Lowestoft

Last updated

Lowestoft
Lowestoft beach and outer harbour.jpg
Lowestoft beach and outer harbour
Suffolk UK location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Lowestoft
Location within Suffolk
Population71,010  [1] [2]
OS grid reference TM548933
  London 110 mi (180 km)  South-west
Civil parish
  • Lowestoft
District
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Lowestoft
Postcode district NR32, NR33
Dialling code 01502
Police Suffolk
Fire Suffolk
Ambulance East of England
UK Parliament
Website http://Eastangliatoday.com
List of places
UK
England
Suffolk
52°29′N1°45′E / 52.48°N 1.75°E / 52.48; 1.75 Coordinates: 52°29′N1°45′E / 52.48°N 1.75°E / 52.48; 1.75

Lowestoft ( /ˈl(ɪ)stɒft,ˈlstəf/ ) is an English North Sea coast town and civil parish in the county of Suffolk. [3] On the edge of The Broads, it is the most easterly UK settlement, 110 miles (177 km) north-east of London, 38 miles (61 km) north-east of Ipswich and 22 miles (35 km) south-east of Norwich. As the main town in the district of East Suffolk, it had an estimated 73,775 inhabitants in 2018. [1] A port town, it developed out of the fishing industry and as a seaside resort with wide, sandy beaches. As its fisheries declined, oil and gas exploitation in the southern North Sea in the 1960s added to its development, as it did in nearby Great Yarmouth. These roles have declined, but Lowestoft is developing as a regional centre of the renewable energy industry.

Contents

History

Some of the earliest evidence of settlement in Britain was found here. The discovery of flint tools in the cliffs at Pakefield in south Lowestoft in 2005 means that human habitation of the Lowestoft area can be traced back 700,000 years. [4]

The area was inhabited in the Neolithic, Bronze and Iron ages and in the Roman and Saxon periods. Several finds have been made at a Saxon cemetery at Bloodmoor Hill in south Lowestoft. [5] [6] The place name derives from a Norse personal name, Hlothver, and toft, an Old Norse word for homestead. [7] It has been variously spelt as Lothnwistoft, Lothuwistoft, Lestoffe, Laistoe, Loystoft and Laystoft.

The 1086 Domesday Book gives Lothuwistoft village a population of some 16 households in three families, with ten smallholders and three slaves. [8] [9] The manor formed part of the king's holding in Hundred of Lothingland, worth about four geld in tax income. [9] [10] Roger Bigod was the tenant in chief. [10] The lost village of Akethorpe may have lain close by. [11]

In the Middle Ages, Lowestoft became an increasingly important fishing town that grew to challenge its neighbour, Great Yarmouth. [12] [13] The trade, particularly for herring, continued as the town's main identity into the 20th century.

The naval Battle of Lowestoft in June 1665 was the first of the Second Anglo-Dutch War. Held 40 miles (64 km) off the coast, it was a clear victory for the English over the Dutch. [14]

Lowestoft Porcelain Factory, between 1757 and 1802, was in production for longer than any English soft-paste porcelain manufacturer other than Royal Worcester and Royal Crown Derby, producing domestic ware such as pots, teapots and jugs. [12] It was built on the site of an existing pottery or brick kiln, and used later as a brewery and malt kiln. Most of its remaining buildings were demolished in 1955.

Lowestoft's Yacht Basin in 1929 Lowestoft.JPG
Lowestoft's Yacht Basin in 1929

Sir Samuel Morton Peto's arrival in 19th-century Lowestoft brought a change in the town's fortunes that included improving the fishing industry. [13] To help stimulate the fishing industry, Peto was given the task of building a railway line for the Lowestoft Railway and Harbour Company, connecting the town with Reedham and the city of Norwich. [15] Its completion had a profound impact on the town's industrial development – its fishing fleets could sell to markets further inland, and it assisted other industries such as engineering, through boosted trade with the continent. [15] Peto's railway was key also to establishing Lowestoft as a flourishing seaside holiday resort. [13] [15]

During World War I, Lowestoft was bombarded by the German Navy on 24 April 1916 in conjunction with the Easter Rising. The port was a major naval base during the war, including for armed trawlers such as Ethel & Millie and Nelson used to combat German U-boat actions in the North Sea such as that of 15 August 1917. In World War II the town was heavily bombed by the Luftwaffe for its engineering industry and role as a naval base. [16] [17] It is sometimes claimed as one of the UK's most heavily bombed towns per head of population. [16] The Royal Naval Patrol Service, formed mainly by trawlermen and fishermen of the Royal Naval Reserve, was mobilised in August 1939. Its central depot HMS Europa, was also known locally as the Sparrow's Nest. [18]

Governance

Lowestoft is the major settlement in the East Suffolk district. It lost its status as a municipal borough in 1974, but retains a ceremonial mayor elected annually by its councillors. [19] Suffolk County Council is the county authority. A civil parish was created on 1 April 2017. [20]

The town is part of the Waveney parliamentary constituency, represented at Westminster by the Conservative Peter Aldous. Former MPs include Bob Blizzard, David Porter and Jim Prior, a cabinet minister and Secretary of State for Northern Ireland in the Thatcher governments. Prior also represented the former constituency of Lowestoft. For European Union elections Lowestoft lay in the East of England constituency.[ citation needed ]

Before 1 April 2019, as part of Waveney District Council, Lowestoft was divided into ten electoral wards, with Carlton Colville treated as a separate electoral area. Harbour, Kirkley, Normanston, Pakefield, St Margarets and Whitton wards elected three councillors each, and Carlton, Gunton and Corton, Oulton and Oulton Broad wards two. [21] Of the 48 council seats in the district, 26 represented wards within Lowestoft and 3 Carlton Colville. In 2010 the council changed to a Whole Council process, with all seats elected every four years. [22]

The most recent district council elections (and final ones as Waveney) were on 7 May 2015, when the Labour party held 19 of the Lowestoft seats, mainly in the central areas of the town. The Conservative Party won seven seats.[ citation needed ]

On 1 April 2019, governance arrangements for Lowestoft changed with the merger of Waveney and Suffolk Coastal District Councils to form a new district council of East Suffolk. Elections were held on 2 May 2019 for the 6 new Lowestoft wards. The seats, 14 in all, are allocated to Carlton and Whitton (2), Gunton and St. Margarets (2), Harbour and Normanston (3), Kirkley and Pakefield (3), Lothingland (1), and Oulton Broad (3). There are also changes to wards adjacent to Lowestoft. [23] After the inaugural 2019 East Suffolk District Council election of 2 May, eight of the 14 Lowestoft seats over the six new wards went to the Conservatives and six to Labour.

On Suffolk County Council, Lowestoft and its area are represented by eight councillors, split equally between four electoral divisions: Gunton, Lowestoft South, Oulton and Pakefield. [24] For county council elections, Pakefield division includes Carlton Colville. Elections take place every four years. After the 2017 election, seven of Lowestoft's county councillors represented the Conservatives and one Labour. In 2018, one Conservative councillor left the party and became an Independent. [25] [26]

Geography

Lowestoft
Climate chart (explanation)
J
F
M
A
M
J
J
A
S
O
N
D
 
 
51
 
 
7
2
 
 
35
 
 
7
2
 
 
40
 
 
9
3
 
 
42
 
 
11
5
 
 
40
 
 
14
8
 
 
47
 
 
18
11
 
 
44
 
 
20
13
 
 
51
 
 
21
13
 
 
53
 
 
18
11
 
 
58
 
 
14
8
 
 
61
 
 
10
5
 
 
55
 
 
8
3
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: Met Office

Lowestoft, the easternmost town in the United Kingdom, lies on the North Sea coast 110 miles (177 km) north-east of London, 38 miles (61 km) north-east of Ipswich and 22 miles (35 km) south-east of Norwich. It is divided by Lake Lothing, which forms the inner part of Lowestoft Harbour and gives access via Oulton Broad and Oulton Dyke to the River Waveney and the Broads. The northern half is on the island of Lothingland.

Lowestoft is mainly low-lying, with hilly areas in the north and high points of 20–30 metres (66–98 ft) above sea level. [27] The rock beneath is crag-sand with overlying sand and glacial till deposits with gravel, with the crag exposed at coastal cliffs such as Pakefield's. [27] Areas around Lake Lothing feature alluvium silt; some marshland remains west of Oulton Broad. [27] The sandy beaches south of the harbour have Blue Flag status. [28] [29] To the north of the harbour is an area of old sand dunes known as the Denes, along with more beaches and Ness Point, the easternmost point of the UK.

Lowestoft has been subject to periodic flooding, notably in January 1953, when a North Sea swell driven by low pressure and an extreme high tide swept away many earlier sea defences and deluged most of the southern town. [30] Heavy rain caused flash flooding in the town in September 2006. [31] In December 2013, a storm surge caused severe flooding of Lowestoft and its suburbs. [32] [33]

Lowestoft is among the UK's driest areas: annual rainfall averages under 600 mm distributed fairly evenly through the year. [34] Mean daily summer temperatures peak at 21°C in August, when the town averages over 200 hours of sunshine, while in winter minima average 2 °C. [34] Marked snowfall is rare. Sea fog and cool onshore breezes can affect the town.

Climate data for Lowestoft, elevation: 15 m (49 ft), 1981–2010 normals, extremes 1889–2010
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)14.4
(57.9)
17.0
(62.6)
21.7
(71.1)
23.9
(75.0)
26.8
(80.2)
30.0
(86.0)
32.4
(90.3)
30.8
(87.4)
27.8
(82.0)
24.6
(76.3)
19.4
(66.9)
15.2
(59.4)
32.4
(90.3)
Average high °C (°F)6.9
(44.4)
7.0
(44.6)
9.6
(49.3)
11.9
(53.4)
15.1
(59.2)
18.3
(64.9)
20.8
(69.4)
21.0
(69.8)
18.4
(65.1)
14.4
(57.9)
10.2
(50.4)
7.4
(45.3)
13.5
(56.3)
Daily mean °C (°F)4.6
(40.3)
4.5
(40.1)
6.6
(43.9)
8.6
(47.5)
11.8
(53.2)
14.7
(58.5)
17.2
(63.0)
17.3
(63.1)
15.1
(59.2)
11.6
(52.9)
7.7
(45.9)
5.1
(41.2)
10.4
(50.7)
Average low °C (°F)2.2
(36.0)
2.0
(35.6)
3.5
(38.3)
5.3
(41.5)
8.4
(47.1)
11.1
(52.0)
13.5
(56.3)
13.6
(56.5)
11.7
(53.1)
8.8
(47.8)
5.1
(41.2)
2.8
(37.0)
7.4
(45.3)
Record low °C (°F)−11.2
(11.8)
−11.7
(10.9)
−8.9
(16.0)
−3.6
(25.5)
−1.7
(28.9)
0.6
(33.1)
3.9
(39.0)
3.9
(39.0)
1.1
(34.0)
−2.8
(27.0)
−6.1
(21.0)
−10.0
(14.0)
−11.7
(10.9)
Average precipitation mm (inches)50.4
(1.98)
41.0
(1.61)
43.1
(1.70)
42.1
(1.66)
49.9
(1.96)
48.9
(1.93)
50.9
(2.00)
57.8
(2.28)
52.6
(2.07)
63.9
(2.52)
63.2
(2.49)
56.2
(2.21)
619.9
(24.41)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm)11.79.210.28.98.29.18.88.39.010.312.211.6117.4
Mean monthly sunshine hours 51.778.0114.1174.8202.4181.0196.4199.8147.0111.062.440.81,559.2
Source 1: Met Office [35]
Source 2: KNMI [36]

Demography

Lowestoft is Suffolk's second largest town after Ipswich, with an estimated population of 58,560 in 2010. [2] [37] Including the suburban areas of Oulton and Carlton Colville, which are part of the wider urban area, brought the estimated population of the built-up area to 73,755 in 2018 from 68,850 at the 2001 census. [38] The town contains business and residential areas, with a main shopping centre just to the north of Lake Lothing. Its wider urban area includes the suburbs of Carlton Colville, Gunton, Pakefield, Oulton and Oulton Broad and the district of Kirkley. Associated outlying villages include Blundeston, Corton, Gisleham, Kessingland and Somerleyton.

About 10 per cent of the area population at the 2001 census was aged 75 or over and 20 per cent under 16. [37] In general the population of several wards is slightly skewed towards the elderly. The population is mainly classed as "white", with minority ethnicities making up 1.4 per cent, compared with 8.7 per cent nationally. [39] [40] [41] [42] [43] [44]

At the 2001 census there were 27,777 households, giving an average household size of 2.40. [37] In total 8,430 (30 per cent) were classified as one-person households, while 26 per cent included children aged 15 or under. [37] The proportion of households without a private car was 29 per cent, whilst 22 per cent had two or more. In housing tenure, 72 per cent of homes were owner-occupied. [37]

Economy

Originally based on fishing and engineering, the economy of Lowestoft has declined over the years. [45] Although the tourism sector has grown, the major employers in the town are the wholesale and retail sector, with 18 per cent of employment.[ citation needed ] Service industries, including health, social care and education are significant employers, while manufacturing employs about 10 per cent of the workforce.[ citation needed ]

Employment can vary seasonally due to the importance of tourism to the economy.[ citation needed ] In early 2011, around 10 per cent of the working population of the town claimed Jobseekers Allowance.[ citation needed ]

Traditional industries

Traditional trawler, the Mincarlo, now a museum ship Trawler Mincarlo, Lowestoft, 13th June 2009 (17).JPG
Traditional trawler, the Mincarlo, now a museum ship

Until the mid-1960s, fishing was seen as Lowestoft's main industry, [13] although from the 1930s the percentage so employed directly and in trades associated with fishing was actually only about 10 per cent.[ citation needed ] Fleets of drifters and trawlers caught fish such as herring, cod and plaice. Catches have diminished since the 1960s [46] and although 100 boats remained by the 1980s, there are now only a few small boats operating out of Lowestoft, with no large trawlers. [45] [47] [48] By 2011 just three traders remained at the town's fish market, which is under threat of closure due to redevelopment of the port. [49] [50] The Centre for Environment, Fisheries and Aquaculture Science (CEFAS), a large fisheries research centre that is a part of Defra, is still located in Lowestoft. [45]

Other major traditional employers included Eastern Coach Works and engineering and shipbuilding companies clustered around the harbour. [13] [45] These included the Brooke Marine and Richards shipbuilding companies, which together employed over a thousand men but went out of business in the 1990s, and the Norwich-based engineering company Boulton and Paul. [13] [51] Some shipbuilding and repair still goes on at the harbour. [52] [53]

Modern economy

Windfarm construction in Lowestoft harbour Lowestoft 10-4-2004.jpg
Windfarm construction in Lowestoft harbour

Major local employers include Birds Eye frozen foods, with 700 workers. [45] [54] [55] This has been located in the town for over 60 years. [56] The food-processing company Wessex Foods closed its Lowestoft plant in 2010 after a fire destroyed the factory and it failed to find alternative premises. [57]

Several other employers have shed labour in recent years. The Sanyo plant in the town closed down in 2009 with a loss of 60 jobs, [58] having once employed 800. [59] The timber company Jeld-Wen closed its factory in the town in 2010. [51]

From the mid-1960s to the late 1990s, the oil and gas industry provided significant employment in the area. [60] For many years the Shell Southern Operations base on the north shore of Lowestoft Harbour was town's largest employer. [60] A decision to close the Shell base was finally made in 2003. [61] Oil and gas is still a major industry. [62] [63] [64]

The town has made efforts to develop as a centre for renewable energy in the east of England. [65] [66] The non-profit Orbis Energy centre has been set up to draw business in the green-energy sector and features solar thermal heating. [67] [68] [69] [70] In April 2009, Associated British Ports announced that the harbour is to become the operations centre for the 500 MW Greater Gabbard wind farm, which when completed will be the world's largest offshore windfarm. The turbines will be located 15 miles (24 km) off the Suffolk coast and the Outer Harbour will be used to house the necessary operational support facilities. Other developments in the renewable energy sector include a prototype tidal energy generator being produced by local company 4NRG [71] and wave power systems developed by Trident Energy. [72]

Rainbow Saver Anglia Credit Union, a savings and loans co-operative established in 1999 and operating throughout East Anglia, is based in the town. Hoseasons, the self-catering UK Holiday specialist, is also a large employment provider. [73]

Due to more opportunities to work remotely across the country, Lowestoft has become the home of many start-up tech companies.[ citation needed ]

Retailing

The town centre is the main shopping area in Waveney district. [74] The retail chain Marks & Spencer has a store. Chadds independent department store was founded in 1907, and after nearly 100 years trading in the High Street, was taken over in 2004 by the Great Yarmouth-based Palmers group. [75] [76] Specialist shopping areas, branded as The Historic High Street and the Triangle Market Place, have been developed on the northern edge of the centre. Several retail parks have appeared, the largest being North Quay Retail Park in Peto Way.

Tourism

Lowestoft beach at the airshow Lowestoft beach crowd - geograph.org.uk - 1420548.jpg
Lowestoft beach at the airshow

Lowestoft is a traditional seaside resort, first developed as a bathing site in the 1760s. [12] The coast has been called the "Sunrise Coast". The town's main beaches are south of the harbour, where two piers, the Claremont and South piers, provide tourist facilities, and the East Point Pavilion the tourist information service. [12] [77] The beach south of the Claremont Pier is a Blue Flag beach. [78] Lifeguard facilities are provided during the summer and water sports take place along the coast. [77] Tourism is a significant aspect of the town's economy. [65]

The town features two major attractions, the first being Pleasurewood Hills Theme Park, situated on the northern edge of the town, [79] while the second is the Africa Alive! wildlife park, situated in the south at Kessingland. The town maintains a holiday park at Pakefield, operated by Pontins, [62] and a small caravan site near its northern beach. The natural attractions of the Broads and the River Waveney on the west edge of the town, also attract visitors and been the site for boat trips and water sports events, with companies such as Hoseasons operating hire boats from Oulton Broad. [62]

Between 1996 and 2012, the town hosted a major air show during the summer, dubbed the Lowestoft Airshow. A major attraction, the two-day event took place in August, and featuring a wide range of aircraft including the Red Arrows, a Lancaster bomber, Spitfires and an Avro Vulcan. [80] From 2004, it was run by Lowestoft Seafront Air Festival Ltd, a non-profit company, but suffered financial difficulties. In 2010, the event made a loss of £40,000 and raised concerns over its sustainability, [81] [82] whereupon further financial difficulties coupled with bad weather and low visitor numbers made the 2012 airshow the last before it was discontinued. [83] [84] [85]

Near the town centre is Lowestoft Maritime Museum, open from late April to late October, which has exhibits of maritime artefacts, an extensive collection of ship models and medals, marine art, fishing and the fishing industry, activities with the Royal Navy in WWII, and shipwrights' and coopers' tools.

Lowestoft (right) and Great Yarmouth (left) at night Lowestoft and Great Yarmouth at night.jpg
Lowestoft (right) and Great Yarmouth (left) at night

Redevelopment

Lowestoft is among the more socially deprived areas in Suffolk, with Kirkley the county's most deprived ward, ranking 173rd most deprived in England out of 32,486. [43] The area attracted European Union redevelopment funding. The Waveney Sunrise Scheme invested £14.7 million, funding transport improvements and tourist facilities such as fountains on Royal Plain, as stimulants. [86] [87] Regeneration company 1st East, which focused on the Lowestoft and Great Yarmouth areas, closed in 2011. [88]

Great Yarmouth and Lowestoft Enterprise Zone was announced in 2011 and launched in April 2012. [89] The zone, developed by New Anglia Local Enterprise Partnership, has six redevelopment sites across Lowestoft and Great Yarmouth. The bid for the zone in 2011 envisaged creating 13,500 jobs by 2036. [90] It involved the Norfolk and Suffolk Energy Alliance and focused on developing the energy sector initially using tax incentives, simplified planning regulations and the provision of improved broadband internet services. [90] The sites in Lowestoft are Mobbs Way, Riverside Road and South Lowestoft Industrial Estate. [89]

The harbour is a focus of redevelopment proposals for Lowestoft through the Lake Lothing and Outer Harbour Area Action Plan, submitted in February 2011. [91] The plan focuses on the redevelopment of brownfield sites in and around the harbour area to create jobs, particularly in the renewable energy and retailing sectors. [65] [92] [93]

Culture and community

The town has three theatres: the Marina, the Players (Lowestoft) and The Seagull. The 800-seat Marina, operated as a charitable trust, was restored and refurbished in 2012 and its cinema upgraded to digital in 2013. A small four-screen cinema, the independently owned East Coast Cinema, underwent modest refurbishment in late 2011 to upgrade facilities and allow 3D films to be shown. The Beach radio station broadcasts to Lowestoft and the surrounding area, from studios in Norwich as does BBC Radio Suffolk, from Ipswich. The local weekly paper is the Lowestoft Journal, which is part of the Archant group. The Royal Philharmonic Orchestra has played regularly at the Marina Theatre since 2005.[ citation needed ]

St. Margaret's Church, Lowestoft Churchyard, St. Margaret, Lowestoft - geograph.org.uk - 910808.jpg
St. Margaret's Church, Lowestoft

Lowestoft Museum, which holds a collection of Lowestoft Porcelain and artifacts describing the town's history, is in Nicholas Everett Park in Oulton Broad. [12] There are some small museums in Sparrow's Nest Park in the north of the town, including the Lowestoft War Memorial Museum, the Maritime Museum and the Royal Naval Patrol Service Museum. The Heritage Workshop Centre is also located there. [94] The Mincarlo, the last surviving sidewinder trawler of the Lowestoft fishing fleet, can be visited at Lowestoft Harbour. The East Anglia Transport Museum holds a collection of buses, trams and trolleybuses in Carlton Colville.

Lowestoft retains several narrow lanes with steps running steeply seawards, known locally as "scores". They were used by fishermen and smugglers and now feature in an annual charity race. [12] [95]

The borough church, dedicated to St Margaret, is a Grade I listed building. [96] [97] In the town centre is Our Lady Star of the Sea Church, a Grade II listed building in the Arts and Crafts style and the most easterly Catholic church in the British Isles. [98] [99]

Lowestoft's town-centre library contains a local-history section and a branch of the Suffolk Record Office. [100]

Lowestoft Hospital closed in 2016. Services are now provided by the James Paget University Hospital in Gorleston. [101] The main burial grounds for the town are Lowestoft Cemetery and Kirkley Cemetery.

The town is twinned with the town of Plaisir in the Yvelines department in the Île-de-France to the west of Paris.[ citation needed ]

Landmarks

Ness Point, the most easterly location in the United Kingdom, is located in the town close to a 126-metre wind turbine, known locally as Gulliver[ citation needed ]. At the time it was completed it was the country's tallest. [102]

At the most easterly point is a large compass rose, the Euroscope, set in the ground to give the direction and distance to various cities in Europe. [103]

Belle Vue Park is the site of the Royal Naval Patrol Service memorial. The central depot for the service was in Lowestoft when it was mobilised in August 1939, on a site known as Sparrow's Nest, adjacent to the memorial. The memorial has the names of the 2,385 members of the service who died in World War II. [18]

Lighthouse

Lowestoft Lighthouse Lowestoft Denes lighthouse - geograph.org.uk - 229057.jpg
Lowestoft Lighthouse

Lowestoft Lighthouse, built in 1874 to the north of the town centre, stands 16 metres high at 37 metres above sea level, with a range of 23 nautical miles (43 km). It was automated in 1975. [104] It is the United Kingdom's most easterly lighthouse.

The first two lighthouses in Lowestoft were built in 1609 on the foreshore and candlelit, to warn of the dangerous sandbanks around the coast. These were the first constructed by Trinity House. The Low Light was discontinued in 1706 after sea encroachment, but re-established in 1730 in a form that could be easily moved in response to further changes to the Stamford Channel and shoreline. It was discontinued in August 1923. The High Light tower was rebuilt as the present lighthouse in 1874 [105] with the intention of displaying an electric light, but when opened paraffin oil was used instead; not until 1936 was it electrified. The lighthouse, with two cottages originally for lighthouse keepers, is a Grade II listed building. [105]

Lifeboat station

Lowestoft Lifeboat Station, at the mouth of the outer harbour at the South Pier, is one of Britain's oldest, founded in 1801 and open to visitors throughout the year. [106] The lifeboat is Patsy Knight , a Shannon class lifeboat which replaced the Tyne class boat Spirit of Lowestoft in 2014. A former Lowestoft lifeboat was used during the Dunkirk evacuation of British forces from France in 1940. [106] The South Broads Lifeboat Station, an inland RNLI station, operated at Oulton Broad in 2001–2011. [107]

Town Hall

Lowestoft Town Hall Lowestoft Town Hall, Historic High Street.jpg
Lowestoft Town Hall

Lowestoft Town Hall stands in the High Street. Various forms of local government have met or been based on this site since its establishment as a Town House and Chapel in 1570. In 1698 a new Town House was built, incorporating a 'corn cross' on the ground floor with the meeting chamber and chapel above. This in turn was replaced by the present building, designed by architect J. L. Clemence in 1857. [108] The building houses the town clock and the curfew bell, which dates from 1644 and is rung each evening at 8 p. m. [109] The building is a Grade II listed building. [110]

In 2012, Waveney District Council announced that it planned to leave the town hall and share Suffolk County Council's offices in Riverside Road. This occurred in 2015. [110]

Transport

Trains at Lowestoft station Diesel Multiple Units stand at Lowestoft - geograph.org.uk - 1460645.jpg
Trains at Lowestoft station

Lowestoft railway station, originally Lowestoft Central, is centrally placed within walking distance of the beach and the town centre. It provides services to Ipswich on the East Suffolk Line and to Norwich on the Wherry Line. [111] [112] Both lines were originally part of the Great Eastern Railway and are operated by Abellio Greater Anglia. The suburb of Oulton Broad has two stations: Oulton Broad North station lies on the line to Norwich, while Oulton Broad South is on the line to Ipswich.

Lowestoft North railway station, originally operated by the Norfolk and Suffolk Joint Railway, closed in 1970 with the Lowestoft to Great Yarmouth line. The site is now taken by the residential Beeching Drive.

Buses in Lowestoft are mainly operated by First Norfolk & Suffolk, with Lowestoft bus station as the hub. They link the town with Norwich and Great Yarmouth and provide services within the town and to surrounding villages. The Excel X1 route runs a link to Peterborough. National Express Coaches stop in Lowestoft on the LondonGreat Yarmouth route.

The main A12 road to London passes through Carlton Colville, Pakefield and Kirkley in the southern area of Lowestoft, ending at the town's harbour Bascule Bridge. It connects there to the A47 road, which runs around the centre of town, before exiting along Great Yarmouth Road, crossing the county border into Norfolk.

A second road from the town centre, the A1044, links the town to Oulton Broad, via its second road crossing over Lake Lothing, and connects with the A146 that runs between Lowestoft, Beccles and Norwich. [65] Both bridges can be raised if vessels need to pass through the harbour and Lake Lothing, though this can cause congestion in the town and routes can become gridlocked. [65] [113] [114] A third crossing of Lowestoft Harbour is proposed, [114] but has yet to receive planning or funding. A southern relief road was built to divert traffic from the seafront, [87] [115] while a proposed pedestrian and cycle bridge is planned as an alternative crossing alongside the Bascule Bridge. [116]

Lowestoft's cycle network has routes that link areas to the town centre. About 12 per cent of residents cycle to work. The town is seen as "ideally suited" to cycling due to its relatively small size and flat landscape. [65] Suffolk County Council aims to promote cycling by working with employers and schools and by funding a town-centre pedestrian and cycle bridge. [65]

Education

Lowestoft has several primary and high schools, including four 11–16 high schools: Benjamin Britten Academy, Ormiston Denes Academy, East Point Academy and Pakefield High School. [117] After reorganisation, all eight middle schools in the town closed in 2011 and Pakefield High School opened. [118] Post-16 education is provided at Lowestoft Sixth Form College, which opened in September 2011 as part of the reorganisation, and at East Coast College (Lowestoft Campus), which offers a range of academic and vocational courses.

East Coast College (Lowestoft Campus) provides some higher education courses through an affiliation to University Campus Suffolk. [119] Degrees are validated by the University of East Anglia and University of Essex. [120] The college also has courses in boat building and some to support the offshore and maritime industries that are major employers in the town. [121] Other adult education courses are run by the County Council from a base at the town library. [122]

Sport and leisure

Lowestoft's sport clubs and facilities include Lowestoft Town Football Club at Crown Meadow and Kirkley & Pakefield Football Club at Walmer Road. Lowestoft Cricket Club plays at the Denes Oval sport ground. [123] Other sport clubs include Waveney Gymnastics club [124] and Rookery Park Golf Club. [125]

Lowestoft and Yarmouth rugby football club www.lyrugby.club also has its Gunton Park home based in Lowestoft. Founded in 1879, it is one of the oldest rugby union clubs in England.

The town's main leisure centre, the Waterlane Leisure Centre, was redeveloped at a cost of £8 million in 2010–2011. [126] [127] Facilities include a gym and climbing wall as well as a 25-metre swimming pool with a movable floor. [126] [128] Lowestoft has a number of parks and recreation grounds. [129]

The Broads national park extends to Lowestoft on Oulton Broad. Water activities and boat tours can be taken here. Powerboat racing takes place throughout the summer, mainly on Thursday evenings. [130] Fixtures are organised by the Lowestoft and Oulton Broad Motor Boat Club and can attract up to 1500 spectators. [130] [131] The Royal Norfolk and Suffolk Yacht Club has its club house in Lowestoft harbour. [132]

Notable people


Related Research Articles

Beccles Human settlement in England

Beccles is a market town and civil parish in the English county of Suffolk. The town is shown on the milestone as 109 miles (175 km) from London via the A145 and A12 roads, 98 miles (158 km) north-east of London as the crow flies, 16 miles (26 km) south-east of Norwich and 33 miles (53 km) north-northeast of the county town of Ipswich. Nearby towns include Lowestoft to the east and Great Yarmouth to the north-east. The town lies on the River Waveney on the edge of The Broads National Park.

River Waveney

The River Waveney is a river which forms the boundary between Suffolk and Norfolk, England, for much of its length within The Broads.

Oulton Broad Human settlement in England

Oulton Broad refers to both the lake and the suburb and electoral ward of Lowestoft in Suffolk, England, located 2 miles (3.2 km) west of the centre of the town.

Lowestoft railway station Railway Station in Suffolk, England

Lowestoft railway station serves the town of Lowestoft, Suffolk, and is the eastern terminus of the East Suffolk Line from Ipswich and is one of two eastern termini of the Wherry Lines from Norwich. Lowestoft is 23 miles 41 chains (37.8 km) down the line from Norwich and 48 miles 75 chains (78.8 km) measured from Ipswich; and is the easternmost station on the National Rail network in the United Kingdom.

Waveney (UK Parliament constituency)

Waveney is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2010 by Peter Aldous, a Conservative.

Carlton Colville Human settlement in England

Carlton Colville is an area in the suburbs of Lowestoft, also an electoral ward in the East Suffolk district of the English county of Suffolk, located 3 miles (5 km) south-west of the centre of the town. The area lies along the A146 Lowestoft to Beccles road.

Lothingland is an area in the English counties of Suffolk and Norfolk on the North Sea coast. It is bound by the River Yare and Breydon Water to the north, the River Waveney to the west and Oulton Broad to the south, and includes the parts of Lowestoft north of Lake Lothing.

Kirkley & Pakefield F.C. Association football club in England

Kirkley & Pakefield Football Club is a football club based in the Kirkley suburb of Lowestoft, Suffolk, England. They are currently members of the Eastern Counties League Premier Division and play at Walmer Road.

Lake Lothing

Lake Lothing is a saltwater lake located in Lowestoft in the English county of Suffolk. The lake, which is believed to be the remnant of medieval peat cutting, flows into the North Sea and forms part of the Port of Lowestoft. The area was the major industrial centre of Lowestoft with ship building and other engineering industries, much of which has now closed.

Kirkley Human settlement in England

Kirkley is a district within the town of Lowestoft in the Waveney district of the English county of Suffolk. It is located south of the centre of Lowestoft and the town's Bascule Bridge and north of Pakefield and Kessingland. Kirkley was originally an independent village and still retains its old fashioned village feel by the seaside but after centuries of urban sprawl and development of the harbour area, is now part of the urban conurbation of Lowestoft. There is a long esplanade where you can walk along the seaside with its various cafes, bars and hotels. The beach is sandy and wide with a pier, fish and chips and seaside beach huts. During the winter dogs are allowed on the beach but during Summer the beach does not allow dogs. In council ward terms, it sits between the wards of Harbour and Pakefield.

A146 road An A road in East Anglia, England

The A146 is an A road that connects Norwich in Norfolk and Lowestoft in Suffolk, two of East Anglia's largest population centres. It is around 27 miles (43 km) in length and has primary classification along its entire route. It is mainly single carriageway throughout its route, with the exception of a section of dual carriageway on the southern edge of Norwich.

Buses in Lowestoft in the English county of Suffolk provide public transport in and around the town. Buses were first introduced in the town by Lowestoft Corporation Tramways in 1927 and replaced original tram services by 1931.

Pakefield Human settlement in England

Pakefield is a village, located around 2 miles (3.2 km) south of the centre of the town of Lowestoft in Suffolk, England.

Port of Lowestoft

The Port of Lowestoft is a harbour in Lowestoft in the English county of Suffolk owned by Associated British Ports. It is the most easterly harbour in the United Kingdom and has direct sea access to the North Sea. The harbour is made up of two sections divided by a bascule bridge. The inner harbour is formed by Lake Lothing whilst the outer harbour is constructed from breakwaters.

Mutford and Lothingland was a hundred of Suffolk, with an area of 33,368 acres (135.04 km2). Lowestoft Ness, the most easterly point of Great Britain fell within its bounds.

East Point Academy is an academy sponsored by the Inspiration Trust, located in the Kirkley district of Lowestoft, in the English county of Suffolk. It educates children from ages 11 to 16. In its latest Ofsted inspection in October 2016, the academy overall was rated as "Good". The school is also home to both the Lowestoft Railway and Lowestoft Ladies Hockey Clubs and the KITE Media Centre

South Broads Lifeboat Station

South Broads Lifeboat Station was an RNLI operated lifeboat station located on Oulton Broad in the town of Lowestoft in the English county of Suffolk. The station operated between 2001 and 2011. The station covered the southern area of The Broads network, an area of over 100 square miles (260 km2) of inland waterways including the River Waveney.The station performed 194 rescues.

Mutford and Lothingland Rural District

Mutford and Lothingland Rural District was a rural district within the administrative county of East Suffolk between 1894 and 1934. It was created out of the earlier Mutford and Lothingland rural sanitary district.

Our Lady Star of the Sea Church, Lowestoft Church in Lowestoft, United Kingdom

Our Lady Star of the Sea Church is a Roman Catholic Parish church in Lowestoft, Suffolk. It is situated on Gordon Road in the centre of the town. It was founded by the Diocese of Northampton in 1881 and it is now administered by the Diocese of East Anglia. The church is in the Arts and Crafts style, the architects were George Baines and F.W. Richards, and it is a Grade II listed building. It is the most easterly Catholic parish church in the entire British Isles.

References

  1. 1 2 City Population site. Retrieved 2 June 2020.
  2. 1 2 Economic statistics and data – an overview of Waveney, Waveney District Council. Retrieved 14 August 2013.
  3. OS Explorer Map OL40: The Broads: (1:25 000) : ISBN   0 319 24086 X.
  4. S. Parfitt et al. (2006) '700,000 years old: found in Pakefield', British Archaeology, January/February 2006. Retrieved 24 December 2008.
  5. Cambridge Archaeological Unit A Roman and Saxon settlement at Bloodmoor Hill, Pakefield, Lowestoft Archived 6 June 2011 at the Wayback Machine . Retrieved 28 November 2009.
  6. 'Human influences' Archived 19 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine , Waveney District landscape character assessment pp. 27–29, Waveney District Council, April 2008. Retrieved 18 April 2011.
  7. A. D. Mills (1998), A Dictionary of English Place-names, 2nd ed, Oxford: Oxford University Press, p. 227. ISBN   0-19-280074-4
  8. Freeman E & J (2009) Old Lowestoft, Stanlake publishing, p. 3.
  9. 1 2 Lowestoft Archived 12 October 2012 at the Wayback Machine , Domesday Map. Retrieved 20 April 2011.
  10. 1 2 Lowestoft, Domesday Book online. Retrieved 20 April 2011.
  11. Akethorpe Archived 10 August 2010 at the Wayback Machine , Domesday Map. Retrieved 21 April 2011.
  12. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Lowestoft Archived 10 June 2011 at the Wayback Machine , Eastern Daily Press, 14 April 2010. Retrieved 11 May 2011.
  13. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Lowestoft, Poppyland Publishing. Retrieved 21 April 2011.
  14. Battle of Lowestoft: notes Archived 8 October 2011 at the Wayback Machine , National Maritime Museum. Retrieved 21 April 2011.
  15. 1 2 3 Port of Lowestoft Archived 22 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine , Lowestoft Maritime Museum, February 2011. Retrieved 2011-04-15.
  16. 1 2 Prime target for bombers, Lowestoft Journal, 27 May 2008. Retrieved 20 March 2011.
  17. James Hoseason Obituary, The Guardian, 17 July 2009. Retrieved 20 April 2011.
  18. 1 2 Naval War Memorial, Lowestoft, British Listed Buildings. Retrieved 24 April 2011.
  19. Mayor of Lowestoft Archived 27 September 2011 at the Wayback Machine , Waveney District Council. Retrieved 30 April 2011.
  20. "Waveney District Council (Reorganisation of Community Governance) Order 2017" (PDF). Lgbce. Retrieved 16 May 2018.
  21. Lowestoft ward map Archived 19 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine , Waveney District Council. Retrieved 6 May 2011.
  22. Changing to Whole Council Elections – Explanatory Document Archived 19 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine , Waveney District Council, 2010. Retrieved 6 May 2011.
  23. East Suffolk District Council elections 2019 Archived 26 March 2019 at the Wayback Machine . Retrieved 26 March 2019.
  24. County council elections Archived 19 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine , Waveney District Council. Retrieved 6 May 2012.
  25. "Lowestoft Journal", 2017-05-05. Retrieved 2019-04-04
  26. "Lowestoft Journal", 1 August 2018. Retrieved 4 April 2019.
  27. 1 2 3 'Physical influences and ecological context' Archived 19 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine , Waveney District landscape character assessment pp. 15–21, Waveney District Council, April 2008. Retrieved 18 April 2011.
  28. Lowestoft north of Claremont Pier Archived 27 September 2011 at the Wayback Machine , Blue Flag. Retrieved 10 April 2011.
  29. Lowestoft south of Claremont Pier Archived 27 September 2011 at the Wayback Machine , Blue Flag. Retrieved 10 April 2011.
  30. 1953 floods – What areas were affected?, BBC Suffolk, 2003. Retrieved 21 April 2011.
  31. Homes under water in flash floods, Fierce storms force mass evacuations in England |BBC News Website, 15 September 2006. Retrieved 21 April 2011.
  32. Fierce storms force mass evacuations in England, BBC News Website. Retrieved 2014-01-30.
  33. Lowestoft flooded, ITV news. Retrieved 30 January 2014.
  34. 1 2 Lowestoft 1971–2000 averages Archived 19 October 2011 at the Wayback Machine , Met Office. Retrieved 10 April 2011.
  35. "Lowestoft 1981–2010 averages". Met Office. Retrieved 12 February 2020.
  36. "Indices Data - Lowestoft Station 1843". KNMI . Retrieved 12 February 2020.
  37. 1 2 3 4 5 Profiles of Ipswich, Lowestoft and Bury St Edmunds Archived 23 September 2011 at the Wayback Machine , Suffolk County Council. Retrieved 10 April 2011.
  38. City Population site. Retrieved 26 October 2020.
  39. Gunton electoral division profile Archived 8 March 2012 at the Wayback Machine , Suffolk County Council, September 2009. Retrieved 21 April 2011.
  40. Pakefield electoral division profile Archived 8 March 2012 at the Wayback Machine , Suffolk County Council, September 2009. Retrieved 21 April 2011.
  41. Oulton electoral division profile Archived 19 September 2011 at the Wayback Machine , Suffolk County Council, September 2009. Retrieved 21 April 2011.
  42. Lowestoft south electoral division profile Archived 8 March 2012 at the Wayback Machine , Suffolk County Council, September 2009. Retrieved 21 April 2011.
  43. 1 2 Waveney district profile Archived 8 March 2012 at the Wayback Machine , Suffolk County Council, April 2010. Retrieved 21 April 2011.
  44. D. Gardener and H. Connelly (2005) Who are the "other" ethnic groups? Archived 28 May 2008 at the Wayback Machine , Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 22 June 2008.
  45. 1 2 3 4 5 'East Coast Inshore Fishing Fleet', Hansard, 14 October 2010. Retrieved 21 April 2011.
  46. Fish stocks dwindle, BBC Nation on film. Retrieved 21 April 2011.
  47. Fears for Suffolk fishing industry, BBC news website, 27 December 2007. Retrieved 21 April 2011.
  48. Madslien.J (2008) Fishermen fight for brighter future, BBC news website, 30 June 2008. Retrieved 21 April 2011.
  49. Fears for future of Lowestoft fish market, BBC news website, 11 March 2011. Retrieved 9 April 2011.
  50. End of an era beckons for Lowestoft fish market, Eastern Daily Press, 29 March 2011. Retrieved 30 April 2011.
  51. 1 2 Timber factory closure announced, BBC news website, 3 December 2009. Retrieved 21 April 2011.
  52. 'Oldest' steamship gets £2m refit, BBC news website, 28 June 2008. Retrieved 2011-04-21.
  53. New start for grand old lady, BBC Suffolk, 2008. Retrieved 21 April 2011.
  54. Farmers hit as Birds Eye, Lowestoft loses peas contract, BBC news website, 4 February 2010. Retrieved 21 April 2011.
  55. East Anglian pea farmers sign frozen food deal, BBC news website, 5 October 2010. Retrieved 21 April 2011.
  56. Jobs safe at Birds Eye factory, BBC news website, 7 November 2003. Retrieved 21 April 2011.
  57. Staff at fire-hit burger factory in Lowestoft lose jobs, BBC news website, 29 October 2010. Retrieved 21 April 2011.
  58. Sanyo to shut down monitor plant, BBC news website, 1 December 2009. Retrieved 21 April 2011.
  59. Sanyo TV monitor factory site in Lowestoft up for sale, BBC news website, 2010-03-17. Retrieved 21 April 2011.
  60. 1 2 Offshore industry timeline, Great Yarmouth Council. Retrieved 2011-04-21.
  61. Talks over Shell shutdown, BBC news website, 2003-04-03. Retrieved 14 June 2009.
  62. 1 2 3 Great Yarmouth and Waveney March 2010 Archived 23 March 2012 at the Wayback Machine Shaping Norfolk's Future, March 2010. Retrieved 21 April 2011.
  63. International acclaim for innovation in oil and gas Archived 23 March 2012 at the Wayback Machine , Great Yarmouth marketing initiative, 2007-05-17. Retrieved 21 April 2011.
  64. Lowestoft delivers gas platform, associated British Ports, 11 May 2000. Retrieved 21 April 2011.
  65. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Lowestoft transport strategy Archived 27 March 2014 at the Wayback Machine , Suffolk County Council, 29 June 2011. Retrieved 26 January 2013.
  66. Plan for £6m green energy centre, BBC news website, 25 March 2005. Retrieved 21 April 2011.
  67. Meeting on green energy in East, BBC news website, 26 February 2007. Retrieved 21 April 2011.
  68. Low carbon work boosted by £80m, BBC news website, 2007-12-26. Retrieved 2011-04-21.
  69. Orbis Energy, Suffolk works. Retrieved 30 April 2011.
  70. OrbisEnergy Website. Retrieved 20 May 2009.
  71. Suffolk firm's wave energy machine gets backing BBC news website, 2011-02-02. Retrieved 2011-04-21.
  72. Wave power machine tested on land, BBC news website, 10 November 2010. Retrieved 21 April 2011.
  73. Your Credit Union Archived 7 February 2015 at the Wayback Machine Rainbow Saver Anglia Credit Union (retrieved 6 February 2015)
  74. Retail and Leisure Study: Summary Archived 19 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine , Waveney District Council, 2006. Retrieved 21 April 2011.
  75. Lowestoft, Palmers Department Store. Retrieved 2011-04-30.
  76. How we're keeping our independents, Eastern Daily Press, 17 January 2007. Retrieved 30 April 2011.
  77. 1 2 Suffolk's beaches: Lowestoft, BBC Suffolk. Retrieved 2011-04-21
  78. Blue Flag awards given to 55 beaches in England, BBC news website, 2013-05-22. Retrieved 2013-05-22.
  79. Wipeout, BBC Suffolk, 2008. Retrieved 2011-04-21.
  80. Lowestoft air festival, BBC Suffolk, 2009. Retrieved 21 April 2011.
  81. Lowestoft Air Festival sponsor appeal goes nationwide, Lowestoft Journal 25 February 2011. Retrieved 24 April 2011.
  82. Lowestoft air show in fund-raising drive, Norwich Evening News 26 January 2011. Retrieved 24 April 2011.
  83. Lowestoft Air Festival cancelled for 2013, BBC news website, 25 July 2012. Retrieved 26 January 2013.
  84. Lowestoft Air Show to end after cash blow, ITV Anglia, 25 July 2012. Retrieved 26 January 2013.
  85. Lowestoft Air Festival will "definitely" not take place again, BBC news website, 14 March 2014. Retrieved 15 March 2014.
  86. Fountain fun, BBC Suffolk, 2005. Retrieved 21 April 2011.
  87. 1 2 Lowestoft Sunrise Scheme Archived 8 March 2012 at the Wayback Machine , Suffolk County Council. Retrieved 21 April 2011.
  88. Great Yarmouth and Lowestoft regeneration firm 1st East shuts, BBC news website, 27 January 2011. Retrieved 21 April 2011.
  89. 1 2 Dickson A (2012) Great Yarmouth and Lowestoft enterprise zone interest from around the world, Eastern Daily Press , 12 January 2012. Retrieved 13 March 2015.
  90. 1 2 Dickson.A (2011) Great Yarmouth and Lowestoft enterprise zone given the green light Archived 13 November 2011 at the Wayback Machine , Eastern Daily Press, 17 August 2011. Retrieved 17 August 2011.
  91. An introduction to the Area Action Plan for Central Lowestoft Archived 19 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine , Waveney District Council. Retrieved 30 April 2011.
  92. What is the Area Action Plan? Archived 19 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine , Waveney District Council. Retrieved 2011-04-30.
  93. Mace. H (2010) Vision for future of Lowestoft harbour, Eastern Daily Press, 14 October 2010. Retrieved 30 March 2011.
  94. 'Memories of beach village in Lowestoft', Lowestoft Journal, 11 February 2011. Retrieved 15 May 2011.
  95. Lowestoft Scores Race, East Anglia's Children's Hospices, 2 March 2011. Retrieved 21 April 2011.
  96. St Margaret, Lowestoft, Suffolk Churches site. Retrieved 2011-04-24.
  97. Church of St Margaret, Lowestoft, British listed buildings. Retrieved 24 April 2011.
  98. Our Lady Star of the Sea, Waveney from British Listed Buildings. Retrieved 20 July 2018
  99. Our Lady Star of the Sea, Lowestoft from SuffolkChurches.co.uk. Retrieved 20 July 2018
  100. Suffolk Record Office, Lowestoft Branch, National Archives. Retrieved 2011-04-30.
  101. Retrieved 27 March 2019.
  102. Suffolk's first turbine, BBC Suffolk, 2007. Retrieved 21 April 2011.
  103. The mess that is Ness, BBC Suffolk, 2008. Retrieved 21 April 2011.
  104. Lowestoft Archived 14 April 2011 at the Wayback Machine , Trinity House. Retrieved 30 April 2011.
  105. 1 2 High Lighthouse Including North Cottage and South Cottage, Waveney, British Listed Buildings. Retrieved 23 October 2012.
  106. 1 2 Lowestoft Lifeboat Station, Royal National Lifeboat Institution. Retrieved 15 March 2014.
  107. South Broads RNLI lifeboat station to close, Royal National Lifeboat Institution, 14 November 2011. Retrieved 15 March 2014.
  108. Town Hall, Lowestoft, British Listed Buildings. Retrieved 30 August 2015.
  109. Welcome to Lowestoft Town Hall Archived 12 September 2015 at the Wayback Machine , Waveney District Council. Retrieved 30 August 2015.
  110. 1 2 The future of Lowestoft Town Hall Archived 23 June 2015 at the Wayback Machine , Waveney District Council website, April 2015. Retrieved 30 August 2015.
  111. East Suffolk Line Archived 26 May 2011 at the Wayback Machine . Through trains to London Liverpool Street were announced in 2016. Retrieved 9 April 2011.
  112. The Wherry Lines. Retrieved 2011-04-09.
  113. Grant could help cut congestion, BBC news website, 2007-09-12. Retrieved 2011-04-09.
  114. 1 2 Faber Maunsell Limited (2009) A12 Lowestoft study: Lake Lothing third crossing feasibility study Archived 19 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine (online). Retrieved 9 April 2011.
  115. Seaside town relief road opened, BBC news website, 2006-06-27. Retrieved 2013-01-26.
  116. Lowestoft's £6.25m for transport but no third road bridge, BBC Suffolk news website, 13 October 2011. Retrieved 26 January 2013.
  117. A to Z of schools by village/town, Suffolk County Council. Retrieved 2011-04-09.
  118. School organisation review: Lowestoft, Suffolk County Council. Retrieved 2011-04-09.
  119. UCS Lowestoft Archived 14 May 2011 at the Wayback Machine , University College Suffolk. Retrieved 30 April 2011.
  120. Validating Universities Archived 13 May 2011 at the Wayback Machine , University Campus Suffolk. Retrieved 30 April 2011.
  121. Colleges of Further Education Archived 22 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine , British Marine Federation. Retrieved 2011-04-30.
  122. An introduction to community learning and skills development, Suffolk County Council. Retrieved 30 April 2011.
  123. Denes Oval sport ground Archived 19 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine , Waveney District Council. Retrieved 9 April 2011.
  124. Waveney Gymnastics Club. Retrieved 9 April 2011.
  125. Rookery Park Golf Club Archived 8 November 2011 at the Wayback Machine . Retrieved 9 April 2011.
  126. 1 2 Lowestoft leisure centre's £6.5m facelift under way, BBC news website, 27 August 2010. Retrieved 9 April 2011.
  127. Lowestoft leisure centre was saved from financial brink, Eastern Daily Press, 27 May 2013. Retrieved 27 May 2013.
  128. Waterlane leisure centre Archived 24 November 2013 at the Wayback Machine , Sentinel Leisure Trust. Retrieved 9 April 2011.
  129. Parks and open spaces Archived 14 March 2011 at the Wayback Machine , Waveney District Council. Retrieved 9 April 2011.
  130. 1 2 Power Boat Racing, Report by Head of Safety Management, Broads Authority, 20 January 2012. Retrieved 21 June 2013.
  131. Oulton Broad speedboat engine thefts leads to race cancellation, BBC Suffolk news website, 21 June 2013. Retrieved 21 June 2013.
  132. Official Website Club website. Retrieved 21 June 2013.
  133. General's Death – Sir Edwin Alderson's Lowestoft Yachting Associations, Lowestoft Journal, 17 December 1927.
  134. 1 2 26 January 2006, "Howard Hollingsworth, Lowestoft's first Freeman" – by Colin Dixon, Lowestoft Archaeological and Local History Society, 26 January 2006. Retrieved 14 July 2013.
  135. Evidences to title to the North Cove Hall Estate, National Archives. Retrieved 14 July 2013.
  136. Kennedy.M (2002) Makeshift studio listed, The Guardian, 17 October 2002. Retrieved 28 March 2011.
  137. 1 2 3 M. Foreman (2004) Lowestoft's Dark stars, The Guardian, 19 February 2004. Retrieved 28 April 2011.
  138. Oulton Broad author to make Lowestoft appearance, Lowestoft Journal, 28 September 2012. Retrieved 25 February 2014.
  139. Oulton Broad singer Leanne Mitchell faces final stage fight in BBC One show The Voice, Lowestoft Journal, 1 June 2012. Retrieved 31 August 2016.