Louis Stokes

Last updated
Louis Stokes
Louis Stokes.jpg
Member of the
U.S. House of Representatives
from Ohio
In office
January 3, 1969 January 3, 1999
Preceded by Charles Vanik
Succeeded by Stephanie Tubbs Jones
Constituency 21st district (1969–93)
11th district (1993–99)
Chair of House Ethics Committee
In office
January 3, 1991 January 3, 1993
Preceded by Julian C. Dixon
Succeeded by Jim McDermott
In office
January 3, 1981 January 3, 1985
Preceded by Charles Bennett
Succeeded by Julian C. Dixon
Chair of House Intelligence Committee
In office
January 3, 1987 January 3, 1989
Preceded by Lee H. Hamilton
Succeeded by Anthony Beilenson
Personal details
Born(1925-02-23)February 23, 1925
Cleveland, Ohio, U.S.
DiedAugust 18, 2015(2015-08-18) (aged 90)
Cleveland, Ohio, U.S.
Political party Democratic
Spouse(s)Jay Stokes
Children4
Relatives Carl Stokes (Brother)
Education Case Western Reserve University
Cleveland State University (JD)
Military service
AllegianceFlag of the United States (1912-1959).svg  United States
Branch/serviceFlag of the United States Army.svg  United States Army
Years of service1943–1946
Battles/wars World War II

Louis Stokes (February 23, 1925 – August 18, 2015) was an American attorney, civil rights pioneer and politician. He served 15 terms in the United States House of Representatives – representing the east side of Cleveland – and was the first African American congressman elected in the state of Ohio. [1] He was one of the Cold War-era chairmen of the House Intelligence Committee, headed the Congressional Black Caucus, and was the first African American on the House Appropriations Committee. [2]

Contents

Early life

Stokes was born in Cleveland, Ohio, the son of Louise (née Stone) and Charles Stokes. [3] He and his brother, politician Carl B. Stokes, lived in one of the first federally funded housing projects, the Outhwaite Homes. Stokes attended Central High School and later served in the U.S. Army from 1943-46. After attending Western Reserve University and Cleveland-Marshall College of Law on the G.I. Bill, [2] Stokes began practicing law in Cleveland in 1953. He argued the "stop and frisk" case of Terry v. Ohio before the United States Supreme Court in 1968. [2] Later in 1968, he was elected to the House, representing the 21st District of Ohio on Cleveland's East Side. He shifted to the newly created 11th District, covering much of the same area following a 1992 redistricting. Stokes served 30 years in total, retiring in 1999.[ citation needed ]

Career

Stokes' tenure in the House of Representatives included service on the House Appropriations Committee, where he was influential in bringing revenue to Cleveland. He was particularly interested in veterans' issues and secured funds for health-care facilities for veterans in Cleveland. [2]

John F. Kennedy, White House photo portrait, looking up.jpg
Martin Luther King, Jr..jpg
The HCSA investigated the assassinations of John F. Kennedy (left) and Martin Luther King Jr. (right)

In the 1970s, Stokes served as Chairman of the House Select Committee on Assassinations, charged with investigating the murders of President John F. Kennedy and civil rights leader Martin Luther King Jr. He served on the House committee that investigated the Iran-Contra Affair. As Chairman of the House Ethics Committee, Stokes oversaw the committee's investigation of a corruption scandal known as ABSCAM in 1979–80, which eventually led to convictions of one senator and six House members. Recalling Stokes, U.S. Attorney Steven Dettelbach said: "We were in the midst of a huge ... corruption scandal, and public service was taking a public beating. But Lou Stokes was there as a shining beacon of integrity, of excellence and most important of all for us, of justice." [2]

In 1971, he was a founding member of the Congressional Black Caucus.

Stokes (standing, fourth from right) with fellow founding members of the Congressional Black Caucus in 1971 CBCfoundingmembers.jpg
Stokes (standing, fourth from right) with fellow founding members of the Congressional Black Caucus in 1971

In 1992, Stokes ran for president as an Ohio favorite son, winning the delegates from his home district in Ohio, and then, in a minor Democratic convention drama, refused to release the delegate's votes until the Clinton campaign formally asked for them. [2]

Following his time in Congress, Stokes became a Distinguished Visiting Professor at the Jack, Joseph and Morton Mandel School of Applied Social Sciences at Case Western Reserve University. He actively served in this role until the time of his death.

Personal life

Stokes' daughter, Angela, is a former Cleveland Municipal Court judge who served from 1995 through 2015, while another, Lori, is the Co-anchor of Good Day New York WNYW Fox 5. His son, Chuck, is also a journalist with WXYZ-TV in Detroit. Stokes' brother, Carl B. Stokes, was the first African American mayor of a large American city. [2] Stokes was a cousin of funk and R&B musician Rick James. [4] [5]

Stokes was a Prince Hall Freemason, [6] and a member of the Cleveland Alumni chapter of Kappa Alpha Psi fraternity.

Later life and death

Stokes retired in 2012 as Senior Counsel in the law firm of Squire, Sanders & Dempsey, with offices in Cleveland and Washington. [7]

On July 20, 2015, it was reported that Stokes had both brain cancer and lung cancer. [1] He died on August 18, 2015 at his home in Cleveland from the diseases at the age of 90. [2] [8] He was interred at Lake View Cemetery in Cleveland. [9]

Legacy

The Cuyahoga Metropolitan Housing Authority opened the Louis Stokes Museum on September 13, 2007. [10] [11] This Museum houses Stokes memorabilia, video interviews, miscellaneous video footage, awards and a written history about Stokes and his rise to prominence. The museum is located at Outhwaite Homes, 4302 Quincy Avenue. [11]

From 2006-08, the Western Reserve Historical Society opened an exhibition on the lives of Congressman Stokes and his brother titled "Carl and Louis Stokes: From the Projects to Politics". The exhibit uses photographs, manuscript collections, and personal items to showcase Louis Stokes' rise from the Outhwaite homes, his legal career, and his Congressional service. The former Congressman was inducted into the Karamu House Hall of Fame in 2007 for his contributions to the continued legacy of Cleveland's black settlement house and theatre.[ citation needed ]

Many buildings throughout the country have been named in Stokes honor including: Howard University's medical library, the Cleveland Public Library's main building expansion, and the GCRTA's Windermere station Louis Stokes Station at Windermere. The greater Cleveland area Veteran's hospital was renamed the Louis Stokes Cleveland Department of Veteran Affairs Medical Center. Building 50 on the campus of the National Institutes of Health is named the Louis Stokes Laboratories. [12]

Congressman Stokes' alma mater, Case Western Reserve University, offers the Louis Stokes Congressional Black Caucus Foundation Scholarship worth full tuition to an incoming first-year or transfer undergraduate student. It is intended to help economically and educationally disadvantaged students attain an education at the school. [13]

Autobiography

See also

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References

  1. 1 2 "Louis Stokes diagnosed with lung and brain cancer". cleveland.com. Retrieved 19 August 2015.
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 "Longtime Ohio Congressman Louis Stokes dies at 90", aol.com, August 19, 2015; retrieved August 20, 2015.
  3. http://ech.case.edu/cgi/article.pl?id=SL6
  4. "Thousands Pay Final Respects to Rick James". Fox News. 2004-08-15. Retrieved 2017-06-21.
  5. "Rick James". Uncrowned Community Builders. Retrieved 2019-10-16.
  6. Gray, David (2012). The History of the Most Worshipful Prince Hall Grand Lodge of Ohio F&AM 1971–2011: The Fabric of Freemasonry. Columbus, Ohio: Most Worshipful Prince Hall Grand Lodge of Ohio F&AM. p. 414. ISBN   978-0615632957.
  7. "Squire Sanders Announces Louis Stokes' Retirement as Senior Counsel", Squire Patton Boggs, December 6, 2012.
  8. WKYC Staff (August 19, 2015). "Former Congressman Louis Stokes has died". WKYC. Retrieved August 19, 2015.
  9. United States Congress. "Louis Stokes (id: s000948)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress .
  10. Turner, Kari (September 13, 2007). "Louis Stokes Museum opens in Cleveland". The Plain Dealer . Retrieved September 21, 2020.
  11. 1 2 "Louis Stokes Museum". Destination Cleveland . Retrieved September 21, 2020.
  12. "New Laboratory Building in Honor of Louis Stokes". Archived from the original on June 27, 2001. Retrieved August 20, 2015.
  13. "Louis Stokes Congressional Black Caucus Foundation Scholarship". case.edu. Retrieved 12 January 2020.