Luis Barceló

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Luis Barceló
Kol'tsov Osada Al'kasara ppk Barselo ranen 11sent26 1936.JPG
Commander Luis Barceló Jover (right) being treated for a wound by a nurse.
Birth nameLuis Barceló Jover
Born1896
Madrid, Kingdom of Spain
Died15 March 1939 (aged 42–43)
Madrid, Spain
Allegiance Flag of Spain 1931 1939.svg Spanish Republic
Service/branch Army
RankColonel
Commands heldCommander of the 35th Mixed Brigade (1936)
2nd Division (1937)
I Army Corps of the Army of the Centre (1939)
Battles/wars Spanish Civil War

Luis Barceló Jover (1896 15 March 1939) was a Spanish military officer.

Contents

Spanish Civil War

A professional officer of the Spanish Army, he supported the Republican government during the Spanish Civil War. In 1936 he was a major of the Spanish army. In July 1936 he was one of the officers who set up summary courts to try the rebel officers captured after the failure of the coup in Madrid. [1] In September 1936, he took part in the Siege of the Alcazar. [2] Later he joined the PCE, and led one mixed brigade of Modesto's division in the Second Battle of the Corunna Road. [3] Later, he was promoted to colonel and, on June 1937 he was one of the republican commanders in the Segovia Offensive. [4] In 1939, he was the commander of the I Corps of the Republican Army of the Centre.

Second Spanish Republic the regime that existed in Spain, 1931 to 1939

The Spanish Republic, commonly known as the Second Spanish Republic, was the democratic government that existed in Spain from 1931 to 1939. The Republic was proclaimed on 14 April 1931, after the deposition of Alfonso XIII, and it lost the Spanish Civil War on 1 April 1939 to the rebel faction, that would establish a military dictatorship under the rule of Francisco Franco.

Spanish Civil War War between the Republicans and the Nationalists in Spain from 1936 to 1939

The Spanish Civil War took place from 1936 to 1939. Republicans loyal to the left-leaning Second Spanish Republic, in alliance with the Anarchists and Communists, fought against the Nationalists, an alliance of Falangists, Monarchists, Carlists, and Catholics, led by a military clique among whom General Francisco Franco soon achieved a preponderant role. Due to the international political climate at the time, the war had many facets, and different views saw it as class struggle, a war of religion, a struggle between dictatorship and republican democracy, between revolution and counterrevolution, between fascism and communism. The Nationalists won the war in early 1939 and ruled Spain until Franco's death in November 1975.

Spanish coup of July 1936

The Spanish coup of July 1936 fractured the Spanish Republican Armed Forces and marked the beginning of the Spanish Civil War. Following a period of troubles in the Second Spanish Republic, a group of officers attempted to overthrow the left-wing Popular Front government, elected five months previously, in a military coup. Planning started in early 1936, and the coup was launched on 17 and 18 July. The coup failed to take complete control of the country and civil war ensued.

The Casado coup

On March 5, 1939, the Colonel Segismundo Casado, an officer of the Republican Army, supported a section of the PSOE (Julian Besteiro), a section of the UGT (Wenceslao Carrillo), the CNT (Cipriano Mera), the general Manuel Matallana and the secret service of the Republic (SIM), deposed the prime minister, Juan Negrin, and established the National Defence Council (Consejo Nacional de Defensa) in order to start peace negotiations with Francisco Franco. The Council dismissed the Communist commanders of the I, II, and III Corps of the Army of the Centre, among them Barceló, but he rejected the authority of the Council, and on March 7 he appointed himself as Commander of the Army of the Centre, setting up his headquarters in the Pardo Palace, [5] and entered with his troops in Madrid, [6] supported by the Bueno's II Corps and the Ortega's III Corps, starting a brief civil war inside the Republic. After some days of bloody combats he was defeated by Cipriano Mera's IV Corps [7] and surrendered himself to the Council on March 12. On March 13, he and his commissar Jose Conesa, were sentenced to death by a military tribunal and executed. [8] [9] [10]

Segismundo Casado Spanish Army officer

Segismundo Casado López was a Spanish Army officer in the Second Spanish Republic during the Spanish Civil War, commanding the Republican Spanish Army in 1939.

Unión General de Trabajadores Spanish trade union

The Unión General de Trabajadores is a major Spanish trade union, historically affiliated with the Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE).

Cipriano Mera Spanish anarchist and army officer

Cipriano Mera Sanz was a Spanish military and political figure during the Second Spanish Republic.

Notes

  1. Thomas, Hugh. (2001). The Spanish Civil War. Penguin Books. London. pp.236-237
  2. Thomas, Hugh. (2001). The Spanish Civil War. Penguin Books. London. p.398
  3. Thomas, Hugh. (2001). The Spanish Civil War. Penguin Books. London. pp.474-478
  4. Thomas, Hugh. (2001). The Spanish Civil War. Penguin Books. London. p.668
  5. Beevor, Antony. (2006). The Battle for Spain. The Spanish Civil War, 1936-1939. Penguin Books. London. p.394
  6. Preston, Paul, (2006). The Spanish Civil War. Reaction, revolution&revenge. Harper Perennial. London. p.298
  7. Preston, Paul. (1995). Franco. Fontana Press. London.p.321
  8. Thomas, Hugh. (2001). The Spanish Civil War. Penguin Books. London. pp.882-884
  9. Preston, Paul, (2006). The Spanish Civil War. Reaction, revolution&revenge. Harper Perennial. London. p.298
  10. Beevor, Antony. (2006). The Battle for Spain. The Spanish Civil War, 1936-1939. Penguin Books. London. p.394

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References

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