This article needs additional citations for verification .(April 2019)
MARS (マルス, Marusu), which stands for Multi Access (originally Magnetic-electronic Automatic) seat Reservation System, is a train ticket reservation system used by the railway companies of former Japanese National Railways, currently Japan Railways Group (JR Group) and travel agencies in Japan, developed jointly by Hitachi and the Railway Information Systems Co., Ltd (JR Systems), a JR Group company jointly owned by the seven members of the group.[ vague ]
The host of the system is located in Kokubunji, Tokyo, and managed by JR Systems.
Ticket offices at JR stations equipped with MARS terminals are called as Midori no Madoguchi (みどりの窓口, literally "green window"), selling tickets of all JR Group trains and partly highway buses and route buses and ferries. It is possible for passengers to reserve tickets of buses and trains from one month prior to ride on.
Now, the Midori no Madoguchi is named by JR Group excluding JR Tokai.
The MARS-1 system was created by Mamoru Hosaka, Yutaka Ohno, and others at the Japanese National Railways' R&D Institute (now the Railway Technical Research Institute), and was built in 1958.It was the world's first seat reservation system for trains. The MARS-1 was capable of reserving seat positions, and was controlled by a transistor computer with a central processing unit consisting of a thousand transistors.
The latest version of MARS uses the MARS 501 system which was introduced in 2002.
Atami Station is a railway station in the city of Atami, Shizuoka Prefecture, Japan, jointly operated by East Japan Railway Company and Central Japan Railway Company.
Odawara Station is a junction and interchange railway station located in the city of Odawara, Kanagawa, Japan, operated jointly by the East Japan Railway Company and Central Japan Railway Company. It is a gateway station to the Hakone area. It is also a freight depot for the Japan Freight Railway Company.
Shin-Yokohama Station is a railway station in Yokohama, Japan, jointly operated by Central Japan Railway Company, East Japan Railway Company, and Yokohama City Transportation Bureau.
Computer reservation systems, or central reservation systems (CRS), are computerized systems used to store and retrieve information and conduct transactions related to air travel, hotels, car rental, or other activities. Originally designed and operated by airlines, CRSs were later extended for use by travel agencies, and global distribution systems (GDSs) to book and sell tickets for multiple airlines. Most airlines have outsourced their CRSs to GDS companies, which also enable consumer access through Internet gateways. Modern GDSs typically also allow users to book hotel rooms, rental cars, airline tickets as well as other activities and tours. They also provide access to railway reservations and bus reservations in some markets, although these are not always integrated with the main system. These are also used to relay computerized information for users in the hotel industry, making reservation and ensuring that the hotel is not overbooked.
Hirosaki Station is a railway station in the city of Hirosaki, Aomori Prefecture, Japan, jointly operated by East Japan Railway Company and the private railway operator Kōnan Railway. It is also a freight terminal for the Japan Freight Railway Company.
The Narita Airport Terminal 1 Station(Japanese: 成田空港 駅, Japanese pronunciation: [Narita Kūkō eki]) is an underground train station located beneath Terminal 1 of Narita International Airport in Narita, Chiba, Japan. The station is shared between East Japan Railway Company and the private railway operator Keisei Electric Railway.
The Sunrise Izumo is an overnight sleeping car train service in Japan operated jointly by Central Japan Railway Company and West Japan Railway Company since July 1998.
The Sunrise Seto is an overnight sleeping car train service in Japan operated jointly by Central Japan Railway Company and West Japan Railway Company since July 1998.
Kamakura Station is a railway station on the Yokosuka Line in Kamakura, Kanagawa, Japan, operated by East Japan Railway Company.
Aizu-Wakamatsu Station is a railway station in the city of Aizuwakamatsu, in Fukushima Prefecture, Japan. It is the main station for Aizu-Wakamatsu and surrounding areas. The station also has a freight terminal operated by Japan Freight Railway Company.
Soga Station is a junction railway station located in Chūō-ku, Chiba, Chiba Prefecture, Japan, operated by the East Japan Railway Company. It is also freight depot for the Japan Freight Railway Company and the all-freight Keiyō Rinkai Railway Company.
The Japan Rail Pass, also called the JR Pass, is a rail pass for overseas visitors sold by the Japan Railways Group, and is valid for travel on all major forms of transportation provided by the JR Group in Japan, with a few exceptions. The Rail Pass is designed to stimulate travel and tourism throughout the country. It is only cost effective for long-distance travel, particularly by bullet train. While the savings from extensive travel can be considerable, those who travel too little may in fact lose money on a rail pass. The Japan Rail Pass is of limited use within larger cities. In Tokyo, for instance, it does cover the Yamanote Line which goes to several popular tourist areas as well as in Osaka on the Osaka Loop Line, plus in Kyoto on the Nara Line and Sagano Line.
Okaya Station is a railway station in Honchō, Okaya, Nagano Prefecture, Japan, jointly operated by JR Central and JR East. It is managed by JR East.
Ōmika Station is a passenger railway station located in the city of Hitachi, Ibaraki Prefecture, Japan operated by the East Japan Railway Company.
Hitachi-Taga Station is a railway station located in the city of Hitachi, Ibaraki Prefecture, Japan operated by the East Japan Railway Company. It is also a freight depot for the Japan Freight Railway Company.
Hitachi Station is a railway station located in the city of Hitachi, Ibaraki Prefecture, Japan operated by the East Japan Railway Company. It is also a freight depot for the Japan Freight Railway Company.
Karasuyama Station is a railway station in the city of Nasukarasuyama, Tochigi, Japan, operated by the East Japan Railway Company.
Kami-Sugaya Station is a junction passenger railway station in the city of Naka, Ibaraki, Japan operated by East Japan Railway Company.
Hitachi-Daigo Station is a passenger railway station in the town of Daigo, Kuji District, Ibaraki Prefecture, operated by East Japan Railway Company.
Hitachi-Ōta Station is a passenger railway station in the city of Hitachiōta, Ibaraki Prefecture, operated by East Japan Railway Company.
|Predecessors: Ministry of Industry | Cabinet | Home Ministry | Ministry of Communications | Cabinet | Ministry of Railways | Ministry of Transport and Communications | Ministry of Transport | Japanese National Railways | Japan Railway Construction Public Corporation | JNR Settlement Corporation|
|Passenger Railway Companies||JR Hokkaido||JR East||JR Central||JR-West||JR Shikoku||JR Kyushu|
|JR Bus Companies||JR Hokkaido Bus|| JR Bus Tohoku |
JR Bus Kanto
|JR Tokai Bus|| West JR Bus |
West Japan JR Bus Service
Chugoku JR Bus
Hikari Guru Rin Bus
|JR Shikoku Bus||JR Kyushu Bus|
|Smart cards||Kitaca|| Suica |
| TOICA |
|ICOCA||ICOCA (SHIKOKU ICOCA)||SUGOCA|
|Shinkansen lines||Hokkaido Shinkansen|| Tōhoku Shinkansen |
| Tokaido Shinkansen |
| San'yō Shinkansen |
|Shikoku Shinkansen (proposed)||Kyushu Shinkansen|
|Railway museums||Hokkaido Railway Technology Museum|| Railway Museum |
Ome Railway Park
|SCMaglev and Railway Park|| Kyoto Railway Museum |
Tsuyama Railroad Educational Museum
|Shikoku Railway Cultural Center||Kyushu Railway History Museum|
|Rolling stock manufacturers||-|| Japan Transport Engineering Company |
|Nippon Sharyo||Kinki Sharyo (partner)||-||-|
|International operations||-||West Midlands Trains (14.95%)||-||-||-||-|
|Other organizations||JR Freight||Railway Technical Research Institute (RTRI)||Railway Information Systems (JR Systems)|| Railway Telecommunication |
|Japan Railway Construction, Transport and Technology Agency (JRTT)|
|Related topics: MARS (ticket reservation system) | National Railway Workers' Union | Japan Confederation of Railway Workers' Unions | Japan Railway Trade Unions Confederation | All Japan Construction, Transport and General Workers' Union | Sankei Children's Book Award|