|• Mayor||Koray Koçhan (AKP)|
|• Kaymakam||Ümit Cavuldak|
|• District||967.98 km2 (373.74 sq mi)|
|Elevation||470 m (1,540 ft)|
|• District density||24/km2 (63/sq mi)|
Maçka (Greek : Ματζούκα, romanized: Matzoúka, the "club"; Laz: მაჩხა Maçxa) is a town and district of Trabzon Province in the Black Sea region of Turkey. The name derives from the medieval Greek Matzouka , which was one of the provinces of the Empire of Trebizond. In Ottoman times, the area formed the nahiye of Maçuka.
Trabzon, historically known as Trebizond in English, is a city on the Black Sea coast of northeastern Turkey and the capital of Trabzon Province. Trabzon, located on the historical Silk Road, became a melting pot of religions, languages and culture for centuries and a trade gateway to Persia in the southeast and the Caucasus to the northeast. The Venetian and Genoese merchants paid visits to Trebizond during the medieval period and sold silk, linen and woolen fabric. Both republics had merchant colonies within the city – Leonkastron and the former 'Venetian castle' – that played a role to Trebizond similar to the one Galata played to Constantinople. Trabzon formed the basis of several states in its long history and was the capital city of the Empire of Trebizond between 1204 and 1461. During the early modern period, Trabzon, because of the importance of its port, again became a focal point of trade to Persia and the Caucasus.
Trabzon Province is a province of Turkey on the Black Sea coast. Located in a strategically important region, Trabzon is one of the oldest trade port cities in Anatolia. Neighbouring provinces are Giresun to the west, Gümüşhane to the southwest, Bayburt to the southeast and Rize to the east. The major ethnic groups are Turks, but the province is also home to a minority of Muslim Pontic Greek speakers, though younger speakers are not always fluent in this language. İsmail Ustaoğlu was appointed the Governor of the province in October 2018.
Pontic Greek is a Greek dialect originally spoken in the Pontus area on the southern shores of the Black Sea, northeastern Anatolia, the Eastern Turkish/Caucasus province of Kars, southern Georgia and today mainly in northern Greece. Its speakers are referred to as Pontic Greeks or Pontian Greeks.
Gümüşhane or Gyumushkhana is a city and the capital district of Gümüşhane Province in the Black Sea region of Turkey. The city lies along the Harşit River, at an elevation of 5,000 feet (1,500 m), about 40 miles (64 km) southwest of Trabzon. According to the 2010 census, population of Gümüşhane urban center is 28,620. The district covers an area of 1,789 km2 (691 sq mi), and the city lies at an elevation of 1,153 m (3,783 ft). Coordinates on world : 40°27′35″N 39°28′40″E
The Vilayet of Trebizond or Trabzon was a first-level administrative division (vilayet) in the north-eastern part of the Ottoman Empire and corresponding to the area along the eastern Black Sea coastline and the interior highland region of the Pontic Alps. The region was populated mainly by ethnic Turks in the western half and Laz-speaking Muslims in the eastern half, although throughout the period of Ottoman rule there was a history of conversion to Turkish Islam of many of the region's Pontic Greeks - with even Gulbahar Hatun, the mother of sultan Selim the Grim said to be of Pontic Greek origin.
Eynesil is a town and a district of Giresun Province on the Black Sea coast of Turkey, east of the city of Giresun, towards Trabzon. The population was 7,505 in 2010.
Görele is a town and a district of Giresun Province on the Black Sea coast of eastern Turkey. The population was 16,033 in 2010.
Araklı is a town and district of Trabzon Province in the Black Sea region of Turkey. The mayor is Recep Çebi (AKP).
Çaykara is a town and district of Trabzon Province in the Black Sea region of Turkey. As of 2014, the District Mayor of Çaykara is Hanefi Tok (AKP). Çaykara village lies in a V-shaped valley along the Solaklı River in the Pontic Mountains, at an elevation of around 300 metres. Çaykara district lies to the south of Dernekpazarı (Kondu) and forms the upper part of the Of-valley system, with peaks reaching to over 3300 meters. The western half of İkizdere district - which lies just east of Çaykara and is now part of Rize province - was historically also part of the same administrative and cultural region. Large swathes of the district are made up of old-growth temperate broadleaf and mixed forest, gradually making way for alpine tundra at higher altitudes.
Çıldır is a district of Ardahan Province of Turkey.
Düzköy is a town and district of Trabzon Province in the Black Sea region of Turkey. The mayor is Abidin Çelik (CHP).
Sungurlu is the largest and wealthiest district of Çorum Province in the Black Sea Region of Turkey, located 72 km south-west of the city of Çorum. The population is about 59,283, of which 34,159 live in the town of Sungurlu. The mayor is Abdulkadir Şahiner (MHP).
Şiran, also Karaca, is a town and district of Gümüşhane Province in the Black Sea region of Turkey. It is one of the points of passage between Eastern Anatolia and Black Sea regions of Turkey, in the sense that the western road departing from Erzincan towards the Zigana Pass has its last urban stop in Şiran. According to the 2010 census, population of the district is 17,600 of which 8,207 live in the town of Şiran. The district covers an area of 928 km2 (358 sq mi), and the town lies at an elevation of 1,457 m (4,780 ft).
Tonya is a town and district of Trabzon Province in the Black Sea region of Turkey. The mayor is Osman Beşel (AKP).
Ünye is a large town and district of Ordu Province in the Black Sea region of Turkey, 76 km west of the city of Ordu. In 2009 it had 74,806 inhabitants.
Yomra is a town and district of Trabzon Province in the Black Sea region of Turkey. The mayor is Mustafa Bıyık.
Arsin is a coastal town and a district of Trabzon Province in the Black Sea region of Turkey. The mayor is Erdem Şen member of ruling (AKP) party.
Dernekpazarı is a district of Trabzon Province in the Black Sea region of Turkey.The old name of the town was Kondu and the current mayor of the town is Mehmet Aşık (AKP). Dernekpazarı is part of the Of-valley system ; it lies between the coastal Of district and the alpine Çaykara district.
Of is a town and district of Trabzon Province in the Black Sea region of Turkey. It is located in the eastern part of Trabzon and is an important historical district of the province. The mayor is Salim Salih Sarıalioğlu (AKP).
Köprübaşı is a town and district of Trabzon Province in the Black Sea region of Turkey. The mayor is Ahmet Tekke (AKP).
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