Lycée Henri-IV

Last updated
Lycée Henri-IV
Lycee Henri-IV.svg
Location
23 Rue Clovis

75005 Paris

Information
Type Public
MottoDomus Omnibus Una
(A home for all)
Established1796
School district Latin Quarter
PrincipalMartine Breyton
Number of students1,948
Website
Entrance on the rue Clovis. Lycee-henri-4-rue-clovis.jpg
Entrance on the rue Clovis.

The Lycée Henri-IV [1] is a public secondary school located in Paris. Along with Louis-le-Grand, it is widely regarded as the most prestigious and demanding sixth-form colleges ( lycées ) in France.

Contents

The school has more than 2,500 students from collège (the first four years of secondary education in France) to classes préparatoires (classes to prepare students for entrance to the elite grandes écoles such as École normale supérieure, École polytechnique, Centrale Paris, Mines ParisTech, HEC Paris, among others). [1]

Its motto is "Domus Omnibus Una" ("A Home For All").

Buildings and history

Lycée Henri-IV is located in the former royal Abbey of St Genevieve, in the heart of the Latin Quarter on the left bank of the river Seine, near the Panthéon, the church Saint-Étienne-du-Mont, and the rue Mouffetard. [1] Rich in history, architecture and culture, the Latin Quarter contains France's oldest and the most prestigious educational establishments: the École Normale Supérieure, the Sorbonne, the Collège de France and the Lycée Louis-le-Grand.

The abbey was first established in 506; it flourished as a consequence of royal patronage, becoming an integral part of the Sorbonne and housing a great library. [1] The abbey was suppressed during the French Revolution, and in October 1796 the site became the first of many public schools in France. [1] The lycée's name has changed several times since its inception–École Centrale du Panthéon (1794–1804); Lycée Napoléon (1804–1815); Collège Henri IV (1815–1848); Lycée Napoléon (1848–1870) and Lycée Corneille (1870–1872)–before its current name was settled on in 1873. [1]

Today Henri-IV retains many features of the former abbey. The former abbey's library, which had the third-largest collection of books in Europe (transferred to the nearby Bibliothèque Sainte-Geneviève during the 19th century), is composed of four aisles forming a cross with a cupola in the intersection. It is one of the main features of the Lycée with its 18th-century boiseries and pavement as well as a cupola frescoed and carved by the painter Jean II Restout in the 1730s. Two aisles of the library are now used as libraries for Lycée and Classes Préparatoires levels and the two other aisles are used as rooms for conferences and exams. Another highlight is the Salle des médailles (Room of the medals), a long gallery once used as a cabinet of curiosities (a room used to display natural curiosities and artworks). It has richly decorated and carved baroque boiseries and mirrors dating back to the 18th century. The lycée's chapel dates back to the Middle Ages as does the cloister and the Clovis tower , perhaps the lycée's most famous feature. The Salle des Actes displays medieval effigies of the abbey's monks, discovered during restoration in the 1990s. The main staircase, named the escalier de la Vierge (Virgin Mary's staircase), which has a 17th-century statue of the Virgin Mary as its centrepiece, is another striking feature. [1]

Famous alumni

Lycee Henri-IV: Clovis bell tower Lycee-henri-4-tour-clovis.jpg
Lycée Henri-IV: Clovis bell tower

Famous teachers

See also

Notes and references

Notes
Sources

Bibliography

Coordinates: 48°50′45″N2°20′52″E / 48.84583°N 2.34778°E / 48.84583; 2.34778

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