Lublin Voivodeship

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Lublin Voivodeship

Województwo lubelskie
Motto(s): 
Smakuj życie! (Taste life!)
Lubelskie (EE,E NN,N).png
Location within Poland
Lublin Voivodeship administrative.png
Division into counties
Coordinates(Lublin): 51°14′53″N22°34′13″E / 51.24806°N 22.57028°E / 51.24806; 22.57028
Country Flag of Poland.svg  Poland
Capital Lublin
Counties
Government
   Voivode Lech Sprawka (PiS)
  Marshal Jarosław Stawiarski (PiS)
Area
  Total25,155 km2 (9,712 sq mi)
Population
 (2019)
  Total2,112,216
  Density84/km2 (220/sq mi)
   Urban
981,166
  Rural
1,131,050
ISO 3166 code PL-06
Vehicle registration L
HDI (2017)0.843 [1]
very high · 9th
Website http://www.lubelskie.pl/
  • further divided into 213 gminas

Lublin Voivodeship, or Lublin Province [2] (in Polish, województwo lubelskie [vɔjɛˈvut͡stfɔ luˈbɛlskʲɛ] ), is a voivodeship, or region, located in southeastern Poland. It was created on January 1, 1999, out of the former Lublin, Chełm, Zamość, Biała Podlaska and (partially) Tarnobrzeg and Siedlce Voivodeships, pursuant to Polish local government reforms adopted in 1998. The region is named after its largest city and regional capital, Lublin, and its territory is made of four historical lands: the western part of the voivodeship, with Lublin itself, belongs to Lesser Poland, the eastern part of Lublin Area belongs to Red Ruthenia, and the northeast belongs to Polesie and Podlasie.

Contents

Lublin Voivodeship borders Subcarpathian Voivodeship to the south, Świętokrzyskie Voivodeship to the south-west, Masovian Voivodeship to the west and north, Podlaskie Voivodeship along a short boundary to the north, Belarus (Brest Region) and Ukraine (Lviv Oblast and Volyn Oblasts) to the east. The region's population as of 2019 was 2,112,216. It covers an area of 25,155 square kilometres (9,712 sq mi).

History

The Polish historical region that encompasses Lublin, and approximates Lublin Voivodeship as it was before the Partitions of Poland, is known as Lubelszczyzna. Provinces centred on Lublin have existed throughout much of Poland's history; for details see the section below on Previous Lublin Voivodeships.

The region was, before World War II, one of the world's leading centres of Judaism. Before the middle of the 16th century, there were few Jews in the area, concentrated in Lublin, Kazimierz Dolny, and perhaps Chełm; but the founding of new private towns led to a large movement of Jews into the region to develop trade and services. Since these new towns competed with the existing towns for business, there followed a low-intensity, long-lasting feeling of resentment, with failed attempts to limit the Jewish immigration. The Jews tended to settle mostly in the cities and towns, with only individual families setting up businesses in the rural regions; this urban/rural division became another factor feeding resentment of the newly arrived economic competitors. By the middle of the 18th century, Jews were a significant part of the population in Kraśnik, Lubartów and Łęczna.

By the 20th century, Jews represented greater than 70% of the population in eleven towns and close to 100% of the population of Laszczów and Izbica. From this region came both religious figures such as Mordechai Josef Leiner of Izbica, Chaim Israel Morgenstern of Puławy, and Motele Rokeach of Biłgoraj, as well as famous secular authors Israel Joshua Singer. Israel's brother, the Nobel prize winner Isaac Bashevis Singer, was not born in Biłgoraj but lived part of his life in the city. The "Old Town" of the city of Lublin contained a famous yeshiva, Jewish hospital, synagogue, cemetery, and kahal, as well as the Grodzka Gate (known as the Jewish Gate).

Before the war, there were 300,000 Jews living in the region, which became the site of the Majdanek concentration camp and Bełżec extermination camp as well as several labour camps (Trawniki, Poniatowa, Budzyn, Puławy, Zamość, Biała Podlaska, and the Lublin work camps Lipowa 7 camp , Flugplatz, and Sportplatz) which produced military supplies for the Wehrmacht and Luftwaffe). This was once one of the biggest forced labour centres in occupied Europe, with approximately 45,000 Jewish prisoners. As well, the Sobibór extermination camp was located in the Lublin Voivodeship. After the war, the few surviving Jews largely left the area; today there is some restoration of areas of Jewish historical interest, and a surge of tourism by Jews seeking to view their families' historical roots.

Cities and towns

Historic centre of Lublin Lublin PanoramaStaregoMiasta.JPG
Historic centre of Lublin
Basilica of the Birth of the Virgin Mary in Chelm Chelmska gorka1.jpg
Basilica of the Birth of the Virgin Mary in Chełm
The Zamosc Old Town is a UNESCO World Heritage Site Zamosc. Ratusz..jpg
The Zamość Old Town is a UNESCO World Heritage Site
Radziwill Castle Complex in Biala Podlaska Zespol zamku Radziwillow (XVIIw.,XIXw.) (oficyna polnocno-wschodnia) (biblioteka tyl) - Biala Podlaska ul. Warszawska woj. lubelskie ArPiCh A-134.JPG
Radziwiłł Castle Complex in Biała Podlaska
Czartoryski Palace in Pulawy Palac, Pulawy.jpg
Czartoryski Palace in Puławy
The Potocki Family Palace in Miedzyrzec Podlaski Miedzyrzec podlaski palac potockich.jpg
The Potocki Family Palace in Międzyrzec Podlaski
The town of Kazimierz Dolny is Poland's official national Historic Monument Kazimierz Dolny 20150518 6333.jpg
The town of Kazimierz Dolny is Poland's official national Historic Monument

The voivodeship contains 48 cities and towns. These are listed below in descending order of population (according to official figures for 2019: [3]

  1. Lublin (339,770)
  2. Zamość (63,511)
  3. Chełm (62,331)
  4. Biała Podlaska (57,264)
  5. Puławy (47,634)
  6. Świdnik (39,217)
  7. Kraśnik (34,355)
  8. Łuków (29,885)
  9. Biłgoraj (26,309)
  10. Lubartów (21,948)
  11. Tomaszów Lubelski (19,050)
  12. Łęczna (18,884)
  13. Krasnystaw (18,675)
  14. Hrubieszów (17,634)
  15. Międzyrzec Podlaski (16,736)
  16. Dęblin (16,026)
  17. Radzyń Podlaski (15,709)
  18. Włodawa (13,167)
  19. Janów Lubelski (11,901)
  20. Parczew (10,602)
  21. Ryki (9,625)
  22. Poniatowa (9,144)
  23. Opole Lubelskie (8,421)
  24. Bełżyce (6,504)
  25. Terespol (5,537)
  26. Szczebrzeszyn (4,991)
  27. Bychawa (4,893)
  28. Rejowiec Fabryczny (4,406)
  29. Nałęczów (3,749)
  30. Tarnogród (3,333)
  31. Kock (3,293)
  32. Zwierzyniec (3,175)
  33. Krasnobród (3,091)
  34. Kazimierz Dolny (2,563)
  35. Piaski (2,553)
  36. Stoczek Łukowski (2,520)
  37. Annopol (2,515)
  38. Józefów (2,486)
  39. Lubycza Królewska (2,447)
  40. Łaszczów (2,139)
  41. Tyszowce (2,112)
  42. Ostrów Lubelski (2,078)
  43. Rejowiec (2,066)
  44. Urzędów (1,699)
  45. Modliborzyce (1,462)
  46. Frampol (1,428)
  47. Siedliszcze (1,413)
  48. Józefów nad Wisłą (915)

Administrative division

Lublin Voivodeship is divided into 24 counties (powiats): 4 city counties and 20 land counties. These are further divided into 213 gminas.

The counties are listed in the following table (ordering within categories is by decreasing population).

English and
Polish names
Area
(km2)
Population
(2019)
SeatOther townsTotal
gminas
City counties
Lublin 147339,7701
Zamość 3063,5111
Chełm 3562,3311
Biała Podlaska 4957,2641
Land counties
Lublin County
powiat lubelski
1,679154,760 Lublin * Bełżyce, Bychawa 16
Puławy County
powiat puławski
933113,441 Puławy Nałęczów, Kazimierz Dolny 11
Biała Podlaska County
powiat bialski
2,754111,078 Biała Podlaska * Międzyrzec Podlaski, Terespol 19
Zamość County
powiat zamojski
1,872106,526 Zamość * Szczebrzeszyn, Zwierzyniec, Krasnobród 15
Łuków County
powiat łukowski
1,394107,144 Łuków Stoczek Łukowski 11
Biłgoraj County
powiat biłgorajski
1,678101,152 Biłgoraj Tarnogród, Józefów, Frampol 14
Kraśnik County
powiat kraśnicki
1,00595,618 Kraśnik Annopol, Urzędów 10
Lubartów County
powiat lubartowski
1,29088,591 Lubartów Kock, Ostrów Lubelski 13
Tomaszów Lubelski County
powiat tomaszowski (lubelski)
1,48783,148 Tomaszów Lubelski Tyszowce, Łaszczów, Lubycza Królewska 13
Chełm County
powiat chełmski
1,78078,074 Chełm * Rejowiec Fabryczny, Rejowiec 15
Świdnik County
powiat świdnicki (lubelski)
46971,897 Świdnik Piaski 5
Krasnystaw County
powiat krasnostawski
1,06763,554 Krasnystaw 10
Hrubieszów County
powiat hrubieszowski
1,26963,320 Hrubieszów 8
Opole Lubelskie County
powiat opolski (lubelski)
80459,511 Opole Lubelskie Poniatowa, Józefów nad Wisłą 7
Radzyń Podlaski County
powiat radzyński
96559,057 Radzyń Podlaski 8
Ryki County
powiat rycki
61655,919 Ryki Dęblin 6
Łęczna County
powiat łęczyński
63457,372 Łęczna 6
Janów Lubelski County
powiat janowski
87545,845 Janów Lubelski Modliborzyce 7
Włodawa County
powiat włodawski
1,25638,524 Włodawa Siedliszcze 8
Parczew County
powiat parczewski
95334,809 Parczew 7
* seat not part of the county

Protected areas

Lukie Lake in the Polesie National Park Lukie1.JPG
Łukie Lake in the Polesie National Park
Echo artificial lake in the Roztocze National Park PL Stawy Echo.jpg
Echo artificial lake in the Roztocze National Park

Protected areas in Lublin Voivodeship include two National Parks and 17 Landscape Parks. These are listed below.

Economy

The Gross domestic product (GDP) of the province was 18.5 billion euros in 2018, accounting for 3.7% of Polish economic output. GDP per capita adjusted for purchasing power was 14,400 euros or 48% of the EU27 average in the same year. The GDP per employee was 54% of the EU average. Lublin Voivodship is the province with the lowest GDP per capita in Poland. [4]

Most common surnames in the region

  1. Wójcik: 12,937
  2. Mazurek: 9,644
  3. Mazur: 8,019

Previous Lublin Voivodeships

Lublin Voivodeship 1474–1795

Map of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth Rzeczpospolita voivodships.png
Map of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth

Lublin Voivodeship (Latin : Palatinatus Lublinensis; Polish : Województwo Lubelskie) was an administrative region of the Kingdom of Poland created in 1474 out of parts of Sandomierz Voivodeship and lasting until the Partitions of Poland in 1795. It was part of the prowincja of Lesser Poland.

Lublin Voivodeship 1816–1837

Lublin Voivodeship was one of the voivodeships of Congress Poland. It was formed in 1816 from Lublin Department, and in 1837 was transformed into Lublin Governorate.

Lublin Voivodeship 1919–1939

Lublin Voivodeship (Województwo Lubelskie) was one of the administrative regions of the interwar Second Polish Republic. In early 1939 its area was 26,555 square kilometres (10,253 sq mi) and its population was 2,116,200. [5] According to the 1931 census, 85.1% of its population was Polish, 10.5% Jewish, and 3% Ukrainian.

Lublin Voivodeship 1945–1975

Lublin Voivodeship (województwo lubelskie) was an administrative region of Poland between 1945 and 1975. In 1975 it was transformed into Chełm, Zamość, Biała Podlaska, Tarnobrzeg and Siedlce Voivodeships and a smaller Lublin Voivodeship.

Lublin Voivodeship 1975–1998

Lublin Voivodeship 1975-1998 Lublin Voivodship 1975.png
Lublin Voivodeship 1975–1998

Lublin Voivodeship (województwo lubelskie) existed as one of Poland's 49 voivodeships from 1975 until 1998, when it was incorporated into the current (larger) Lublin Voivodeship.

Related Research Articles

A voivodeship is the area administered by a voivode (Governor) in several countries of central and eastern Europe. Voivodeships have existed since medieval times and the area of extent of voivodeship resembles that of a duchy in western medieval states, much as the title of voivode was equivalent to that of a duke. Other roughly equivalent titles and areas in medieval Eastern Europe included ban and banate.

Zamość Voivodeship

Zamość Voivodeship was a unit of administrative division and local government in Poland in years 1975–1998, superseded by Lublin Voivodeship.

Tarnobrzeg Voivodeship

The Tarnobrzeg Voivodeship was a unit of administrative division and local government in Poland in years 1975-1998, superseded in parts by Subcarpathian Voivodeship, Świętokrzyskie Voivodeship and Lublin Voivodeship. Its capital city was Tarnobrzeg, albeit the major city in the region was Stalowa Wola.

Łęczna Place in Lublin Voivodeship, Poland

Łęczna is a town in eastern Poland with 19,780 inhabitants (2014), situated in Lublin Voivodeship. It is the seat of Łęczna County and the smaller administrative district of Gmina Łęczna. The town is located in northeastern corner of historic province of Lesser Poland. Łęczna tops among the hills of the Lublin Upland, at the confluence of two rivers—the Wieprz, and the Świnka. On December 31, 2010, the population of the town was 20,706. Łęczna does not have a rail station, the town has been placed on a national Route 82 from Lublin to Włodawa. And shall be considered as a start point to Kameralne Pojezierze, as the town has decided to rebrand the lakeland district, from Pojezierze Łęczyńsko-Włodawskie, or Pojezierze Łęczyńskie, to Kameralne Pojezierze.

Biłgoraj Place in Lublin Voivodeship, Poland

Biłgoraj(listen) is a town in south-eastern Poland with about 27,100 inhabitants (2014). Since 1999 it has been situated in Lublin Voivodeship; it was previously in Zamość Voivodeship (1975–1998). It is located south of Lublin and it is also the capital of Biłgoraj County. Historically, the town belongs to Lesser Poland, and is located in southeastern corner of the province, near the border with another historic land, Red Ruthenia. Biłgoraj is surrounded by forest, with three rivers flowing through it.

Biała Podlaska Place in Lublin Voivodeship, Poland

Biała Podlaska(listen), is a city in eastern Poland with 58,047 inhabitants (2005). It is situated in the Lublin Voivodeship, having previously been the capital of Biała Podlaska Voivodeship (1975–1998). It is the capital of Biała Podlaska County, although the city is not part of the county. The city lies on the Krzna river.

Chełm Place in Lublin Voivodeship, Poland

Chełm is a city in eastern Poland with 63,949 inhabitants (2015). It is located to the south-east of Lublin, north of Zamość and south of Biała Podlaska, some 25 kilometres from the border with Ukraine. Chełm used to be the capital of the Chełm Voivodeship until it became part of the Lublin Voivodeship in 1999.

Zamość County County in Lublin Voivodeship, Poland

Zamość County is a unit of territorial administration and local government (powiat) in Lublin Voivodeship, eastern Poland. It was established on January 1, 1999, as a result of the Polish local government reforms passed in 1998. Its administrative seat is the city of Zamość, although the city is not part of the county. The county contains three towns: Szczebrzeszyn, which lies 21 km (13 mi) west of Zamość, Zwierzyniec, which lies 24 km (15 mi) south-west of Zamość, and Krasnobród, 22 km (14 mi) south of Zamość.

Janów Lubelski Place in Lublin Voivodeship, Poland

Janów Lubelski is a town in southeastern Poland. It has 11,938 inhabitants (2006). Situated in the Lublin Voivodship, Janów Lubelski belongs to Lesser Poland, and is located in southeastern corner of this historic Polish province. It is the capital of Janów Lubelski County. Previously (1975–1998), Janów belonged to Tarnobrzeg Voivodeship. It has a large hospital. It also has several tourist attractions, including buildings and churches from the 17th and 18th centuries. Janów Lubelski is home to the Open-air museum of the Forest Railway in Janów Lubelski

Zaklików town in Poland

Zaklikówpronounced [zaˈklikuf] is a town in Poland, located in the Subcarpathian Voivodeship, in Stalowa Wola County. It is located 113.1 miles (182 km) SSE of Warsaw and 50 miles (80 km) from Lublin. For about 300 years of its early history Zaklików was incorporated as a city, but it lost its city charter in punishment for the January Uprising against the imperial rule. It was reinstated as a city on 1 January 2014. Zaklików lies approximately 21 kilometres (13 mi) north of Stalowa Wola and 82 km (51 mi) north of the regional capital Rzeszów.

Lublin County County in Lublin Voivodeship, Poland

Lublin County is a unit of territorial administration and local government (powiat) in Lublin Voivodeship, eastern Poland. It was established on January 1, 1999, as a result of the Polish local government reforms passed in 1998. Its administrative seat is the city of Lublin, although the city is not part of the county. The only towns in Lublin County are Bełżyce, which lies 23 km (14 mi) west of Lublin, and Bychawa, 26 km (16 mi) south of Lublin.

Włodawa County County in Lublin Voivodeship, Poland

Włodawa County is a unit of territorial administration and local government (powiat) in Lublin Voivodeship, eastern Poland, on the border with Ukraine and Belarus. It was established on January 1, 1999, as a result of the Polish local government reforms passed in 1998. Its administrative seat and only town is Włodawa, which lies 76 kilometres (47 mi) north-east of the regional capital Lublin.

Lublin Upland

Lublin Upland is a geographical region in southeastern Poland, located in Lublin Voivodeship, between the rivers Vistula and Bug, around the city of Lublin. Its area is about 7,200 km² and its highest elevation 314 m above sea level. It is located in Lublin Voivodeship. In its southern portion it becomes the Roztocze range, and in the north, it turns into Lublin Polesie. Biggest cities of the region are Lublin, Chełm, Zamość, Puławy, and Kraśnik. In some geography works, the term Lublin Upland (or is used to describe all Polish uplands located east of the Vistula river. In this case, Roztocze, with its highest point also makes part of Lublin Upland.

Lublin Voivodeship (1919–1939)

Lublin Voivodeship was a unit of administrative division of the Second Polish Republic between the two world wars, in the years 1919–1939. The province's capital and biggest city was Lublin.

Michałówka may refer to the following villages in Poland:

Lublin Voivodeship (1474–1795)

Lublin Voivodeship was an administrative region of the Kingdom of Poland created in 1474 out of three eastern counties of Sandomierz Voivodeship and lasting until the Partitions of Poland in 1795. Together with Sandomierz Voivodeship and Kraków Voivodeship, it was part of historic Lesser Poland. Lublin Voivodeship had two senators in the Senate of the Kingdom of Poland: the Voivode and the Castellan of Lublin. Local sejmiks took place in Lublin.

This is a list of coats of arms of Poland.

Euroregion Bug

Euroregion Bug is a Euroregion that encompasses cross-border areas of Belarus, Poland and Ukraine. The main aim of the agreement is to develop co-operation in the fields of: regional development, transport, communication, delivery of energy and water, nature protection, industry, trade, agriculture, education, science research, healthcare, culture, art, tourism, recreation and crime and public menace prevention.

Lublin (parliamentary constituency)

Lublin is a Polish parliamentary constituency in the Lublin Voivodeship. It elects fifteen members of the Sejm.

Chełm (parliamentary constituency)

Chełm is a Polish parliamentary constituency in the Lublin Voivodeship. It elects twelve members of the Sejm.

References

  1. "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 2018-09-13.
  2. Arkadiusz Belczyk,Tłumaczenie polskich nazw geograficznych na język angielski Archived 2016-03-03 at the Wayback Machine [Translation of Polish Geographical Names into English], 2002-2006.
  3. GUS. "Population. Size and structure and vital statistics in Poland by territorial division in 2019. As of 30th June". stat.gov.pl. Retrieved 2020-09-11.
  4. "Regional GDP per capita ranged from 30% to 263% of the EU average in 2018". Eurostat.
  5. Mały Rocznik Statystyczny (Concise Statistical Year-Book), Warsaw, 1939

Coordinates: 51°13′22″N22°54′10″E / 51.22278°N 22.90278°E / 51.22278; 22.90278