Lyudvig Chibirov

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Lyudvig Chibirov
President of South Ossetia
In office
September 17, 1993 December 18, 2001
Prime Minister Gerasim Khugayev
Eduard Gassiyev
Vladislav Gabarayev
Valery Hubulov
Aleksandr Shavlokhov
Merab Chigoev
Dmitry Sanakoyev
Preceded by Torez Kulumbegov
Succeeded by Eduard Kokoity
Personal details
Born (1932-11-09) November 9, 1932 (age 86)
Tskhinvali, South Ossetia
Political partynone

Lyudvig Alekseyevich Chibirov (Ossetian : Цыбырты Алексейы фырт ЛюдвигCybyrty Aleksejy fyrt Ljudvig, Georgian :ლუდვიგ ჩიბიროვი, Russian : Лю́двиг Алексе́евич Чи́биров; born November 19, 1932 in Tskhinvali) was the Chairman of the Parliament and later, following inaugural elections the first President of South Ossetia. [1] Born in 1932, Chibirov is a former member of the South Ossetian Parliament. Prior to the elections in 1996, he had been South Ossetia's head of state since 1993. When the post of Chairman of the Parliament was abolished in favor of the presidency, Chibirov became the first occupant of the new office.

Ossetian language Eastern Iranian language

Ossetian, also known as Ossete and Ossetic, is an Eastern Iranian language spoken in Ossetia, a region on the northern slopes of the Caucasus Mountains. It is a relative and possibly a descendant of the extinct Scythian, Sarmatian, and Alanic languages.

Georgian language Official language of Georgia

Georgian is a Kartvelian language spoken by Georgians. It is the official language of Georgia. Georgian is written in its own writing system, the Georgian script. Georgian is the literary language for all regional subgroups of Georgians, including those who speak other Kartvelian languages: Svans, Mingrelians and the Laz.

Russian language East Slavic language

Russian is an East Slavic language, which is official in the Russian Federation, Belarus, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan, as well as being widely used throughout Eastern Europe, the Baltic states, the Caucasus and Central Asia. It was the de facto language of the Soviet Union until its dissolution on 25 December 1991. Although nearly three decades have passed since the breakup of the Soviet Union, Russian is used in official capacity or in public life in all the post-Soviet nation-states, as well as in Israel and Mongolia.

During the 1996 elections, he received 65% of the vote compared with former Prime Minister Vladislav Gabaraev, who advocates South Ossetia's secession from the Republic of Georgia and its unification with North Ossetia in Russia, won about 20%. Georgian President Eduard Shevardnadze blasted the elections calling them "unlawful."

1996 South Ossetian presidential election

Presidential elections were held in South Ossetia on 10 November 1996. The result was a victory for Lyudvig Chibirov, who received 52.3% of the vote.

Georgia (country) Country in the Caucasus region

Georgia known until 1995 as the Republic of Georgia is a country in the Caucasus region of Eurasia. Located at the crossroads of Western Asia and Eastern Europe, it is bounded to the west by the Black Sea, to the north by Russia, to the south by Turkey and Armenia, and to the southeast by Azerbaijan. The capital and largest city is Tbilisi. Georgia covers a territory of 69,700 square kilometres (26,911 sq mi), and its 2017 population is about 3.718 million. Georgia is a unitary parliamentary republic, with the government elected through a representative democracy.

Eduard Shevardnadze Georgian politician and diplomat

Eduard Ambrosiyevich Shevardnadze was a Georgian politician and diplomat. He served as First Secretary of the Georgian Communist Party (GPC), the de facto leader of Soviet Georgia from 1972 to 1985 and as Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Soviet Union from 1985 to 1991. Shevardnadze was responsible for many key decisions in Soviet foreign policy during the Gorbachev Era including reunification of Germany. Following the dissolution of the Soviet Union, he was President of Georgia from 1992 to 2003. He was forced to retire in 2003 as a consequence of the bloodless Rose Revolution.

In the next elections in 2001, the 69-year-old Chibirov received less than 20% of the votes, while Stanislav Kochiev came in second with 25%, and the 38-year-old Eduard Kokoity (Kokoyev) won with more than 48% of the vote.

Stanislav Kochiev South Ossetian politician

Stanislav Jakovlevich Kochiev is a South Ossetian politician, who is a former presidential candidate and former chairman (speaker) of the Parliament of South Ossetia.

Eduard Kokoity President of South Ossetia

Eduard Dzhabeyevich Kokoyty is the former President of South Ossetia. His term in office lasted just under ten years, beginning December 2001 and ending December 2011.

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References

  1. "Chronicle of the Georgian-Ossetian conflict: Fact sheet". RIA Novosti . 13 August 2008. Retrieved 18 February 2011.
Political offices
Preceded by
Torez Kulumbegov
Head of State of South Ossetia
1993–2001
Succeeded by
Eduard Kokoity
Preceded by
Torez Kulumbegov
Chairman of the Supreme Council
1993–1996
Succeeded by
Kosta Georgievich Dzugaev
Preceded by
position established
President of South Ossetia
1996–2001
Succeeded by
Eduard Kokoity