Lucian Blaga

Last updated

Lucian Blaga
Lucian Blaga (2).jpg
Born(1895-05-09)9 May 1895
Died6 May 1961(1961-05-06) (aged 65)
Resting place Lancrăm, Sebeș Municipality, Alba County, Romania
Alma mater University of Vienna (PhD)
Occupation(s) linguist, poet, translator, philosopher, writer, journalist, diplomat
Notable work Poems of light
Political party National Christian Party
Spouse Cornelia Brediceanu
Children Dorli Blaga
Awards Hamagiu Award (1935)

Lucian Blaga (Romanian:  [lut͡ʃiˈan ˈblaɡa] ( Loudspeaker.svg listen ); 9 May 1895 – 6 May 1961) was a Romanian philosopher, poet, playwright, poetry translator and novelist. He was a commanding personality of the Romanian culture of the interbellum period.



Blaga was born on 9 May 1895 in Lámkerék (now Lancrăm), near Gyulafehérvár (now Alba Iulia), Kingdom of Hungary, Austria-Hungary, his father being an Orthodox priest. He later described his early childhood, in the autobiographical The Chronicle and the Song of Ages, as "under the sign of the incredible absence of the word".

His elementary education was in Hungarian at Szászsebes (now Sebeș) (1902–1906), after which he attended the "Andrei Șaguna" Highschool in Brassó (now Brașov) (1906–1914), under the supervision of a relative, Iosif Blaga (Lucian's father had died when the former was 13), who was the author of the first Romanian treatise on the theory of drama. At the outbreak of the First World War, he began theological studies at Nagyszeben (now Sibiu), where he graduated in 1917. He published his first philosophy article on the Bergson theory of subjective time. From 1917 to 1920, he attended courses at the University of Vienna, where he studied philosophy and obtained his PhD.

Upon returning to Transylvania, now a part of Romania, he contributed to the Romanian press, being the editor of the magazines Culture in Cluj and The Banat in Lugoj.

In 1926, he became involved in Romanian diplomacy, occupying successive posts at Romania's legations in Warsaw, Prague, Lisbon, Bern and Vienna. His political protector was the famous poet Octavian Goga, who was briefly a prime minister; Blaga was a relative of his wife. He was elected a titular member of the Romanian Academy in 1936. His acceptance speech was entitled Elogiul satului românesc (In Praise of the Romanian Village).

In 1939, he became professor of cultural philosophy at the University of Cluj, temporarily located in Sibiu in the years following the Second Vienna Award. During his stay in Sibiu, he edited, beginning in 1943, the annual magazine Saeculum.

He was dismissed from his university professor chair in 1948 because he refused to express his support to the new Communist regime and he worked as librarian for the Cluj branch of the History Institute of the Romanian Academy. He was forbidden to publish new books, and until 1960 he was allowed to publish only translations. He completed the translation of Faust , the masterpiece of Goethe, one of the German writers that influenced him most.

In 1956, he was nominated to the Nobel Prize for Literature [ citation needed ] on the proposal of Bazil Munteanu of France and Rosa del Conte of Italy, but it seems the idea was Mircea Eliade's. Still, the Romanian Communist government sent two emissaries to Sweden to protest against the nomination,[ citation needed ] because Blaga was considered an idealist philosopher, and his poems were forbidden until 1962.[ citation needed ]

He was diagnosed with cancer and died on 6 May 1961. He was buried on his birthday, 9 May, in the countryside village cemetery of Lancrăm, Romania.

Blaga with his daughter Lucian Blaga with daughter.jpg
Blaga with his daughter

He was married to Cornelia (née Brediceanu). [1] They had a daughter, Dorli, her name being derived from dor , a noun that can be translated, roughly, as "longing".

The University of Sibiu bears his name today.


Blaga on a 2018 stamp sheet of Romania Lucian Blaga 2018 stampsheet of Romania.jpg
Blaga on a 2018 stamp sheet of Romania


Mirabila samanta:



His philosophical work is grouped in four trilogies:

The fourth work, Cosmologica, was completed but not published at the time because of communist regime censorship. Before death, Blaga left an editorial testament on how his works are to be published posthumously [2]

The novel Charon's Ferry is intended to be a companion to the philosophical trilogies. In it Blaga addresses some of the more problematic philosophical issues such as those pertaining to political, (para)psychological or occult phenomena, under the name of a fictive philosopher (Leonte Pătrașcu). [3]

Philosophical works

Other works

Presence in English language anthologies

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Mihai Eminescu</span> Romanian poet, novelist and journalist (1850–1889)

Mihai Eminescu was a Romanian Romantic poet from Moldavia, novelist, and journalist, generally regarded as the most famous and influential Romanian poet. Eminescu was an active member of the Junimea literary society and worked as an editor for the newspaper Timpul, the official newspaper of the Conservative Party (1880–1918). His poetry was first published when he was 16 and he went to Vienna, Austria to study when he was 19. The poet's manuscripts, containing 46 volumes and approximately 14,000 pages, were offered by Titu Maiorescu as a gift to the Romanian Academy during the meeting that was held on 25 January 1902. Notable works include Luceafărul, Odă în metru antic, and the five Letters (Epistles/Satires). In his poems, he frequently used metaphysical, mythological and historical subjects.

Mircea Dinescu is a Romanian poet, journalist, and editor.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Marin Sorescu</span>

Marin Sorescu was a Romanian poet, playwright, and novelist.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Nichita Stănescu</span> Romanian poet and essayist

Nichita Stănescu was a Romanian poet and essayist.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Ana Blandiana</span> Romanian writer

Ana Blandiana is a Romanian poet, essayist, and political figure. She is considered one of the famous contemporary Romanian authors. She took her name after Blandiana, near Vințu de Jos, Alba County, her mother's home village.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Adrian Păunescu</span>

Adrian Păunescu was a Romanian writer, publisher, cultural promoter, translator, and politician. A profoundly charismatic personality, a controversial and complex figure, the artist and the man are almost impossible to separate. On the one hand he stands accused of collaboration with the Communist regime, but on the other hand he was persecuted and ostracised by the regime when he started to confront its failures, and when his influence stated to be considered dangerous.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Emil Botta</span>

Emil Botta was a Romanian actor and writer.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Ion Barbu</span> Romanian mathematician and poet

Ion Barbu was a Romanian mathematician and poet. His name is associated with the Mathematics Subject Classification number 51C05, which is a major posthumous recognition reserved only to pioneers of investigations in an area of mathematical inquiry.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Nina Cassian</span> Romanian writer

Nina Cassian was a Romanian poet, children's book writer, translator, journalist, accomplished pianist and composer, and film critic. She spent the first sixty years of her life in Romania until she moved to the United States in 1985 for a teaching job. A few years later Cassian was granted permanent asylum and New York City became her home for the rest of her life. Much of her work was published both in Romanian and in English.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Gellu Naum</span> Romanian writer

Gellu Naum was a Romanian poet, dramatist, novelist, children's writer, and translator. He is remembered as the founder of the Romanian Surrealist group. The artist Lygia Naum, his wife, was the inspiration and main character in his 1985 novel Zenobia.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Ștefan Augustin Doinaș</span>

Ștefan Augustin Doinaș was a Romanian Neoclassical poet of the Communist era.

The Sibiu Literary Circle was a literary group created during World War II in Sibiu to promote the modernist liberal ideas of Eugen Lovinescu.

Carmen Firan is a poet, novelist, short story writer, journalist, and playwright, resident in New York City.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Marta Petreu</span>

Marta Petreu is the pen name of Rodica Marta Vartic, née Rodica Crisan, a Romanian philosopher, literary critic, essayist and poet. A professor of philosophy at the Babeş-Bolyai University in Cluj-Napoca, she has published eight books of essays and seven of poetry, and is the editor of the monthly magazine Apostrof. Petreu is also noted as a historian of fascism, which she notably dealt with in her book about the controversial stances of philosopher Emil Cioran.

Emil Brumaru was a Romanian writer and poet. He was renowned for his erotic poetry.

Magda Cârneci is a poet, essayist, and art historian born in Romania. She took a Ph.D. in art history at Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales in Paris (1997) and received several international grants in literature and art history. Member of the well-known “generation of the ‘80s” in Romanian literature, of which she was one of the theoreticians, after the Revolution of December 1989 she became actively involved in the political and cultural Romanian scene of the 1990s. In the 2000s, after working as a visiting lecturer at the National Institute of Oriental Languages and Civilizations (INALCO) in Paris, she was the director of the Romanian Cultural Institute in Paris. At present, she is visiting professor at the National University of Arts in Bucharest, editor-in-chief of ARTA magazine for visual arts, and president of PEN Club Romania. She is also a member of the European Cultural Parliament.

Aurel Rău is a Romanian poet, novelist, and translator.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Gheorghe Bogdan-Duică</span>

Gheorghe Bogdan-Duică was an Imperial Austrian-born Romanian literary critic. The son of a poor merchant family from Brașov, he attended several universities before launching a career as a critic, first in his native town and then in Czernowitz. Eventually settling in Bucharest, capital of the Romanian Old Kingdom, he managed to earn a university degree before teaching at a succession of high schools. Meanwhile, he continued publishing literary studies as well as intensifying an ardently nationalistic, Pan-Romanian activism. He urged the Romanian government to drop its neutrality policy and enter World War I; once this took place and his adopted home came under German occupation, he found himself arrested and deported to Bulgaria. After the war's conclusion and the union of Transylvania with Romania, he became a literature professor at the newly founded Cluj University. There, he served as rector in the late 1920s, but found himself increasingly out of touch with modern trends in literature.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Geo Dumitrescu</span>

Geo Dumitrescu was a Romanian poet and translator.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Daniel Ioniță (poet)</span> Australian poet and translator

Daniel Ioniță is an Australian poet and translator of Romanian origin, who has been published bilingually in both Australia and Romania. Ioniță is known for his writing, especially poetry and poetry in translation, as well as for his cultural activity leading the Australian-Romanian Academy for Culture.


  1. Cornelia Blaga-Brediceanu, diplomat la Parisa. (22 January 2010)
  2. Blaga, Lucian (2013). Trilogia cunoasterii. Bucharest: Editura Humanitas. pp. 7–8. ISBN   978-973-50-3575-4.
  3. Blaga, Lucian (2013). Trilogia cunoasterii. Bucharest: Editura Humanitas. p. 8. ISBN   978-973-50-3575-4.