Māngere (spelled Mangere before 1997) is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate, returning one member of parliament to the Representatives of New Zealand. The current MP for Māngere is William Sio,elected for the Labour Party. He has held this electorate since 2008.
An electorate is a geographical constituency used for electing members to the New Zealand Parliament. In informal discussion, electorates are often called seats. The most formal description, electoral district, is used in legislation. The size of electorates is determined on a population basis such that all electorates have approximately the same population.
The New Zealand House of Representatives is a component of the New Zealand Parliament, along with the Sovereign. The House passes all laws, provides ministers to form a Cabinet, and supervises the work of the Government. It is also responsible for adopting the state's budgets and approving the state's accounts.
Aupito Tofae Su'a William Sio is a politician who became a member of the New Zealand House of Representatives on 1 April 2008 for the Labour Party as a list MP. Since the 2008 election, he has represented the Māngere electorate.
Through an amendment in the Electoral Act in 1965, the number of electorates in the South Island was fixed at 25, an increase of one since the 1962 electoral redistribution.It was accepted that through the more rapid population growth in the North Island, the number of its electorates would continue to increase, and to keep proportionality, three new electorates were allowed for in the 1967 electoral redistribution for the next election. In the North Island, five electorates were newly created (including Mangere) and one electorate was reconstituted while three electorates were abolished. In the South Island, three electorates were newly created and one electorate was reconstituted while three electorates were abolished. The overall effect of the required changes was highly disruptive to existing electorates, with all but three electorates having their boundaries altered. These changes came into effect with the 1969 election.
The South Island, also officially named Te Waipounamu, is the larger of the two major islands of New Zealand in surface area; the other being the smaller but more populous North Island. It is bordered to the north by Cook Strait, to the west by the Tasman Sea, and to the south and east by the Pacific Ocean. The South Island covers 150,437 square kilometres (58,084 sq mi), making it the world's 12th-largest island. It has a temperate climate.
The North Island, also officially named Te Ika-a-Māui, is one of the two main islands of New Zealand, separated from the larger but much less populous South Island by Cook Strait. The island's area is 113,729 square kilometres (43,911 sq mi), making it the world's 14th-largest island. It has a population of 3,749,200.
The 1969 New Zealand general election was a nationwide vote to determine the shape of Parliament's 36th term. It saw the Second National Government headed by Prime Minister Keith Holyoake of the National Party win a fourth consecutive term.
Māngere is based around the South Auckland suburbs of Mangere, Mangere Bridge, Favona and Mangere East. It has existed as an electorate since 1969; its boundaries were extended ahead of the introduction of mixed-member proportional (MMP) voting in 1996, swallowing up a section of the former Papatoetoe electorate.
South Auckland is an imprecisely defined urban area of Auckland, New Zealand, with a young population, a relatively large Polynesian and Māori demographic, and lower incomes than other parts of Auckland. The name South Auckland, though not an official place name, has come into common use among New Zealanders. It also appears in the names of some organisations and companies.
Mangere, is one of the largest suburbs in Auckland, in northern New Zealand. It is located on mainly flat land on the northeastern shore of the Manukau Harbour, to the northwest of Manukau City Centre and 15 kilometres south of the Auckland city centre. It is the location of Auckland Airport, which lies close to the harbour's edge to the south of the suburb.
Mangere Bridge or Māngere Bridge is an Auckland suburb under the local governance of the Auckland Council, at the south end of Mangere's bridge over the Manukau Harbour.
In the 2007 boundary redistribution, Papatoetoe and Middlemore were transferred to the Manukau East electorate.The 2013/14 redistribution did not change the boundaries further.
Papatoetoe is a suburb in Auckland, New Zealand. One of the larger suburbs of the area commonly known as South Auckland, it is located to the northwest of Manukau Central, and 18 kilometres southeast of Auckland CBD.
Middlemore is a suburb of the former Manukau City, one of the four cities that made up the conurbation of Auckland, in northern New Zealand, until 2010.
Māngere, and all of South Auckland, forms the safest part of the Labour Party's core vote. Even during landslide elections in the National Party's favour, such as in 1975 and 1990, no Labour candidate for Māngere was seriously troubled.
The New Zealand National Party, shortened to National or the Nats, is a centre-right political party in New Zealand. It is one of two major parties that dominate contemporary New Zealand politics, alongside its traditional rival, the New Zealand Labour Party.
The 1975 New Zealand general election was held on 29 November to elect MPs to the 38th session of the New Zealand Parliament. It was the first general election in New Zealand where 18- to 20-year-olds and all permanent residents of New Zealand were eligible to vote, although only citizens were able to be elected.
The 1990 New Zealand general election was held on 27 October to determine the composition of the 43rd New Zealand parliament. The governing Labour Party was defeated, ending its controversial two terms in office. The National Party, led by Jim Bolger, won a landslide victory and formed the new government.
Māngere was first represented by Colin Moyle of the Labour Party in 1969. Moyle represented the electorate until his resignation in 1977 over what became known as the 'Moyle Affair', and a subsequent by-election was won by a young barrister named David Lange, who would become Prime Minister after Labour's 1984 election victory. Lange retired in 1996 and the nomination was handed to Taito Phillip Field, at the time the MP for Otara. Field was returned with a high share of the vote in subsequent elections, but following his expulsion from the Labour caucus in 2007, his former party nominated former Manukau City deputy mayor William Sio in his place, who won the seat with a majority of over 7,000 votes in the 2008 election.In the 2011 and 2014 elections, Sio's majority was circa 15,000 votes.
Colin James Moyle is a former politician of the New Zealand Labour Party. He was a Government Minister in the Third Labour and Fourth Labour Governments. In the Fourth Labour Government he oversaw the removal of farming subsidies and the establishment of a fisheries quota system.
David Russell Lange was a New Zealand politician who served as the 32nd Prime Minister of New Zealand from 1984 to 1989.
The 1984 New Zealand general election was a nationwide vote to determine the shape of the 41st New Zealand Parliament. It marked the beginning of the Fourth Labour Government, with David Lange's Labour Party defeating the long-serving Prime Minister, Robert Muldoon, of the National Party. It was also the last election in which the Social Credit Party won seats as an independent entity. The election was also the only one in which the New Zealand Party, a protest party, played any substantial role.
Unless otherwise stated, all MPs terms began and started at general elections.
Labour National Independent
|1969 election||Colin Moyle|
|1977 by-election||David Lange|
|1996 election||Taito Phillip Field|
|2008 election||William Sio|
Members of Parliament elected from party lists in elections where that person also unsuccessfully contested the Māngere electorate. Unless otherwise stated, all MPs terms began and ended at general elections.
|2005 election||Clem Simich|
|2017 general election: Māngere|
Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
|NZ First||Mataroa Paroro||1,097||4.01||—||1,447||5.10||−2.18|
|Communist League||Felicity Coggan||48||0.18||—|
|Total Valid votes||27,363||28,297|
|2014 general election: Māngere|
Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
|National||Misa Fia Turner||3,975||14.95||+2.35||4,281||15.51||+1.15|
|Green||Muamua Sofi Strickson-Pua||1,190||4.47||+0.17||1,084||3.93||+0.08|
|Total Valid votes||26,596||27,597|
|2011 general election: Māngere|
Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
|NZ First||Olivia Ilalio||597||2.49||+2.49||1,466||5.86||+2.55|
|Total Valid votes||23,949||25,007|
Electorate (as at 26 November 2011): 39,534
|2008 general election: Māngere|
|Family Party||Galumalemana Jerry Filipaina||999||4.14||297||1.18|
|Green||Muamua Sofi Strickson-Pua||541||2.24||511||2.04|
|United Future||Pulotu Selio Solomon||443||1.84||218||0.87|
|Independent||Lemalu Talia Matatumua||63||0.26|
|Bill and Ben||75||0.30|
|Total Valid votes||24,141||25,074|
Note: lines coloured beige denote the winner of the electorate vote. Lines coloured pink denote a candidate elected to Parliament from their party list.
|2005 general election: Mangere|
|NZ First||Toa Greening||831||2.99||1,189||4.15|
|United Future||Neville Wilson||573||2.06||467||1.63|
|Family Rights||Susie Po'a Williams||305||1.10||184||0.64|
|Direct Democracy||Paul Teio||56||0.20||7||0.02|
|Total Valid votes||27,793||28,674|
|2002 general election: Mangere|
|United Future||Bruce Settle||754||3.07||889||3.55|
|Christian Heritage||Steven Panapa||442||1.80||345||1.38|
|Total Valid votes||24,599||25,022|
|1999 general election: Mangere|
|Christian Heritage||Steven Aotearoa Panapa||573||2.47||396||1.68|
|NZ First||Jerry Nuia Hohepa||571||2.47||688||2.92||-7.21|
|ACT||Adrian Jon Dixon||458||1.98||544||2.31||+0.26|
|Independent||Kelvyn Glen Alp||389||1.68|
|Natural Law||Grant Bilyard||89||0.38||0.00||66||0.28||+0.04|
|Mana Wahine Te Ira Tangata||Te Aroha Wepiha Reo||71||0.31|
|Total Valid votes||24,106||24,106|
|1996 general election: Mangere|
|Labour||Taito Phillip Field||13,277||55.94||13,118||54.77|
|NZ First||Thomas Moana||1,972||8.31||2,426||10.13|
|Christian Coalition||James Ward||563||2.37||728||3.04|
|Advance New Zealand||Afamasaga Rasmussen||180||0.76||88||0.37|
|United NZ||Francis Ifopo||94||0.40||105||0.44|
|Natural Law||Grant Bilyard||90||0.38||57||0.24|
|Ethnic Minority Party||55||0.23|
|Asia Pacific United||9||0.04|
|Superannuitants & Youth||7||0.03|
|Total Valid votes||23,735||23,952|
|NZ First||Bryan Archer||2,037||13.4||-8.9|
|National||Hinu Te Hau||1,120||7.3|
|Christian Heritage||Clark Nemeth||135||0.8|
|Communist League||Karen Davis||84||0.6|
|McGillicuddy Serious||Alister Webb||77||0.5|
|Natural Law||Grant Bilyard||53||0.3|
|Mana Motuhake||K K Pene||156||1.3|
|NZ Party||John Meyer||1,096||7.5|
|Social Credit||T J Brooks||584||4.0|
|Social Credit||John Petit||2,933||20.9|
|Social Credit||H J Meiklejohn||1,655||12.0|
|Values||V A Strachan||144||1.1|
|Social Credit||Bill Owens||1,026||6.10|
|Worker's Labour||Barry Moss||28||0.17|
|Alpha||P B Magoffin||18||0.11|
|Independent Labour||Barry Shaw||17||0.10|
|Socialist Action||Brigid Mulrennan||7||0.04|
Auckland Central is a New Zealand electoral division returning one member to the New Zealand House of Representatives. Its current representative is Nikki Kaye, a member of the National Party; she has represented the seat since 2008.
Bay of Plenty is a New Zealand electoral division returning one member to the New Zealand House of Representatives. The current representative is Todd Muller of the National Party, first elected at the 2014 election. He replaced Tony Ryall, also of the National Party, who retired after representing the seat since 1996.
Christchurch Central is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate in the South Island city of Christchurch. The electorate was established for the 1946 election and, until 2011 had always been won by the Labour Party. Since 2008, the incumbent was Brendon Burns but the election night results for the 2011 election resulted in a tie; the special vote results combined with a judicial recount revealed a 47-vote majority for Nicky Wagner, the National list MP based in the electorate. Wagner significantly increased her winning margin in the 2014 election after having declared the electorate "unwinnable" for National earlier in the year following a boundary review.
Coromandel is a New Zealand electoral division returning one member to the House of Representatives. It is currently represented by Scott Simpson, a member of the National Party.
East Coast Bays is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate. It was first formed in 1972 and has existed apart from a break lasting two parliamentary terms. The electorate has been held by Erica Stanford of the National Party since the 2017 general election.
Hamilton East is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate. It is currently held by David Bennett MP of the National Party.
Hamilton West is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate. It has been held by Tim Macindoe MP of the National Party since the 2008 general election.
Helensville is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate, returning one Member of Parliament to the House of Representatives. The electorate was first established for the 1978 election and was abolished again in 1984, and has existed again since the 2002 election. The MP for Helensville is Chris Penk of the National Party, who has held the seat since the 2017 general election.
Rodney is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate, returning one Member of Parliament to the House of Representatives. The current MP for Rodney is Mark Mitchell of the National Party. He has held this position since 2011.
Wairarapa is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate. It was first created in 1858 and existed until 1881. It was recreated in 1887 and has since existed continuously. In the early years, the electorate was for a time represented by two members. Wairarapa has been held by Alastair Scott since the 2014 election.
Waitakere was a parliamentary electorate, returning one Member of Parliament to the New Zealand House of Representatives. The electorate was first formed for the 1946 election and existed until 2014, with breaks from 1969 to 1978 and from 1987 to 1993. The last MP for Waitakere was Paula Bennett of the National Party, who had held this position since the 2008 election.
Wigram is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate, returning one Member of Parliament to the New Zealand House of Representatives. The current MP for Wigram is Megan Woods of the Labour Party. She took over this position from Jim Anderton, who had held this position from 1996 until 2011.
Wellington Central is an electorate, represented by a Member of Parliament in the New Zealand House of Representatives. Its MP since November 2008 has been Labour Party's Grant Robertson.
Ōhāriu, previously spelled Ohariu and then Ōhariu, is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate returning one Member of Parliament to the House of Representatives. It first existed from 1978 to 1993, and was recreated for the 2008 election. In 2008, it was the successor to Ohariu-Belmont, first contested at the first mixed-member proportional (MMP) election in 1996. Through its existence Ohariu-Belmont was represented by Peter Dunne, leader of the United Future party. Dunne contested and won the recreated electorate in 2008. He announced on 21 August 2017, he would not be seeking re-election in the 2017 general election.
The Hunua electorate existed three times for the New Zealand House of Representatives beginning in 1978, based at the south end of the Auckland urban area, and named for the Hunua Ranges. It covered different geographical areas over those periods. The electorate is currently represented by Andrew Bayly of the National Party.
Rangitata is an electorate in the South Island of New Zealand. It first existed for two parliamentary terms in the late 19th century and was re-established for the 2008 general election. It largely replaced the Aoraki electorate, but included parts of the Rakaia electorate as well. It is held by Andrew Falloon of the National Party. Rangitata is a relatively safe National seat, though not as safe relative to its surrounding neighbours Selwyn and Waitaki due to both Timaru and Temuka being Labour Party strongholds.
Hauraki is a former New Zealand parliamentary electorate, from 1928 to 1987 and 1993 to 1996. In the 1987 general election it was renamed Coromandel, the name that had been used from 1972 to 1981. In 1993 it reverted to Hauraki, but became Coromandel again for the first MMP election in 1996.
Otara was a New Zealand parliamentary electorate, from 1984 to 1996. It existed for four parliamentary terms and was represented by three members of parliament, two from Labour and one from National.
Tasman is a former New Zealand parliamentary electorate, from 1972 to 1996.
Papatoetoe is a former New Zealand parliamentary electorate, and is part of greater Auckland.