Lyons-la-Forêt

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Lyons-la-Forêt
Lyons-la-Foret.jpg
17th-century covered market
Blason Lyons-la-Foret.svg
Coat of arms
Location of Lyons-la-Forêt
Lyons-la-Foret
France location map-Regions and departements-2016.svg
Red pog.svg
Lyons-la-Forêt
Normandie region location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Lyons-la-Forêt
Coordinates: 49°24′01″N1°28′37″E / 49.4003°N 1.4769°E / 49.4003; 1.4769 Coordinates: 49°24′01″N1°28′37″E / 49.4003°N 1.4769°E / 49.4003; 1.4769
Country France
Region Normandy
Department Eure
Arrondissement Les Andelys
Canton Romilly-sur-Andelle
Government
  Mayor (20082014) Thierry Plouvier
Area
1
26.99 km2 (10.42 sq mi)
Population
 (2017-01-01) [1]
723
  Density27/km2 (69/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+01:00 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
27377 /27480
Elevation67–178 m (220–584 ft)
(avg. 163 m or 535 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Lyons-la-Forêt is a commune of the Eure department, Haute Normandie in Northwest France.

Contents

Lyons-la-Floret is well known within the region due to its architecture, which has been maintained since its founding in the 17th century. It is also a recognized distinct geophysical and geocultural entity that is the end of Vexin normand, and the forest of Lyons. The area around the town and the border with Pays de Bray is known for its traditional bocage landscape of woods, orchards, and cattle pasture.

Geography

Lyons-la-Forêt [2] is located 34 km (21 mi) from Rouen and 28 km (17 mi) from Gisors. Former name: Saint-Denis-en-Lyons.

Lyons was originally the name of the forest < Licontio-/Ligontio-, based probably on the Celtic root lic/lig, that is also found in the name of the stream: la Lieure < Licoris /Ligoris. Same root as the River Loire < Liger and -ley in Beverley (Yorkshire) from Celtic *bibro*licos > Old English beofor beaver, *licc stream.

History

An early mention of a ducal residence in Lyons can be found in 936, when William I, Duke of Normandy used to stay.

The castle of Lyons-la-Forêt was constructed at the start of the 12th century by Henry I of England, also known as "Henri Beauclerc". [3] He died there in 1135, supposedly from "a surfeit of lampreys". [4]

The town and the castle were occupied by King Philip II Augustus of France in 1193 but the following year, Richard I of England, back from captivity, obtained the restitution of Lyons; the king of England and Duke of Normandy stayed frequently until 1198. In 1202, Philip II Augustus re-conquered the city, and after him, several French kings were attracted by the Lyons forest and the good hunting grounds.

From 1359 to 1398, the castellan domain of Lyons was part of Blanche de Navarre's dower after she became the widow of King Philip VI of France. In 1403-1422, it was the dower of Isabeau de Bavière, wife of King Charles. In 1419, in the course of the Hundred Years' War, the English took Lyons. [5]

During the Second World War, the area was used for parachute drops of agents F. F. E. Yeo-Thomas and André Dewavrin. [6]

Population

Historical population
YearPop.±%
17931,650    
18001,674+1.5%
18061,754+4.8%
18211,660−5.4%
18311,650−0.6%
18361,608−2.5%
18411,524−5.2%
18461,538+0.9%
18511,609+4.6%
18561,441−10.4%
18611,443+0.1%
18661,391−3.6%
18721,370−1.5%
18761,323−3.4%
18811,269−4.1%
18861,260−0.7%
18911,223−2.9%
18961,185−3.1%
19011,157−2.4%
19061,042−9.9%
19111,000−4.0%
1921931−6.9%
1926856−8.1%
1931818−4.4%
1936792−3.2%
1946878+10.9%
1954781−11.0%
1962749−4.1%
1968880+17.5%
1975772−12.3%
1982734−4.9%
1990701−4.5%
1999795+13.4%
2008754−5.2%
2012744−1.3%

Sights

Personalities

See also

Related Research Articles

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Events from the 1150s in England.

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House of Tosny noble family

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Château de Lyons-la-Forêt former castle in Lyons-la-Forêt in the Eure département of France

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References

  1. "Populations légales 2017". INSEE . Retrieved 6 January 2020.
  2. The city of Lyon, in France too, is sometimes written Lyons in English as well, but the writing and the pronunciation of /s/ is the result of a confusion with Lyons-la-Forêt. Lyon does not share the same etymology and is a former Lugdunu(m) that evolved step by step into Lyon.
  3. Ministry of Culture: Château fort (in French)
  4. Judith A. Green Henry I: King of England and Duke of Normandy, Cambridge University Press
  5. Site listing the communes of France.
  6. Marshall, Bruce. The White Rabbit. PAN. p. 29.
  7. Lyons Tourism office.
  8. Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2012). "Lampetra fluviatilis" in FishBase . September 2012 version. (citing Bristow, Pamela (30 April 1992). The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Fishes. London: Chancellor Press. ISBN   9781851521364.).
  9. Deshpande, S. S. (29 Aug 2002). Handbook of Food Toxicology. CRC Press. p. 695. ISBN   978-0824707606.
  10. info site on the Pays de Bray. Archived 2008-11-12 at the Wayback Machine