Lucy Tayiah Eads

Last updated

Lucy Tayiah Eads
Cha-me [1]
Lucy Tayiah Eads.jpg
Lucy Tayiah Eads
Kaw people leader
Personal details
Born(1888-10-04)October 4, 1888 [1]
Indian Territory [1]
DiedOctober 11, 1961(1961-10-11) (aged 73) [1]
Pawhuska, Oklahoma
Resting placePawhuska, Oklahoma
Spouse(s)Herbert Edward Kimber
John Eads
Known forFirst female tribal chief of the Kaw
Nickname(s)Chief Lucy [1]

Lucy Tayiah Eads or Cha-me [1] (also known as Chief Lucy [2] ) (1888–1961) was elected the first female tribal chief of the Kaw Indians in 1922. [3] [4] She was the first chief of the Kaws since 1908. [2]


Personal life

Lucy Tayiah was born in 1888 in Indian Territory, along Beaver Creek. Her parents were Lezitte Betrand (also known as Mo Jan Ah Hoe) and Little Tayiah. Her mother, Lezitte Betrand, was Kaw and Potawatomi. Little Tayiah, her father, was Kaw. Taiyah also had one brother, Emmett (also known as Ki He Kah Mah She). [1]

Around 1892, both of her parents died of starvation. [1] Tayiah and her brother became orphans. They were adopted by Chief Washunga. Their adoption by the Kaw tribal chief was part of tribal tradition. [1] She attended Haskell Indian College in Lawrence, Kansas, where she studied nursing. [4] She moved to New York City. [1] She married Herbert Edward Kimber around 1908. They had three children, all girls. Eventually they divorced. She married John Rhea Eads around 1913. They would have six more children. [1]

After serving as tribal chief, Eads returned to working as a nurse at Haskell Indian College. She, with her family, eventually relocated to Pawhuska, Oklahoma. She died in 1961. [1]

Chief Lucy

Chief Washungah died in 1908. It was not until 1922 that the Kaws would have another tribal leader. Eads was elected in November of that year. She was the first woman to become tribal chief of the Kaw. She was voted in by eight council members. [1] Eads went by the name Chief Lucy during her tenure as chief. [2] She tried to gain recognition for the tribe from the federal government, in 1924, [1] but this was said to be contrary to the Allotment Agreement and denied. [5] In 1929, she attended the Inauguration of Herbert Hoover, representing the Kaw Nation. In 1928, after Eads was reelected, the Kaw government was abolished [1] until its restoration under the Oklahoma Indian Welfare Act of 1936.

Related Research Articles

Indian Territory evolving land area set aside by the United States Government for the relocation of Native Americans

The Indian Territory and the Indian Territories are terms that generally describe an evolving land area set aside by the United States Government for the relocation of Native Americans who held aboriginal title to their land as a sovereign independent state. In general, the tribes ceded land they occupied in exchange for land grants in 1803. The concept of an Indian Territory was an outcome of the US federal government's 18th- and 19th-century policy of Indian removal. After the American Civil War (1861–1865), the policy of the US government was one of assimilation.

Charles Curtis American politician, 31st Vice President of the United States

Charles Curtis was an American attorney and Republican politician from Kansas who served as the 31st vice president of the United States from 1929 to 1933. He also previously served as the Senate Majority Leader from 1924 to 1929.

Pawhuska, Oklahoma City in Oklahoma, United States

Pawhuska is a city in and the county seat of Osage County, Oklahoma, United States. It was named after the 19th-century Osage chief, Paw-Hiu-Skah, which means "White Hair" in English. The Osage tribal government, which opened offices in Pawhuska in 1872 when its reservation was established in Indian Territory, continues to be based in Pawhuska.

Kaw people

The Kaw Nation are a federally recognized Native American tribe in Oklahoma and parts of Kansas. They come from the central Midwestern United States. The tribe known as Kaw have also been known as the "People of the South wind", "People of water", Kansa, Kaza, Konza, Conza, Quans, Kosa, and Kasa. Their tribal language is Kansa, classified as a Siouan language.

Wilma Mankiller Chief of the Cherokee Nation

Wilma Pearl Mankiller was an American Cherokee activist, social worker, community developer and the first woman elected to serve as Principal Chief of the Cherokee Nation.

Haskell Indian Nations University United States historic place

Haskell Indian Nations University is a federally operated tribal university in Lawrence, Kansas. Founded in 1884 as a residential boarding school for American Indian children, the school has developed as a North Central Association-accredited university that offers both associate and baccalaureate degrees. The college was founded to serve members of federally recognized Native American tribes in the United States.

Alice Brown Davis

Alice Brown Davis was the first female Principal Chief of the Seminole Tribe of Oklahoma, and served from 1922–1935, appointed by President Warren G. Harding. She was of Seminole and Scots descent. Her older brother John Frippo Brown had served as chief of the tribe and their brother Andrew Jackson Brown as treasurer.

Charles N. Haskell American politician and 1st Governor of Oklahoma

Charles Nathaniel Haskell was an American lawyer, oilman, and politician who was the first governor of Oklahoma. As a delegate to Oklahoma's constitutional convention in 1906, he played a crucial role in drafting the Oklahoma Constitution and gaining Oklahoma's admission into the United States as the 46th state in 1907. A prominent businessman in Muskogee, he helped the city grow in importance. He represented the city as a delegate in both the 1906 Oklahoma convention and an earlier convention in 1905 that was a failed attempt to create a U.S. state of Sequoyah.

Osage Nation Native American Siouan-speaking tribe in the United States

The Osage Nation is a Midwestern Native American tribe of the Great Plains. The tribe developed in the Ohio and Mississippi river valleys around 700 BC along with other groups of its language family. They migrated west after the 17th century, settling near the confluence of the Missouri and Mississippi rivers, as a result of Iroquois invading the Ohio Valley in a search for new hunting grounds.

William Wayne "Bill" Keeler (1908–1987) is best known as the last appointed and first elected Principal Chief of the Cherokee Nation in the 20th century. Educated as a chemical engineer, he worked for Phillips Petroleum Company, where he became chief executive officer at the end of a long career with the company. He was one-sixteenth Cherokee, and throughout his life he also worked in the federal government for the advancement of Indians. President Truman appointed him as Principal Chief of the Cherokee Nation of Oklahoma in 1949. He also served as chairman for the executive committee of the Texas Cherokees and Associate Bands from 1939 until 1972. In 1971, he became the Cherokees' first elected chief since 1903.

Jesse Bartley Milam (1884–1949) was best known as the first Principal Chief of the Cherokee Nation appointed by a U.S. President since tribal government had been dissolved before Oklahoma Statehood in 1907. He was appointed by President Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1941, who reappointed him in 1942 and 1943; he was reappointed by President Harry S. Truman in 1948. He died while in office in 1949.

Lyda Conley

Eliza Burton "Lyda" Conley was an Wyandot-American lawyer of Native American and European descent, the first woman admitted to the Kansas Bar Association. She was notable for her campaign to prevent the sale and development of the Huron Cemetery in Kansas City, now known as the Wyandot National Burying Ground. She challenged the government in court, and in 1909 she was the first Native American woman admitted to argue a case before the Supreme Court of the United States.

Stacy L. Leeds is an American Law professor, scholar, and former Supreme Court Justice for the Cherokee Nation. She served as Dean of the University of Arkansas School of Law, from 2011-2018, the first Indigenous woman to lead a law school. She was a candidate for Principal Chief of the Cherokee Nation in 2007.

Huron Cemetery United States historic place

The Huron Indian Cemetery in Kansas City, Kansas, also known as Huron Park Cemetery, is now formally known as the Wyandot National Burying Ground. It was established circa 1843, soon after the Wyandot had arrived following removal from Ohio. The tribe settled in the area for years, with many in 1855 accepting allotment of lands in Kansas in severalty. The majority of the Wyandot removed to Oklahoma in 1867, where they maintained tribal institutions and communal property. As a federally recognized tribe, they had legal control over the communal property of Huron Cemetery. For more than 100 years, the property has been a source of controversy between the federally recognized Wyandotte Nation of Oklahoma, which wanted to sell it for redevelopment, and the much smaller present-day Wyandot Nation of Kansas, which wanted to preserve the burying ground.

Muscogee (Creek) Nation Native American Tribe

The Muscogee (Creek) Nation is a federally recognized Native American tribe based in the U.S. state of Oklahoma. The nation descends from the historic Creek Confederacy, a large group of indigenous peoples of the Southeastern Woodlands. Official languages include Muscogee, Yuchi, Natchez, Alabama, and Koasati, with Muscogee retaining the largest number of speakers. They commonly refer to themselves as Este Mvskokvlke. Historically, they were often referred to by European Americans as one of the Five Civilized Tribes of the American Southeast.

A Half-Breed Tract was a segment of land designated in the western states by the United States government in the 19th century specifically for Métis of American Indian and European or European-American ancestry, at the time commonly known as half-breeds. The government set aside such tracts in several parts of the Midwestern prairie region, including in Iowa Territory, Nebraska Territory, Kansas Territory, Minnesota Territory, and Wisconsin Territory.

John Brown (Seminole chief) Confederate States Army officer during the American Civil War

John Frippo Brown was a Confederate States Army officer during the American Civil War. He was elected by the tribal council as the last principal chief of the Seminole Nation, serving 1885–1901 and 1905–1906.

White Plume

White Plume, also known as Nom-pa-wa-rah, Manshenscaw, and Monchousia, was a chief of the Kaw Indigenous tribe. He signed a treaty in 1825 ceding millions of acres of Kaw land to the United States. Most present-day members of the Kaw Nation of Oklahoma trace their lineage back to him. He was the great-great-grandfather of Charles Curtis, 31st Vice President of the United States.

Haskell Indian Nations Fighting Indians football Football team of the Haskell Indian Nations University

The Haskell Fighting Indians football team represented the Haskell Institute, later known as Haskell Indian Nations University, in college football. They fielded their first football team in 1895.

Minnie Evans (Potawatomi leader)

Minnie Evans was a tribal chair of the Prairie Band of Potawatomi Nation who successfully defeated termination of her tribe and filed for reparations with the Indian Claims Commission during the Indian termination policy period from the 1940s to the 1960s.


  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 "Lucy Tayiah Eads". Kansas Historical Society. Retrieved April 10, 2014.CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  2. 1 2 3 The Scranton Republican › 2 July 1923 › Page 10 –
  3. Isabelle Chouteau Bain, Sister Eads and Lucy Eads – Kansas Memory
  4. 1 2 Ad Astra: First female head of Kaw Nation ‘finest example of what an Indian should be’ | Wichita Eagle
  5. The official site of Kaw Nation » History of the Government of the Kaw Nation Since 1902