Lviv Oblast

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Lviv Oblast
Львівська область
Lwow , Polish , Lviv , L'vov - Panorama miasta widziana z hotelu Dnister. - panoramio.jpg
Львівщина (Lvivshchyna)
Lviv in Ukraine.svg
Country Flag of Ukraine.svg  Ukraine
Administrative center Lviv
   Governor Maksym Kozytskyy [1]
   Oblast council 84 seats
  ChairpersonYevhenii Girnyk (acting)
  Total21,833 km2 (8,430 sq mi)
  Rank Ranked 17th
296 m (971 ft)
 (2022) [2]
  TotalDecrease2.svg 2,478,133
Time zone UTC+2 (EET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+3 (EEST)
Postal code
Area code +380-32
ISO 3166 code UA-46
Raions 7
Hromadas 73
FIPS 10-4 UP15
Website [ dead link ]

Lviv Oblast (Ukrainian : Льві́вська о́бласть, romanized: Lvivska oblast, IPA:  [ˈlʲwiu̯sʲkɐ ˈɔblɐsʲtʲ] ), also referred to as Lvivshchyna (Льві́вщина, IPA:  [ˈlʲwiu̯ʃtʃɪnɐ] ), [lower-alpha 1] is an oblast in western Ukraine. The administrative center of the oblast is the city of Lviv. The current population is 2,478,133 (2022 est.). [2]




The region is named after the city of Lviv which was founded by Daniel of Galicia, the King of Ruthenia, in the 13th century, where it became the capital of Galicia-Volhynia. Daniel named the city after his son, Leo. During this time, the general region around Lviv was known as Red Ruthenia (Cherven' Rus').

Early history

The oblast's strategic position at the heart of central Europe and as the gateway to the Carpathians has caused it to change hands many times over the centuries. It was ruled variously by Great Moravia, Kievan Rus', Poland, was independent as the state of Galicia-Volhynia (circa 1200 to 1340), and then ruled by the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth (1340 to 1772), the Austro-Hungarian Empire (1772 to 1918), West Ukrainian People's Republic and Poland (1919 to 1939), when it was part of the Lwów Voivodeship of the Second Republic of Poland. The region's historically dominant Ukrainian population declared the area to be a part of an independent West Ukrainian National Republic in November 1918 — June 1919, but this endured only briefly. Local autonomy was provided in international treaties but later on those were not honoured by the Polish government and the area experienced much ethnic tension between the Polish and Ukrainian population.


The oblast was created as part of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic on 4 December 1939 following the Soviet invasion of eastern Poland and annexation of Eastern Galicia and Volhynia.

It was occupied by Nazi Germany from 1941 to 1944 following the start of Operation Barbarossa, where most of the local Jewish population were killed. Following the end of World War II, the region remained in Soviet hands as was arranged in the Tehran and Yalta conferences. Local Poles were expelled and Ukrainians expelled from Poland arrived.

In 1959, Drohobych Oblast was incorporated into Lviv Oblast.

Present day

Given its historical development, Lviv Oblast is one of the least russified and sovietized parts of Ukraine, with much of its Polish and Habsburg heritage still visible today.

In Ukraine today, there are three provinces (oblasts) that formed the eastern part of the Kingdom of Galicia and Lodomeria. Two of these, Lviv Oblast and Ivano-Frankivsk Oblast were entirely contained in the kingdom; the third oblast of Ternopil was mainly in the kingdom apart from four of its most northerly counties (raions). The counties of the Kingdom of Galicia remained largely unchanged when they were incorporated into successor states; with minor changes as detailed below, the current counties are almost co-extensive with those of the Kingdom.

During the 2014 Euromaidan protests, the region is also notable for having declared independence from the central government led by Viktor Yanukovych who started to use active military force against protestors. [3]


The terrain of Lviv Oblast is highly varied. The southern part is occupied by the low Beskyd (Ukrainian: Бескиди) mountain chains running parallel to each other from northwest to southeast and covered with secondary coniferous forests as part of the Eastern Carpathians; the highest point is Pikui (1408 m). North from there are the wide upper Dniester river valley and much smaller upper San River valley. These rivers have flat bottoms covered with alluvial deposits, and are susceptible to floods. Between these valleys and Beskyd lies the Precarpathian upland covered with deciduous forests, with well-known mineral spa resorts (see Truskavets, Morshyn). It's also the area of one of the earliest industrial petroleum and gas extraction. These deposits are all but depleted by now.

In the central part of the region lie Roztocze, Opillia, and part of the Podolia uplands. Rich sulphur deposits were mined here during the Soviet era. Roztocze is densely forested, while Opillia and Podolia (being covered with loess on which fertile soils develop) are densely populated and mostly covered by arable land. In the central-north part of the region lies the Small Polesia lowland, geographically isolated from the rest of Polesia but with similar terrain and landscapes (flat plains with sandy fluvioglacial deposits and pine forests). The far North of the region lies on the Volhynia upland, which is also covered with loess; coal is mined in this area.


The climate of Lviv Oblast is moderately cool and humid. The average January temperatures range from −7 °C (19  °F ) in the Carpathians to −3 °C (27 °F) in the Dniester and San River valleys while in July the average temperatures are from 14–15 °C (57–59  °F ) in the Carpathians to 16–17 °C (61–63 °F) in Roztocze and 19 °C (66 °F) in the lower part of the Dniester valley. [4] The average annual precipitation is 600–650 mm (23.62–25.59  in ) in the lowlands, 650–750 mm (25.59–29.53 in) in the highlands and up to 1,000 mm (39.37 in) in the Carpathians, with the majority of precipitation occurring in summer. Prolonged droughts are uncommon, while strong rainfalls can cause floods in river valleys. Severe winds during storms can also cause damage, especially in the highlands. The climate is favourable for the cultivation of sugar beets, winter wheat, flax, rye, cabbage, apples, and for dairy farming. It is still too cold to successfully cultivate maize, sunflower, grapes, melon, watermelon or peaches in Lviv Oblast. In the Carpathians conditions are favourable for Alpine skiing 3–4 months a year.


Government House, Lviv Government House in Lviv-2013.JPG
Government House, Lviv


Term startTerm endNameYear of birthYear of death
March 19916 April 1992 Vyacheslav Chornovil b. 1937d. 1999
June 1994July 1995Mykola Horynb. 1945
Term startTerm endNameYear of birth
20 March 1992June 1994Stepan Davymukab. 1947
Term startTerm endNameYear of birthYear of death
7 July 19956 Feb. 1997Mykola Horynb. 1945
6 Feb. 199714 Jan. 1999Mykhailo Hladiyb. 1952
15 Jan. 199919 March 2001 Stepan Senchuk b. 1955d. 2005
26 March 200126 April 2002 Mykhailo Hladiy b. 1952
26 April 20024 June 2003Myron Yankivb. 1951
9 June 200320 Dec. 2004Oleksandr Sendehab. 1953
20 Dec. 20044 Feb. 2005Bohdan Matolych (acting)b. 1955
4 Feb. 200520 Feb. 2008 Petro Oliynyk b. 1957d. 2011
20 Feb. 200827 Feb. 2008Valery Pyatak (acting)b. 1959
27 Feb. 200820 April 2010? Kmit Mykola
(acting to 1 Sep 2008)
b. 1966
20 April 201021 December 2010 [6] Vasyl Horbal [7] b. 1971
21 December 20102 November 2011 [6] Mykhailo Tsymbaliuk [6] b. 1964
2 November 2011 [6] 4 March 2013 [8] Mykhailo Kostiuk [6] b. 1961
4 March 2013 [8] 31 October 2013 [9] Viktor Shemchuk [8] b. 1970
31 October 2013 [9] 23 January 2014 [10] Oleh Salo [9] b. 1968
2 March 201414 August 2014 [11] Iryna Sekh b. 1970
14 August 201426 December 2014Yuriy Turyanskyi (acting)b. 1975
26 December 201411 June 2019 Oleh Synyutka b. 1970
11 June 20195 July 2019Rostyslav Zamlynsky (acting)b. 1976
5 July 20195 February 2020 Markiyan Malsky b. 1984
5 February 2020 Maksym Kozytsky b. 1984


Drohobych.The second largest city in Lviv Oblast Drohobych city center 2018.jpg
Drohobych.The second largest city in Lviv Oblast
Truskavets - a small resort town in the Carpathian foothills Pishokhidnii prospekt v Truskavtsi.jpg
Truskavets - a small resort town in the Carpathian foothills
Architecture in Stryi Stryistreet2019.jpg
Architecture in Stryi
Half-timbered old villa in the Carpathian foothills in Skole Raion Villa in Lviv region.jpg
Half-timbered old villa in the Carpathian foothills in Skole Raion

Until the big district reform on July 18, 2020 Lviv Oblast was administratively subdivided into 20 raions (districts), as well as 9 city (municipalities) which are directly subordinate to the oblast government: Boryslav, Chervonohrad, Drohobych, Morshyn, Novyi Rozdil, Sambir, Stryi, Truskavets, and the administrative center of the oblast, Lviv.

Raions of Lviv Oblast as of August 2020. Lviv Oblast 2020 subdivisions.jpg
Raions of Lviv Oblast as of August 2020.

On 18 July 2020, the number of districts was reduced to seven. [12] [13] These are:

  1. Chervonohrad (Червоноградський район), the center is in the town of Chervonohrad;
  2. Drohobych (Дрогобицький район), the center is in the town of Drohobych;
  3. Lviv (Львівський район), the center is in the city of Lviv;
  4. Sambir (Самбірський район), the center is in the town of Sambir;
  5. Stryi (Стрийський район), the center is in the town of Stryi;
  6. Yavoriv (Яворівський район), the center is in the town of Yavoriv;
  7. Zolochiv (Золочівський район), the center is in the town of Zolochiv.

In addition, there are the city raions of the city of Lviv.

Kingdom of Galicia, administrative, 1914 Galicia administrative1914.jpg
Kingdom of Galicia, administrative, 1914
Hromada (Громада)TypeCenterRaionRaion before 2020
Belzurban Belz Chervonohrad Sokal
Bibrkaurban Bibrka Lviv Peremyshliany
Biskovychirural Biskovychi Sambir Sambir
Boryniasettlement Borynia Sambir Turka
Boryslavurban Boryslav Drohobych Boryslav Municipality
Brodyurban Brody Zolochiv Brody
Buskurban Busk Zolochiv Busk
Chervonohradurban Chervonohrad Chervonohrad Chervonohrad Municipality
DavydivruralDavydiv Lviv Pustomyty
Dobromylurban Dobromyl Sambir Staryi Sambir
Dobrosyn-Maherivrural Maheriv Lviv Zhovkva
Dobrotvirsettlement Dobrotvir Chervonohrad Kamianka-Buzka
Drohobychurban Drohobych Drohobych Drohobych Municipality
Hlynianyurban Hlyniany Lviv Zolochiv
Hnizdychivsettlement Hnizdychiv Stryi Zhydachiv
Horodok urban Horodok Lviv Horodok
Hrabovets-Dulibyrural Duliby Stryi Stryi
Ivano-Frankovesettlement Ivano-Frankove Yavoriv Yavoriv
Kamianka-Buzkaurban Kamianka-Buzka Lviv Kamianka-Buzka
Khodorivurban Khodoriv Stryi Zhydachiv
Khyrivurban Khyriv Sambir Staryi Sambir
Komarnourban Komarno Lviv Horodok
Kozovarural Kozova Stryi Skole
Krasnesettlement Krasne Zolochiv Busk
Kulykivsettlement Kulykiv Lviv Zhovkva
Lopatynsettlement Lopatyn Chervonohrad Radekhiv
Lvivurban Lviv Lviv Lviv Municipality
Medenychisettlement Medenychi Drohobych Drohobych
Morshynurban Morshyn Stryi city of Morshyn
Mostyskaurban Mostyska Yavoriv Mostyska
MurovaneruralMurovane Lviv Pustomyty
Mykolaivurban Mykolaiv Stryi Mykolaiv
Novoiavorivskurban Novoiavorivsk Yavoriv Yavoriv
Novyi Kalynivurban Novyi Kalyniv Sambir Sambir
Novyi Rozdilurban Novyi Rozdil Stryi city of Novyi Rozdil
Obroshynerural Obroshyne Lviv Pustomyty
Peremyshlianyurban Peremyshliany Lviv Peremyshliany
PidberiztsiruralPidberiztsi Lviv Pustomyty
Pidkaminsettlement Pidkamin Zolochiv Brody
Pomorianysettlement Pomoriany Zolochiv Zolochiv
Pustomytyurban Pustomyty Lviv Pustomyty
Radekhivurban Radekhiv Chervonohrad Radekhiv
Ralivkarural Ralivka Sambir Sambir
Rava-Ruskaurban Rava-Ruska Lviv Zhovkva
RozvadivruralRozvadiv Stryi Mykolaiv
Rudkyurban Rudky Sambir Sambir
Sambirurban Sambir Sambir city of Sambir
Shchyretssettlement Shchyrets Lviv Pustomyty
Shehynirural Shehyni Yavoriv Mostyska
Skhidnytsiasettlement Skhidnytsia Drohobych Boryslav Municipality
Skoleurban Skole Stryi Skole
Slavskesettlement Slavske Stryi Skole
Sokalurban Sokal Chervonohrad Sokal
SokilnykyruralSokilnyky Lviv Pustomyty
SolonkaruralSolonka Lviv Pustomyty
Staryi Sambirurban Staryi Sambir Sambir Staryi Sambir
StrilkyruralStrilky Sambir Staryi Sambir
Stryiurban Stryi Stryi city of Stryi
Sudova Vyshniaurban Sudova Vyshnia Yavoriv Mostyska
TrostianetsruralTrostianets Stryi Mykolaiv
Truskavetsurban Truskavets Drohobych city of Truskavets
Turkaurban Turka Sambir Turka
Velyki Mostyurban Velyki Mosty Chervonohrad Sokal
Velykyi Liubinsettlement Velykyi Liubin Lviv Horodok
Yarychivsettlement Novyi Yarychiv Lviv Kamianka-Buzka
Yavorivurban Yavoriv Yavoriv Yavoriv
Zabolottsirural Zabolottsi Zolochiv Brody
Zhovkvaurban Zhovkva Lviv Zhovkva
ZhovtantsiruralZhovtantsi Lviv Kamianka-Buzka
Zhuravnesettlement Zhuravne Stryi Zhydachiv
Zhydachivurban Zhydachiv Stryi Zhydachiv
Zolochivurban Zolochiv Zolochiv Zolochiv
Zymna VodaruralZymna Voda Lviv Pustomyty
Raions of the Lviv Oblast
In EnglishIn UkrainianAdministrative Center
Brody Raion Бродівський район
Brodivs'kyi raion
Busk Raion Буський район
Bus'kyi raion
Drohobych Raion Дрогобицький район
Drohobyts'kyi raion
Horodok Raion Городоцький район
Horodots'kyi raion
Kamianka-Buzka Raion Кам'янка-Бузький район
Kamyanka-Buz'kyi raion
Mostyska Raion Мостиський район
Mostys'kyi raion
Mykolaiv Raion Миколаївський район
Mykolayivs'kyi raion
Peremyshliany Raion Перемишлянський район
Peremyshlians'kyi raion
Pustomyty Raion Пустомитівський район
Pustomytivs'kyi raion
Radekhiv Raion Радехівський район
Radekhivs'kyi raion
Sambir Raion Самбірський район
Sambirs'kyi raion
Skole Raion Сколівський район
Skolivs'kyi raion
Sokal Raion Сокальський район
Sokal's'kyi raion
Staryi Sambir Raion Старосамбірський район
Starosambirs'kyi raion
Staryi Sambir
Stryi Raion Стрийський район
Stryis'kyi raion
Turka Raion Турківський район
Turkivs'kyi raion
Yavoriv Raion Яворівський район
Yavorivs'kyi raion
Zhovkva Raion Жовківський район
Zhovkivs'kyi raion
Zhydachiv Raion Жидачівський район
Zhydachivs'kyi raion
Zolochiv Raion Золочівський район
Zolochivs'kyi raion


Age structure

0-14 years: 15.7% Increase2.svg (male 202,923/female 193,000)
15-64 years: 70.0% Decrease2.svg (male 867,699/female 897,788)
65 years and over: 14.3% Steady2.svg (male 122,906/female 238,016) (2013 official)

Median age

total: 38.0 years Increase2.svg
male: 35.2 years Increase2.svg
female: 40.9 years Increase2.svg (2013 official)


Fifty-nine percent of the religious organisations active in the Lviv Oblast adhere to the Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church. The Ukrainian Autocephalous Orthodox Church is the second largest religious body. The followers of the Roman Catholic Church and the Ukrainian Orthodox Church (Moscow Patriarchate) are mostly from the Polish, and Russian or non-Galician Ukrainian minorities respectively.

Historical and cultural sites

The city of Lviv contains a well-preserved main square (Rynok) and numerous historical and beautiful churches. Other sites of interest are the historic Lychakivskiy Cemetery, the local museum of folklore, and the ruins of the famous Vysokyi Zamok. The name of the castle is closely tied to the name of the city. There is also a museum of military artifacts, the "Arsenal".

Well-preserved local wooden churches, castles, and monasteries can be found throughout the Oblast. One of them is the Olesko Castle which is first recorded in 1327. Another castle that was built at the end of the 15th century is Svirzh Castle in the village of Svirzh, Peremeshliany Raion. One more and no less famous castle is the Pidhirtsi Castle. Its architectural complex consists of the three-story palace, Kostel, and small park. In Roztochia is also located the Krekhivsky monastery in the buch[ check spelling ]-pine grove at the foot of the Pobiyna mount. The whole complex consists of the Saint Nikola Church, the bell tower, numerous service structures, and defensive walls with towers. Another site worth of mentioning is the Tustan city-fortress which is built in the rock. The site was nominated as the historical and as the natural wonder of Ukraine. There also a nature complex in the valley of the Kamianka river in Skoliv Raion. Another natural wonder of the region is the Kamin-Veleten (Rock-Giant in English) which is located near city of Pidkamin in Zolochiv Raion. The name of the local city means Under the Rock. A local museum of Ukrainian art and an institution of higher learning (Ivan Franko State University) are also present.


The most important research into cereal epidemics in the country is undertaken here. [16] The National Academy of Agrarian Sciences of Ukraine's Institute of Agriculture in Obroshino is the center of study for cereal pathogens including powdery mildew of barley. [16] In the early 2000s the most active researchers here were Olga Vronska and G. Kosilovich at the IoA. [16] Puccinia recondita , Erysiphe graminis , (syn. Blumeria graminis) and various Pseudocercosporella spp. are present and are significant in winter wheat in this oblast. [17]

Two introduced banded land snails, the Grove Snail ( Cepaea nemoralis ) and White-Lipped Snail ( C. hortensis ) are found here. [18] C. n. was intentionally brought here in the late 1800s, but the genetic analysis of Gural-Sverlova et al., 2021 shows continued introductions have also occurred ever since. [18] (The geographic distribution of both suggests they arrive through the gardening trade, as is known from other countries.) [18] This analysis shows several distinct arrivals of C. n. yielding several present-day populations in and around Lviv. [18]

See also

Related Research Articles

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Drohobych Oblast</span>

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Slavske</span> Urban locality in Lviv Oblast, Ukraine

Slavske is an urban-type settlement in Stryi Raion, Lviv Oblast, Ukraine. It's located 600 metres (2,000 ft) above sea level close to the city of Skole, 130 kilometres (81 mi) southwest of Lviv. Slavske is an urban village and a popular ski resort in the Skole Beskids range of the Carpathian mountains in western Ukraine. It's one of the biggest Ukrainian winter sports centers. It hosts the administration of Slavske settlement hromada, one of the hromadas of Ukraine. Population: 3,537 .

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Ukrainian Catholic Archeparchy of Lviv</span> Archeparchy of the Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church

The Archeparchy of Lviv is an ecclesiastical territory or ecclesiastical province of the Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church — a particular Eastern Catholic Church, that is located in Ukraine. It was erected in 1807. As a metropolitan see, it has three suffragan sees: Stryi, Sambir-Drohobych, and Sokal–Zhovkva. The incumbent Metropolitan Archbishop is Ihor Vozniak. The cathedral church of the archeparchy is St. George's in the city of Lviv.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Association of Polish Culture of the Lviv Land</span>

Association of the Polish Culture of the Lviv Land is a Polish minority association, active in Lviv Oblast (province) of western Ukraine. It was founded on December 3, 1989, in Lviv and its first director was Professor Leszek Mazepa. It engages in educational, cultural and economic activities of the Polish minority of the surrounding Lviv area.

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Tukholka</span> Village in Lviv Oblast, Ukraine

Tukholka is a village (selo) in Stryi Raion, Lviv Oblast, in western Ukraine. The village Tukholka is located in the Ukrainian Carpathians within the limits of the Eastern Beskids in southern Lviv Oblast. Remotely from Lviv on 131 km, from Skole - 28 km and from Uzhhorod – 131 km. The village is located in the river valley Brynivka. It belongs to Kozova rural hromada, one of the hromadas of Ukraine. Local government — Tukholkivska village council.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Khashchovania</span> Village in Lviv Oblast, Ukraine

Khashchovania is a village (selo) in Stryi Raion, Lviv Oblast, of western Ukraine. More specifically, it is located in the Ukrainian Carpathians within the limits of the Eastern Beskids in southwestern part of the oblast. It is 153 kilometres (95 mi) from the city of Lviv, 41 kilometres (25 mi) from Skole, and 13 kilometres (8.1 mi) from Slavske. Khashchovania belongs to Slavske settlement hromada, one of the hromadas of Ukraine. Local government — Volosiankivska village council.

Ternavka is a village in Stryi Raion, Lviv Oblast in western Ukraine. It is located in the Ukrainian Carpathians, within the Eastern Beskids on the border of Zakarpattia Oblast. Ternavka belongs to Slavske settlement hromada, one of the hromadas of Ukraine.

Holovetsko is a village (selo) in Stryi Raion, Lviv Oblast, of Western Ukraine. It belongs to Slavske settlement hromada, one of the hromadas of Ukraine. Local government is administered by Holovetska village council.

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Zadilske is a remote selo (village) in Stryi Raion, Lviv Oblast, of western Ukraine. It belongs to Kozova rural hromada, one of the hromadas of Ukraine. Local government is administered by Zadilska village council.

Lavochne is a village (selo) in the Stryi Raion, in the Lviv Oblast (province) of Western Ukraine. It belongs to the Slavske settlement hromada, one of the hromadas of Ukraine. The village has 1,198 inhabitants, and local government is through the Lavochnenska village council.

Lviv Oblast is subdivided into districts (raions) which are subdivided into territorial communities (hromadas).

Verkhnie Synovydne is an urban-type settlement in Stryi Raion, Lviv Oblast, of Western Ukraine. It belongs to Skole urban hromada, one of the hromadas of Ukraine. Verkhnie Synovydne was granted the status of urban-type settlement in 1957. Population: 3,271.

Rosokhach is a small village (selo) in the Stryi Raion, Lviv Oblast (province) of Western Ukraine. It belongs to Kozova rural hromada, one of the hromadas of Ukraine. Area of the village totals is 1,613 km2 and the population of the village is about 523 people. Local government is administered by Rosokhachska village council.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Lviv Oblast Football Federation</span>

Lviv Oblast Football Federation (LOFF) is a football governing body in the region of Lviv Oblast, Ukraine. The federation is a member of the Regional Council of FFU and the collective member of the FFU itself.

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  1. Most of Ukraine's oblasts are named after their capital cities, officially referred to as "oblast centers" (Ukrainian: обласни́й це́нтр, romanized: oblasnýi céntr, IPA:  [oblɐsˈnɪj ˈtsɛntr] ). The name of each oblast is a relational adjective—in English translating to a noun adjunct which otherwise serves the same function—formed by adding a feminine suffix to the name of the respective center city: Lʹvív is the center of the Lʹvívsʹka óblastʹ (Lviv Oblast). Most oblasts are also sometimes referred to in a feminine noun form, following the convention of traditional regional place names, ending with the suffix "-shchyna", as is the case with the Lviv Oblast, Lvivshchyna.
  1. Zelensky introduces new head of Lviv Regional State Administration, Ukrinform (6 February 2020)
  2. 1 2 Чисельність наявного населення України на 1 січня 2022 [Number of Present Population of Ukraine, as of January 1, 2022](PDF) (in Ukrainian and English). Kyiv: State Statistics Service of Ukraine.
  3. Ukraine Facing Civil War: Lviv Declares Independence from Yanukovich Rule
  4. (Data for L'viv)
  5. Lviv,
  6. 1 2 3 4 5 Yanukovych appoints ex-Ukrzaliznytsia head Kostiuk governor of Lviv region, Kyiv Post (2 November 2011)
  7. Horbal appointed Lviv regional governor, Kyiv Post (April 20, 2010)
  8. 1 2 3 Gryshchenko introduces new Lviv regional governor to local officials, Kyiv Post (4 March 2013)
  9. 1 2 3 Yanukovych appoints Salo as governor of Lviv region, UKRINFORM (23 January 2014)
  10. Lviv governor Salo resigns – mass media, Unian (23 January 2013)
  11. Poroshenko dismisses Sekh as Lviv region governor, appoints Turiansky as acting governor, (15 August 2014)
  12. "Про утворення та ліквідацію районів. Постанова Верховної Ради України № 807-ІХ". Голос України (in Ukrainian). 2020-07-18. Retrieved 2020-10-03.
  13. "Нові райони: карти + склад" (in Ukrainian). Міністерство розвитку громад та територій України.
  14. Державний комітет статистики України (2004). "Національний склад населення / Львівська область" [Ukrainian Census, Lviv Oblast]. Internet Archive. Archived from the original on September 26, 2010. Retrieved 10 December 2013.
  15. Polonia w opracowaniach (2013). "Zmiany w liczebności ludności polskiej na Ukrainie w okresie 1989-2001" [Changes in the number of Poles in Ukraine in the period between 1989 and 2001]. Polacy na Ukrainie. Stowarzyszenie "Wspólnota Polska". Archived from the original on 2013-12-15. Retrieved 10 December 2013.
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