Ludwig Merwart

Last updated
Ludwig Merwart
Born(1913-09-01)1 September 1913 [1]
Vienna, Austria [1]
Died 13 July 1979(1979-07-13) (aged 65) [1]
Vienna [1]
Nationality Austrian
Education Academy of Fine Arts Vienna [1]
Known for Painting, printmaking
Movement Tachism

Ludwig Merwart (1 September 1913 13 July 1979) was an influential Austrian painter and graphic artist. He is an important representative of Tachism and was a major force in graphic arts and prints, especially after World War II. His work belongs to the most significant and interesting contributions to graphic arts in Austria to this day.

Graphic arts processes and techniques for making images that depend upon line and not color to render the design

A category of fine art, graphic art covers a broad range of visual artistic expression, typically two-dimensional, i.e. produced on a flat surface. The term usually refers to the arts that rely more on line or tone than on colour, especially drawing and the various forms of engraving; it is sometimes understood to refer specifically to printmaking processes, such as line engraving, aquatint, drypoint, etching, mezzotint, monotype, lithography, and screen printing. Graphic art further includes calligraphy, photography, painting, typography, computer graphics, and bindery. It also encompasses drawn plans and layouts for interior and architectural designs.

World War II 1939–1945 global war

World War II, also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945. The vast majority of the world's countries—including all the great powers—eventually formed two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis. A state of total war emerged, directly involving more than 100 million people from over 30 countries. The major participants threw their entire economic, industrial, and scientific capabilities behind the war effort, blurring the distinction between civilian and military resources. World War II was the deadliest conflict in human history, marked by 50 to 85 million fatalities, most of whom were civilians in the Soviet Union and China. It included massacres, the genocide of the Holocaust, strategic bombing, premeditated death from starvation and disease, and the only use of nuclear weapons in war.

Contents

Merwart’s unique technique of iron etching attracted great attention in the 50s and 60s and 70s. In 1959 he exhibited his work at the documenta 2 in Kassel (Germany) and at the V. Biennale de São Paulo (Brasil), the following year at the International Graphic Biennale in Cincinnati (Ohio) and the Tate Gallery in London (Great Britain).

Etching intaglio printmaking technique

Etching is traditionally the process of using strong acid or mordant to cut into the unprotected parts of a metal surface to create a design in intaglio (incised) in the metal. In modern manufacturing, other chemicals may be used on other types of material. As a method of printmaking, it is, along with engraving, the most important technique for old master prints, and remains in wide use today. In a number of modern variants such as microfabrication etching and photochemical milling it is a crucial technique in much modern technology, including circuit boards.

<i>documenta</i> exhibition of modern and contemporary art in Kassel, Germany

documenta is an exhibition of contemporary art which takes place every five years in Kassel, Germany. It was founded by artist, teacher and curator Arnold Bode in 1955 as part of the Bundesgartenschau which took place in Kassel at that time, and was an attempt to bring Germany up to speed with modern art, both banishing and repressing the cultural darkness of Nazism. This first documenta featured many artists who are generally considered to have had a significant influence on modern art. The more recent documentas feature art from all continents; nonetheless most of it is site-specific.

Tate art institution in the United Kingdom

Tate is an institution that houses, in a network of four art museums, the United Kingdom's national collection of British art, and international modern and contemporary art. It is not a government institution, but its main sponsor is the UK Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.

“These prints rung from iron, acid and color, radiate tranquility, confidence and creativity. The adventure of a method reaching back to the very roots and origins of the creative impulse have here captured a phenomenon, which, independent of the process of realization, afford the viewer an experience of pronounced aesthetic intensity.” (Dr. Wilhelm Mrazek, Former Director of the Austrian Museum of Applied Arts in Vienna, Austria)

Exhibitions

(sample of recent years)

Sankt Pölten Place in Lower Austria, Austria

Sankt Pölten, mostly abbreviated to the official name St. Pölten, is the capital and largest city of the State of Lower Austria in northeast Austria, with 52,716 inhabitants as of 1 January 2015. St Pölten is a city with its own statute and therefore it is both a municipality and a district in the Mostviertel.

Linz City in Upper Austria, Austria

Linz is the third-largest city of Austria and capital of the state of Upper Austria. It is in the north centre of Austria, approximately 30 kilometres south of the Czech border, on both sides of the River Danube. The population of the city is 204,846, and that of the Greater Linz conurbation is about 789,811.

Solo exhibitions

Group exhibitions

Notes

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 "ludwig merwart - life". ludwigmerwart.com.

Related Research Articles

Josef Bauer is an Austrian artist.

Rainer Fetting German artist

Rainer Fetting is a German painter and sculptor.

Leopold Kessler (Artist) - (1976) modern artist born in Munich. In his artworks he is exploring limit between public and private space. He is making small interventions in space. They are sometimes hard to notice but very accurate and site-specific. He lives and works in Vienna

Manfred Kielnhofer Austrian photographer and sculptor

Manfred "KILI" Kielnhofer is an Austrian painter, sculptor, designer and photographer.

Franz Rosei is an Austrian sculptor and draughtsman. His brother is the writer Peter Rosei.

Erwin Puchinger Austrian artist

Erwin Puchinger was a Viennese painter, illustrator, industrial designer and graphic artist. He was an influential figure in Viennese art in the fin-de-siecle. Puchinger was a part of the Austrian Jugendstil and Gesamtkunstwerk movements, which sought to erase the boundaries between fine art and applied art. Puchinger worked in London, Prague and Paris as well as Vienna and collaborated with other major figures in Viennese art and design such as Ernst and Gustav Klimt and Otto Prutscher. He was a respected art professor at the Graphic Arts Institute, where he taught for more than thirty years.

Carry Hauser Austrian painter and poet

Carry Hauser, born Carl Maria Hauser, was an Austrian painter, stage set designer and poet.

Thomas Reinhold is an Austrian painter, one of the initiators of so-called “New Painting”.

Renate Bertlmann Austrian artist

Renate Bertlmann is an Austrian feminist avant-garde artist, living and working in Vienna. She is a contemporary of Birgit Jürgenssen and VALIE EXPORT, and her work focuses on the relationship between masculine and feminine forms.

<i>Guardians of Time</i> (art) installation by Manfred Kielnhofer

The Guardians of Time is an art project of the Austrian sculptor Manfred Kielnhofer.

Ilse Haider is an Austrian artist. She focuses on photography and her photographic works use three dimensional surfaces. She has received a number of awards for her work and her work has appeared in exhibitions throughout Europe and the United States.

Bernhard Cella Austrian artist

Bernhard Cella is an Austrian artist and curator.

Hans Tichy Austrian painter

Hans Tichy was an Austrian artist and a professor at the Academy of Fine Arts, Vienna.

Manfred Erjautz is an Austrian artist.

Adolf Wagner von der Mühl Austrian sculptor

Adolf Wagner von der Mühl was an Austrian sculptor.

Richard Hirschbäck was an Austrian painter. He was a founding member of the Austrian artist group Gruppe 77.

Group Normal art group

Group Normal is a German Czech group of artists formed in 1979.

Günther Selichar Austrian photographer

Günther Selichar is an Austrian visual artist.

Hildegard Joos was an Austrian painter and is known as the "Grande Dame" of geometric abstraction and constructivism in Austria.

Brigitta Malche

Brigitta Malche is a Swiss-Austrian artist with municipal citizenship in Zurich. In addition to paintings on canvas, her work also includes light and sound installations and large scale Public art projects.

References

Further reading