his or her life in prayer and contemplation. The concept is ancient and can be seen in many religions and in philosophy.

Great St Bernard Hospice mountain hut

The Great St Bernard Hospice, is a hospice or hostel for travellers in Switzerland, at 2469m altitude at the Great St Bernard Pass in the Pennine Alps. The border with Italy is only a few hundred metres to the south.

Watchmaker artisan who makes and repairs watches

A watchmaker is an artisan who makes and repairs watches. Since a majority of watches are now factory made, most modern watchmakers only repair watches. However, originally they were master craftsmen who built watches, including all their parts, by hand. Modern watchmakers, when required to repair older watches, for which replacement parts may not be available, must have fabrication skills, and can typically manufacture replacements for many of the parts found in a watch. The term clockmaker refers to an equivalent occupation specializing in clocks.

Azélie-Marie Guérin

Azélie-Marie Guérin was born in Gandelain, near Saint-Denis-sur-Sarthon, Orne, France. She was the second daughter of Isidore Guérin and Louise-Jeanne Macé. [4] She had an older sister, Marie-Louise, who became a Visitandine nun, and a younger brother, Isidore, who was a pharmacist. Her maternal family was from the Madré, in the neighbouring department of Mayenne, where her grandfather, Louis Macé, was baptised on 16 March 1778.[ citation needed ]

Saint-Denis-sur-Sarthon Commune in Normandy, France

Saint-Denis-sur-Sarthon est une commune du département de l'Orne du nord-ouest de la France.

Orne Department of France

Orne is a department in the northwest of France, named after the river Orne.

Order of the Visitation of Holy Mary organization

The Order of the Visitation of Holy Mary or the Visitation Order is an enclosed Roman Catholic religious order for women. Members of the order are also known as the Salesian Sisters or, more commonly, as the Visitandines or Visitation Sisters.

Zélie wanted to become a nun, but was turned away by the Sisters of Charity of Saint Vincent de Paul due to respiratory difficulties and recurrent headaches. She then prayed for God to give her many children and that they would be consecrated to God. She later decided to become a lacemaker, manufacturing Alençon lace. [4] She fell in love with the watchmaker Louis Martin in 1858 and married him, only three months later, on 12 July 1858, at the Basilica of Notre-Dame in Alençon. [4] Zélie's business became so successful that, in 1870, Louis sold his watchmaking business to go into partnership with her.

Daughters of Charity of Saint Vincent de Paul society of apostolic life

The Company of the Daughters of Charity of Saint Vincent de Paul, called in English the Daughters of Charity or Sisters of Charity of Saint Vincent De Paul, is a Society of Apostolic Life for women within the Catholic Church. Its members make annual vows throughout their life, which leaves them always free to leave, without need of ecclesiastical permission. They were founded in 1633 and state that they are devoted to serving Jesus Christ in persons who are poor through corporal and spiritual works of mercy.

Alençon lace French lace with architecturally arranged swags and flowers on a mesh ground

Alençon lace or point d'Alençon is a needle lace that originated in Alençon, France. It is sometimes called the "Queen of lace." Lace making began in Alençon during the 16th century and the local industry was rapidly expanded during the reign of Louis XIV by Jean-Baptiste Colbert, who established a Royal Workshop in the town to produce lace in the Venetian style in 1665. The purpose of establishing this workshop was to reduce the French court's dependence on expensive foreign imports. The local lacemakers soon modified the Venetian technique and Alençon emerged as a unique style around 1675.

Basilica of Notre-Dame dAlençon basilica located in Orne, in France

The Basilica of Notre-Dame d'Alençon is a Gothic parish church located in Alençon, Orne, France. It was elevated to the rank of minor basilica by Pope Benedict XVI in 2009.

Marriage and family

Although the couple lived chastely for ten months after their wedding, they decided to consummate their marriage after a spiritual director encouraged them to do so. [5] They would later have nine children, though only five daughters would survive infancy:

Chastity sexual conduct of a person that is deemed praiseworthy and virtuous

Chastity is a virtue related to temperance, one of the seven virtues and it is defined as refraining from any sexual conduct or romantic relationships. Chastity is usually defined within the moral standards and guidelines of a culture, civilization or religion. The term is closely associated with sexual abstinence, especially in the context of premarital and extramarital sex.

  1. Marie Louise (22 February 1860 – 19 January 1940), as a nun, Sister Marie of the Sacred Heart, Carmelite at Lisieux;
  2. Marie Pauline (7 September 1861 – 28 July 1951), as a nun, Mother Agnès of Jesus, Carmelite at Lisieux;
  3. Marie Léonie (3 June 1863 – 16 June 1941), as a nun, Sister Françoise-Thérèse, Visitandine at Caen; candidate for sainthood since January 2015;
  4. Marie Hélène (3 October 1864 – 22 February 1870);
  5. Joseph Louis (20 September 1866 – 14 February 1867);
  6. Joseph Jean-Baptiste (19 December 1867 – 24 August 1868);
  7. Marie Céline (28 April 1869 – 25 February 1959), as a nun, Sister Geneviève of the most Holy Face, Carmelite at Lisieux;
  8. Marie Mélanie-Thérèse (16 August 1870 – 8 October 1870);
  9. Marie Françoise-Thérèse (2 January 1873 – 30 September 1897), as a nun, Sister Thérèse of the Child Jesus and of the Holy Face, Carmelite at Lisieux, canonised in 1925. [6]

As a father, Louis loved nature with a deep sentimental enthusiasm. It was from him that Thérèse inherited her passion for flowers and meadows, and for her native landscape, clouds, thunderstorms, the sea and the stars. He made pilgrimages to Chartres and Lourdes, went to Germany and Austria, travelled twice to Rome and even to Constantinople, and planned, but did not live to carry out, a pilgrimage to the Holy Land. [7] Along with this desire for adventure was an impulse towards withdrawal; in Lisieux Louis arranged a little den for himself high up in the attic, a true monastic cell for praying, reading and meditation. Even his daughters were allowed to enter it only if they wished spiritual converse and self-examination. As in a monastery, he divided the day into worship, garden work and relaxation. As a jeweller and watchmaker, Louis loved the precious things with which he dealt. To his daughters he gave touching and naïve pet names: Marie was his "diamond", Pauline his "noble pearl", Céline "the bold one", and "the guardian angel". Thérèse was his "little queen ... to whom all treasures belonged". [8]

Death

Zélie died of breast cancer on 28 August 1877 in Alençon, aged 45, leaving her husband and daughters. [4] Her funeral was held in the basilica where she had married Louis. [9] A few weeks later, Louis sold her lacemaking business and their house along Rue St. Blaise, [10] and moved to Lisieux, Normandy, where Zélie's brother Isidore Guérin, a pharmacist, lived with his wife and two daughters.

After Zélie's death, Pauline, Thérèse (Françoise-Thérèse), and Céline all became Carmelite nuns, along with a cousin, Marie Guérin. Léonie became a Visitandine nun at Caen after leaving the Poor Clares. [11]

In 1889 Louis suffered two paralyzing strokes followed by cerebral arteriosclerosis, and was hospitalised for three years at the Bon Sauveur Asylum in Caen. In 1892 he returned to Lisieux, where two of his daughters looked after him until his death on 29 July 1894 at Chateau La Musse near Évreux.[ citation needed ]

Beatification

Relics of Louis and Marie-Azelie Guerin Martin at Saint Patrick Church (Columbus, Ohio) Saint Patrick Church (Columbus, Ohio) - relics of Louis & Marie-Azelie Guerin Martin, detail.jpg
Relics of Louis and Marie-Azélie Guérin Martin at Saint Patrick Church (Columbus, Ohio)

Louis and Zélie were declared "venerable" on 26 March 1994 by Pope John Paul II. They were beatified on 19 October 2008 by José Saraiva Cardinal Martins, the legate of Pope Benedict XVI in the Basilica of Saint Thérèse, Lisieux. [12]

A few months earlier, the Catholic Church had recognized the miracle of Pietro Schiliro, an Italian child cured of lung trouble at their intercession. [13] For Louis and Zélie to be canonized, the church needed to find that God worked a second miracle at their intercession.[ citation needed ]

Canonizations

Canonization tapestry in 2015. Louis and Marie-Azelie Martin.jpg
Canonization tapestry in 2015.

On 7 January 2013, Carlos Osoro Sierra, Archbishop of Valencia, presided at the opening of the canonical process to inquire into the healing in 2008 of a girl named Carmen, who was born in Valencia four days before Louis and Zélie were beatified. [14] [15] Eight doctors testified that there was no scientific explanation for her cure.[ citation needed ]

The diocesan tribunal held its closing session on 21 May 2013, and the file was sent to Rome for review by the Congregation for the Causes of Saints. [16] [17]

On 3 March 2015 Angelo Cardinal Amato announced informally that Louis and Zélie Martin would be declared saints during the Synod of Bishops. [18] The Congregation accepted and promulgated the miracle on 18 March 2015. [19]

On 26 June 2015, Miracle of Life in Valencia, a film produced by the Archdiocese of Valencia about the canonization miracle was released online in English. [20] The next day, at a consistory of cardinals in Rome, Pope Francis approved the decree for the canonization of Louis and Zélie Martin and announced that the ceremony would take place in October in Rome. [19]

On 18 October 2015, Louis and Azélie-Marie Martin were canonized as saints by Pope Francis. [21]

Publications

In 2011, the letters of Zélie and Louis Martin were published in English as A Call to a Deeper Love: The Family Correspondence of the Parents of Saint Therese of the Child Jesus, 1863–1885 ( ISBN   0818913215). Although only 16 letters from Louis survive, many of Zélie's 216 letters give vivid details about the family's life and Louis's character as a father.[ citation needed ]

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References

  1. Ziegler, J.J. (22 April 2015). "History awaits in canonization of married couple". OSV Newsweekly. Retrieved 4 November 2015.
  2. 1 2 3 Biographical Profile of the Venerable Servants of God (PDF). Office of the Postulator General of the Discalced Carmelites. 19 October 2008. Retrieved 4 November 2015.
  3. "Louis a reliable and committed man". The Martin Family. Sanctuaire d'Alençon. Retrieved 4 November 2015.
  4. 1 2 3 4 "Zélie, a modern woman". The Martin Family. Sanctuaire d'Alençon. Retrieved 4 November 2015.
  5. Louis et Zelie Martin: une saintete pour tous les temps, by Jean Clapier. Paris, Presses de la Renaissance, 2009, pp. 89-90
  6. O'Riordan, Maureen. "Storm of Glory: St. Therese of Lisieux from 1897–2014". Saint Therese of Lisieux: A Gateway. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  7. Görres, Ida (2003). The Hidden Face. Ignatius Press. p. 41.
  8. Görres, Ida (2003). The Hidden Face. Ignatius Press. p. 42.
  9. "Ste. Thérèse of Lisieux Part 1 - Her Family". canadiancatholicblog. 21 October 2007. Retrieved 4 November 2015.
  10. "The family home". Sanctuaire d'Alençon. Retrieved 4 November 2015.
  11. O'Riordan, Maureen (2013). "Léonie Martin, Disciple and Sister of St. Thérèse of Lisieux" . Retrieved 4 November 2015.
  12. "Saint Louis Martin". CatholicSaints.info. Retrieved 4 November 2015.
  13. "The first miracle of Louis and Zélie Martin, the Blessed". Sanctuaire d'Alençon. Retrieved 4 November 2015.
  14. "The second miracle of Louis and Zélie Martin, the Blessed". Sanctuaire d'Alençon. Retrieved 4 November 2015.
  15. O'Riordan, Maureen. "The cure of Carmen: Is this the miracle that will make Blessed Louis and Zelie Martin, the parents of St. Therese of Lisieux, canonized saints?". Saint Therese of Lisieux: A Gateway.
  16. O'Riordan, Maureen. "Vatican to investigate "presumed miracle" attributed to Blessed Louis and Zélie Martin, the parents of St. Thérèse of Lisieux. Will the healing of little Carmen make them saints?". Saint Thérèse of Lisieux: A Gateway.
  17. "Canonization of a model couple". Sanctuaire d'Alençon. Retrieved 4 November 2015.
  18. "Canonization of St. Therese's Parents to Coincide with Synod on the Family". ZENIT. 3 March 2015. Retrieved 4 March 2015.
  19. 1 2 Wooden, Cindy (18 March 2015). "Pope Francis recognizes miracle needed to declare French couple saints". National Catholic Reporter. Retrieved 16 October 2016.
  20. Miracle of life in Valencia. YouTube. 25 June 2015. Retrieved 19 December 2015 via YouTube.
  21. "Santa Messa con il Rito di Canonizzazione dei Beati: Vincenzo Grossi, Maria dell'Immacolata Concezione, Ludovico Martin e Maria Azelia Guérin" (Press release) (in Italian). News.va. 18 October 2015. Retrieved 16 October 2016.