Lu'an

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Lu'an

六安市

Liuan
Fields between Jinzhai and Lu'an - seen from Hewu Railway - P1050215.JPG
Winter farm landscape near Lu'an urban area
Location of Lu'an Prefecture within Anhui (China).png
Coordinates(Lu'an municipal government): 31°44′10″N116°31′12″E / 31.736°N 116.520°E / 31.736; 116.520 Coordinates: 31°44′10″N116°31′12″E / 31.736°N 116.520°E / 31.736; 116.520
CountryPeople's Republic of China
Province Anhui
County-level divisions 7
Township-level divisions 196
Municipal seat Jin'an District
Government
  CPC SecretarySun Yunfei (孙云飞)
   Mayor Ye Luzhong (叶露中)
Area
   Prefecture-level city 18,393.41 km2 (7,101.74 sq mi)
  Urban
3,539.2 km2 (1,366.5 sq mi)
  Metro
3,579.2 km2 (1,381.9 sq mi)
Population
 (2010 census)
   Prefecture-level city 5,611,701
  Density310/km2 (790/sq mi)
   Urban
1,644,344
  Urban density460/km2 (1,200/sq mi)
   Metro
1,644,344
  Metro density460/km2 (1,200/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+8 (CST)
Area code(s) 0564
ISO 3166 code CN-AH-15
License Plate Prefix皖N
Administrative division code 341500

Lu'an [1] [2] (Chinese : 六安 ; pinyin : Lù'ān ), is a prefecture-level city in western Anhui province, People's Republic of China, bordering Henan to the northwest and Hubei to the southwest. At the 2010 census, it had a total population of 5,612,590, whom 1,644,344 lived in the built-up area made of 2 urban districts. Neighbouring prefecture-level cities are the provincial capital of Hefei to the east, Anqing to the south, Huanggang (Hubei) and Xinyang (Henan) to the west, and Huainan and Fuyang to the north. Although the character " " (literally: "six") is normally pronounced "Liù", in this case it changes to "Lù" on account of the historical literary reading.

Contents

Geography and climate

Map including Lu'an (labeled as LIU-AN Liu An 
) (AMS, 1953) Txu-oclc-10552568-nh50-2.jpg
Map including Lu'an (labeled as LIU-AN 六安) (AMS, 1953)

Lu'an is marked by the southern fringes of the North China Plain in its north and the northern part of the Dabie Mountains in its south. Its administrative area spans 31°01′−32°40′ N latitude and 115°20′−117°14′ E longitude.

Lu'an has a monsoon-influenced, humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cfa), with four distinct seasons. Winters are cold and damp, with average low temperatures in January dipping just below freezing; the January 24-hour average temperature is 2.6 °C (36.7 °F). Summers are typically hot and humid, with a July average of 27.8 °C (82.0 °F). The annual mean is 15.68 °C (60.2 °F), while annual precipitation averages just above 1,100 millimetres (43 in), a majority of which occurs from May to August. Annual sunshine duration is 2,000 to 2,300 hours.

Climate data for Lu'an (1971−2000)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)22.5
(72.5)
26.9
(80.4)
32.5
(90.5)
34.7
(94.5)
37.6
(99.7)
38.4
(101.1)
40.6
(105.1)
39.4
(102.9)
40.0
(104.0)
34.1
(93.4)
30.0
(86.0)
23.8
(74.8)
40.6
(105.1)
Average high °C (°F)6.8
(44.2)
8.8
(47.8)
13.3
(55.9)
20.9
(69.6)
26.0
(78.8)
29.1
(84.4)
32.1
(89.8)
31.6
(88.9)
26.8
(80.2)
21.8
(71.2)
15.5
(59.9)
9.7
(49.5)
20.2
(68.4)
Daily mean °C (°F)2.6
(36.7)
4.5
(40.1)
9.1
(48.4)
16.0
(60.8)
21.2
(70.2)
24.8
(76.6)
27.8
(82.0)
27.2
(81.0)
22.4
(72.3)
17.0
(62.6)
10.6
(51.1)
4.9
(40.8)
15.7
(60.2)
Average low °C (°F)−0.5
(31.1)
1.3
(34.3)
5.5
(41.9)
11.7
(53.1)
17.0
(62.6)
21.2
(70.2)
24.4
(75.9)
23.9
(75.0)
18.9
(66.0)
13.2
(55.8)
6.7
(44.1)
1.4
(34.5)
12.1
(53.7)
Record low °C (°F)−13.6
(7.5)
−11.6
(11.1)
−3.1
(26.4)
0.2
(32.4)
8.0
(46.4)
12.1
(53.8)
18.0
(64.4)
16.8
(62.2)
10.7
(51.3)
1.7
(35.1)
−4.7
(23.5)
−11.7
(10.9)
−13.6
(7.5)
Average precipitation mm (inches)40.5
(1.59)
54.7
(2.15)
86.5
(3.41)
83.8
(3.30)
113.9
(4.48)
162.3
(6.39)
185.6
(7.31)
137.3
(5.41)
83.4
(3.28)
77.3
(3.04)
55.2
(2.17)
27.3
(1.07)
1,107.8
(43.6)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm)8.68.813.011.311.612.113.011.210.49.28.06.4123.6
Source: Weather China

Administration

The prefecture-level city of Lu'an administers seven county-level divisions, including three districts and four counties.

Map
Name Simplified Chinese Hanyu Pinyin Xiao'erjing Population
(2015)
Area (km²)Density (/km²)
Districts
Jin'an District 金安区Jīn'ān Qūجِنً ﺛُﻮْ 878,6001653.58531
Yu'an District 裕安区Yù'ān Qūﻳُﻮْءًا ﺛُﻮْ 1,024,6001925.61532
Yeji District 叶集区Yèjí Qūاِئجِ ﺛُﻮْ 168,000555.17302
Counties
Huoqiu County 霍邱县Huòqiū Xiànﺧُﻮَعﺛِﯿَﻮْ ﺷِﯿًﺎ 1,702,2003248.16524
Shucheng County 舒城县Shūchéng Xiànﺷُﻮْﭼْﻊ ﺷِﯿًﺎ 995,0002109.77471
Jinzhai County 金寨县Jīnzhài Xiànدٍﺟَﻰْ ﺷِﯿًﺎ 674,4003914.74172
Huoshan County 霍山县Huòshān Xiànﺧُﻮَعشً ﺷِﯿًﺎ 362,6002040.42177

These are further divided into 142 township-level divisions.

Transport

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References

  1. Xia Zhengnong (夏征农); Chen Zhili (陈至立), eds. (September 2009). 辞海:第六版彩图本[ Cihai (Sixth Edition in Color)] (in Chinese). Shanghai: Shanghai Lexicographical Publishing House. p. 1451. ISBN   9787532628599. 六 (lù) (...)用于地名。如:六安;(...) 六安(...) 市名。在安徽省西部。(...)
  2. Putonghua Pronunciation Committee (普通话审音委员会) (20 December 1962), 文字改革月刊社 (ed.), 普通話异讀詞审音表初稿(第三編), Wenzi Gaige (文字改革) (in Chinese), Beijing: 文字改革出版社 (85): 8, (...)六安(安徽) Lù'ān(...)