Māngere (New Zealand electorate)

Last updated

Mangere electorate boundaries used since the 2008 election Mangere electorate, 2014.svg
Māngere electorate boundaries used since the 2008 election

Māngere (spelled Mangere before 1997) is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate, returning one member of parliament to the Representatives of New Zealand. The current MP for Māngere is William Sio, [1] elected for the Labour Party. He has held this electorate since 2008.

New Zealand electorates voting district for elections to the New Zealand Parliament

An electorate is a geographical constituency used for electing members to the New Zealand Parliament. In informal discussion, electorates are often called seats. The most formal description, electoral district, is used in legislation. The size of electorates is determined on a population basis such that all electorates have approximately the same population.

New Zealand House of Representatives Sole chamber of New Zealand Parliament

The New Zealand House of Representatives is a component of the New Zealand Parliament, along with the Sovereign. The House passes all laws, provides ministers to form a Cabinet, and supervises the work of the Government. It is also responsible for adopting the state's budgets and approving the state's accounts.

William Sio New Zealand politician

Aupito Tofae Su'a William Sio is a politician who became a member of the New Zealand House of Representatives on 1 April 2008 for the Labour Party as a list MP. Since the 2008 election, he has represented the Māngere electorate.

Contents

Population centres

Through an amendment in the Electoral Act in 1965, the number of electorates in the South Island was fixed at 25, an increase of one since the 1962 electoral redistribution. [2] It was accepted that through the more rapid population growth in the North Island, the number of its electorates would continue to increase, and to keep proportionality, three new electorates were allowed for in the 1967 electoral redistribution for the next election. [3] In the North Island, five electorates were newly created (including Mangere) and one electorate was reconstituted while three electorates were abolished. [4] In the South Island, three electorates were newly created and one electorate was reconstituted while three electorates were abolished. [5] The overall effect of the required changes was highly disruptive to existing electorates, with all but three electorates having their boundaries altered. [6] These changes came into effect with the 1969 election. [3]

South Island Southernmost of the two main islands in New Zealand

The South Island, also officially named Te Waipounamu, is the larger of the two major islands of New Zealand in surface area; the other being the smaller but more populous North Island. It is bordered to the north by Cook Strait, to the west by the Tasman Sea, and to the south and east by the Pacific Ocean. The South Island covers 150,437 square kilometres (58,084 sq mi), making it the world's 12th-largest island. It has a temperate climate.

North Island The northern of the two main islands of New Zealand

The North Island, also officially named Te Ika-a-Māui, is one of the two main islands of New Zealand, separated from the larger but much less populous South Island by Cook Strait. The island's area is 113,729 square kilometres (43,911 sq mi), making it the world's 14th-largest island. It has a population of 3,749,200.

1969 New Zealand general election

The 1969 New Zealand general election was a nationwide vote to determine the shape of Parliament's 36th term. It saw the Second National Government headed by Prime Minister Keith Holyoake of the National Party win a fourth consecutive term.

Māngere is based around the South Auckland suburbs of Mangere, Mangere Bridge, Favona and Mangere East. It has existed as an electorate since 1969; its boundaries were extended ahead of the introduction of mixed-member proportional (MMP) voting in 1996, swallowing up a section of the former Papatoetoe electorate.

South Auckland urban area of Auckland

South Auckland is an imprecisely defined urban area of Auckland, New Zealand, with a young population, a relatively large Polynesian and Māori demographic, and lower incomes than other parts of Auckland. The name South Auckland, though not an official place name, has come into common use among New Zealanders. It also appears in the names of some organisations and companies.

Mangere suburb in Auckland, New Zealand

Mangere, is one of the largest suburbs in Auckland, in northern New Zealand. It is located on mainly flat land on the northeastern shore of the Manukau Harbour, to the northwest of Manukau City Centre and 15 kilometres south of the Auckland city centre. It is the location of Auckland Airport, which lies close to the harbour's edge to the south of the suburb.

Mangere Bridge, New Zealand

Mangere Bridge or Māngere Bridge is an Auckland suburb under the local governance of the Auckland Council, at the south end of Mangere's bridge over the Manukau Harbour.

In the 2007 boundary redistribution, Papatoetoe and Middlemore were transferred to the Manukau East electorate. [7] The 2013/14 redistribution did not change the boundaries further. [8]

Papatoetoe human settlement in New Zealand

Papatoetoe is a suburb in Auckland, New Zealand. One of the larger suburbs of the area commonly known as South Auckland, it is located to the northwest of Manukau Central, and 18 kilometres southeast of Auckland CBD.

Middlemore is a suburb of the former Manukau City, one of the four cities that made up the conurbation of Auckland, in northern New Zealand, until 2010.

History

Māngere, and all of South Auckland, forms the safest part of the Labour Party's core vote. Even during landslide elections in the National Party's favour, such as in 1975 and 1990, no Labour candidate for Māngere was seriously troubled.

New Zealand National Party Major New Zealand political party

The New Zealand National Party, shortened to National or the Nats, is a centre-right political party in New Zealand. It is one of two major parties that dominate contemporary New Zealand politics, alongside its traditional rival, the New Zealand Labour Party.

1975 New Zealand general election

The 1975 New Zealand general election was held on 29 November to elect MPs to the 38th session of the New Zealand Parliament. It was the first general election in New Zealand where 18- to 20-year-olds and all permanent residents of New Zealand were eligible to vote, although only citizens were able to be elected.

1990 New Zealand general election

The 1990 New Zealand general election was held on 27 October to determine the composition of the 43rd New Zealand parliament. The governing Labour Party was defeated, ending its controversial two terms in office. The National Party, led by Jim Bolger, won a landslide victory and formed the new government.

Māngere was first represented by Colin Moyle of the Labour Party in 1969. Moyle represented the electorate until his resignation in 1977 over what became known as the 'Moyle Affair', and a subsequent by-election was won by a young barrister named David Lange, who would become Prime Minister after Labour's 1984 election victory. Lange retired in 1996 and the nomination was handed to Taito Phillip Field, at the time the MP for Otara. Field was returned with a high share of the vote in subsequent elections, but following his expulsion from the Labour caucus in 2007, his former party nominated former Manukau City deputy mayor William Sio in his place, who won the seat with a majority of over 7,000 votes in the 2008 election. [1] In the 2011 and 2014 elections, Sio's majority was circa 15,000 votes. [9] [10]

Colin Moyle New Zealand politician

Colin James Moyle is a former politician of the New Zealand Labour Party. He was a Government Minister in the Third Labour and Fourth Labour Governments. In the Fourth Labour Government he oversaw the removal of farming subsidies and the establishment of a fisheries quota system.

David Lange 32nd Prime Minister of New Zealand

David Russell Lange was a New Zealand politician who served as the 32nd Prime Minister of New Zealand from 1984 to 1989.

1984 New Zealand general election

The 1984 New Zealand general election was a nationwide vote to determine the shape of the 41st New Zealand Parliament. It marked the beginning of the Fourth Labour Government, with David Lange's Labour Party defeating the long-serving Prime Minister, Robert Muldoon, of the National Party. It was also the last election in which the Social Credit Party won seats as an independent entity. The election was also the only one in which the New Zealand Party, a protest party, played any substantial role.

Members of Parliament

Unless otherwise stated, all MPs terms began and started at general elections.

Key

  Labour     National     Independent   

ElectionWinner
1969 election Colin Moyle
1972 election
1975 election
1977 by-election David Lange
1978 election
1981 election
1984 election
1987 election
1990 election
1993 election
1996 election Taito Phillip Field [lower-alpha 1]
1999 election
2002 election
2005 election
2007
2008 election William Sio
2011 election
2014 election
2017 election

List MPs

Members of Parliament elected from party lists in elections where that person also unsuccessfully contested the Māngere electorate. Unless otherwise stated, all MPs terms began and ended at general elections.

ElectionWinner
2005 election Clem Simich
2013 Claudette Hauiti [lower-alpha 2]
2019 Agnes Loheni [lower-alpha 3]

Election results

2017 election

2017 general election: Māngere [11]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
Labour Green check.svgY William Sio 18,81068.69−2.4019,93170.44+3.51
National Agnes Loheni 4,21315.36+0.414,86417.19+1.68
Green Elaine Dyett1,2034.39−0.087602.69−1.24
NZ First Mataroa Paroro1,0974.011,4475.10−2.18
Māori Esther Tofilau-Tevaga8803.225732.02+1.57
Mana James Papali'i3301.21−0.81480.17
Conservative Kevin Stitt1890.69730.26−2.78
Communist League Felicity Coggan480.18
Opportunities  1910.67
Legalise Cannabis  740.26−0.05
People's Party  370.13
ACT  350.12−0.13
United Future  100.04−0.05
Internet  60.02
Ban 1080  30.01−0.03
Outdoors  30.01
Democrats  20.01−0.02
Informal votes613240
Total Valid votes27,36328,297
Labour holdMajority14,95753.33−2.82

2014 election

2014 general election: Māngere [12]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
Labour Green check.svgY William Sio 18,90871.09−4.8118,47066.93−4.89
National Misa Fia Turner3,97514.95+2.354,28115.51+1.15
Conservative Edward Saafi1,4735.54+3.108393.04+1.43
Green Muamua Sofi Strickson-Pua1,1904.47+0.171,0843.93+0.08
Mana James Papali'i5362.02+0.26
NZ First  2,0087.28+1.42
Internet Mana  3241.17+0.16 [lower-alpha 4]
Māori  1240.45−0.09
Legalise Cannabis  860.31−0.07
ACT  680.25−0.06
United Future  260.09−0.11
Ban 1080  100.04+0.04
Democrats  70.03+0.03
Independent Coalition  50.02+0.02
Focus  30.01+0.01
Civilian  30.01+0.01
Informal votes514514
Total Valid votes26,59627,597
Turnout 27,59766.69+3.44
Labour holdMajority14,93356.15−7.15

2011 election

2011 general election: Māngere [9]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
Labour Green check.svgY William Sio 18,17775.90+23.4917,96071.82+10.22
National Claudette Hauiti [lower-alpha 2] 3,01812.60-1.353,59214.36-2.07
Green Todd Ross1,0304.30+2.069623.85+1.81
NZ First Olivia Ilalio5972.49+2.491,4665.86+2.55
Conservative Fa'avae Gagamoe5842.44+2.444021.61+1.61
Mana James Papali'i4221.76+1.762521.01+1.01
ACT Casey Costello1210.51-0.52770.31-0.81
Māori  1340.54-0.43
Legalise Cannabis  950.38-0.003
United Future  490.20-0.67
Alliance  140.06+0.03
Libertarianz  40.02-0.01
Democrats  00.00-0.01
Informal votes856518
Total Valid votes23,94925,007
Labour holdMajority15,15963.30+33.78

Electorate (as at 26 November 2011): 39,534 [13]

2008 election

2008 general election: Māngere [14]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
Labour William Sio 12,65152.4015,44661.60
Pacific Red x.svgN Taito Phillip Field 5,52522.892,68310.70
National Mita Harris3,36813.954,12016.43
Family Party Galumalemana Jerry Filipaina9994.142971.18
Green Muamua Sofi Strickson-Pua5412.245112.04
United Future Pulotu Selio Solomon4431.842180.87
ACT Michael Tabachnik2471.022801.12
RAM Roger Fowler1540.64160.06
Progressive Tala Po'e1500.621650.66
Independent Lemalu Talia Matatumua630.26
NZ First  8303.31
Māori  2410.96
Legalise Cannabis  960.38
Bill and Ben  750.30
Kiwi  650.26
Workers Party  160.06
Alliance  60.02
Libertarianz  60.02
Democrats  20.01
RONZ  10.00
Informal votes411279
Total Valid votes24,14125,074
Labour holdMajority7,12629.52


Note: lines coloured beige denote the winner of the electorate vote. Lines coloured pink denote a candidate elected to Parliament from their party list.

2005 election

2005 general election: Mangere [15]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
Labour Green check.svgY Taito Phillip Field 19,63370.6420,90072.89
National Clem Simich 3,61313.003,89413.58
Destiny Edward Saafi8923.214451.55
NZ First Toa Greening8312.991,1894.15
Green Mua Strickson-Pua7672.765031.75
United Future Neville Wilson5732.064671.63
Māori Solomon Matthews5221.883301.15
Progressive Tala Po'e3411.234291.50
Family Rights Susie Po'a Williams3051.101840.64
Alliance Len Richards2040.73480.17
Direct Democracy Paul Teio560.2070.02
Independent Mark Muller560.20
ACT  1410.49
Legalise Cannabis  590.21
Christian Heritage  420.15
One NZ  80.03
Democrats  50.02
Libertarianz  50.02
99 MP  20.01
RONZ  20.01
Informal votes453293
Total Valid votes27,79328,674
Labour holdMajority16,020

2002 election

2002 general election: Mangere [16]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
Labour Green check.svgY Taito Phillip Field 17,99573.1517,58670.28
National Sylvia Taylor2,62010.651,8397.35
Green Steve Abel8743.558063.22
United Future Bruce Settle7543.078893.55
Progressive Rosie Brown6092.486182.47
ACT Juanita Angell4671.901,9292.26
Christian Heritage Steven Panapa4421.803451.38
Alliance Len Richards3502.192731.09
NZ First  1,5856.33
Legalise Cannabis  1640.66
ORNZ  830.33
Mana Māori  310.12
One NZ  90.04
NMP  30.01
Informal votes488218
Total Valid votes24,59925,022
Labour holdMajority15,37562.50

1999 election

1999 general election: Mangere [17] [18]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
Labour Green check.svgY Taito Phillip Field 15,88868.60+12.6615,88167.32+12.55
National Sylvia Taylor2,84112.272,86312.14-5.52
Alliance Finau Kolo2,2799.841,9458.25-0.66
Christian Heritage Steven Aotearoa Panapa5732.473961.68
NZ First Jerry Nuia Hohepa5712.476882.92-7.21
ACT Adrian Jon Dixon4581.985442.31+0.26
Independent Kelvyn Glen Alp 3891.68
Natural Law Grant Bilyard890.380.00660.28+0.04
Mana Wahine Te Ira Tangata Te Aroha Wepiha Reo710.31
Green  6032.56
Legalise Cannabis  1820.77-0.61
Future NZ  1490.63
Mauri Pacific  560.24
United NZ  560.24-0.20
Libertarianz  520.22+0.18
Animals First  360.15-0.03
McGillicuddy Serious  220.09-0.09
Mana Māori  200.08+0.03
One NZ  100.04
Freedom Movement  60.03
Republican  50.02
People's Choice  50.02
NMP  40.02
South Island  10.00
Informal votes947516
Total Valid votes24,10624,106
Labour holdMajority13,04756.33+17.08

1996 election

1996 general election: Mangere [19] [20] [21]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
Labour Taito Phillip Field 13,27755.9413,11854.77
National David Broome3,96016.684,23017.66
Alliance Len Richards3,19013.442,1348.91
NZ First Thomas Moana1,9728.312,42610.13
Christian Coalition James Ward5632.377283.04
ACT Kevin Mathewson4091.724922.05
Advance New Zealand Afamasaga Rasmussen1800.76880.37
United NZ Francis Ifopo940.401050.44
Natural Law Grant Bilyard900.38570.24
Legalise Cannabis  3301.38
Ethnic Minority Party 550.23
Progressive Green  490.20
McGillicuddy Serious  440.18
Animals First  420.18
Green Society  130.05
Mana Māori  110.05
Asia Pacific United 90.04
Libertarianz  90.04
Superannuitants & Youth  70.03
Conservatives  50.02
Te Tawharau 00.00
Informal votes469252
Total Valid votes23,73523,952
Labour holdMajority9,31739.25

1993 election

1993 general election: Mangere [22]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Labour David Lange 8,345 55.1 +4.0
Alliance Len Richards2,38715.7+4.0
NZ First Bryan Archer2,03713.4-8.9
National Hinu Te Hau1,1207.3
Christian Heritage Clark Nemeth1350.8
Communist League Karen Davis840.6
McGillicuddy Serious Alister Webb770.5
Natural Law Grant Bilyard530.3
Majority5,95839.3+10.6
Turnout 15,13770.4-9.3

1990 election

1990 general election: Mangere [23]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Labour David Lange 7,184 51.1 -19.5
National Bryan Archer3,14522.3
NewLabour Len Richards1,65811.7
Green Brian Edwards8325.9
Democrats Ken Harris1481.0
Independent Joshua Deane550.3
Majority4,03928.7-19.6
Turnout 14,05879.7-10.0

1987 election

1987 general election: Mangere [24]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Labour David Lange 8,804 70.6 -2.2
National Ron Jeffery 2,78522.3
Democrats Ken Harris7245.8
Mana Motuhake K K Pene1561.3
Majority6,01948.3-8.7
Turnout 15,32689.7-3.4

1984 election

1984 general election: Mangere [25]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Labour David Lange 10,676 72.8 +10.6
National Peter Saunders2,30115.7
NZ Party John Meyer1,0967.5
Social Credit T J Brooks5844.0
Majority8,37557.1
Turnout 17,00192.1+7.1

1981 election

1981 general election: Mangere [25]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Labour David Lange 8,739 62.2 -4.0
Social Credit John Petit2,93320.9
National David Perry2,36616.9
Majority5,80641.3-4.2
Turnout 17,00185.0+20.6

1978 election

1978 general election: Mangere [25]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Labour David Lange 9,104 66.2 +4.07
National Peter Saunders2,84120.7
Social Credit H J Meiklejohn1,65512.0
Values V A Strachan1441.1
Majority6,26345.5+18.3
Turnout 21,49964.4-18.8

1977 by-election

1977 Mangere by-election [25]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Labour David Lange 9,766 58.27
National Clem Simich 5,10730.48
Social Credit Bill Owens1,0266.10
Values Frank Grayson7894.71
Worker's LabourBarry Moss280.17
AlphaP B Magoffin180.11
Independent Labour Barry Shaw170.10
Socialist Action Brigid Mulrennan70.04
Majority4,65927.80
Turnout 16,75864.31
Registered electors 26,058
Labour hold Swing

Table footnotes

  1. Field was expelled from the Labour caucus on 14 February 2007.
  2. 1 2 Hauiti entered Parliament on 8 May 2013 following Aaron Gilmore's resignation.
  3. Loheni entered Parliament on 12 February 2019 following Chris Finlayson's resignation.
  4. 2014 Internet Mana swing is relative to the votes for Mana in 2011; it shared a party list with Internet in the 2014 election.

Notes

  1. 1 2 Official Count Results – Mängere
  2. McRobie 1989, pp. 108, 111, 112.
  3. 1 2 McRobie 1989, p. 111.
  4. McRobie 1989, pp. 107, 111.
  5. McRobie 1989, pp. 108, 112.
  6. McRobie 1989, pp. 111f.
  7. "Mana: Electoral Profile" (PDF). New Zealand Parliament. September 2012. p. 3. Retrieved 3 October 2014.
  8. Report of the Representation Commission 2014 (PDF). Representation Commission. 4 April 2014. p. 9. ISBN   978-0-477-10414-2 . Retrieved 2 October 2014.
  9. 1 2 "Official Count Results -- Māngere". Electoral Commission . Retrieved 10 September 2013.
  10. "Official Count Results -- Māngere". Electoral Commission. 4 October 2014. Retrieved 4 October 2014.
  11. "Māngere - Official Result". Electoral Commission. 7 October 2017. Retrieved 13 October 2017.
  12. "Official Count Results -- Māngere (2014)". Electoral Commission . Retrieved 11 April 2016.
  13. "Enrolment statistics". Electoral Commission. 26 November 2011. Retrieved 26 November 2011.
  14. "Official Count Results -- Māngere". Chief Electoral Office. 22 November 2008. Retrieved 5 October 2014.
  15. "Official Count Results -- Mangere". Electoral Commission. 1 October 2005. Retrieved 17 September 2017.
  16. "Official Count Results -- Mangere (2002)". Electoral Commission . Retrieved 17 September 2017.
  17. "Official Count Results (1999) – Electoral Votes for registered parties by electorate". NZ Electoral Commission. Retrieved 7 March 2018.
  18. "Official Count Results (1999) – Candidate Vote Details". NZ Electoral Commission. Retrieved 7 March 2018.
  19. "Electorate Candidate and Party Votes Recorded at Each Polling Place - Mangere, 1996" (PDF). Retrieved 20 July 2013.
  20. "Part III - Party Lists of Successful Registered Parties" (PDF). Electoral Commission. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 February 2013. Retrieved 22 June 2013.
  21. "Part III - Party Lists of unsuccessful Registered Parties" (PDF). Electoral Commission. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 February 2013. Retrieved 22 June 2013.
  22. Part 1: Votes recorded at each polling place (Technical report). New Zealand Chief Electoral Office. 1993.
  23. Part 1: Votes recorded at each polling place (Technical report). New Zealand Chief Electoral Office. 1990.
  24. Norton 1988, p. 268.
  25. 1 2 3 4 Norton 1988, p. 267.

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Ōhāriu, previously spelled Ohariu and then Ōhariu, is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate returning one Member of Parliament to the House of Representatives. It first existed from 1978 to 1993, and was recreated for the 2008 election. In 2008, it was the successor to Ohariu-Belmont, first contested at the first mixed-member proportional (MMP) election in 1996. Through its existence Ohariu-Belmont was represented by Peter Dunne, leader of the United Future party. Dunne contested and won the recreated electorate in 2008. He announced on 21 August 2017, he would not be seeking re-election in the 2017 general election.

Hunua (New Zealand electorate) Current New Zealand electorate

The Hunua electorate existed three times for the New Zealand House of Representatives beginning in 1978, based at the south end of the Auckland urban area, and named for the Hunua Ranges. It covered different geographical areas over those periods. The electorate is currently represented by Andrew Bayly of the National Party.

Rangitata (New Zealand electorate)

Rangitata is an electorate in the South Island of New Zealand. It first existed for two parliamentary terms in the late 19th century and was re-established for the 2008 general election. It largely replaced the Aoraki electorate, but included parts of the Rakaia electorate as well. It is held by Andrew Falloon of the National Party. Rangitata is a relatively safe National seat, though not as safe relative to its surrounding neighbours Selwyn and Waitaki due to both Timaru and Temuka being Labour Party strongholds.

Hauraki is a former New Zealand parliamentary electorate, from 1928 to 1987 and 1993 to 1996. In the 1987 general election it was renamed Coromandel, the name that had been used from 1972 to 1981. In 1993 it reverted to Hauraki, but became Coromandel again for the first MMP election in 1996.

Otara (New Zealand electorate) former New Zealand parliamentary electorate

Otara was a New Zealand parliamentary electorate, from 1984 to 1996. It existed for four parliamentary terms and was represented by three members of parliament, two from Labour and one from National.

Tasman is a former New Zealand parliamentary electorate, from 1972 to 1996.

Papatoetoe (New Zealand electorate) former New Zealand parliamentary electorate

Papatoetoe is a former New Zealand parliamentary electorate, and is part of greater Auckland.

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