Märsta

Last updated
Märsta
Marsta City By Night.jpg
Märsta by Night (Märstapunkten)
Marsta vapen.svg
Coat of arms
Location map Sweden Stockholm County.png
Red pog.svg
Märsta
Sweden location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Märsta
Coordinates: 59°37′N17°51′E / 59.617°N 17.850°E / 59.617; 17.850 Coordinates: 59°37′N17°51′E / 59.617°N 17.850°E / 59.617; 17.850
Country Sweden
Province Uppland
County Stockholm County
Municipality Sigtuna Municipality
Area
[1]
  Total7.64 km2 (2.95 sq mi)
Population
 (31 December 2010) [1]
  Total27,034
  Density3,150/km2 (8,200/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)

Märsta (Swedish:  [ˈmæ̂ːʂʈa] ) [2] is a suburb of Metropolitan Stockholm, a locality and the seat of Sigtuna Municipality, Stockholm County, Sweden with 27,034 inhabitants in 2015. [1] The town is situated close to Stockholm's main international airport, Arlanda. Even if its origins go back to around 500 AD, Märsta is a widespread modern residential area. Märsta has a mix of multi-storey dwellings and smaller houses. It is in a phase of expansion and new residential areas are built both in central parts of Märsta and in the surrounding areas like for instance Steningehöjden. Märsta can be reached by Stockholm commuter rail trains running at quarterly intervals during daytime and by bus from Stockholm Arlanda Airport. The central parts of Märsta has a shopping area "Märsta Centrum" with various shops, pub and restaurants. Another smaller shopping area is "Valsta Centrum". East of the central parts of Märsta there is an industrial area and a bit further east close to the airport a shopping mall "Eurostop". Most parts of Märsta and the municipality of Sigtuna can be reached with local bus services originating at the railway station and also connecting with commuter trains.

Contents

Name

The origin of the name Märsta goes back to around 500 AD. At that time most of the valleys in Märsta were still under water, which explains the name. Mär- is found in the Swedish word "mjärde" which is a fishing tool, and -sta means a place (area or somekind of habitat) like the Swedish word "stad" meaning city. Märsta means "place to fish" or "fishing-place".

Geography

Märsta is situated north of Steningevik, which is a bay of the lake Mälaren. The center of the town is located in a valley called Märstadal and the area Sätuna, which also holds the train station of the town.

The rest of the town's buildings spread upon and below the hills that form the valleys in Märsta. The stream that flows through the town out to Steningevik is called Märstaån. It is also located along the motorway E4 about 37 km north of central Stockholm, 33 km south of Uppsala and about 4 km from Arlanda Airport.

Coat of arms

The coat of arms of Märsta resulted from merging the seals of the two hundreds of Ärlinghundra and Seminghundra, which are today located in Märsta. The combined seal, showing a key and axe crossed in gold on a blood-red ground, is known to have been in use from 1568. The key was the symbol of Ärlinghundra and symbolised "the key to heaven's gates". The axe was the symbol of Seminghundra and symbolized the axe which killed Saint Olaf; Seminghundra was also known as an execution place for convicts during the Middle Ages.

Märsta existed as a municipality of its own between 1952 and 1970. The coat of arms was created in 1954 and became obsolete as municipal arms when Märsta was merged into Sigtuna Municipality in 1971.

High rise at Marsta Railway Station Marsta Tower nearer nr1 original Publish.jpg
High rise at Märsta Railway Station
Arkaden in Marsta City housing restaurants, offices and a gym Arkaden restaurant and office area in Marsta City.jpg
Arkaden in Märsta City housing restaurants, offices and a gym

History

The area has been populated since the Stone Age and due to the location of traditional Viking-land has rich archaeological remains from the Bronze Age, Iron Age and Viking Age. There are many runestones and older ruins of stone castles and walls in the Märsta area.

The area of today's modern Märsta consisted of big farms and small communities, that were (and still are) typical for the landscape of the province Uppland. Märsta was just one of these farms but due to the location and importance of travelling between Stockholm and Uppsala, the farm had to turn into an inn. The important travelling road can be traced back to the Viking Age and even older ages.

During the days of the Swedish Empire many of the old nobles became land owners in the area and built palaces like Steninge, Skånelaholm, Rosersberg and Venngarn. Even Sweden's oldest public school is located in Husby-Ärlinghundra, the parish of Märsta. It was built in 1697 and is today a museum.

The first telegraph pole in Sweden was placed in Märsta 1853 and the train station got built in the 1860s. It is currently the northern termini of the commuter railways in Stockholm, and a minor interchange to SJ. The name Märsta got along only because it was common for travellers even though they were placed on neighbouring farms.

The Märsta municipality was formed in 1952 due to a fusion of the parishes of Husby-Ärlinghundra, Norrsunda, Odensala and Skånela. In 1967 the parishes of Vidbo, Lunda and Skepptuna also merged into the municipality. In 1971 the cities of Sigtuna and Märsta were forged together and formed Sigtuna Municipality with Märsta as the seat of the ruling council.

In 1957 the Swedish government decided to build Stockholm's new international airport, Stockholm Arlanda, at Halmsjön, east of Märsta. In its decision the government mentioned the building of a town where the employees at the new airport could live. The town was located IN Märsta. A plan for the residential area was made in 1960 and during the 1960s the population of Märsta quadrupled. A large part of the buildings in Märsta was built in the 1960s. Expansion of Märsta to the east is restricted due to the 55 dB(A) noise area restrictions in force. There are not many older houses in the central parts of Märsta but south of Märsta, Steninge Castle is located, with an environment dating back to 1690. Steninge Castle is a popular tourist attraction.

Culture and education

There is a private cinema, "Biokällan i Forum" in Märsta. [3]

There is a public theatre facility, Sigtuna Municipal Theatre, "Kulturum" which is Märstas venue for theater, concerts and conferences. The theater was completed in autumn 1980 and was inaugurated in November of that year. The salon has 454 seats. Local productions, performances and conferences are held at "Kulturum". The theater is used for many different purposes, such as local productions, performances, arts school concerts, conferences and more. Once a month the City Council uses the Sigtuna Municipal Theatre as meeting room. [4] Kulturum is in the same building as Märstas gymnasium, (Arlandagymnasiet).

Like many similar sized Swedish towns and central communities Märsta has pre school and pedagogical care facilities available to its citizens and also high schools and a gymnasium, (Arlandagymnasiet). Märsta also has a school for adult education. There is a public library in the town centre, (Märsta Centrum).

Business and employment

There are some local businesses in Märsta and also two major factories producing paint, Beckers Industrial Coatings AB, [5] producing industrial paint, and Becker Acroma, now part of Sherwin-Williams. There are also some transport and spedition companies in the area. But most employment opportunities for people living in Märsta are at Stockholm Arlanda Airport and in Stockholm City.

Related Research Articles

Sigtuna Municipality Municipality in Stockholm County, Sweden

Sigtuna Municipality is a municipality in Stockholm County in east central Sweden. Its seat is located in the town of Märsta, approximately 37 km (23 mi) north of the Swedish capital, Stockholm.

Solna Municipality Municipality in Stockholm County, Sweden

Solna Municipality is a municipality in Stockholm County in Sweden, located just north of the Stockholm City Centre. Its seat is located in the town of Solna, which is a part of the Stockholm urban area.

Sundbyberg Municipality Municipality in Stockholm County, Sweden

Sundbyberg Municipality is a municipality in Stockholm County in east central Sweden, just north of the capital Stockholm. Sundbyberg is wholly within the Stockholm urban area and has a 100% urban population.

Stockholm Arlanda Airport international airport serving Stockholm, Sweden

Stockholm Arlanda Airport is an international airport located in the Sigtuna Municipality of Sweden, near the town of Märsta, 37 kilometres (23 mi) north of Stockholm and nearly 40 kilometres (25 mi) south-east of Uppsala. The airport is located within Stockholm County and the province of Uppland. It is the largest airport in Sweden and the third-largest airport in the Nordic countries. The airport is the major gateway to international air travel for large parts of Sweden. Arlanda Airport was used by close to 27 million passengers in 2017, with 21.2 million international passengers and 5.5 million domestic.

Upplands Väsby Municipality Municipality in Stockholm County, Sweden

Upplands Väsby Municipality is a municipality in Stockholm County in east central Sweden, with a population of 38,963 (2010). Its seat is located in the town of Upplands Väsby.

Stockholm Bromma Airport airport in Stockholm, Sweden

Stockholm Bromma Airport is a European domestic airport in Stockholm. It is located 4 NM west-northwest of downtown Stockholm and is the closest to the city compared to the other commercial passenger airports in the area around Stockholm. Bromma is Sweden's third-busiest airport by passenger traffic and take-offs and landings as of 2015.

Flemingsberg is a southern suburb of Stockholm, Sweden that is located in Huddinge Municipality in the south-western part of the contiguous Stockholm urban area.

Upplands Väsby Place in Uppland, Sweden

Upplands Väsby is a locality and the seat of Upplands Väsby Municipality, Stockholm County, Sweden with 37,594 inhabitants in 2010.

Sigtuna Place in Uppland, Sweden

Sigtuna is a locality situated in Sigtuna Municipality, Stockholm County, Sweden with 8,444 inhabitants in 2010. It is the namesake of the municipality even though the seat is in Märsta. Sigtuna is, despite its small population, for historical reasons often still referred to as a stad. Statistics Sweden, however, only counts localities with more than 10,000 inhabitants as stads .

Roslagsbanan narrow gauge commuter railway in Stockholm

Roslagsbanan is a narrow gauge urban railway system in Roslagen, Stockholm County, Sweden. Its combined route length is 65 kilometres and there are 38 stations. It is built to the Swedish three foot gauge.

Stockholm commuter rail is the commuter rail system in Stockholm County, Sweden. The system is an important part of the public transport in Stockholm, and is controlled by Storstockholms Lokaltrafik. The tracks are state-owned and administered by the Swedish Transport Administration, while the operation of the Stockholm commuter rail services itself has been contracted to MTR Nordic since December 2016.

Public transport in Stockholm

Public transport in Stockholm consists of bus, metro, regional/suburban rail, light rail, tram and an archipelago boat operation in Stockholm County, Sweden. The bus and rail is organized by Storstockholms Lokaltrafik, SL, which is owned by the Stockholm County Council. The operation and maintenance of the public transport systems are delegated by SL to several contractors. The boat traffic is handled by Waxholmsbolaget.

Stockholm Central Station railway station in Stockholm, Sweden

Stockholm Central Station is a railway station in Stockholm, Sweden. It is situated in the district of Norrmalm at Vasagatan/Central Plan. The station opened on 18 July 1871 and it had over 200,000 visitors daily, of which about 170,000 were travellers, until 10 July 2017 when the local commuter trains started to call at the nearby Stockholm City Station.

Arlanda Line railway line

The Arlanda Line is a 19-kilometre (12 mi) long railway line which allows trains on the East Coast Line to reach Stockholm-Arlanda Airport in Sigtuna Municipality, Sweden. The Arlanda Line branches from the East Coast Line at Rosersberg and rejoins again at Myrbacken. It is built for speeds of 200 kilometres per hour (120 mph), is electrified at 15 kV  16.7 Hz AC and is double track. The 5-kilometre (3.1 mi) section under the airport runs in a tunnel, and has three stations: Arlanda South Station, Arlanda Central Station and Arlanda North Station.

East Coast Line (Sweden) railway line in Sweden

The East Coast Line is a 402-kilometre (250 mi) long mainline railway in Sweden, linking the cities of Stockholm, Uppsala, Gävle and Sundsvall, as well as the suburbs north of Stockholm.

Arlanda Central Station railway station in Sweden

Arlanda Central Station or Arlanda C is a railway station on the Arlanda Line serving Stockholm-Arlanda Airport in Sweden. It is served by regional, intercity, and night trains operated by SJ, and since December 2012 also by Stockholm commuter rail. Upptåget, which used to operate a commuter service between Upplands Väsby and Uppsala via Arlanda C, now only runs a few morning and night trains on weekends.

Arlanda South Station

Arlanda South Station is a railway station on the Arlanda Line serving Stockholm-Arlanda Airport in Sweden. The station is one of two stations at the airport to be served by the Arlanda Express, the other being Arlanda North Station. The station is located inside a tunnel below the airport and is served by four or five trains per hour. The station serves Terminal 2, 3 and 4 of the airport. The station is 38.5 kilometres (23.9 mi) from Stockholm Central Station.

Arlanda North Station

Arlanda North Station is a railway station on the Arlanda Line serving Stockholm-Arlanda Airport in Sweden. The station is one of two stations at the airport to be served by the Arlanda Express, the other being Arlanda South Station. The station is located inside a tunnel below the airport and is served by four or five trains per hour. The station serves Terminal 5 of the airport. The station is 39 kilometres (24 mi) from Stockholm Central Station.

Södertälje Hamn ("Harbour") is a railway station along Sweden's Western Main Line in Södertälje.

Outline of Stockholm Overview of and topical guide to Stockholm

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Stockholm:

References

  1. 1 2 3 "Tätorternas landareal, folkmängd och invånare per km2 2005 och 2010" (in Swedish). Statistics Sweden. 14 December 2011. Archived from the original on 27 January 2012. Retrieved 10 January 2012.
  2. Jöran Sahlgren; Gösta Bergman (1979). Svenska ortnamn med uttalsuppgifter (in Swedish). p. 18.
  3. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-05-14. Retrieved 2011-10-09.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  4. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-08-06. Retrieved 2011-10-09.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  5. http://www.becker.se/