Luda Kamchiya

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Luda Kamchiya
Gradets-Galata-1.jpg
Location
Country Bulgaria
Physical characteristics
Mouth  
  location
Kamchiya
  coordinates
43°02′40″N27°26′32″E / 43.0444°N 27.4421°E / 43.0444; 27.4421 Coordinates: 43°02′40″N27°26′32″E / 43.0444°N 27.4421°E / 43.0444; 27.4421
Length180.2 km (112.0 mi) [1]
Basin size1,610 km2 (620 sq mi) [1]
Basin features
Progression KamchiyaBlack Sea

Luda Kamchiya (Bulgarian : Луда Камчия [ˈɫudɐ ˈkamt͡ʃijɐ] , lit.'Mad Kamchiya') is a river in eastern Bulgaria, the main tributary of the Kamchiya river. [2] The river has a total length of 180 km and a drainage basin of 1610 km2, with an average slope of 5.3‰.

Luda Kamchiya rises from the Balkan Mountains in the area of Sliven, then flows between two arms of the mountains before crossing through the Luda Kamchiya Gorge and flowing into northern Bulgaria, joining Golyama Kamchiya near Dalgopol to form the Kamchiya river.

The river valley provides an important route between Northern and Southern Bulgaria, with a major railway line following the course of the river. There are also two significant reservoirs build on Luda Kamchiya: Kamchiya and Tsonevo.

Related Research Articles

Geography of Bulgaria

Bulgaria is a country situated in Southeast Europe and occupies the eastern quarter of the Balkan peninsula, being the largest country within its geographic boundaries. It is bordering Romania to the north, Serbia and North Macedonia to the west, Greece and Turkey to the south, and the Black Sea to the east. The northern border with Romania follows the river Danube until the city of Silistra. The land area of Bulgaria is 110,994 square kilometres (42,855 sq mi), slightly larger than that of Iceland or the U.S. state of Tennessee. Considering its relatively small size, Bulgaria has a great variety of topographical features. Even within small parts of the country, the land may be divided into plains, plateaus, hills, mountains, basins, gorges, and deep river valleys. The geographic center of Bulgaria is located in Uzana.

Balkan Mountains Mountain range in the Balkan Peninsula

The Balkan mountain range is a mountain range in the eastern part of the Balkan Peninsula. The range runs 557 km from Vrashka Chuka Peak on the Bulgarian-Serbian border eastward through central Bulgaria to foothills reaching Cape Emine on the Black Sea. The highest peaks of the Balkan Mountains are in central Bulgaria. The highest peak is Botev at 2,376 m, which makes the mountain range the third highest in the country, after Rila and Pirin. The mountains are the source of the name of the Balkan Peninsula.

Pazardzhik Province Province of Bulgaria

Pazardzhik Province is a province in Southern Bulgaria, named after its administrative and industrial centre - the city of Pazardzhik. The territory is 4,456.9 km2 (1,720.8 sq mi) that is divided into 12 municipalities with a total population of 275,548 inhabitants, as of February 2011.

Maritsa

Maritsa, also known as Meriç or Evros, is a river that runs through the Balkans in Southeast Europe. With a length of 480 km (300 mi), it is the longest river that runs solely in the interior of the Balkan peninsula, and one of the largest in Europe by discharge. It originates in the Rila mountains and flows through Bulgaria in its upper and middle reaches, while its lower course forms much of the border between Greece and Turkey. Its drainage area is about 53,000 km2 (20,000 sq mi), of which 66.2% is in Bulgaria, 27.5% in Turkey and 6.3% in Greece. It is the main river of the historical region of Thrace, most of which lies in its drainage basin.

Tsonevo Village in Varna Province, Bulgaria

Tsonevo (Цонево) is a village located in the Luda Kamchiya Valley in Dalgopol Municipality, Varna Province, Bulgaria.

Osam

The Osam is a river in northern Bulgaria. Its drainage basin is in between that of the river Vit to the west and the Yantra system to the east. The river has two main tributaries in its upper course: the Black Osam takes its source from the foot of Levski Peak in the Balkan Mountains, at an altitude of 1,821 m (5,974 ft), while the White Osam has its source on the northern slopes of the Kozya Stena peak. In Troyan, the black and white Osam join. It runs north towards Lovech, then north-east until Letnitsa and Levski, where it turns north-west until it flows into the river Danube 5 km west of the town of Nikopol. The ancient name of the river was Assamus.

Bulgarian Black Sea Coast

The Bulgarian Black Sea Coast, also known as the Bulgarian Riviera, covers the entire eastern bound of Bulgaria stretching from the Romanian Black Sea resorts in the north to European Turkey in the south, along 378 km of coastline. White and golden sandy beaches occupy approximately 130 km of the 378 km long coast. The region is an important center of tourism during the summer season (May–October), drawing millions of foreign and local tourists alike and constituting one of the country's most popular tourist destinations. Prior to 1989 the Bulgarian Black Sea coast was internationally known as the Red Riviera. Since the fall of the Iron Curtain, however, its nickname has been changed to the Bulgarian Riviera.

Iskar (river)

The Iskar is a right tributary of the Danube. With a length of 368 km it is the longest river that runs entirely within Bulgaria. Originating as three forks in Balkan's highest mountain range Rila, it flows in northern direction until its confluence with the Danube River. As it flows northwards it fuels the largest artificial lake in the country, the Iskar Reservoir, forms the divide between the Vitosha and Plana Mountains in the west and the Sredna Gora mountain range in the east before entering the Sofia Valley, which contains the nation's capital Sofia. From there the Iskar runs through the Balkan Mountains forming the spectacular 84 km long Iskar Gorge and as it crosses the mountains its water course turns in north-eastern direction at Lakatnik. North of the Balkan Mountains the river crosses the Danubian Plain and finally flows into the Danube between the villages of Baykal and Gigen. Geologically, Iskar is the oldest river in the Balkan Peninsula.

Kamchiya Glacier

Kamchiya Glacier is located on Livingston Island in the South Shetland Islands, Antarctica situated south of the glacial divide between the Drake Passage and Bransfield Strait, and south of Tundzha Glacier, west-southwest of Pimpirev Glacier and east of Verila Glacier. The glacier extends 5 km along an east–west axis and is 2.2 km wide, draining into South Bay between Ereby Point and Memorable Beach.

Kamchiya

The Kamchiya is a 191-kilometre (119 mi) river in eastern Bulgaria, the longest river on the Balkan Peninsula to flow directly into the Black Sea. From its longest source, Golyama Kamchiya, it has a total length of (244.5-kilometre. The river Kamchiya proper starts from the confluence of the two rivers springing from Eastern Stara Planina, Golyama Kamchiya and Luda Kamchiya, flows eastward to the Black Sea and empties into it 25 km south of Varna, in the Resort of Kamchiya.

Luda Yana

The Luda Yana is a 74 km-long river in southern Bulgaria, a northern tributary of the Maritsa River. It runs through the towns of Panagyurishte and Strelcha, as well as a number of villages, including Popintsi, where there are considerable driftage gold deposits. The river flows into the Maritsa several kilometres east of Pazardzhik, at the village of Sinitovo.

Bata, Pazardzhik Province Place in Pazardzhik Province, Bulgaria

Bata is a village in the Panagyurishte municipality in western Bulgaria. It has 1 345 inhabitants.

Gradets, Sliven Province Village in Kotel municipality, Sliven Province, in Bulgaria

Gradets is a village in southeastern Bulgaria, part of Kotel municipality, Sliven Province. It lies at 42°47′N26°32′E, 380 m above sea level. As of 2005, the mayor is the independent Venko Kavardzhikov, and the population of Gradets is 5,895, which makes it the second most populous village in Bulgaria, after Aydemir, Silistra Province, and the most populous in Bulgarian Thrace.

The Luda Kamchiya Gorge is a gorge in the Balkan Mountains in Bulgaria. It connects Dalgopol and Karnobat.

Dolni Chiflik Place in Varna, Bulgaria

Dolni Chiflik is a town in northeastern Bulgaria, part of Varna Province, located near the Kamchiya River about 14 km away from the Black Sea coast. It is the administrative centre of the homonymous Dolni Chiflik Municipality. As of December 2009, the town has a population of 6,706 inhabitants.

Gerlovo Small region of northern Bulgaria

Gerlovo or Gerilovo, is a small geographic and ethnographic region in Northern Bulgaria, a hilly fertile valley in the northeastern Balkan Mountains, south of the Ludogorie region. It lies between the Lisa, Preslav-Dragoevo and Kotel-Varbitsa mountains and covers much of Varbitsa municipality of Shumen Province, with smaller parts in Omurtag municipality and Kotel municipality. The main river is the Kamchiya, which runs through the entire valley and forms the Ticha Reservoir; the only sizable town is Varbitsa. Four strategically important mountain passes run through the region: the Preslav Pass, Dervent Pass, Kotel Pass and Varbitsa Pass.

Dalgopol Municipality Municipality in Varna, Bulgaria

Dalgopol Municipality is a municipality (obshtina) in Varna Province, Northeastern Bulgaria. It is named after its administrative centre - the town of Dalgopol.

Varbitsa Municipality Municipality in Shumen, Bulgaria

Varbitsa Municipality is a municipality (obshtina) in Shumen Province, Northeastern Bulgaria, located in the vicinity of the northern slopes of the Eastern Stara planina mountain to the area of the so-called Fore-Balkan. It is named after its administrative centre - the town of Varbitsa.

Ludacris, nicknamed "Luda", is an American rapper.

References

  1. 1 2 Statistical Yearbook 2017, National Statistical Institute (Bulgaria), p. 17
  2. Victor Fet, Alexi Popov; Biogeography and ecology of Bulgaria; 2007; p.601