Luiz Roberto de Barros Mott or Luiz Mott (born 6 May 1946) in São Paulo, is an anthropologist and a gay rights activist in Brazil.
Luiz Mott graduated in Social Sciences from the University of São Paulo (USP) during the military regime, obtained a master's degree in Ethnography from the Sorbonne and a doctorate in anthropology from the University of Campinas in São Paulo.
Luiz Mott is professor emeritus of the Department of Anthropology of the Federal University of Bahia (UFBA).In his work Mott has traced homosexual desire in a number of indigenous Brazilian tribes such as the Bororo, Guató, Trumai, Tupinambá, Wai Wai and Xavante. He has also explored intimate partner violence between gay, transsexual and transgender people in Salvador, the capital of the Brazilian state of Bahia. In 1995, he declared that national hero Zumbi dos Palmares had been gay.
Alongside his academic work, Mott is also a gay rights activist and founded the Grupo Gay da Bahia in 1980.It was the first homosexual support group in Bahia and Mott ensured its survival by pressuring the municipal government to fund it. It published records of homophobic attacks, raised awareness of HIV/AIDS and organised a pride parade, workshops, educational events and protests. He also created Centro Baiano Anti-AIDS.
In 1993 he published the first account of the life of Rosa Egipcíaca, a religious mystic and formerly enslaved prostitute, who wrote the book Sagrada Teologia do Amor Divino das Almas Peregrinas, which was the first book to be written by a black woman in Brazil.
In 1995, he was awarded the Felipa de Souza Award by the International Gay and Lesbian Human Rights Commission (now OutRight Action International).Mott commented to the Los Angeles Times in 2015: "Brazil is an extremely contradictory country. On the one hand, we are a pink country, celebrating sexual diversity [..] then, there is another color, the red blood of victims."
Lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) rights in Brazil are among the most advanced in Latin America and the world. Despite some prejudice from evangelical fundamentalists, gay couples in Brazil enjoy the same rights guaranteed to heterosexual ones since 16 May 2013, including marriage. On June 13, 2019, the Brazilian Supreme Court ruled that discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation and gender identity is a crime akin to racism.
Samuel Klein was a Polish-Brazilian business magnate and philanthropist who founded the Casas Bahia chain of department stores in Brazil, building them into the top retailer in the country. This along with his tendency to use massive warehouses for his goods, including the largest single warehouse in South America, led him to be known in the 1990s as the "Sam Walton of Brazil".
Jorge José Emiliano dos Santos also known by his nickname, Margarida was a Brazilian football referee, known for his flamboyant style. He is recognized as an iconic figure in Brazilian football and was one of the first openly gay referees in Brazil.
The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Mariana is an archdiocese based in the city of Mariana in the Brazilian state of Minas Gerais.
Mata de São João is a municipality in the state of Bahia in the North-East region of Brazil. It covers 605.17 km2 (233.66 sq mi) and a population of 47,126. Mata de São João has a population density of 73 inhabitants per square kilometer. It is located 56 km (35 mi) from the state capital of Bahia, Salvador.
Same-sex adoption in Brazil is legal according to the Superior Court of Justice of Brazil, as stated in a court decision on April 27, 2010. The change was a milestone in the country's LGBT history.
This article is intended to give an overview of the history of LGBT rights in Brazil.
Lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender rights in the Brazilian state of São Paulo are liberal. Same-sex marriage is legally performed in the state, as in Brazil as a whole.
Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) rights are liberal in Bahia. Homosexuality and same-sex marriage are legal in the state.
Events from the year 2013 in Brazil.
Events in the year 1923 in Brazil.
Events in the year 1925 in Brazil.
Jaqueline Gomes de Jesus is a Brazilian psychologist, writer, and LGBT activist.
Míriam Martinho is one of the leading feminists in Brazil and part of the second generation of feminist journalists, who emerged in the 1980s. She was one of the first people to bring lesbianism openly into the fold of feminism and founded one of the first Lesbian-Feminist organizations in the country. She and Rosely Roth gained recognition for staging a protest, known at the "Brazilian Stonewall" at Ferro's Bar in 1983. She has written for numerous LGBT and feminist journals and has submitted expert testimony on the state of the LGBT community in Brazil.
Maria Filipa de Oliveira was an Afro-Brazilian independence fighter from island of Itaparica, Bahia, active during the Brazilian War of Independence. The independence struggled against the Portuguese lasted a little over a year, with many battles centered on the Island of Itaparica. Maria Filipa is noted as one of three women who participated in the struggle for Bahia's independence in 1823, the others being the military figure Maria Quitéria (1792-1853) and Sister Joana Angélica (1761-1822).
Geraldo de Barros was a Brazilian painter and photographer who also worked in engraving, graphic arts, and industrial design. He was a leader of the concrete art movement in Brazil, co-founding Grupo Ruptura and was known for his trailblazing work in experimental abstract photography and modernism. According to The Guardian, De Barros was "one of the most influential Brazilian artists of the 20th century." De Barros is best known for his Fotoformas (1946-1952), a series of photographs that used multiple exposures, rotated images, and abstracted forms to capture a phenomenological experience of Brazil's exponential urbanization in the mid-twentieth century.
Grupo Ruptura was created by a collection of artists who sought to advance modern art in Brazil in the 1950s. Together, they held an exhibition entitled Ruptura at the São Paulo Museum of Modern Art in 1952. The group embraced concrete art as a break from traditional naturalistic painting popular in Brazil at the time. Grupo Raptura's works are often characterized by strong geometric shapes and bold colors.
Fortunato Botton Neto, known as The Trianon Maniac, was a Brazilian serial killer who killed between three and thirteen gay men in the vicinity of Parque Trianon in São Paulo from 1986 to 1989. He was convicted of three murders and sentenced to 8 years imprisonment, dying in prison in 1997.
Renan Guedes Borges, known as Renan Guedes or just Guedes, is a Brazilian footballer who plays as a right back for Moldovan club Sheriff Tiraspol.
Rosa Egipcíaca, also known as Rosa Maria Egipcíaca of Vera Cruz and Rosa Courana, was a formerly enslaved writer and religious mystic, who was the author of A Sagrada Teologia do Amor de Deus Luz Brilhante das Almas Peregrinas – the oldest book written by a black woman in the history of Brazil.