Luncarty

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Luncarty
Perth and Kinross UK location map.svg
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Luncarty
Location within Perth and Kinross
Population1,630 (mid-2020 est.) [1]
OS grid reference NO095298
Council area
Lieutenancy area
Country Scotland
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town PERTH
Postcode district PH1
Dialling code 01738
Police Scotland
Fire Scottish
Ambulance Scottish
UK Parliament
Scottish Parliament
List of places
UK
Scotland
56°27′06″N3°28′11″W / 56.451644°N 3.469857°W / 56.451644; -3.469857 Coordinates: 56°27′06″N3°28′11″W / 56.451644°N 3.469857°W / 56.451644; -3.469857

Luncarty ( Loudspeaker.svg listen  ; pronounced Lung-cur-tay) [ˈlʌŋkəɾte]) is a village in Perth and Kinross, Scotland, approximately 4 miles (6 kilometres) north of Perth. It lies between the A9 to the west, and the River Tay to the east.

Contents

Etymology

The name Luncarty, recorded in 1250 as Lumphortyn, may be of Gaelic origin. [2] The name may involve the element longartaibh, a plural form of longphort meaning variously "harbour, palace, encampment". [2]

History

War memorial at Luncarty Luncarty war memorial.jpg
War memorial at Luncarty

The historian Hector Boece (1465–1536), in his History of the Scottish People, records that, in 990, Kenneth III of Scotland defeated the Danes near Luncarty. [3] However, the Scottish historian John Hill Burton strongly suspected the battle of Luncarty to be an invention of Hector Boece. [4] [5] Burton was incorrect. Walter Bower, [6] writing in his Scotichronicon around 1440, some 87 years before Boece first published his Scotorum Historia, refers to the battle briefly as follows:

"that remarkable battle of Luncarty, in which the Norsemen with their king were totally destroyed". Bower does not quote specific sources concerning the battle, but, two sentences later, he refers in a general way to ancient writings that he has consulted. The term Norsemen would include Danes.

The present village was founded in 1752 by William Sandeman, to house workers at his bleachfields. [7] The village formerly had a railway station, [8] and the Perth to Inverness railway line still runs through the village.

A rare example of a morthouse is located in the churchyard, built to frustrate the activities of bodysnatchers in the 19th century.

Bleachfields

William Sandeman and his partner Hector Turnbull manufactured linen in Perth and bleached it in Luncarty, for instance with an order of 12,000 to 15,000 yards (11,000 to 14,000 metres) of "Soldiers' shirting". In 1752 he leveled 12 acres (5 hectares) of land in Luncarty to form bleachfields. By 1790 when William died, the Luncarty bleachfields covered 80 acres (32 hectares) and processed 500,000 yards (460,000 metres) of cloth annually. Second only to agriculture, linen manufacture was a major Scottish industry in the late 18th century — linen then became less important with the introduction of cotton. [9]

Sport

The village is home to the football club Luncarty F.C., who play in the East of Scotland League First Division Conference B.

Notable persons

Related Research Articles

Hector Boece Scottish philosopher and historian (1465–1536)

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Scota Name list

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Liff, Angus Human settlement in Scotland

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Dundee is the fourth-largest city in Scotland with a population of around 150,000 people. It is situated on the north bank of the Firth of Tay on the east coast of the Central Lowlands of Scotland. The Dundee area has been settled since the Mesolithic with evidence of Pictish habitation beginning in the Iron Age. During the Medieval Era the city became a prominent trading port and was the site of many battles. Throughout the Industrial Revolution, the local jute industry caused the city to grow rapidly. In this period, Dundee also gained prominence due to its marmalade industry and its journalism, giving Dundee its epithet as the city of "jute, jam and journalism".

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Battle of the North Inch Staged battle between the Clan Chattan and the "Clan Quhele" in September 1396

The Battle of the North Inch was a staged battle between the Clan Chattan and the "Clan Quhele" in September 1396. Thirty men were selected to represent each side in front of spectators, including King Robert III of Scotland and his court, on land that is now the North Inch park in Perth, Scotland.

Redgorton Human settlement in Scotland

Redgorton is a settlement in Gowrie, Perth and Kinross, Scotland. It lies a few miles from the River Tay and the A9 road, across the latter from Luncarty. It lies close to the Inveralmond Industrial Estate.

Bleachfield Field near watercourse used by a bleachery

A bleachfield or bleaching green was an open area used for spreading cloth on the ground to be purified and whitened by the action of the sunlight. Bleaching fields were usually found in and around mill towns in Great Britain and were an integral part of textile manufacture during the Industrial Revolution.

Stanley, Perthshire Human settlement in Scotland

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Battle of Barry Legendary battle in 1010 AD

The Battle of Barry is a legendary battle in which the Scots, purportedly led by Malcolm II, defeated a Danish invasion force in 1010 AD. Its supposed site in Carnoustie, Angus can be seen in early Ordnance Survey maps. The history of the event relies heavily on tradition and it is currently considered to be apocryphal. The battle was named for the Parish of Barry, rather than the village, and was formerly thought to have taken place at the mouth of the Lochty burn, in the vicinity of the area that is now occupied by Carnoustie High Street. While the battle is not historically authentic, its romantic appeal continues to capture the popular imagination.

George Turnbull (engineer)

George Turnbull was a British engineer responsible from 1851 to 1863 for construction of the first railway line from Calcutta to Benares, some 965 km (600 mi) – later extended to Delhi. Turnbull was acclaimed by the Indian government as the "first railway engineer of India".

William Sandeman

William Sandeman was a leading Perthshire linen and later cotton manufacturer. For instance in 1782 alone, Perthshire produced 1.7 million yards of linen worth £81,000. Linen manufacture became by the 1760s a major Scottish industry, second only to agriculture.

Hector Turnbull (businessman)

Hector Turnbull was a leading Perthshire linen bleachfield developer and operator.

William Stewart was a Scottish poet working in the first half of the 16th century.

Battleby Country house in Perth and Kinross, Scotland

Battleby is a country house in Perth and Kinross, Scotland. It is in the parish of Redgorton, 1 kilometre (0.62 mi) west of Luncarty and 6 kilometres (3.7 mi) north of Perth. The 19th-century house is occupied by Scottish Natural Heritage, and is protected as a category B listed building. The grounds are listed on the Inventory of Gardens and Designed Landscapes in Scotland, the national listing of significant gardens, for their important plant collection.

South Inch

South Inch is a large public park in Perth, Scotland. About 31 hectares in size, it is one of two "Inches" in Perth, the other being the larger, 57-hectare North Inch, located half a mile across the city. The Inches were granted to the city, when it was a royal burgh, by King Robert II in 1374. Both Inches were once islands in the River Tay. The two Inches are connected by Tay Street.

Archibald Sandeman was a Scottish academic. He was a professor at Queens' College, Cambridge, and at Owens College in Manchester.

References

  1. "Mid-2020 Population Estimates for Settlements and Localities in Scotland". National Records of Scotland. 31 March 2022. Retrieved 31 March 2022.
  2. 1 2 Watson, W.J.; Taylor, Simon (2011). The Celtic Place-Names of Scotland (reprint ed.). Birlinn LTD. ISBN   9781906566357.
  3. Groome, Francis H. (1882–1885). "Luncarty". Ordnance Gazetteer of Scotland: A Survey of Scottish Topography, Statistical, Biographical and Historical. Gazetteer for Scotland . Retrieved 9 July 2008.
  4. The History of Scotland from Agricola's Invasion to the Revolution of 1688,Vol.1, By John Hill Burton; p.364-365, Will. Blackwood and Sons, 1867
  5. A Complete Guide to Heraldry; p.415; By Arthur Charles Fox Davies, and Graham Johnston; Published by Kessinger Publishing, 2004; ISBN   1-4179-0630-8, ISBN   978-1-4179-0630-7; link
  6. S Taylor, DER Watt, B Scott, eds (1990). Scotichronicon by Walter Bower in Latin and English.Vol.5. Aberdeen: Aberdeen University Press. pp. 341–343.{{cite book}}: |last= has generic name (help)CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  7. "Luncarty". Gazetteer for Scotland. Retrieved 9 July 2008.
  8. "Luncarty, Station". canmore.org.uk. Retrieved 19 July 2017.
  9. Perth Entrepreneurs: the Sandemans of Springfield by Charles D Waterston, 2008, pages 27–33: these pages reference 19 other information sources. ISBN   978-0-905452-52-4