Møre og Romsdal

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Møre og Romsdal fylke
More og Romsdal in Norway 2020.svg
Møre og Romsdal within Norway
Coordinates: 62°30′00″N07°10′00″E / 62.50000°N 7.16667°E / 62.50000; 7.16667 Coordinates: 62°30′00″N07°10′00″E / 62.50000°N 7.16667°E / 62.50000; 7.16667
Country Norway
County Møre og Romsdal
Region Western Norway
County ID NO-15
Administrative centre Molde
Government
   Governor Rigmor Brøste (I) (acting)
  (2019present)
   County mayor Tove-Lise Torve
  (Ap)
  (2011present)
Area
[1]
  Total14,355.62 km2 (5,542.74 sq mi)
  Land13,839.80 km2 (5,343.58 sq mi)
  Water515.82 km2 (199.16 sq mi)
Area rank#9 in Norway, 4.4% of Norway's land area
Population
 (2021) [2]
  Total265,544
  Rank#9 (4.9% of country)
  Density18/km2 (48/sq mi)
  Change (10 years)
6.6%
Demonym(s) Møringer or Romsdalinger
Time zone UTC+01:00 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Official language form Nynorsk [3]
Income (per capita)139,200 kr
GDP (per capita)243,412 kr (2001)
GDP national rank6 (3.89% of country)
Website www.mrfylke.no
Data from Statistics Norway

Møre og Romsdal (Urban East Norwegian:  [ˈmø̂ːrə ɔ ˈrʊ̀msdɑːl] ( Loudspeaker.svg listen ); English: Møre and Romsdal) is a county in the northernmost part of Western Norway. It borders the counties of Trøndelag, Innlandet, and Vestland. The county administration is located in the town of Molde, while Ålesund is the largest town. The county is governed by the Møre og Romsdal County Municipality which includes an elected county council and a county mayor. The national government is represented by the county governor.

Contents

Name

Map of the three districts in the county. Green is Sunnmore, purple is Romsdal, and blue is Nordmore. Kommuner og distrikter i More og Romsdal.svg
Map of the three districts in the county. Green is Sunnmøre, purple is Romsdal, and blue is Nordmøre.

The name Møre og Romsdal was created in 1936. The first element refers to the districts of Nordmøre and Sunnmøre, and the last element refers to Romsdal. Until 1919, the county was called "Romsdalens amt", and from 1919-1935 "Møre fylke".

For hundreds of years (1660-1919), the region was called Romsdalen amt , after the Romsdalen valley in the present-day Rauma Municipality. The Old Norse form of the name was Raumsdalr. The first element is the genitive case of a name Raumr derived from the name of the river Rauma, i.e. "The Dale of Rauma". Raumr may refer to stream or current, [4] or to booming or thundering waterfalls like Sletta waterfall. [5] A purely legendary approach to the name refers to Raum the Old, one of the sons of Nór, the eponymous Saga King of Norway.[ citation needed ][ disputed ] Since the majority of the residents of the county lived in the Sunnmøre region, there was some controversy over the name. In 1919, many of the old county names were changed and this county was renamed Møre fylke .

The name Møre was chosen to represent the region where the majority of the county residents lived. That name is dative of Old Norse: Mǿrr (á Mǿri) and it is probably derived from the word marr referring to something wet like bog (common along the outer coast) or the sea itself. The name is interpreted as "coastland" or "bogland". Møre was originally the name of the coastal area from Stad and north including most of Fosen. [6] (There is also a coastal district in Sweden that has the same name: Möre.) The change in name from Romsdalen to Møre was controversial and it did not sit well with the residents of the Romsdal region. Finally in 1936, the name was changed again to a compromise name: Møre og Romsdal (English: Møre and Romsdal).

The ambiguous designation møring"person from Møre"is used strictly about people from Nordmøre (and less frequently for people from Sunnmøre), excluding the people from Romsdal (while, consequently, romsdaling"person from Romsdal" is used about the latter).

Coat of arms

The coat of arms was granted on 15 March 1978. It shows three gold-colored Viking ships on a blue background. Shipping and shipbuilding were historically very important to the region, so boats were chosen as the symbol on the arms. The masts on the Viking ships form crosses, which symbolize the strong Christian and religious beliefs as well as the strong religious organisations in the county. There are three boats to represent the three districts of the county: Sunnmøre, Romsdal and Nordmøre. [7]

Geography

Traditionally, the county has been divided into three districts. From north to south, these are Nordmøre, Romsdal, and Sunnmøre. Although the districts do not have separate governments and despite modern road, sea and air connections throughout the county, the three districts still have their own identities in many ways. Historically speaking, connections have been stronger between Nordmøre and Sør-Trøndelag to the north, Romsdal and Oppland to the east, and Sunnmøre and Sogn og Fjordane to the south, than internally. Differences in dialects between the three districts bear clear evidence of this. Due to geographical features, the county has many populated islands and is intersected by several deep fjords. Due to its difficult terrain, Møre og Romsdal has been very dependent on boat traffic, and its main car ferry company, MRF, has existed since 1921.

Settlements

Møre og Romsdal has six settlements with town status. The largest three (Ålesund, Kristiansund, and Molde) were towns long before 1993 when municipalities were given the legal authority to grant town status rather than just the King (and government). This change in law led to an increase in the number of towns (Fosnavåg, Åndalsnes, and Ulsteinvik were all added after this time). The county contains many other urban settlements (as defined by Statistics Norway) without town status, every municipality except for Halsa and Smøla contain at least one. As of 1 January 2018, there were 192,331 people (about 72 percent of the population) living in densely populated areas in the county while only 73,946 people lived in sparsely populated areas. [8] The population density is highest near the coast, with all of the county's towns located on saltwater.

The largest town in the county is Ålesund, with a population of 52,626 in the agglomeration which it forms together with parts of Sula.

RankTown/Urban AreaMunicipalityRegionPopulation (2018) [9]
1 Ålesund Ålesund, Sula Sunnmøre 52,626
2 Molde Molde Romsdal 20,957
3 Kristiansund Kristiansund Nordmøre 18,292
4 Ørsta Ørsta Sunnmøre 7,308
5 Volda Volda Sunnmøre 6,433
6 Ulsteinvik Ulstein Sunnmøre 5,788
7 Aure Sykkylven Sunnmøre 4,330
8 Nordstrand Giske Sunnmøre 4,134
9 Sunndalsøra Sunndal Nordmøre 4,054
10 Fosnavåg Herøy Sunnmøre 3,621

Municipalities

Møre og Romsdal has a total of 26 municipalities. [10] [11]

Municipal
Number
NameAdm. CentreLocation in
the county
EstablishedIncludes (former municipalities)
1505 Kristiansund komm.svg Kristiansund Kristiansund NO 1505 Kristiansund.svg 1 Jan 20081554 Bremsnes (part)
1555 Grip
1556 Frei
1506 Molde komm.svg Molde Molde NO 1506 Molde.svg 1 Jan 20201542 Eresfjord og Vistdal
1543 Nesset
1544 Bolsøy
1545 Midsund
1545 Sør-Aukra
1507 Alesund komm.svg Ålesund Ålesund NO 1507 Alesund.svg 1 Jan 20201523 Ørskog
1529 Skodje
1530 Vatne
1531 Borgund
1534 Haram
1546 Sandøy (part)
1511 Vanylven komm.svg Vanylven Fiskåbygd NO 1511 Vanylven.svg 1 Jan 18381512 Syvde
1513 Rovde (part)
1514 Sande More og Romsdal komm.svg Sande Larsnes NO 1514 Sande.svg 1 Jan 18671513 Rovde (part)
1515 Heroy More og Romsdal komm.svg Herøy Fosnavåg NO 1515 Heroy.svg 1 Jan 1838
1516 Ulstein komm.svg Ulstein Ulsteinvik NO 1516 Ulstein.svg 1 Jan 1838
1517 Hareid komm.svg Hareid Hareid NO 1517 Hareid.svg 1 Jan 1917
1520 Orsta komm.svg Ørsta Ørsta NO 1520 Orsta.svg 1 Aug 18831521 Vartdal
1522 Hjørundfjord
1525 Stranda komm.svg Stranda Stranda NO 1525 Stranda.svg 1 Jan 18381523 Sunnylven
1528 Sykkylven komm.svg Sykkylven Aure NO 1528 Sykkylven.svg 1 Aug 1883
1531 Sula komm.svg Sula Langevåg NO 1531 Sula.svg 1 Jan 1977
1532 Giske komm.svg Giske Valderhaugstrand NO 1532 Giske.svg 1 Jan 19081533 Vigra
1535 Vestnes komm.svg Vestnes Vestnes NO 1535 Vestnes.svg 1 Jan 18381536 Tresfjord
1539 Rauma komm.svg Rauma Åndalsnes NO 1539 Rauma.svg 1 Jan 19641537 Voll
1537 Eid og Voll
1538 Eid
1539 Grytten
1540 Hen
1541 Veøy (part)
1547 Aukra komm.svg Aukra Falkhytta NO 1547 Aukra.svg 1 Jan 18381546 Sandøy (part)
1554 Averoy komm.svg Averøy Bruhagen NO 1554 Averoy.svg 1 Jan 19641552 Kornstad
1553 Kvernes
1554 Bremsnes
1557 Gjemnes komm.svg Gjemnes Batnfjordsøra NO 1557 Gjemnes.svg 1 Sep 18931553 Kvernes (part)
1558 Øre
1560 Tingvoll komm.svg Tingvoll Tingvollvågen NO 1560 Tingvoll.svg 1 Jan 18381559 Straumsnes
1564 Stangvik (part)
1563 Sunndal komm.svg Sunndal Sunndalsøra NO 1563 Sunndal.svg 1 Jan 18381561 Øksendal
1562 Ålvundeid
1564 Stangvik (part)
1566 Surnadal komm.svg Surnadal Skei NO 1566 Surnadal.svg 1 Jan 18381564 Stangvik (part)
1565 Åsskard
1573 Smola komm.svg Smøla Hopen NO 1573 Smola.svg 1 Jan 19601573 Edøy
1574 Brattvær
1575 Hopen
1576 Aure komm.svg Aure Aure NO 1576 Aure.svg 1 Jan 18381568 Stemshaug
1570 Valsøyfjord
1572 Tustna
1577 Volda komm 2020.svg Volda Volda NO 1577 Volda.svg 1 Jan 18381444 Hornindal
1518 Dalsfjord
1578 Fjord komm.svg Fjord Stordal NO 1578 Fjord.svg 1 Jan 20201524 Norddal
1526 Stordal
1579 Hustadvika komm.svg Hustadvika Elnesvågen NO 1579 Hustadvika.svg 1 Jan 20201548 Fræna
1549 Bud
1550 Hustad
1551 Eide
Religion in Møre og Romsdal [12] [13]
religionpercent
Christianity
90.23%
Islam
0.39%
Buddhism
0.12%
Other
9.26%

Infrastructure

Møre og Romsdal is served by nine airports, of which only the four airports located near the four largest centres have regular domestic flights. The largest airport in the county is Ålesund Airport, Vigra, which offers the only scheduled international routes from any airport in Møre og Romsdal. Ålesund Airport had 732,614 passengers in 2006. Kristiansund Airport, Kvernberget, had 364,350 passengers in 2007, while Molde Airport, Årø, had 401,292, down from 444,677 in 2006. Ørsta–Volda Airport, Hovden, had 49,842 passengers in 2006. None of the airports in Møre og Romsdal offer regular flights to each other. [14]

In 2007, Møre og Romsdal had 6,339 kilometres (3,939 mi) of public roads, an increase of 5 kilometres (3.1 mi) since the previous year, as well as 4,258 kilometres (2,646 mi) of private roads, 7 kilometres (4.3 mi) more than in 2006. [15]

There is one railway, the Rauma Line, which starts at Åndalsnes and connects to the main railway network of Norway. Public buses are operated by the county, using the brand name Fram.

History

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1951191,621    
1961213,286+11.3%
1971223,709+4.9%
1981236,062+5.5%
1991238,278+0.9%
2001243,810+2.3%
2011253,904+4.1%
2021?282,661+11.3%
2031?303,810+7.5%
Source: Statistics Norway . [16]

The county (with its current borders) was established in 1671 - but after just four years (in 1675) it was divided into two amts (counties): Romsdal (which included Nordmøre) and Sunnmøre (which included Nordfjord). In 1680 (only 5 years later), Sunnmøre (including Nordfjord) was merged into Bergenhus amt. Then in 1689 (another 9 years later), the three regions of Romsdal, Sunnmøre and Nordmøre were again merged into one amt/county: Romsdalen. Then in 1701 (another 11 years later) Romsdalen amt was split and divided between Trondhjems amt (which got Romsdal and Nordmøre) and Bergenhus amt (which got Sunnmøre). In 1704 (a mere 4 years later), the three regions of Romsdal, Sunnmøre and Nordmøre were again merged into one county. The borders of the county have not been changed much since 1704. The annex parish of Vinje within the larger Hemne parish was transferred from Romsdalens amt to Søndre Trondhjems amt in 1838 (according to the 1838 Formannskapsdistrikt law, a parish could no longer be divided between two counties, so Vinje had to be in the same county as the rest of the parish).

Edoy Church Edoy kirke.jpg
Edøy Church

On 1 January 2019, the municipality of Rindal was transferred from Møre og Romsdal county to the neighboring Trøndelag county. On 1 January 2020, the municipality of Halsa will become part of the new municipality of Heim in Trøndelag county.

In 2019, archaeologists from the Norwegian Institute for Cultural Heritage Research, using large-scale high-resolution georadar technology, determined that a 17 meter long Viking ship was buried on the island of Edøya near Edøy Church. They estimate the ship's age as over 1,000 years: from the Merovingian or Viking period; the group planned to conduct additional searches in the area. A similar burial was found previously by a NIKU team in 2018, in Gjellestad. [17]

Parishes

Villages

Former Municipalities

See also

Related Research Articles

Halsa Former municipality in Møre og Romsdal, Norway

Halsa is a former municipality in Møre og Romsdal county, Norway. The municipality existed from 1838 until 2020 when it became part of Heim Municipality. It was part of the Nordmøre region. The administrative centre of Halsa was the village of Liabøen. Other villages in the municipality included Todalen, Halsanaustan, Valsøyfjord, Engan, Hjellnes, and Valsøybotnen.

Norddal Former municipality in Møre og Romsdal, Norway

Norddal is a former municipality in Møre og Romsdal county, Norway. It merged with Stordal municipality to establish the new Fjord municipality in 2020. It covered the easternmost part of the Sunnmøre region along the border with Oppland county. The municipal center of the municipality was the village of Sylte in the Valldalen valley.

Stordal Former municipality in Møre og Romsdal, Norway

Stordal is a former municipality in Møre og Romsdal county, Norway. It merged with Norddal municipality to establish the new Fjord municipality in 2020. It was part of the Sunnmøre region. The administrative centre of the municipality was the village of Stordal. The historic farm and museum of Ytste Skotet lies along the Storfjorden in the western part of the municipality. Most of the municipality lies on the eastern side of the fjord.

Rauma, Norway Municipality in Møre og Romsdal, Norway

Rauma is a municipality in Møre og Romsdal county, Norway. It is part of the traditional district of Romsdal. The administrative centre is the town of Åndalsnes. Other settlements in Rauma include the villages of Vågstranda, Måndalen, Innfjorden, Veblungsnes, Verma, Isfjorden, Eidsbygda, Rødven, Åfarnes, and Mittet. Most settlement in the municipality is located along the fjords and in the Romsdalen valley.

Aure, Norway Municipality in Møre og Romsdal, Norway

Aure is a municipality in Møre og Romsdal county, Norway. It is part of the region of Nordmøre. The administrative centre is the village of Aure. Other villages in Aure include Gullstein, Stemshaug, Todalen, Tjeldbergodden, Arasvika, and Tømmervåg. Aure has one of the largest wooden churches in Norway, Aure Church.

Romsdal

Romsdal is a traditional district in the Norwegian county Møre og Romsdal, located between Nordmøre and Sunnmøre. The district of Romsdal comprises Aukra, Fræna, Midsund, Molde, Nesset, Rauma, Sandøy, and Vestnes. It is named after the valley of Romsdalen, which covers part of Rauma.

Rauma Line

The Rauma Line is a 114.2 kilometres (71.0 mi) long railway between the town of Åndalsnes, and the village of Dombås, in Norway. Running down the Romsdalen valley, the line opened between 1921 and 1924 as a branch of the Dovre Line, which connects to the cities of Oslo and Trondheim. Originally intended as the first stage to connect Ålesund, and possibly also Molde and Kristiansund, no extensions have ever been realized. The unelectrified line is served four times daily with Norwegian State Railways' Class 93, although in the summer the service only operates from Åndalsnes to Bjorli as a tourist service. CargoLink operates a daily freight train.

Nordmøre

Nordmøre is a traditional district in the Norwegian county of Møre og Romsdal. The 5,426-square-kilometre (2,095 sq mi) area comprises the northern third of the county including the municipalities of Kristiansund, Averøy, Tingvoll, Surnadal, Aure, Halsa, Eide, Sunndal, Gjemnes, and Smøla. The only town in Nordmøre is Kristiansund.

Åndalsnes Town in Western Norway, Norway

Åndalsnes  is a town in Rauma Municipality in Møre og Romsdal county, Norway. Åndalsnes is in the administrative center of Rauma Municipality. It is located along the Isfjorden, at the mouth of the river Rauma, at the north end of the Romsdalen valley. The village of Isfjorden lies about 7 kilometres (4.3 mi) to the east, Veblungsnes lies just to the west across the Rauma, and Innfjorden lies about 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) to the southwest via the European Route E136 highway.

Sunnmøre

Sunnmøre is the southernmost traditional district of the western Norwegian county of Møre og Romsdal. Its main city is Ålesund. The region comprises the municipalities of Giske, Hareid, Herøy, Norddal, Sande, Skodje, Haram, Stordal, Stranda, Sula, Sykkylven, Ulstein, Vanylven, Volda, Ørskog, Ørsta, and Ålesund.

Sylte may refer to:

SpareBank 1 Nordvest is a Norwegian savings bank with branches in Nordmøre in addition to Molde and Ålesund. The bank has 11 branch offices with a head office in Kristiansund and has total assets of NOK 5 billion. The bank is part of the bank alliances SpareBank 1 and Samarbeidende Sparebanker.

Nordmøre Energiverk is a power company based in the town of Kristiansund in Møre og Romsdal county, Norway. The company operates hydroelectric power plants and the power grid in the municipalities of Aure, Averøy, Kristiansund, Smøla and Tingvoll. Along with the municipalities, TrønderEnergi owns 49% of the company. The company also operates fiberoptic broadband in the region.

Eidsdal Village in Western Norway, Norway

Eidsdal is a village and valley in Fjord Municipality in Møre og Romsdal county, Norway. It is located along the south side of the Norddalsfjorden, about 7 kilometres (4.3 mi) southwest of the municipal centre of Sylte and the village of Norddal lies about 4 kilometres (2.5 mi) east of Eidsdal. The local church, Norddal Church is located in nearby Norddal village. Eidsdal has approximately 400 inhabitants.

Storfjorden (Sunnmøre)

Storfjorden or Storfjord is a 110-kilometre (68 mi) long fjord in the Sunnmøre region of Møre og Romsdal county, Norway. It stretches from the village of Hareid in the west to the villages of Tafjord and Geiranger in the east. The Storfjorden system branches off into several smaller fjords including the famous Geirangerfjord and Tafjorden. At the village of Stranda, the main fjord branches off into the Sunnylvsfjorden-Geirangerfjorden to the west and the Norddalsfjorden-Tafjorden to the east.

Sunnmøre District Court is a district court located in the town of Ålesund in Møre og Romsdal county, Norway. The court serves most of the southern third of the county, except the far southern part, and it includes the municipalities of Ålesund, Giske, Haram, Hareid, Norddal, Skodje, Stordal, Stranda, Sula, Sykkylven, Ulstein and Ørskog. The court is subordinate to the Frostating Court of Appeal. The court is led by the chief judge Kirsti Høegh Bjørneset. This court employs a chief judge, seven other judges, and several prosecutors.

Nordmøre District Court is a district court located in the town of Kristiansund in Møre og Romsdal county, Norway. The court serves the northern part of the county which includes the municipalities of Kristiansund, Aure, Averøy, Eide, Gjemnes, Halsa, Smøla, Sunndal, Surnadal and Tingvoll. The court is subordinate to the Frostating Court of Appeal. This court employs a chief judge, three other judges, and eight prosecutors.

Fjord (municipality) Municipality in Møre og Romsdal, Norway

Fjord is a municipality in Møre og Romsdal county, Norway. It is located in the traditional district of Sunnmøre. The administrative centre of the municipality is the village of Stordal. Other villages in the municipality include Valldal, Eidsdal, Norddal, Tafjord, Fjørå/Selboskarbygda, Sylte. The name Fjord is a common word and name part in Norway and was chosen for the new municipality established in 2020 for reasons of search engine optimization, despite not having any historical tradition in the municipality.

References

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  2. Statistisk sentralbyrå (2020). "Table: 06913: Population 1 January and population changes during the calendar year (M)" (in Norwegian).
  3. "Møre og Romsdal".
  4. Norske stedsnavn/stadnamn. Oslo: Grøndahl. 1975. p. 72. ISBN   8250401042.
  5. Norsk allkunnebok. Oslo: Fonna. 1959.
  6. Norske stedsnavn/stadnamn. Oslo: Grøndahl. 1975. p. 71. ISBN   8250401042.
  7. "Civic heraldry of Norway - Norske Kommunevåpen". Heraldry of the World. Retrieved 24 March 2019.
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  9. Statistisk sentralbyrå (1 January 2018). "Urban settlements. Population and area, by municipality".
  10. List of Norwegian municipality numbers
  11. PDF attachment to letter sent to the municipalities on October 27, 2017 from det Kongelige Kommunal og Moderniserings Department referencing Nye kommune- og fylkesnummer fra 1. januar 2020 (Norwegian)
  12. Statistics Norway - Church of Norway. Archived 2012-07-16 at archive.today
  13. Statistics Norway - Members of religious and life stance communities outside the Church of Norway, by religion/life stance. County. 2006-2010
  14. "Avinor.no". Archived from the original on 11 March 2008. Retrieved 10 June 2008.
  15. "Statistikkbanken" (in Norwegian). Statistics Norway. 2007. Archived from the original on 23 February 2013. Retrieved 11 June 2008.
  16. Projected population - Statistics Norway
  17. "Ancient Viking ship discovered buried next to church using breakthrough georadar technology". The Independent. 27 November 2019. Retrieved 27 November 2019. This will certainly be of great historical significance, archaeologists say